Water Quality Information Center of the National Agricultural Library
Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture


Riparian Zones and Filter Strips in Agricultural Operations (I)

 January 1985 - April 1993
 Quick Bibliography Series:  QB 93-32
 185 citations from AGRICOLA
 
 Joe Makuch
 Water Quality Information Center
 
 
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          RIPARIAN ZONES & FILTER STRIPS IN AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS
 
   1                                   
 NAL Call. No.: aSD11.A42
 Above-ground biomass quantities and livestock production at
 big sacaton riparian areas in southeastern Arizona.
 Cox, J.R.; Morton, H.L.
 Fort Collins, Colo. : The Station; 1985.
 General technical report RM - Rocky Mountain Forest and Range
 Experiment Station, United States, Forest Service (120): p.
 305-309; 1985.  Paper presented at the "Conference on Riparian
 Ecosystems and their Management: Reconciling Conflicting
 Uses," April 16-18, 1985, Tucson, Arizona.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Arizona; Sporobolus; Livestock; Stocking rate;
 Grazing effects; Biomass accumulation; Seasons; Mowing;
 Burning
 
 
 2                                   
 NAL Call. No.: S451.M9M9
 Altering cattle behavior through grazing management.
 Davis, K.C.; Marlow, C.B.
 Bozeman, Mont. : The Station; 1990.
 Montana agresearch - Montana Agricultural Experiment Station,
 Montana University v. 7 (1): p. 11-14; 1990.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Montana; Cows; Calves; Grazing systems; Grazing
 behavior; Riparian vegetation
 
 
 3                                   
 NAL Call. No.: TD223.P39
 Antidesertification of riparian zones and control of nonpoint
 source pollution.
 Skinner, Q.D.; Dodd, J.L.; Rodgers, J.D.; Smith, M.A.
 Washington, D.C. : U.S. Environ Protection Agency, Office of
 Water Regul and Standards; 1985.
 Perspectives on nonpoint source pollution : proceedings of a
 national conference, Kansas City, Missouri, May 19-22, 1985.
 p. 382-386; 1985. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Wyoming; Riparian vegetation; Streams;
 Desertification; Reclamation; Water pollution; Pollution by
 agriculture; Control
 
 
 4                                  
 NAL Call. No.: FICHE S-72
 Applicability of creams in filter strip design.
 Flanagan, D.C.; Neibling, W.H.; Foster, G.R.; Burt, J.P.
 St. Joseph, Mich. : The Society; 1986.
 American Society of Agricultural Engineers (Microfiche
 collection) (fiche no. 86-2043): 23 p.; 1986.  Paper presented
 at the 1986 Summer Meeting of the American Society of
 Agricultural Engineers. Available for purchase from: The
 American Society of Agricultural Engineers, Order Dept., 2950
 Niles Road, St. Joseph, Michigan 49085. Telephone the Order
 Dept. at (616) 429-0300 for information and prices.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Models; Mathematics; Erosion; Groundwater
 pollution; Fields; Grass strips; Filters; Pollution; Control
 methods
 
 
 5                                  
 NAL Call. No.: 292.9 AM34
 Aquatic habitat condition index, stream type, and livestock
 bank damange in northern Nevada.
 Myers, T.J.; Swanson, S.
 Bethesda, Md. : American Water Resources Association; 1991
 Jul. Water resources bulletin v. 27 (4): p. 667-677; 1991 Jul. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Nevada; Streams; Morphology; Riparian vegetation;
 Livestock; Grazing effects; Freshwater fishes; Aquatic
 environment; Habitats; Indexes; Stability; Watershed
 management
 
 Abstract:  The quality of stream habitat varies for a variety
 of natural and anthropogenic reasons not identified by a
 condition index. However, many people use condition indices to
 indicate management needs or even direction. To better sort
 natural from livestock influences, stream types and levels of
 ungulate bank damage were regulated to estimates of aquatic
 habitat condition index and stream width parameters in a large
 existing stream inventory data base. Pool/riffle ratio, pool
 structure, stream bottom materials, soil stability, and
 vegetation type varied significantly with stream type.
 Pool/riffle ratio, soil and vegetation stability varied
 significantly with ungulate bank damage level. Soil and
 vegetation stability were highly cross-correlated. Riparian
 area width did not vary significantly with either stream type
 or ungulate bank damage. Variation among stream types
 indicates that riparian management and monitoring should be
 stream type and reach specific.
 
 
 6                                     
 NAL Call. No.: 410 EC7
 Autumnal resorption and accretion of trace metals in gallery
 forest trees. Killingbeck, K.T.
 Tempe, Ariz : Ecological Society of America; 1985 Feb.
 Ecology : a publication of the Ecological Society of America
 v. 66 (1): p. 283-286. ill; 1985 Feb.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Kansas; Prairies; Riparian forests; Forest trees;
 Leaf analysis; Copper; Iron; Zinc; Manganese; Nutrient
 recovery; Senescence; Resorption; Nutrient cycles
 
 
 7                                 
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32
 Beavers and riparian ecosystems.
 Clements, C.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1991 Dec.
 Rangelands v. 13 (6): p. 277-279; 1991 Dec.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Western states of U.S.A.; Canada; Riparian
 grasslands; Ecosystems; Castor canadensis; Castor fiber
 
 
 8                                NAL Call. No.: S544.3.W6W53
 The benefits of well-managed stream corridors.
 Craven, S.; Jackson, G.; Swenson, W.; Webendorfer, B.
 Madison, Wis. : The Service; 1987.
 Publication - University of Wisconsin, Cooperative Extension
 Service (G3404): 8 p.; 1987.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Wisconsin; Riparian vegetation; Erosion;
 Riverbank protection; Runoff; Water pollution; Habitat
 selection
 
 
 9                                  
 NAL Call. No.: S539.5.A77
 Big sacaton riparian grassland management: seasonal grazing
 effects on plant and animal production.
 Cox, J.R.; Gillen, R.L.; Ruyle, G.B.
 New York, N.Y. : Springer; 1989.
 Applied agricultural research v. 4 (2): p. 127-134; 1989. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Sporobolus; Forage; Steers; Brahman; Riparian
 vegetation; Grassland management; Grazing effects; Grazing
 intensity; Natural regeneration; Beef production; Weight gain;
 Climatic factors; Seasonal growth
 
 Abstract:  F1 Brahman steers annually grazed the same big
 sacaton (Sporobolus wrightii Monro) pastures in either spring
 (May 1-June 12), summer (July 1-August 12), or fall (September
 1-October 12) for three years. Green forage accumulated
 gradually in spring, accumulated rapidly in summer and
 declined gradually in fall, but mean daily steer gains
 averaged 1.5, 0.8, and 0.5 lb/animal on spring, summer, and
 fall grazed pastures, respectively. Spring gains were superior
 because green forage quality was greatest when plants
 initiated growth in spring. Summer gains were directly
 affected by green forage quantity, and green forage quantity
 was dependent on highly variable summer rainfall amounts. Fall
 gains were consistently low because forage quality declines
 rapidly in fall when green forage transfers to dead forage. In
 the three years, more than 80% of the green forage disappeared
 during spring grazing but pastures recovered in subsequent
 summer growing seasons. If the land manager wishes to maximize
 animal production without damaging the renewable natural
 resource (plant production), it is recommended to graze big
 sacaton grasslands in spring, avoid these riparian grasslands
 in dry summers, and discontinue fall grazing.
 
 
 10                                 
 NAL Call. No.: S539.5.A77
 Big sacaton (Sporobolus wrightii) riparian grassland
 management: annual winter burning, annual winter mowing, and
 spring--summer grazing. Cox, J.R.; Morton, H.L.
 New York : Springer; 1986.
 Applied agricultural research v. 1 (2): p. 105-111. ill; 1986. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Sporobolus; Grassland management; Burning;
 Mowing; Grazing; Winter; Spring; Summer
 
 
 11                                 
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32
 Biological importance of streambank stability.
 Bohn, C.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1986 Apr.
 Rangelands v. 8 (2): p. 55-56. ill; 1986 Apr.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Oregon; Streams; Banks; Stream erosion;
 Stability; Channels; Sediments; Nutrients; Aquatic
 environment; Vegetation
 
 
 12                                
 NAL Call. No.: A99.9 F764U
 Bird and small mammal populations in a grazed and ungrazed
 riparian habitat in Idaho.
 Medin, D.E.; Clary, W.P.
 Ogden, Utah : The Station; 1990 Jul.
 Research paper INT - U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest
 Service, Intermountain Research Station (425): 10 p.; 1990
 Jul.  Literature review. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Idaho; Wildlife; Birds; Mammals; Habitats;
 Riparian vegetation; Grazing effects; Rangelands
 
 
 13                                
 NAL Call. No.: A99.9 F764U
 Breeding bird populations in a grazed and ungrazed riparian
 habitat in Nevada. Medin, D.E.; Clary, W.P.
 Ogden, Utah : The Station; 1991 Apr.
 Research paper INT - U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest
 Service, Intermountain Research Station (441): 7 p.; 1991 Apr. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Birds; Breeding; Riparian forests; Populus
 tremuloides; Salix; Habitats; Grazing effects
 
 
 14                                 
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32
 Cattle and fish on the Henry's Fork.
 Platts, W.S.; Wagstaff, F.J.; Chaney, E.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1989 Apr.
 Rangelands v. 11 (2): p. 58-62. ill., maps; 1989 Apr. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Idaho; Cattle; Rainbow trout; Rivers; Angling;
 Riparian grasslands; Grazing
 
 
 15                                  
 NAL Call. No.: 60.18 J82
 Cattle feeding and resting patterns in a foothills riparian
 zone. Marlow, C.B.; Pogacnik, T.M.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1986 May.
 Journal of range management v. 39 (3): p. 212-217. ill., maps;
 1986 May. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Montana; Upland areas; Streams; Cattle; Feeding
 behavior; Animal behavior; Rest; Riparian vegetation; Grazing
 effects; Stocking rate; Seasonal behavior
 
 
 16                                  
 NAL Call. No.: 60.18 J82
 Cattle use of riparian meadows in the blue mountains of
 northeastern Oregon. Gillen, R.L.; Krueger, W.C.; Miller, R.F.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1985 May.
 Journal of range management v. 38 (3): p. 205-209. ill; 1985
 May.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Oregon; Cattle; Grazing; Riparian vegetation;
 Temperatures
 
 
 17                                  
 NAL Call. No.: HC79.E5E5
 Classification and spatial mapping of riparian habitat with
 applications toward management of streams impacted by nonpoint
 source pollution. Delong, M.D.; Brusven, M.A.
 New York, N.Y. : Springer-Verlag; 1991 Jul.
 Environmental management v. 15 (4): p. 565-571; 1991 Jul. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Idaho; Habitats; Riparian vegetation; Erosion;
 Pollution; Information systems; Mapping; Watersheds; Farmland
 
 
 18                                  
 NAL Call. No.: 56.8 J822
 Classifying rangeland riparian areas: the Nevada Task Force
 approach. Swanson, S.; Miles, R.; Leonard, S.; Genz, K.
 Ankeny, Iowa : Soil Conservation Society of America; 1988 May.
 Journal of soil and water conservation v. 43 (3): p. 259-263.
 ill; 1988 May. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Riparian vegetation; Rangelands; Land
 classification; Ecosystems; Range management; Resource
 conservation
 
 
 19                            
 NAL Call. No.: QK149.F269 1988
 Common riparian plants of California a field guide for the
 layman., 1st ed.. Faber, Phyllis M.; Holland, Robert F.
 Mill Valley, Calif. : Pickleweed Press,; 1988.
 140 p. : ill. ; 31 cm.  Includes index.  Bibliography: p. 135.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Riparian flora; California; Identification
 
 
 20                                 
 NAL Call. No.: S622.2.C66
 Community participation in soil and water conservation.
 Benvenuti, D.N.
 Ankeny, Iowa : Soil and Water Conservation Society; 1988.
 Conservation farming on steep lands / W.C. Moldenhauer and
 N.W. Hudson, editors. p. 247-253; 1988.  Material originally
 presented at a workshop held in San Juan, Puerto Rico, March
 22-27, 1987, and organized by the World Association of Soil
 and Water Conservation and the Soil and Water Conservation
 Society.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Brazil; Soil and water conservation; Settlement;
 Gully control; Terracing; Sloping sites; Riparian forests;
 Community involvement; Farm surveys; Farm surveys; Projects;
 Quality controls; Coordination; Technical aid; Evaluation;
 Integration
 
 
 21                              
 NAL Call. No.: QH541.5.T7J68
 Comparative effects of Acacia albida and Kigelia africana
 trees on soil characteristics in Zambezi riverine woodlands.
 Dunham, K.M.
 Cambridge : Cambridge University Press; 1991 May.
 Journal of tropical ecology v. 7 (pt.2): p. 215-220; 1991 May. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Zimbabwe; Acacia albida; Kigelia africana; Soil
 fertility; Nitrogen; Carbon; Phosphorus; Potassium; Nutrient
 availability; Nutrient content; Mineral content; Nitrogen
 content; Spatial variation; Soil acidity; Woodland soils; Soil
 organic matter; Riparian forests; Forest litter; Leaves
 
 
 22                                   
 NAL Call. No.: 56.9 SO3
 Comparison of denitrification in two riparian soils.
 Ambus, P.; Lowrance, R.
 Madison, Wis. : The Society; 1991 Jul.
 Soil Science Society of America journal v. 55 (4): p. 994-997;
 1991 Jul. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Georgia; Coastal plain soils; Riparian forests;
 Soil fertility; Denitrification; Sandy soils; Soil organic
 matter; Soil depth; Soil water content; Soil amendments;
 Chloramphenicol; Glucose; Nitrates; Nitrous oxide; Pinus
 elliottii; Liriodendron tulipifera; Nyssa sylvatica; Nitrate
 nitrogen; Ammonium nitrogen
 
 Abstract:  The factors controlling NO3 removal in riparian
 buffer systems are poorly understood. We measured
 denitrification rates for two Coastal Plain, forested riparian
 zone soils: Kinston fine loamy sand (fine-loamy, siliceous,
 acid, thermic Typic Fluvaquent) and Alapaha loamy sand (loamy,
 siliceous, thermic Arenic Plinthic Paleaquult). Kinston soils
 are more poorly drained and have higher organic matter than
 Alapaha soils. Surface soil and shallow aquifer samples were
 treated with solutions that contained chloramphenicol with
 either distilled water, NO3-N, glucose-C, or NO3, plus
 glucose. Denitrification potentials (N2O production in the
 presence of acetylene) were significantly higher in Kinston
 soil for both depths. Surface samples from both soils showed
 significant responses to NO3 additions but no response to C
 additions without NO3. Subsurface samples, taken from the top
 of the aquifer, showed no significant response to either NO3
 or C treatments for either soil. Both soils showed a high
 degree of stratification within the top 10 cm, with 88 and 68%
 of denitrification potential in the top 2 cm for Alapaha and
 Kinston soils, respectively. Denitrification rates in cores
 were much lower than in slurries but rates in cores with NO3
 or NO3-plus-glucose additions were significantly higher than
 unamended or C-amended cores for the Kinston soil. Although
 both soils respond to NO3 additions, Kinston soils are better
 able to reduce incoming NO3. These results indicate that
 denitrification in the shallow aquifer is a more important
 removal mechanism at the Kinston site than at the Alapaha
 site.
 
 
 23                                  
 NAL Call. No.: aSD11.A42 A
 comparison of riparian area ground data with large scale
 airphoto interpretation.
 Cuplin, P.; Platts, W.S.; Casey, O.; Masinton, R.
 Fort Collins, Colo. : The Station; 1985.
 General technical report RM - Rocky Mountain Forest and Range
 Experiment Station, United States, Forest Service (120): p.
 67-68; 1985.  Paper presented at the "Conference on Riparian
 Ecosystems and their Management: Reconciling Conflicting
 Uses," April 16-18, 1985, Tucson, Arizona.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Riparian vegetation; Aerial photography; Land
 resources; Grazing effects
 
 
 24                          
 NAL Call. No.: QH541.5.R3P3 1984
 Compatibility of livestock grazing strategies with riparian-
 stream systems. Platts, W.S.
 Corvallis, Or. : Oregon State University; 1984.
 Range watersheds, riparian zones and economics :
 interrelationships in management and use : Proceedings, 1984
 Pacific Northwest Range Management Short Course / Oregon State
 University. p. 67-74; 1984.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Rangelands; Streams; Livestock; Riparian
 vegetation; Range management; Vegetation management; Grazing
 systems; Grazing effects
 
 
 25                                 
 NAL Call. No.: 412.9 N814
 Concepts in stream riparian rehabilitation.
 Van Haveren, B.P.; Jackson, W.L.
 Washington, D.C. : Wildlife Management Institute; 1986.
 Transactions of the ... North American Wildlife and Natural
 Resources Conference (51st): p. 280-289. ill; 1986.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Western states of U.S.A.; Reclamation;
 Revegetation; Riparian vegetation; River bank protection;
 Streams
 
 
 26                                 
 NAL Call. No.: S622.2.C66
 Conservation of cropland on steep slopes in eastern Africa.
 Thomas, D.B.
 Ankeny, Iowa : Soil and Water Conservation Society; 1988.
 Conservation farming on steep lands / W.C. Moldenhauer and
 N.W. Hudson, editors. p. 140-149; 1988.  Material originally
 presented at a workshop held in San Juan, Puerto Rico, March
 22-27, 1987, and organized by the World Association of Soil
 and Water Conservation and the Soil and Water Conservation
 Society.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: East  Africa; Upland areas; Steepland soils;
 Sloping sites; Land resources; Perennial cropping; Terracing;
 Grass strips; Soil conservation
 
 
 27                                 
 NAL Call. No.: S622.2.C66
 Conservation practices and runoff water disposal on steep
 lands. Hudson, N.W.
 Ankeny, Iowa : Soil and Water Conservation Society; 1988.
 Conservation farming on steep lands / W.C. Moldenhauer and
 N.W. Hudson, editors. p. 117-128. ill; 1988.  Material
 originally presented at a workshop held in San Juan, Puerto
 Rico, March 22-27, 1987, and organized by the World
 Association of Soil and Water Conservation and the Soil and
 Water Conservation Society.  Literature review.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Soil and water conservation; Steepland soils;
 Sloping sites; Runoff control; Terracing; Grass strips; Case
 studies
 
 
 28                          
 NAL Call. No.: aSF84.84.N37 1985
 Conserving the range resource today: summary.
 Swenson, R.D.
 Washington, D.C.? : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture : [U.S. G.P.O.,
 1986?]; 1986. National Range Conference, opportunities for the
 future : National Range Conference proceedings, Oklahoma City,
 Oklahoma, November 6-8, 1985. p. 77-79; 1986.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Range management; Ecosystems; Resource
 conservation; Range pastures; Riparian vegetation
 
 
 29                                  
 NAL Call. No.: S451.M9M9
 Controlling riparian zone damage with little forage loss.
 Marlow, C.B.
 Bozeman : The Station; 1985.
 Montana agresearch - Montana Agricultural Experiment Station,
 Montana University v. 2 (3): p. 7. ill; 1985.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Montana; Range pastures; Beef cows; Riparian
 vegetation; Trampling; Pasture management; Grazing; Water
 conservation
 
 
 30                                 
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32
 Cool, clear water?.
 Williamson, L.L.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1988 Aug.
 Rangelands v. 10 (4): p. 167, 188; 1988 Aug.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Water resource management; Water composition and
 quality; Resource conservation; Riparian vegetation; Grazing
 effects; Rangelands; Erosion; Range management; Private
 sector; Wildlife; Habitat destruction
 
 
 31                            
 NAL Call. No.: GB565.W8W9 1986
 Crop water use studies.
 Pochop, L.; Burman, R.; Kerr, G.
 Laramie, Wyo. : The Center; 1986.
 Wyoming Water 1986 and Streamside Zone Conference :
 proceedings : Wyoming's water doesn't wait while we debate :
 Casper, Wyoming, April 28-30, 1986 / sponsored by Wyoming
 Water Res Cent [and] UW Agric Ext Serv, Univ of WY. p.
 111-116; 1986.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Wyoming; Water use; Mountain grasslands; Meadows;
 Riparian vegetation; Evapotranspiration; Water supplies;
 Irrigation
 
 
 32                                
 NAL Call. No.: QH105.C2C36
 Current condition of riparian resources in the Central Valley
 of California. Katibah, E.F.; Dummer, K.J.; Nedeff, N.E.
 Berkeley : University of California Press; 1984.
 California riparian systems : ecology, conservation, and
 productive management / edited by Richard E. Warner and
 Kathleen M. Hendrix. p. 314-321. maps; 1984.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: California; Riparian vegetation; Grazing effects;
 Land use; Water resource management; Aerial photography
 
 
 33                                  
 NAL Call. No.: 60.18 J82
 Declining forage availability effects on utilization and
 community selection by cattle.
 Smith, M.A.; Rodgers, J.D.; Dodd, J.L.; Skinner, Q.D.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1992 Jul.
 Journal of range management v. 45 (4): p. 391-395; 1992 Jul. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Wyoming; Populus deltoides; Cattle; Upland areas;
 Streams; Seasonal fluctuations; Habitat selection; Grazing
 behavior; Plant communities; Forage; Crop quality; Crude
 protein; Protein content; Dry matter; Riparian vegetation;
 Stocking rate
 
 Abstract:  Land managers of salt desert shrub and sagebrush
 steppe vegetation have concerns regarding appropriate stocking
 rates in summer for ephemeral stream riparian zones because of
 elevated levels of use on woody vegetation. We determined
 utilization levels of forage species over time as a fixed
 animal density decreased available forage as a means of
 approximating the stocking rate suitable for an area and
 identifying plant species for monitoring. Trend in abundance
 of important plant species will ultimately determine
 appropriate stocking rate in a particular management
 situation. Forage utilization by cattle during mid-summer for
 2 successive years was measured weekly for 3 weeks in
 streamside (channel and floodplain) and adjacent upland
 (terrace and saline upland) vegetation communities along the
 ephemeral stream. Measures were also made of crude protein and
 dry matter content of plant species. Plant communities used by
 cattle were also recorded. Utilization of streamside and
 terrace vegetation declined markedly over the 3 weeks, while
 utilization of forage in saline uplands was lower than in
 other areas and did not decline over weeks of study. More
 cattle selected streamside and terrace areas with the most
 succulent forages than saline uplands with less succulent
 forages. Woody plants in channel areas, cottonwood (Populus
 deltoides Bartr. ex Marsh.) particularly, were higher in
 protein, more succulent, and more severely grazed than other
 species. Management of cottonwood probably limits the stocking
 rate used in these communities. Declines in weekly utilization
 of forages after the first week indicated intake may have been
 declining. If so, lower levels of utilization may be needed to
 maintain animal performance. Maintenance of cottonwoods and
 animal performance considerations may dictate a lower stocking
 rate than achieved in this midsummer study.
 
 
 34                       
 NAL Call. No.: Videocassette no.977
 The Desert oasis executive producer, Don Floyd ; produced and
 directed by Lynn G. Ketchum ; written by Don Floyd, Lynn G.
 Katchum.
 University of Arizona, Cooperative Extension Service,
 University of Arizona, Agricultural Sciences Communications
 Tucson, Ariz. : Agricultural Communications, Division of Range
 Resources, University of Arizona : Cooperative Extension
 Service, University of Arizona, [1990?]; 1990.
 1 videocassette (27 min., 26 sec.) : sd., col. ; 1/2 in.  VHS.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Desertification; Riparian ecology; Desert plants;
 Deserts
 
 Abstract:  Discusses desertification, desert flora and fauna,
 and riparian areas in the desert. Dealing mainly with Arizona
 deserts, the video also presents the multiple uses of a desert
 and how to preserve the desert riparian areas and to retard
 the desertification process of overgrazing and drying up of
 water-ways.
 
 
 35                                  
 NAL Call. No.: 60.18 J82
 Differences in riparian vegetation structure between grazed
 areas and exclosures.
 Schulz, T.T.; Leininger, W.C.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1990 Jul.
 Journal of range management v. 43 (4): p. 295-299. ill; 1990
 Jul.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Colorado; Cattle; Poa palustris; Poa pratensis;
 Salix; Riparian vegetation; Grazing effects; Population
 density; Plant community analysis; Regrowth; Grazing lands;
 Mountain grasslands
 
 
 36                                
 NAL Call. No.: A99.9 F764U
 Differences in vegetation biomass and structure due to cattle
 grazing in a northern Nevada riparian ecosystem.
 Clary, W.P.; Medin, D.E.
 Ogden, Utah : The Station; 1990 Aug.
 Research paper INT - U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest
 Service, Intermountain Research Station (427): 12 p. ill; 1990
 Aug.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Nevada; Riparian grasslands; Grazing effects;
 Biomass production; Populus tremuloides; Salix; Poa pratensis;
 Regeneration; Stand structure
 
 
 37                                  
 NAL Call. No.: 60.18 J82
 Dynamics of vegetation along and adjacent to an ephemeral
 channel. Smith, M.A.; Dodd, J.L.; Skinner, Q.D.; Rodgers, J.D.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1993 Jan.
 Journal of range management v. 46 (1): p. 56-64; 1993 Jan. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Wyoming; Riparian vegetation; Streams; Plant
 density; Grazing effects; Grasses; Perennials; Annuals;
 Pastures; Woody plants; Deserts; Floodplains; Channels; Upland
 areas; Precipitation; Sustainability
 
 Abstract:  Ephemeral channels may be greater contributors to
 nonpoint sediment loads than perennial channels because of
 their abundance and lower vegetative cover. This study
 examines above- and belowground standing crop responses of
 selected vegetation classes and density of shrubs to grazing
 use and yearly weather variation along an ephemeral stream in
 northcentral Wyoming. Aboveground biomass standing crop was
 determined yearly in channel, floodplain, and upland habitats
 in ungrazed and grazed pastures during the 4-year study.
 Belowground biomass and shrub densities were determined yearly
 in the channel habitat only. Perennial grass standing crop in
 channels did not respond to grazing but decreased up to 73%
 with decreases in frequency and amount of precipitation. In
 floodplains, perennial grasses were not responsive to grazing;
 annual grasses were twice as abundant in grazed pastures.
 Vegetation standing crop in uplands was not influenced by
 grazing. Over the study period in all pastures, standing crop
 of blue grama (Bouteloua gracilis (H.B.K.) Lag. ex Griffiths)
 declined 4 fold while cool-season grasses increased 5 fold.
 Shrub density did not increase as much in grazed as in
 ungrazed pastures. Root biomass of the channel decreased 23%
 in years with less precipitation but was greater by 24% on
 concave than convex bank types. Location on channels
 influenced root biomass but grazing did not. Lack of general
 negative grazing influences on vegetation suggest short
 periods (10 days) of grazing as used in this study represent a
 sustainable management alternative for grazing in the cold
 desert.
 
 
 38                                
 NAL Call. No.: 281.9 M5842
 An economic analysis of filter strips for controlling
 agricultural soil erosion.
 Krieger, D.J.; Hoehn, J.P.; Vieux, B.E.
 East Lansing, Mich. : The Department; 1991 Jul.
 Agricultural economics report - Michigan State University,
 Department of Agricultural Economics (552): 22 p.; 1991 Jul. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Erosion control; Filters; Agricultural land;
 Marginal analysis; Cost benefit analysis; Computer software
 
 
 39                                 
 NAL Call. No.: 412.9 N814
 Economic issues of grazing and riparian area management.
 Wagstaff, F.J.
 Washington, D.C. : Wildlife Management Institute; 1986.
 Transactions of the ... North American Wildlife and Natural
 Resources Conference (51st): p. 272-279; 1986.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Grazing behavior; Grazing on public land;
 Livestock; Streams; Costs; Farm income
 
 
 40                                  
 NAL Call. No.: 60.18 J82
 Effects of cattle grazing on passerine birds nesting in
 riparian habitat. Taylor, D.M.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1986 May.
 Journal of range management v. 39 (3): p. 254-258; 1986 May. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Oregon; Grazing; Cattle; Grazing effects; Birds;
 Habitats; Species; Population density; Riparian vegetation;
 Salix
 
 
 41                                 
 NAL Call. No.: 412.9 N814
 Effects of grazing management on streambanks.
 Bohn, C.C.; Buckhouse, J.C.
 Washington, D.C. : Wildlife Management Institute; 1986.
 Transactions of the ... North American Wildlife and Natural
 Resources Conference (51st): p. 265-271; 1986.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Oregon; Grazing behavior; Grazing on public land;
 Cervus; Livestock; Odocoileus hemionus; Runoff; Stocking rate;
 Streams; Wildlife management
 
 
 42                                  
 NAL Call. No.: aSD11.A42
 The effects of large storm events on basin-range riparian
 stream habitats. Platts, W.S.; Gebhardt, K.A.; Jackson, W.L.
 Fort Collins, Colo. : The Station; 1985.
 General technical report RM - Rocky Mountain Forest and Range
 Experiment Station, United States, Forest Service (120): p.
 30-34. maps; 1985.  Paper presented at the "Conference on
 Riparian Ecosystems and their Management: Reconciling
 Conflicting Uses," April 16-18, 1985, Tucson, Arizona. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Nevada; Utah; Streams; Riparian vegetation;
 Stream erosion; Storms; Grazing effects
 
 
 43                              
 NAL Call. No.: S591.55.K4S64
 Effects of tillage and grass filter strips on surface runoff
 of water, nitrate, sediment, and atrazine.
 Madison, C.E.; Blevins, R.L.; Frye, W.W.
 Lexington, Ky. : The Department; 1992.
 Soil science news & views - Cooperative Extension Service and
 University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Department of
 Agronomy v. 13 (5): 4 p.; 1992.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Runoff; Agricultural chemicals; Sediment;
 Farmland; No-tillage; Conservation tillage; Grass strips; Soil
 conservation; Filtration; Water conservation; Erosion control;
 Water pollution
 
 
 44                                  
 NAL Call. No.: aSD11.A42
 Emergency measures for streambank stabilization: an
 evaluation. Schultze, R.F.; Wilcox, G.I.
 Fort Collins, Colo. : The Station; 1985.
 General technical report RM - Rocky Mountain Forest and Range
 Experiment Station, United States, Forest Service (120): p.
 59-61; 1985.  Paper presented at the "Conference on Riparian
 Ecosystems and their Management: Reconciling Conflicting
 Uses," April 16-18, 1985, Tucson, Arizona.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Stream channels; Erosion control; Revegetation;
 Riparian vegetation
 
 
 45                                  
 NAL Call. No.: 56.8 J822
 Erosion and deposition in a field/forest system estimated
 using cesium-137 activity.
 Lowrance, R.; McIntyre, S.; Lance, C.
 Ankeny, Iowa : Soil Conservation Society of America; 1988 Mar.
 Journal of soil and water conservation v. 43 (2): p. 195-199.
 maps; 1988 Mar. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Erosion; Forests; Coastal plains;
 Sediments; Deposition; Estimates; Watersheds; Radioactive
 tracers; Sampling techniques
 
 
 46                                  
 NAL Call. No.: aSD11.A42
 Erosional downcutting in lower order riparian ecosystems: have
 historical changes been caused by removal of beaver?.
 Parker, M.; Wood, F.J. Jr; Smith, B.H.; Elder, R.G.
 Fort Collins, Colo. : The Station; 1985.
 General technical report RM - Rocky Mountain Forest and Range
 Experiment Station, United States, Forest Service (120): p.
 35-38. ill; 1985.  Paper presented at the "Conference on
 Riparian Ecosystems and their Management: Reconciling
 Conflicting Uses," April 16-18, 1985, Tucson, Arizona. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Riparian vegetation; Stream erosion;
 Sedimentation; Beaver
 
 
 47                                
 NAL Call. No.: TD428.A37E9
 Evaluating nutrient and sediment losses from agricultural
 lands vegetative filter strips.
 Dillaha, T. A.
 United States, Environmental Protection Agency, Chesapeake Bay
 Program, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University,
 Dept. of Agricultural Engineering, Virginia Agricultural
 Experiment Station, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State
 University, Dept. of Agronomy
 Annapolis, MD : U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region
 III, Chesapeake Bay Liaison Office,; 1987.
 xi, 93 p. : ill., form ; 28 cm. (CBP/TRS ; 4/87).  Project
 number X-00315-01-0.  This study was conducted in cooperation
 with the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
 Departments of Agricultural Engineering and Agronomy and the
 Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station. "Chesapeake Bay
 Program"--Cover.  Includes bibliographical references (p.
 67-70).
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Agricultural pollution; Water; Sediment
 transport; Feedlot runoff
 
 
 48                                 
 NAL Call. No.: FICHE S-72
 Evaluation of sediment deposition upslope from grass filters.
 Guck, M.E.; Magette, W.L.; McClellan, P.W.
 St. Joseph, Mich. : The Society; 1987.
 American Society of Agricultural Engineers (Microfiche
 collection) (fiche no. 87-2088): 10 p. ill; 1987.  Paper
 presented at the 1987 Summer Meeting of the American Society
 of Agricultural Engineers. Available for purchase from: The
 American Society of Agricultural Engineers, Order Dept., 2950
 Niles Road, St. Joseph, Michigan 49085. Telephone the Order
 Dept. at (616) 429-0300 for information and prices.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Slopes; Sediments; Deposition; Grass strips;
 Filters; Measurement; Rill erosion
 
 
 49                                  
 NAL Call. No.: 293.8 SE8
 Evaluation of vegetative filter strips as a best management
 practice for feed lots.
 Dillaha, T.A.; Sherrard, J.H.; Lee, D.; Mostaghimi, S.;
 Shanholtz, V.O. Alexandria, Va. : The Federation; 1988 Jul.
 Journal - Water Pollution Control Federation v. 60 (7): p.
 1231-1238; 1988 Jul.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Vegetation management; Sedimentation; Nutrients;
 Environmental pollution; Filters; Runoff; Nitrogen; Phosphorus
 
 
 50                               
 NAL Call. No.: 79.9 SO8 (P)
 Evaluation of vegetative filter strips using continuous
 simulation modeling techniques.
 Williams, R.D.; Nicks, A.D.
 Raleigh, N.C. : The Society :.; 1988.
 Proceedings - Southern Weed Science Society v. 41: p. 350;
 1988.  Paper presented at the "Meeting on Environmental
 Legislation and its Effects on Weed Science," Jan 18/20, 1988,
 Tulsa, Oklahoma.  Includes abstract.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Herbicide residues; Runoff control; Grass strips;
 Simulation models
 
 
 51                                  
 NAL Call. No.: 56.8 J822
 Farmers' response to a filter strip program: results from a
 contingent valuation survey.
 Purvis, A.; Hoehn, J.P.; Sorenson, V.L.; Pierce, F.J.
 Ankeny, Iowa : Soil and Water Conservation Society of America;
 1989 Sep. Journal of soil and water conservation v. 44 (5): p.
 501-504; 1989 Sep. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Farmers; Filters; Soil conservation; Water
 pollution
 
 
 52                                  
 NAL Call. No.: TD419.R47
 Fate of alachlor and atrazine in a riparian zone field site.
 Paterson, K.G.; Schnoor, J.L.
 Alexandria, Va. : The Federation; 1992 May.
 Water environment reserarch v. 64 (3): p. 274-283; 1992 May. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Iowa; Alachlor; Atrazine; Herbicide residues;
 Field tests; Movement in soil; Plants; Uptake; Experimental
 plots; Zea mays; Populus
 
 
 53                               
 NAL Call. No.: QH545.A23E58
 Field studies on the terrestrial behavior of actinide elements
 in East Tennessee.
 Garten, C.T. Jr; Bondietti, E.A.; Trabalka, J.R.; Walker,
 R.L.; Scott, T.G. Oak Ridge, TN : Office of Scientific and
 Tech Information, United States Dept. of Energy; 1987.
 Environmental research on actinide elements : proceedings of a
 symposium held at Hilton Head, South Carolina, November 7-11,
 1983 / editors, John E. Pinder III ... [et al.].. p. 109-119.
 ill; 1987.  Literature review.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Tennessee; Riparian vegetation; Elements; Flood
 plains; Field tests; Food chains; Rats
 
 
 54                                
 NAL Call. No.: 275.29 F66C
 Forest grazing.
 Tanner, G.W.
 Gainesville, Fla. : The Service; 1988 Jun.
 Circular - Florida Cooperative Extension Service (810): p.
 6-8. ill; 1988 Jun.  In the series analytic: Alternative
 Enterprises for Your Forest Land: Forest Grazing; Christmas
 Trees, Hunting Leases, Pine Straw, Fee Fishing and Firewood /
 edited by M.L. Duryea.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Florida; Farm woodlands; Grazing tenancy; Grass
 strips; Underwood; Farm leases; Pines
 
 
 55                                 NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32
 Forty years of change in a shadscale stand in Idaho.
 Sharp, L.A.; Sanders, K.; Rimbey, N.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1992 Dec.
 Rangelands v. 12 (6): p. 313-328; 1992 Dec.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Idaho; Range management; Riparian grasslands;
 Atriplex confertifolia
 
 
 56                                 
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32
 The geomorphic process: effects of base level lowering on
 riparian management. Masters, L.S.; Burkhardt, J.W.; Tausch,
 R.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1991 Dec.
 Rangelands v. 13 (6): p. 280-284; 1991 Dec.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Western states of U.S.A.; Riparian grasslands;
 Range management; Erosion; Water erosion
 
 
 57                                  
 NAL Call. No.: aSD11.U52
 Grazing and the riparian zone: impact and management
 perspectives. Behnke, R.J.; Raleigh, R.F.
 Washington, D.C. : The Service; 1979.
 General technical report WO - U.S. Department of Agriculture,
 Forest Service (12): p. 263-267; 1979.  Paper presented at a
 "Symposium on Strategies for Protection and Management of
 Floodplain Wetlands and other Riparian Ecosystems," Dec 11-13,
 1978, Callaway Gardens, Georgia.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Riparian vegetation; Grazing effects; Habitats;
 Wildlife; Environmental protection
 
 
 58                                 
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32
 Grazing management heads Colorado range in right direction.
 Fowler, R.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1992 Dec.
 Rangelands v. 12 (6): p. 308-312; 1992 Dec.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Colorado; Range management; Grazing systems;
 Riparian grasslands
 
 
 59                                 
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.3.K56
 Grazing management in riparian areas.
 Kinch, Gene
 United States, Bureau of Land Management
 Denver, CO : U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Land
 Management, Service Center,; 1989.
 44 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. (Technical reference (United States.
 Bureau of Land Management) ; 1737-4.).  September 1989. 
 "BLM/YA/PT-87/021+1737"--P. [2] of cover.  Includes
 bibliographical references (p. 41-44).
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Range management; Riparian ecology; Grazing
 
 
 60                                  
 NAL Call. No.: aSD11.A42
 Grazing management influences on two brook trout streams in
 Wyoming. Hubert, W.A.; Lanka, R.P.; Wesche, T.A.; Stabler, F.
 Fort Collins, Colo. : The Station; 1985.
 General technical report RM - Rocky Mountain Forest and Range
 Experiment Station, United States, Forest Service (120): p.
 290-294; 1985.  Paper presented at the "Conference on Riparian
 Ecosystems and their Management: Reconciling Conflicting
 Uses," April 16-18, 1985, Tucson, Arizona.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Wyoming; Streams; Rangelands; Cattle; Grazing
 effects; Riparian vegetation; Habitats; Fishes
 
 
 61                                   
 NAL Call. No.: QH540.J6
 Groundwater nitrate and denitrification in a coastal plain
 riparian forest. Lowrance, R.
 Madison, Wis. : American Society of Agronomy; 1992 Jul.
 Journal of environmental quality v. 21 (3): p. 401-405; 1992
 Jul.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Georgia; Groundwater; Nitrate; Chloride; Ratios;
 Denitrification; Nutrient availability; Organic compounds;
 Groundwater flow; Fields; Riparian forests; Spatial
 distribution; Temporal variation; Forest soils; Coastal plain
 soils; Nitrous oxide
 
 Abstract:  Mechanisms of nitrate (NO3) removal from
 groundwater in riparian forests are poorly understood. This
 study was conducted in the Georgia coastal plain to: (i)
 determine changes in NO3 and Cl concentrations within shallow
 groundwater moving from a row-crop field to a stream; (ii)
 determine the spatial and temporal distribution of
 denitrification potential relative to changes in NO3
 concentrations; and (iii) determine whether NO3 or C supply
 was limiting denitrification potential. Nitrate and Cl
 concentrations in groundwater were measured biweekly or
 monthly for October 1988 through May 1990. Denitrification
 potentials, indicated by the denitrification enzyme assay,
 were measured bimonthly from October 1988 through October
 1989. Modified potential measurements, lacking either NO3, C,
 or both, were also performed bimonthly. Both NO3 and NO3/Cl
 ratios in groundwater decreased by a factor of 7 to 9 in the
 first 10 m of forest. Within the next 40 m of forest, mean NO3
 concentration decreased from 1.80 to 0.81 mg NO3-N L-1.
 Denitrification potential was more than two orders of
 magnitude higher in the top 10 cm of soil than in the top 10
 cm of the shallow aquifer. Denitrification potential was
 consistently highest in surface soil nearest the field and
 nearest the stream and was limited by NO3 availability in all
 surface soil samples. Denitrification potential was highest in
 October and August. Although NO3 is definitely being removed
 from shallow groundwater, it is apparently not due to direct
 denitrification from the saturated zone. High denitrification
 potential in surface soils, especially near the field/forest
 interface, may contribute to NO3 disappearance from shallow
 groundwater. Processes associated with intact riparian
 vegetation appear to play the primary role in N removal.
 
 
 62                                  
 NAL Call. No.: 65.9 SO83 A
 guide to the stabilisation of water courses by planting
 indigenous trees. Tudor-Owen, R.P.D.; Wyatt, J.
 Mount Edgecombe : The Association; 1991.
 Proceedings of the annual congress - South African Sugar
 Technologists' Association (65th): p. 73-76; 1991.  Meeting
 held on June 10-12, 1991, Durban and Mount Edgecombe, South
 Africa.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: South  Africa; Watersheds; Riparian vegetation;
 Trees; Grasses; Vegetated waterways; Afforestation; Planting;
 Riverbank protection
 
 
 63                                  
 NAL Call. No.: 60.18 J82
 Habitat selection by cattle along an ephemeral channel.
 Smith, M.A.; Rodgers, J.D.; Dodd, J.L.; Skinner, Q.D.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1992 Jul.
 Journal of range management v. 45 (4): p. 385-390; 1992 Jul. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Wyoming; Cattle; Habitat selection; Streams;
 Seasonal fluctuations; Grazing effects; Feeding preferences;
 Forage; Crop quality; Crude protein; Protein content; Dry
 matter; Grazing behavior; Upland areas; Riparian vegetation
 
 Abstract:  Because of widespread concern about cattle grazing
 effects on riparian zones of public lands, seasonal habitat
 selection by cattle was studied along a cold desert area
 ephemeral waterway of northcentral Wyoming. Little is known of
 grazing effects on ephemeral streams compared to perennial
 streams. Cattle activity was monitored in small pastures and a
 surrounding large allotment in spring, summer, and fall.
 Observations included activity and habitat where it occurred.
 Concomitantly, utilization levels, protein content, and dry
 matter content of forages were determined in the small
 pastures. A higher percent of cattle selected channel and
 floodplain habitats than percent area of habitats while a
 lower percent of cattle selected upland habitat than percent
 of this habitat in the area. Utilization levels of forages
 except greasewood (Sarcobatus vermiculatus (Hook.) Torrey) in
 the floodplain were not greatly different among habitats.
 Protein and dry matter content of forages did not vary greatly
 among habitats, except greasewood had higher protein and lower
 dry matter than other species and received much higher use.
 Forage quality declined in summer and fall. Animal preference
 for channel habitat was attributed to more available forage in
 the channels. In contrast, selection of floodplains was due to
 succulence and high protein content of greasewood. Comparison
 of cattle selectivity between small pastures and the large
 allotment indicates that greater avoidance of upland areas by
 cattle is likely due to greater distances to drinking water in
 the large allotment.
 
 
 64                                   
 NAL Call. No.: QH76.R47
 High quality restoration of riparian ecosystems.
 Baird, K.
 Madison, Wis. : University of Wisconsin Press; 1989.
 Restoration & management notes v. 7 (2): p. 60-64; 1989. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: California; Nature conservation; Birds;
 Endangered species; Habitats; Revegetation; Riparian
 vegetation; Weed competition
 
 
 65                                   
 NAL Call. No.: 500 AS73
 Historical channel narrowing and riparian vegetation expansion
 in the Medicine Lodge River basin, Kansas, 1871-1983.
 Martin, C.W.; Johnson, W.C.
 Washington, D.C. : The Association; 1987 Sep.
 Annals of the Association of American Geographers v. 77 (3):
 p. 436-449. maps; 1987 Sep.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Kansas; Riparian vegetation; River basins; Soil
 sedimentation; Erosion; Stream channels; Variations; History;
 Land use; Surveys
 
 
 66                                    
 NAL Call. No.: 410 M58
 Hydrologic influences on leaf decomposition in a channel and
 adjacent bank of a gallery forest stream.
 Gurtz, M.E.; Tate, C.M.
 Notre Dame, Ind. : University of Notre Dame; 1988 Jul.
 American midland naturalist v. 120 (1): p. 11-21. maps; 1988
 Jul.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Kansas; Quercus macrocarpa; Celtis occidentalis;
 Riparian forests; Leaves; Decomposition; Streams; Prairies;
 Flooding; Nitrogen content; Phosphorus; Plant ecology
 
 
 67                                  
 NAL Call. No.: aSD11.A42
 Impact of grazing on a riparian garter snake.
 Szaro, R.C.; Belfit, S.C.; Aitkin, J.K.; Rinne, J.N.
 Fort Collins, Colo. : The Station; 1985.
 General technical report RM - Rocky Mountain Forest and Range
 Experiment Station, United States, Forest Service (120): p.
 359-363. ill; 1985.  Paper presented at the "Conference on
 Riparian Ecosystems and their Management: Reconciling
 Conflicting Uses," April 16-18, 1985, Tucson, Arizona. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Riparian forests; Cattle; Grazing effects;
 Habitats; Snakes
 
 
 68                                 
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.3.D48
 Impacts of grazing intensity and specialized grazing systems
 on livestock response.
 Malechek, J.C.
 Boulder, Colo. : Westview Press; 1984.
 Developing strategies for rangeland management : a report /
 prepared by the Committee on Developing Strategies for
 Rangeland Management, National Research Council/National
 Academy of Sciences. p. 1119-1128; 1984.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Grazing effects; Grazing intensity; Grazing
 systems; Riparian vegetation; Wildlife; Management
 
 
 69                                 
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.3.D48
 Impacts of grazing on wetlands and riparian habitat.
 Platts, W.S.; Raleigh, R.F.
 Boulder, Colo. : Westview Press; 1984.
 Developing strategies for rangeland management : a report /
 prepared by the Committee on Developing Strategies for
 Rangeland Management, National Research Council/National
 Academy of Sciences. p. 1105-1117; 1984.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Grazing effects; Wetlands; Riparian vegetation;
 Range management; Wildlife management
 
 
 70                                 
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.3.D48
 Impacts of grazing on wetlands and riparian habitat: a review
 of our knowledge.
 Skovlin, J.M.
 Boulder, Colo. : Westview Press; 1984.
 Developing strategies for rangeland management : a report /
 prepared by the Committee on Developing Strategies for
 Rangeland Management, National Research Council/National
 Academy of Sciences. p. 1001-1103. ill; 1984.  Literature
 review.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Grazing effects; Grazing lands; Wetlands;
 Riparian vegetation
 
 
 71                                 NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32
 The importance of rancher input in solving riparian problems.
 Thomas, H.S.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1991 Apr.
 Rangelands v. 13 (2): p. 83-84; 1991 Apr.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Range management; Riparian vegetation; Erosion
 control; Pastures; Cattle husbandry
 
 
 72                                 
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32
 Improving riparian habitats.
 Floyd, D.; Ogden, P.; Roundy, B.; Ruyle, G.; Stewart, D.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1988 Jun.
 Rangelands v. 10 (3): p. 132-134. ill., maps; 1988 Jun. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Arizona; Range management; Rotational grazing;
 Riparian forests; National forests; Habitat improvement;
 Wetlands; Ecosystems; Nature conservancy; Wildlife
 conservation
 
 
 73                                  
 NAL Call. No.: aSD11.A42
 Increasing summer flow in small streams through management of
 riparian areas and adjacent vegetation: a synthesis.
 Stabler, D.F.
 Fort Collins, Colo. : The Station; 1985.
 General technical report RM - Rocky Mountain Forest and Range
 Experiment Station, United States, Forest Service (120): p.
 206-210; 1985.  Paper presented at the "Conference on Riparian
 Ecosystems and their Management: Reconciling Conflicting
 Uses," April 16-18, 1985, Tucson, Arizona.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Stream flow; Riparian vegetation; Vegetation
 management; Grazing effects; Dams
 
 
 74                                  
 NAL Call. No.: aSD11.A42
 Interdependence of groundwater, riparian vegetation, and
 streambank stability: a case study.
 Groeneveld, D.P.; Griepentrog, T.E.
 Fort Collins, Colo. : The Station; 1985.
 General technical report RM - Rocky Mountain Forest and Range
 Experiment Station, United States, Forest Service (120): p.
 44-48. ill., maps; 1985. Paper presented at the "Conference on
 Riparian Ecosystems and their Management: Reconciling
 Conflicting Uses," April 16-18, 1985, Tucson, Arizona. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: California; Riparian vegetation; Groundwater;
 Stream channels; Stability; Resource conservation; Erosion
 control
 
 
 75                                 
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32
 Livestock control with electrical and audio stimulation.
 Quigley, T.M.; Sanderson, H.R.; Tiedemann, A.R.; McInnis, M.L.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1990 Jun.
 Rangelands v. 12 (3): p. 152-155; 1990 Jun.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Livestock; Behavior; Animal behavior; Riparian
 grasslands; Electrical stimulation
 
 
 76                          
 NAL Call. No.: QH541.5.R3P3 1984
 Livestock crazing and the riparian zone.
 Bedell, T.E.
 Corvallis, Or. : Oregon State University; 1984.
 Range watersheds, riparian zones and economics :
 interrelationships in management and use : Proceedings, 1984
 Pacific Northwest Range Management Short Course / Oregon State
 University. p. 60-66; 1984.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Livestock; Grazing effects; Riparian vegetation;
 Controlled grazing
 
 
 77                                  
 NAL Call. No.: aSD11.A42
 Livestock grazing effects on southwestern streams: a complex
 research problem. Rinne, J.N.
 Fort Collins, Colo. : The Station; 1985.
 General technical report RM - Rocky Mountain Forest and Range
 Experiment Station, United States, Forest Service (120): p.
 295-299. maps; 1985.  Paper presented at the "Conference on
 Riparian Ecosystems and their Management: Reconciling
 Conflicting Uses," April 16-18, 1985, Tucson, Arizona. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Streams; New Mexico; Livestock; Grazing effects;
 Riparian vegetation; Habitats; Fishes
 
 
 78                                  
 NAL Call. No.: HD241.C52
 Livestock grazing on western riparian areas.
 Chaney, Ed; Elmore, Wayne; Platts, William S.,
 United States, Environmental Protection Agency
 Eagle, Idaho : Produced for the U.S. Environmental Protection
 Agency by the Northwest Resource Information Center,; 1990.
 45 p. : col. ill., maps ; 28 cm.  Cover title.  "July 1990"--
 T.p. verso. Includes bibliographical references (p. 44).
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Grazing; Riparian ecology; Wetland ecology; Water
 
 
 79                                  
 NAL Call. No.: 60.18 J82
 Livestock impacts on riparian ecosystems and streamside
 management implications...a review.
 Kauffman, J.B.; Krueger, W.C.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1984 Sep.
 Journal of range management v. 37 (5): p. 430-438; 1984 Sep. 
 Literature review.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Streams; Riparian vegetation; Livestock farming;
 Grazing; Water resources
 
 
 80                                   
 NAL Call. No.: 100 OR3M
 Livestock impacts on riparian systems.
 Buckhouse, J.C.
 Corvallis, Or. : The Station; 1985 May.
 Special report - Oregon State University, Agricultural
 Experiment Station (724): p. 43-48; 1985 May.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Cattle farming; Riparian vegetation; Grazing;
 Resource management
 
 
 81                                  
 NAL Call. No.: aSD11.A42
 Livestock management in the riparian ecosystem.
 Bryant, L.D.
 Fort Collins, Colo. : The Station; 1985.
 General technical report RM - Rocky Mountain Forest and Range
 Experiment Station, United States, Forest Service (120): p.
 285-289. maps; 1985.  Paper presented at the "Conference on
 Riparian Ecosystems and their Management: Reconciling
 Conflicting Uses," April 16-18, 1985, Tucson, Arizona. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Livestock; Grazing effects; Controlled grazing;
 Habitat improvement
 
 
 82                          
 NAL Call. No.: QH541.5.R3P3 1984
 Livestock production possibilities on streamside meadows.
 Vavra, M.
 Corvallis, Or. : Oregon State University; 1984.
 Range watersheds, riparian zones and economics :
 interrelationships in management and use : Proceedings, 1984
 Pacific Northwest Range Management Short Course / Oregon State
 University. p. 35-44; 1984.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Meadows; Streams; Riparian vegetation; Beef
 cattle; Controlled grazing; Beef production; Production
 possibilities
 
 
 83                                 
 NAL Call. No.: 56.8 J822
 Long-term sediment deposition in the riparian zone of a
 coastal plain watershed.
 Lowrance, R.; Sharpe, J.K.; Sheridan, J.M.
 Ankeny, Iowa : Soil Conservation Society of America; 1986 Jul.
 Journal of soil and water conservation v. 41 (4): p. 266-271.
 maps; 1986 Jul. Includes 23 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: South eastern states of U.S.A.; Erosion; Sediment
 pollution; Agricultural development; Environmental impact
 reporting; Quantitative analysis; Riparian vegetation;
 Ecosystems; Coastal plains; Watersheds; Humid zones;
 Subtropics
 
 
 84                           
 NAL Call. No.: aSD11.A48 no.263
 Managing grazing of riparian areas in the intermountain range.
 Clary, Warren P.; Webster, Bert F.
 Intermountain Research Station (Ogden, Utah)
 Ogden, UT : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service,
 Intermountain Research Station,; 1989.
 11 p. ; 28 cm. (General technical report INT ; 263).  Cover
 title.  May 1989. Includes bibliographical references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Grazing; Range management
 
 
 85                           
  NAL Call. No.: GB565.W8W9 1986
 Managing riparian stream habitats.
 Platts, W.S.
 Laramie, Wyo. : The Center; 1986.
 Wyoming Water 1986 and Streamside Zone Conference :
 proceedings : Wyoming's water doesn't wait while we debate :
 Casper, Wyoming, April 28-30, 1986 / sponsored by Wyoming
 Water Res Cent [and] UW Agric Ext Serv, Univ of WY. p. 59-62;
 1986.  Literature review.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Streams; Water management; Habitats; Land
 use; Range management
 
 
 86                         
  NAL Call. No.: QH541.5.R3P3 1984 A
 method for predicting riparian vegetation potential of
 semiarid rangelands. Crouse, M.R.; Kindschy, R.
 Corvallis, Or. : Oregon State University; 1984.
 Range watersheds, riparian zones and economics :
 interrelationships in management and use : Proceedings, 1984
 Pacific Northwest Range Management Short Course / Oregon State
 University. p. 18-24. ill; 1984.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Rangelands; Semiarid zones; Riparian vegetation;
 Botanical composition; Livestock; Grazing effects; Site
 factors; Prediction
 
 
 87                           
 NAL Call. No.: aSD11.A48 no.221
 Methods for evaluating riparian habitats with applications to
 management. Platts, William S.,
 Ogden, Utah : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service,
 Intermountain Research Service,; 1987.
 177 p. : ill., maps ; 28 cm. (General technical report INT ;
 221).  Cover title.  February 1987.  Bibliography: p. 124-132.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Riparian ecology; Stream conservation; Streambank
 planting
 
 
 88                                   
 NAL Call. No.: QH540.N3
 Mitigating nonpoint-source nitrate pollution by riparian-zone
 denitrification. Schipper, L.A.; Cooper, A.B.; Dyck, W.J.
 Berlin, W. Ger. : Springer-Verlag; 1991.
 NATO ASI series : Series G : Ecological sciences v. 30: p.
 401-413; 1991.  In the series analytic: Nitrate contamination:
 Exposure, consequence, and control / edited by I. Bogardi and
 R.D. Kuzelka. Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research
 Workshop on Nitrate Contamination: Exposure, Consequences, and
 Control, September 9-14, 1990, Lincoln, Nebraska.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Nitrate; Nitrate fertilizers; Water pollution;
 Runoff; Drainage; Denitrification; Denitrifying
 microorganisms; Lakes; Rivers; Surface water; Soil types
 (ecological)
 
 
 89                  
 NAL Call. No.: aG4182.T87J4 1980 .U5 Map
 Mitigation area detail map, Turkey-Clay Creek Watershed, South
 Dakota figure 3-4..  Figure 3-4, mitigation area detail map,
 Turkey-Clay Creek Watershed, South Dakota
 United States. Soil Conservation Service
 Lincoln, Neb. : The Service,; 1980.
 1 map ; on sheet 31 x 51 cm.  6-10-80.  Source: 1977 county
 highway map, 1957 USGS topographic quad map (7.5'), and
 information from SCS field personnel. Includes location map. 
 5,0-37,875.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Soil conservation; South Dakota; Turkey-Clay
 Creek Watershed; Maps; Streambank planting; South Dakota;
 Turkey-Clay Creek Watershed; Maps
 
 
 90                          
  NAL Call. No.: 290.9 AM3PS (EE)
 Modeling phosphorus transport in grass buffer strips.
 Lee, D.; Dillaha, T.A.; Sherrard, J.H.
 New York, N.Y. : American Society of Civil Engineers,
 Environmental Engineering Division; 1989 Apr.
 Journal of environmental engineering v. 115 (2): p. 409-427;
 1989 Apr. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Grasses; Phosphorus; Metabolism; Ssimulation
 models
 
 
 91                               
 NAL Call. No.: aSD388.A1U52
 New revetment design controls streambank erosion.
 LaFayette, R.A.; Pawelek, D.W.
 Washington, D.C. : The Staff; 1990 Jul.
 Engineering field notes - U.S. Department of Agriculture,
 Forest Service, Engineering Staff v. 22: p. 23-31. ill; 1990
 Jul.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New Mexico; Forestry engineering; Stream erosion;
 Stream training; Structures
 
 
 92                         
  NAL Call. No.: FICHE 290.9 AM32P
 Nitrogen dynamics in the riparian zone.
 Schnabel, R.R.
 St. Joseph, Mich. : The Society; 1985.
 Paper - American Society of Agricultural Engineers (Microfiche
 collection) (fiche no. 85-2028): 14 p.; 1985.  Paper presented
 at the 1985 Summer Meeting of the American Society of
 Agricultural Engineers. Available for purchase from: The
 American Society of Agricultural Engineers, Order Dept., 2950
 Niles Road,.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Streams; Groundwater pollution; Nitrates
 
 
 93                                
  NAL Call. No.: QH84.8.B46
 Nitrogen turnover rates in a riparian fen determined by 15N
 dilution. Ambus, P.; Mosier, A.; Christensen, S.
 Berlin : Springer International; 1992.
 Biology and fertility of soils v. 14 (4): p. 230-236; 1992. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Denmark; Fen soils; Mineralization; Nitrogen;
 Isotope labeling; Nitrate reduction; Nitrification; Nitrogen
 cycle; Soil depth; Soil fertility; Ammonium
 
 
 94                                 NAL Call. No.: 292.8 W295
 Nitrous oxide dissolved in soil solution: an insignificant
 pathway of nitrogen loss from a southeastern hardwood forest.
 Davidson, E.A.; Swank, W.T.
 Washington, D.C. : American Geophysical Union; 1990 Jul.
 Water resources research v. 26 (7): p. 1687-1690; 1990 Jul. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Forest soils; Riparian forests; Robinia
 pseudoacacia; Soil solution; Watersheds; Nitrous oxide;
 Nitrate nitrogen; Nitrogen; Losses from soil systems;
 Solubility; Groundwater; Streams; Nitrogen content; Water
 composition and quality; Seasonal fluctuations; Soil depth
 
 Abstract:  Nitrous oxide is soluble and can accumulate in soil
 solution when gaseous diffusion is restricted. The importance
 of N losses via degassing of N2O from groundwater entering
 surface streams is unknown. Measurements of N2O in soil
 solution revealed patterns of seasonal and spatial variation
 that were consistent with ecosystem regulation of
 denitrification. The highest concentrations were observed in
 the riparian zone in May, when soil NO3-, temperature and
 moisture were conducive for denitrification. At each of the
 other sample dates and sites, at least one of these factors
 appeared to prevent significant N2O accumulation in soil
 solution. Extrapolation of the highest observed N2O
 concentrations to an annual basis corresponded to a loss of
 only 56 g N ha-1 yr-1. Denitrification in the riparian zone
 may be an important fate of N in this hardwood forest, but N2O
 in soil solution does not appear to be a significant pathway
 of N loss. This site might be expected to produce N2O at
 higher rates than most hardwood forests, but extrapolation of
 the highest calculated losses from soil solution over the
 global area occupied by hardwood forest indicates that this
 source of N2O is insignificant for global atmospheric budgets.
 
 
 95                                    
 NAL Call. No.: 410 EC7
 Nutrient budgets for agricultural watersheds in the
 southeastern coastal plain.
 Lowrance, R.R.; Leonard, R.A.; Asmussen, L.E.; Todd, R.L.
 Tempe, Ariz : Ecological Society of America; 1985 Feb.
 Ecology : a publication of the Ecological Society of America
 v. 66 (1): p. 287-296. ill., maps; 1985 Feb.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Georgia; Coastal plains; Watersheds; Riparian
 forests; Nutrient cycles; Cycling in ecosystems; Pollution by
 agriculture; Fertilizers; Water resource management; Stream
 flow; Runoff
 
 
 96                                    
 NAL Call. No.: 410 EC7
 Nutrient dynamics in an agricultural watershed: observations
 on the role of a riparian forest.
 Peterjohn, W.T.; Correll, D.L.
 Tempe, Ariz : Ecological Society of America; 1984 Oct.
 Ecology : a publication of the Ecological Society of America
 v. 65 (5): p. 1466-1475. ill., maps; 1984 Oct.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Maryland; River basins; Watersheds; Riparian
 forests; Farmland; Fertilizers; Runoff; Surface water;
 Groundwater; Nutrient cycles; Water pollution; Pollution by
 agriculture
 
 
 97                                     
 NAL Call. No.: S17.N4
 Nutrient retention and processing in New Zealand streams: the
 influence of riparian vegetation.
 Howard-Williams, C.; Pickmere, S.; Davies, J.
 Palmerston North : The Dunmore Press; 1986 May.
 New Zealand agricultural science v. 20 (2): p. 110-114. ill.,
 maps; 1986 May. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New Zealand; Streams; Vegetation; Nitrogen
 retention; Water pollution
 
 
 98                                 
 NAL Call. No.: 412.9 N814
 Options for managing livestock in riparian habitats.
 Davis, J.W.
 Washington, D.C. : Wildlife Management Institute; 1986.
 Transactions of the ... North American Wildlife and Natural
 Resources Conference (51st): p. 290-297; 1986.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Habitat destruction; Habitat improvement; Animal
 husbandry; Environmental impact reporting; Grazing effects;
 Erosion; Overgrazing; Trampling
 
 
 99                               
 NAL Call. No.: S544.3.N3C66
 Options for riparian grazing management.
 Swanson, S.
 Reno, Nev. : The College; 1986.
 Fact sheet - College of Agriculture, University of Nevada-
 Reno, Nevada Cooperative Extension (86-77): 4 p.; 1986. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Nevada; Cattle; Riparian vegetation; Range
 management; Grazing
 
 
 100                                  
 NAL Call. No.: 56.9 SO3
 Phosphorus redistribution from cultivated fields into riparian
 areas. Cooper, J.R.; Gilliam, J.W.
 Madison, Wis. : The Society; 1987 Nov.
 Soil Science Society of America journal v. 51 (6): p.
 1600-1604. ill., maps; 1987 Nov.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: North Carolina; Phosphorus; Pollution by
 agriculture; River basins; Wetlands
 
 
 101                                
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32 A
 pitch for Badger Creek.
 Schwien, J.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1991 Aug.
 Rangelands v. 13 (4): p. 181-182; 1991 Aug.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Colorado; Streams; Rotational grazing; Riparian
 vegetation; Watersheds
 
 
 102                                 
 NAL Call. No.: 60.18 J82
 Prescribed grazing as a secondary impact in a western riparian
 floodplain. Sedgwick, J.A.; Knopf, F.L.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1991 Jul.
 Journal of range management v. 44 (4): p. 369-373; 1991 Jul. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Colorado; Floodplains; Riparian grasslands;
 Riparian vegetation; Autumn; Controlled grazing; Cattle;
 Grazing effects; Flooding; Biomass; Biomass production;
 Environmental impact; Plant ecology; Botanical composition;
 Community ecology; Salix; Spartina; Populus; Leaves; Forage
 
 Abstract:  The effect of late-autumn cattle grazing on plant
 biomass was examined in a western Great Plains cottonwood
 riparian zone prone to catastrophic flooding every 5-8 years.
 Following 1 year of pre-treatment data collection in 1982,
 five 16-ha pastures were grazed from 1982 to 1984 and compared
 to 5 control pastures within the South Platte River floodplain
 in northeastern Colorado. At a prescribed grazing level of
 0.46 ha/AUM, riparian vegetation proved to be resilient to the
 impacts of grazing. We detected only a few significant
 treatment effects for above-ground biomass after succeeding
 growing seasons. Willows (Salix spp.) responded negatively to
 grazing whereas biomass of prairie cordgrass (Spartina
 pectinata Link) was greater on grazed plots. Yearly changes in
 above-ground biomass, especially dramatic following a severe
 flood in 1983, suggest that periodic, catastrophic flooding is
 a major perturbation to the ecosystem, and in conjunction with
 our results on grazing impacts, indicate that dormant-season
 grazing within Soil Conservation Service (SCS) guidelines is a
 comparatively minor impact within the floodplain. In addition,
 grazing impacts were probably further mitigated by a major
 forage supplement of cottonwood leaves which was available at
 the time of cattle introductions. This local forage supplement
 ultimately created a lighter grazing treatment than that
 originally prescribed.
 
 
 103                                
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32
 Priorities for riparian management.
 Swanson, S.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1989 Oct.
 Rangelands v. 11 (5): p. 228-230. ill; 1989 Oct.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Nevada; Sedges; Gully erosion; Stream erosion;
 Riparian vegetation; Watershed management; Ranking
 
 
 104                         
 NAL Call. No.: aSF84.84.N37 1985
 Processes of riparian systems: back to basics.
 Elmore, W.
 Washington, D.C.? : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture : [U.S. G.P.O.,
 1986?]; 1986. National Range Conference, opportunities for the
 future : National Range Conference proceedings, Oklahoma City,
 Oklahoma, November 6-8, 1985. p. 75-76; 1986.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Riparian vegetation; Rangelands;
 Degradation; Stream conservation; Grazing systems; Range
 management
 
 
 105                                 
 NAL Call. No.: aSD11.A42
 Quantification of nitrate uptake by riparian forests and
 wetlands in an undisturbed headwaters watershed.
 Rhodes, J.; Skau, C.M.; Greenlee, D.; Brown, D.L.
 Fort Collins, Colo. : The Station; 1985.
 General technical report RM - Rocky Mountain Forest and Range
 Experiment Station, United States, Forest Service (120): p.
 175-179. maps; 1985.  Paper presented at the "Conference on
 Riparian Ecosystems and their Management: Reconciling
 Conflicting Uses," April 16-18, 1985, Tucson, Arizona. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Riparian forests; Watersheds; Wetlands; Riparian
 vegetation; Nitrates; Nutrient uptake; Nutrient transport
 
 
 106                           
 NAL Call. No.: GB565.W8W9 1986 A
 ranch dependent on streamside zone grazing.
 Healy, M.W.
 Laramie, Wyo. : The Center; 1986.
 Wyoming Water 1986 and Streamside Zone Conference :
 proceedings : Wyoming's water doesn't wait while we debate :
 Casper, Wyoming, April 28-30, 1986 / sponsored by Wyoming
 Water Res Cent [and] UW Agric Ext Serv, Univ of WY. p. 167;
 1986.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Wyoming; Grazing; Farm management; Riparian
 vegetation; Grazing on public land
 
 
 107                           
 NAL Call. No.: GB565.W8W9 1986
 Ranch management of streamside zones.
 Sun, K.R.
 Laramie, Wyo. : The Center; 1986.
 Wyoming Water 1986 and Streamside Zone Conference :
 proceedings : Wyoming's water doesn't wait while we debate :
 Casper, Wyoming, April 28-30, 1986 / sponsored by Wyoming
 Water Res Cent [and] UW Agric Ext Serv, Univ of WY. p.
 155-166. ill; 1986.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Wyoming; Range management; Riparian vegetation;
 History; Desert climate; Controlled grazing
 
 
 108                         
 NAL Call. No.: QH541.5.R3P3 1984
 Range watersheds, riparian zones and economics
 interrelationships in management and use : Proceedings, 1984
 Pacific Northwest Range Management Short Course.
 Pacific Northwest Range Management Short Course 1984 :
 Pendleton, OR. Corvallis, Or. : Oregon State University,;
 1984.
 98 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.  Cover title.  Includes bibliographies.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Range management; Northwest, Pacific; Congresses;
 Riparian ecology; Northwest, Pacific; Congresses; Watershed
 management; Northwest, Pacific; Congresses
 
 
 109                         
 NAL Call. No.: QH541.5.R3P3 1984
 Rangeland erosion: a question of measurement.
 Barrett, H.
 Corvallis, Or. : Oregon State University; 1984.
 Range watersheds, riparian zones and economics :
 interrelationships in management and use : Proceedings, 1984
 Pacific Northwest Range Management Short Course / Oregon State
 University. p. 75-77; 1984.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Rangelands; Watersheds; Erosion; Riparian
 vegetation; Measurement; Soil conservation
 
 
 110                                 
 NAL Call. No.: aSD11.U52
 Rangelands of southwestern United States.
 Smith, E.L.
 Washington, D.C. : The Service; 1983 Sep.
 USDA Forest Service general technical report WO (36): p.
 11-18. ill; 1983 Sep.  Paper presented at the "Workshop on
 Wildlife and Range Research Needs in Northern Mexico and
 Southwestern United States," April 20-24, 1981, Rio Rico,
 Arizona.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Arizona; New Mexico; Texas; Rangelands; Rangeland
 soils; Climate; Geology; Geomorphology; Vegetation;
 Ecosystems; Forest ecology; Riparian vegetation
 
 
 111                               
 NAL Call. No.: QH105.C2C36
 Regional riparian reserarch and a multi-university approach to
 the special problem of livestock grazing the Rocky Mountains
 and Great Plains. Crumpacker, D.W.
 Berkeley : University of California Press; 1984.
 California riparian systems : ecology, conservation, and
 productive management / edited by Richard E. Warner and
 Kathleen M. Hendrix. p. 413-413; 1984. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Riparian vegetation; Livestock; Grazing effects;
 Regeneration
 
 
 112                                 NAL Call. No.: aSD11.A42
 REM: a model for Riparian Ecosystem Management in agricultural
 watersheds. Lowrance, R.; Shirmohammadi, A.
 Fort Collins, Colo. : The Station; 1985.
 General technical report RM - Rocky Mountain Forest and Range
 Experiment Station, United States, Forest Service (120): p.
 237-240. ill; 1985.  Paper presented at the "Conference on
 Riparian Ecosystems and their Management: Reconciling
 Conflicting Uses," April 16-18, 1985, Tucson, Arizona. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Watersheds; Agricultural regions; Ecosystems;
 Riparian vegetation; Resource management; Nutrient transport;
 Models
 
 
 113                                 
 NAL Call. No.: aSD11.U52
 Repairing flood-damaged streams in the Pacific Northwest.
 Lines, I.L. Jr; Carlson, J.R.; Corthell, R.A.
 Washington, D.C. : The Service; 1979.
 General technical report WO - U.S. Department of Agriculture,
 Forest Service (12): p. 195-200. ill; 1979.  Paper presented
 at a "Symposium on Strategies for Protection and Management of
 Floodplain Wetlands and other Riparian Ecosystems," Dec 11-13,
 1978, Callaway Gardens, Georgia.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Oregon; Washington; Streams; Erosion control;
 Floods; Rehabilitation; Geomorphology; Riparian vegetation
 
 
 114                            
 NAL Call. No.: S622.S37 no.15 A
 review of information relevant to the riverine woodland and
 forest rangelands of south-western New South Wales.. 
 Rangeland review : southern riverine woodlands
 Dalton, K. L.
 Chatswood, N.S.W. : Soil Conservation Service of N.S.W.,;
 1989. 313 p. : ill., maps ; 28 cm. (S.C.S. technical report ;
 no. 15.).  March 1989.  Cover title: Rangeland review:
 southern riverine woodlands.  Preparation and publication of
 this report were funded by the National Soil Conservation
 Program.  Includes bibliographical references (p. 283-313).
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Rangelands; Floodplains; Range plants; Riparian
 flora; Forest flora; Botany
 
 
 115                                  
 NAL Call. No.: QH540.J6
 Riparian afforestation effects on water yields and water
 quality in pasture catchments.
 Smith, C.M.
 Madison, Wis. : American Society of Agronomy; 1992 Apr.
 Journal of environmental quality v. 21 (2): p. 237-245; 1992
 Apr.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New Zealand; Pinus radiata; Afforestation;
 Watersheds; Catchment hydrology; Streams; Riparian forests;
 Water quality; Sediment; Nitrogen; Water yield; Phosphorus;
 Pastures; Transpiration; Water flow; Interception; Runoff;
 Overland flow
 
 Abstract:  The flow records for two pasture headwater
 catchments for 9 yr before, and 9 yr after riparian
 afforestation in one catchment were compared. Average rainfall
 was 1021 mm per yr. Riparian afforestation reduced water
 yields by 68 to 104 mm (21-55%) when the Pinus radiata stand
 was 8 to 10 yr old. Delayed runoff declined by 52 to 93 mm per
 yr (27-63%). Afforestation reduced the quickflow yield in 1 yr
 (22 mm or 40%). Peak flows declined in small events, were not
 affected in medium-sized events, and may have increased in
 large events. The large reductions in yield indicate that the
 riparian zone had a disproportionately important influence on
 catchment hydrology. They are attributed to high transpiration
 losses from the riparian pine in seasons with water deficits,
 and higher than usual forest interception losses because of
 the small-scale planting. Streamwater sediment, total and
 dissolved N and P concentrations in these two catchments and
 another riparian afforested catchment were monitored for 2 yr.
 Concentrations were generally lower in the completely pastured
 catchment. Estimated annual sediment, total P, Kjeldahl N, and
 nitrate exports from the pasture catchment were 31 to 60%,
 70%, 61 to 64% and 58 to 74% of those from the riparian
 afforested catchments in spite of a higher water yield.
 Possible explanations for the poor water quality in riparian
 afforested catchments are described including the lack of
 riparian wetlands, in-stream vegetation, and close riparian
 ground cover. The consequences of riparian afforestation in
 pasture catchments may not readily be predicted from the
 impacts of complete catchment afforestation.
 
 
 116                                
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32
 Riparian area definition: a viewpoint.
 Anderson, E.W.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1987 Apr.
 Rangelands v. 9 (2): p. 70; 1987 Apr.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Riparian vegetation; Wetlands; Range
 management; Identification
 
 
 117                                  
 NAL Call. No.: 56.9 SO3
 Riparian areas as filters for agricultural sediment.
 Cooper, J.R.; Gilliam, J.W.; Daniels, R.B.; Robarge, W.P.
 Madison, Wis. : The Society; 1987 Mar.
 Soil Science Society of America journal v. 51 (2): p. 416-420.
 maps; 1987 Mar.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: North Carolina; Riparian vegetation; Sediments;
 Drainage; Watersheds; Deposition; Deposition site; Erosion;
 Watershed management; Cesium; Analytical methods
 
 
 118                                
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32
 Riparian areas: perceptions in management.
 Elmore, W.; Beschta, R.L.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1987 Dec.
 Rangelands v. 9 (6): p. 260-265. ill; 1987 Dec.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Oregon; Rangelands; Riparian vegetation; Arid
 zones; Range management; Watershed management; Environmental
 impact reporting; Ecosystems; Flooding; Revegetation; Grazing
 effects; Catchment planning
 
 
 119                                  
 NAL Call. No.: 100 OR3M
 Riparian erosion inside and outside of exclosures on Mill and
 McKay Creeks: a validation of management.
 Buckhouse, J.C.; Bunch, T.R.
 Corvallis, Or. : The Station; 1985 Jun.
 Special report - Oregon State University, Agricultural
 Experiment Station (743): p. 29-30; 1985 Jun.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Oregon; Streams; Erosion; Grazing systems;
 Pasture management
 
 
 120                                
 NAL Call. No.: S605.5.A43
 Riparian forest communities and their role in nutrient
 conservation in an agricultural watershed.
 Fail, J.L. Jr; Haines, B.L.; Todd, R.L.
 Greenbelt, Md. : Institute for Alternative Agriculture; 1987.
 American journal of alternative agriculture v. 2 (3): p.
 114-121. maps; 1987. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Georgia; Watersheds; Riparian forests; Upland
 areas; Nutrient cycles
 
 
 121                                
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32
 Riparian grazing guidelines for the Intermountain region.
 Clary, W.P.; Webster B.F.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1990 Aug.
 Rangelands v. 12 (4): p. 209-212; 1990 Aug.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Western states of U.S.A.; Riparian grasslands;
 Grazing; Grassland management
 
 
 122                                
 NAL Call. No.: GB705.A6H9
 Riparian habitats of the southeast Sierrita mountains:
 vanished perennial habitats.
 Zauderer, J.
 Tucson, Ariz. : American Water Resources Association; 1989.
 Hydrology and water resources in Arizona and the Southwest v.
 19: p. 59-77. ill., maps; 1989.  Paper presented at the
 "Meetings of the Arizona Section American Water Resources
 Association and the Hydrology Section Arizona-Nevada Academy
 of Science on Hydrology and Water Resources in Arizona and the
 Southwest," April 15, 1989, Las Vegas, Nevada.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Arizona; Riparian vegetation; Canopy; Mountain
 areas; Altitude; Zoning; Rivers; Reservoirs; Habitats; Eroded
 soils; History
 
 
 123                                  
 NAL Call. No.: QH540.J6
 Riparian losses of nitrate from agricultural drainage waters.
 Jacobs, T.C.; Gilliam, J.W.
 Madison, Wis. : American Society of Agronomy; 1985 Oct.
 Journal of environmental quality v. 14 (4): p. 472-478. ill.,
 maps; 1985 Oct. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: North Carolina; Watersheds; Coastal plains;
 Riparian forests; Pollution by agriculture; Nitrates;
 Denitrification; Drainage water; Riparian vegetation; Drainage
 systems; Soil types (genetic)
 
 
 124                                
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32
 Riparian management improves Western rangeland.
 Campsey, L.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1991 Feb.
 Rangelands v. 13 (1): p. 26-27; 1991 Feb.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Nevada; Cattle farming; Rangelands; Range
 management; Riparian grasslands
 
 
 125                              
 NAL Call. No.: S544.3.N3C66
 Riparian pastures.
 Swanson, S.
 Reno, Nev. : College of Agriculture, University of Nevada-
 Reno, Nevada Cooperative Extension; 1987.
 Fact sheet - College of Agriculture, University of Nevada-
 Reno, Nevada Cooperative Extension (87-53): 3 p.; 1987. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Pasture management; Riparian vegetation; Grazing;
 Control; Fencing
 
 
 126                                 
 NAL Call. No.: 409.6 SO8
 Riparian plant communities of the Fort Bayard watershed in
 southwestern New Mexico.
 Medina, A.L.
 Austin : Southwestern Association of Naturalists; 1986 Sep11.
 The Southwestern naturalist v. 31 (3): p. 345-359. ill; 1986
 Sep11.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: New Mexico; Riparian vegetation; Plant
 communities; Cluster analysis; Populus; Juglans; Acer; Alnus;
 Salix; Soil properties; Soil types; Grazing effects; Plant
 ecology
 
 
 127                                
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32
 Riparian reminiscences.
 Kindschy, R.R.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1987 Apr.
 Rangelands v. 9 (2): p. 71-74. ill; 1987 Apr.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Oregon; Riparian vegetation; Grazing effects;
 Revegetation; Plant succession; Program evaluation; Range
 management
 
 
 128                                
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32 A
 riparian research program.
 Prouty, M.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1987 Dec.
 Rangelands v. 9 (6): p. 271-272. ill; 1987 Dec.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Nevada; Idaho; Utah; Riparian vegetation; Plant
 ecology; Resource management; Rangelands; Research projects;
 Environmental impact reporting
 
 
 129                                 
 NAL Call. No.: QH301.N32
 Riparian responses to various grazing systems and to periodic
 ice floes. Buckhouse, J.C.
 New York, N.Y. : Plenum Press; 1986.
 NATO advanced science institutes series : Series A : Life
 sciences v. 108: p. 79-86. maps; 1986.  In the series
 analytic: Grazing research at northern latitudes / edited by
 O. Gudmundsson. Paper presented at a Workshop, August 5-10,
 1985, Hvanneyri, Iceland.  Literature review.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Oregon; Grazing systems; Riparian forests; Ice;
 Livestock; Pasture management; Erosion
 
 
 130                                NAL Call. No.: SK351.W523
 Riparian revegetation in California.
 Gray, R.L.; Snieckus, R.; Wilcox, G.
 Reno, Nev. : Wildlife Society, Western Section, and Am.
 Fisheries Soc., California-Nevada Chapter; 1984.
 Cal-Neva wildlife. p. 26-32; 1984.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: California; Riparian vegetation; Wildlife
 conservation; Soil conservation; Flood control; Salix;
 Revegetation
 
 
 131                                   
 NAL Call. No.: S601.D4
 Riparian stands.
 Volny, S.
 Amsterdam : Elsevier Scientific Pub. Co; 1984.
 Developments in agricultural and managed-forest ecology v. 14:
 p. 423-453. ill; 1984.  Includes list of tree species suitable
 for riparian stands.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Riparian forests; Riparian vegetation; Erosion
 control; River bank protection
 
 
 132                                
 NAL Call. No.: SK351.W523
 Riparian stream management.
 Platts, W.S.
 Sacramento, CA : Wildlife Society, Western Section; 1986.
 Transactions of the Western Section of the Wildlife Society v.
 22: p. 90-93; 1986.  Meeting held on January 23-25, 1986,
 Sparks, Nevada.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Riparian vegetation; Rangelands; Stream training;
 Watershed management
 
 
 133                               
 NAL Call. No.: QH105.C2C36
 Riparian system/livestock grazing interaction research in the
 intermountain west.
 Platts, W.S.
 Berkeley : University of California Press; 1984.
 California riparian systems : ecology, conservation, and
 productive management / edited by Richard E. Warner and
 Kathleen M. Hendrix. p. 424-429. ill., maps; 1984.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Nevada; Utah; Idaho; Riparian vegetation;
 Livestock; Grazing effects; Aquatic environment; Research
 projects
 
 
 134                                 
 NAL Call. No.: aSD11.A42
 Riparian vegetation and indigenous southwestern agriculture:
 control of erosion, pests, and microclimate.
 Nabhan, G.P.
 Fort Collins, Colo. : The Station; 1985.
 General technical report RM - Rocky Mountain Forest and Range
 Experiment Station, United States, Forest Service (120): p.
 232-236; 1985.  Paper presented at the "Conference on Riparian
 Ecosystems and their Management: Reconciling Conflicting
 Uses," April 16-18, 1985, Tucson, Arizona.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Agriculture; Riparian vegetation; Vegetation
 management; Erosion control; Soil fertility; Microclimate;
 Climate control; Pest control; Fuelwood
 
 
 135                              
 NAL Call. No.: HD1775.G4G43
 Riparian vegetation as filters of nutrients exported from a
 coastal plain agricultural watershed.
 Todd, R.; Lowrance, R.; Hendrickson, O.; Asmussen, L.;
 Leonard, R.; Fail, J.; Herrick, B.
 Athens, Ga. : The Stations; 1983 Dec.
 Special publication - University of Georgia, Agriculture
 Experiment Stations (23): p. 485-498. ill., maps; 1983 Dec. 
 Paper presented at a symposium, Sept 21-26, 1980, Athens,
 Georgia.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Georgia; Riparian forests; Nutrients; Filters;
 Coastal plains; Watersheds
 
 
 136                               
 NAL Call. No.: QH105.C2C36
 Riparian vegetation planting for flood control.
 Chaimson, J.F.
 Berkeley : University of California Press; 1984.
 California riparian systems : ecology, conservation, and
 productive management / edited by Richard E. Warner and
 Kathleen M. Hendrix. p. 121-123. ill; 1984. Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: California; Riparian vegetation; Flood control;
 Erosion control
 
 
 137                                 
 NAL Call. No.: aSD11.A42
 Riparian vegetation reduces stream bank and row crop flood
 damages. Roseboom, D.; Russell, K.
 Fort Collins, Colo. : The Station; 1985.
 General technical report RM - Rocky Mountain Forest and Range
 Experiment Station, United States, Forest Service (120): p.
 241-244; 1985.  Paper presented at the "Conference on Riparian
 Ecosystems and their Management: Reconciling Conflicting
 Uses," April 16-18, 1985, Tucson, Arizona.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Illinois; Soil and water conservation; Land use;
 Cropping systems; Erosion; Fishes; Habitats; Riparian
 vegetation; Stream channels
 
 
 138                                 NAL Call. No.: aSD11.U52
 Riparian woodlands in jeopardy on northern High Plains.
 Boldt, C.E.; Uresk, D.W.; Severson, K.E.
 Washington, D.C. : The Service; 1979.
 General technical report WO - U.S. Department of Agriculture,
 Forest Service (12): p. 184-189. ill; 1979.  Paper presented
 at a "Symposium on Strategies for Protection and Management of
 Floodplain Wetlands and other Riparian Ecosystems," Dec 11-13,
 1978, Callaway Gardens, Georgia.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: North Dakota; Woodlands; Riparian vegetation;
 Rehabilitation; Environmental degradation; Grazing effects
 
 
 139                                
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32
 Riparian zone inventory.
 Braasch, S.; Tanner, G.W.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1989 Jun.
 Rangelands v. 11 (3): p. 103-106. ill., maps; 1989 Jun. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Colorado; Riparian grasslands; Grassland
 management; Grazing; Streams; Sediment; Water flow; Plant
 succession
 
 
 140                                
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32 A
 riparian zone--one story.
 Bezanson, C.E.; Hughes, L.E.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1989 Apr.
 Rangelands v. 11 (2): p. 56-57. ill., maps; 1989 Apr.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Arizona; Riparian grasslands; Rotational grazing;
 Cattle
 
 
 141                         
 NAL Call. No.: aSF84.84.N37 1985
 Riparian-stream management.
 Platt, W.S.
 Washington, D.C.? : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture : [U.S. G.P.O.,
 1986?]; 1986. National Range Conference, opportunities for the
 future : National Range Conference proceedings, Oklahoma City,
 Oklahoma, November 6-8, 1985. p. 70-74; 1986.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: U.S.A.; Riparian vegetation; Range pastures;
 Stream conservation; Grazing systems; Rehabilitation;
 Watershed management
 
 
 142                               
 NAL Call. No.: QH105.C2C36
 The role of riparian vegetation in channel bank stability:
 Carmel River, California.
 Kondolf, G.M.; Curry, R.R.
 Berkeley : University of California Press; 1984.
 California riparian systems : ecology, conservation, and
 productive management / edited by Richard E. Warner and
 Kathleen M. Hendrix. p. 124-133. ill., maps; 1984.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: California; Rivers; Riparian vegetation; Erosion
 control; Channels; Water table
 
 
 143                               
 NAL Call. No.: QH105.C2C36
 Sacramento River environment: a management plan.
 Kraemer, T.J.
 Berkeley : University of California Press; 1984.
 California riparian systems : ecology, conservation, and
 productive management / edited by Richard E. Warner and
 Kathleen M. Hendrix. p. 795-799. ill; 1984. Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: California; Riparian forests; Riparian
 vegetation; Erosion control; Sedimentation
 
 
 144                                
 NAL Call. No.: 99.8 F7623
 Salicaceae family trees in sustainable agroecosystems.
 Licht, L.A.
 Ottawa : Canadian Institute of Forestry; 1992 Apr.
 The Forestry chronicle v. 68 (2): p. 214-217; 1992 Apr.  Paper
 presented at "Contribution of Salicaceae Family to
 Ameliorating our Environment." Joint Popular Council of
 Canada/US Popular Council Annual Meeting held Sept. 26-29,
 1991, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Iowa; Salicaceae; Populus; Sustainability; Strip
 cropping; Groundwater; Water quality; Nitrates; Nitrogen;
 Nutrient uptake; Ecosystems
 
 Abstract:  Research at the University of Iowa is testing the
 ECOLOTREE BUFFER, a prototype wooded buffer strip planted
 between a creek and row-cropped land with roots grown
 intentionally deep enough to intersect the near-surface water
 table. This project demonstrates that Populus spp. trees
 cultured by using this technique are both ecologically
 sustaining and productive. Measured data prove that nitrate is
 removed from near-surface groundwater and that the nitrogen
 uptake is present as protein in the leaves and the woody
 stems. The tree's physiological attributes contribute to a
 harvested value that can "pay its way"; these include fast
 wood growth, cut-stem rooting, resprouting from a stump,
 phreatophytic roots, and a high protein content in the leaves.
 The wooded riparian strip changes the local agroecosystem by
 reducing fertilizer nutrients causing surface water
 eutrophication, by diversifying wildlife habitat, by reducing
 soils erosion caused by wind and water, by diversifying the
 crop base, by creating an aesthetic addition in the landscape.
 This idea is a potential technique for managing non-point
 source pollutants created by modern farming practices.
 
 
 145                         
 NAL Call. No.: FICHE 290.9 AM32P
 Sediment and phosphorus transport in vegetative filter strips:
 phase 1, field studies.
 Dilaha, T.A.; Sherrard, J.H.; Lee, D.; Mostaghimi, S.;
 Shanholtz, V.O. St. Joseph, Mich. : The Society; 1985.
 Paper - American Society of Agricultural Engineers (Microfiche
 collection) (fiche no. 85-2043): 12 p.; 1985.  Paper presented
 at the 1985 Summer Meeting of the American Society of
 Agricultural Engineers. Available for purchase from: The
 American Society of Agricultural Engineers, Order Dept., 2950
 Niles Road,.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Environmental pollution; Pollution by
 agriculture; Control methods; Filters
 
 
 146                                
 NAL Call. No.: 500 AM322A
 Should cows chew cheatgrass on commonlands?.
 Gillis, A.M.
 Washington, D.C. : The Institute; 1991 Nov.
 BioScience - American Institute of Biological Sciences v. 41
 (10): p. 668-675; 1991 Nov.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Arizona; California; Colorado; Idaho; Montana;
 Nevada; New Mexico; Oregon; Utah; Washington; Wyoming; Land
 management; Range management; Resource conservation; Riparian
 grasslands; Grazing intensity; Beef cattle
 
 
 147                               
 NAL Call. No.: A99.9 F764U
 Small mammal populations in a grazed and ungrazed riparian
 habitat in Nevada. Medin, D.E.; Clary, W.P.
 Ogden, Utah : The Station; 1989 Oct.
 Research paper INT - U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest
 Service, Intermountain Research Station (413): 6 p.; 1989 Oct. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Nevada; Wildlife; Mammals; Habitats; Riparian
 vegetation; Populus tremuloides; Salix; Grazing effects;
 Population dynamics
 
 
 148                                 
 NAL Call. No.: aSD11.U52
 Soil conservation service and riparian ecosystems: a long-term
 view. Barry, V.H. Jr
 Washington, D.C. : The Service; 1979.
 General technical report WO - U.S. Department of Agriculture,
 Forest Service (12): p. 353-358; 1979.  Paper presented at a
 "Symposium on Strategies for Protection and Management of
 Floodplain Wetlands and other Riparian Ecosystems," Dec 11-13,
 1978, Callaway Gardens, Georgia.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Soil conservation; Resource conservation;
 Ecosystems; Usda; Riparian vegetation
 
 
 149                               
  NAL Call. No.: QH345.B564
 Soil N mineralization and nitrification in relation to
 nitrogen solution chemistry in a small forested watershed.
 Hill, A.R.; Shackleton, M.
 Dordrecht : Kluwer Academic Publishers; 1989 Sep.
 Biogeochemistry v. 8 (2): p. 167-184; 1989 Sep.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Ontario; Watersheds; Woodlands; Nitrates;
 Nitrification; Nitrogen mineralization; Riparian forests; Soil
 water; Upland areas; Ecosystems
 
 
 150                                 
 NAL Call. No.: 60.18 J82
 Some responses of riparian soils to grazing management in
 northeastern Oregon. Bohn, C.C.; Buckhouse, J.C.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1985 Jul.
 Journal of range management v. 38 (4): p. 378-381. maps; 1985
 Jul.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Oregon; Riparian forests; Soil water relations;
 Grazing effects; Soil properties; Range management
 
 
 151                                 
 NAL Call. No.: SD93.A1P5
 Stabilization of streambanks and riparian zones by riprap
 combined with selected vegetative engineering structures.
 Costales, E.F. Jr; Costales, A.B.
 Laguna : Forest Research Institute; 1985 Jan.
 Sylvatrop : the Philippine forest research journal v. 10 (1):
 p. 17-33; 1985 Jan.  Literature review.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Riparian vegetation; Streams; Soil stabilization;
 Erosion control; Mulching; Grass strips; Rocks; Revegetation
 plants
 
 
 152                                 
 NAL Call. No.: 56.8 J822
 Steambank stability and cattle grazing in southwestern
 Montana. Marlow, C.B.; Pogacnik, T.M.; Quinsey, S.D.
 Ankeny, Iowa : Soil Conservation Society of America; 1987 Jul.
 Journal of soil and water conservation v. 42 (4): p. 291-296;
 1987 Jul. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Montana; Cattle; Grazing effects; Grazing
 systems; Riparian vegetation; Streams; Stream channels;
 Stability; Trampling; Erosion; Soil moisture; Stream flow
 
 
 153                  
 NAL Call. No.: aG4172.U6J5 1979 .U5 Map
 Strategy for livestock waste management and streambank grazing
 control priority area, Upper Sugar River Watershed, Dane
 County, Wisconsin. United States. Soil Conservation Service
 Lincoln, Neb. : The Service,; 1980.
 1 map : col. ; 44 x 26 cm.  9-12-79.  Source: 1974 aerial
 photography and information from SCS field personnel.  Due to
 inherent aerial photographic displacement, the photographic
 image may vary from true ground location. Includes location
 map.  5,O-37,627.1.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Animal waste; Environmental aspects; Wisconsin;
 Upper Sugar River Watershed; Maps; Grazing; Environmental
 aspects; Wisconsin; Upper Sugar River Watershed; Maps; Range
 management; Wisconsin; Wisconsin; Upper Sugar River Watershed;
 Maps
 
 
 154                                
 NAL Call. No.: FICHE S-72
 Stream corridor management--a response to streambank erosion.
 Studer, L.L.; Keep, T.A.
 St. Joseph, Mich. : The Society; 1988.
 American Society of Agricultural Engineers (Microfiche
 collection) (fiche no. 88-2024): 7 p.; 1988.  Paper presented
 at the 1988 Summer Meeting of the American Society of
 Agricultural Engineers. Available for purchase from: The
 American Society of Agricultural Engineers, Order Dept., 2950
 Niles Road, St. Joseph, Michigan 49085. Telephone the Order
 Dept. at (616) 429-0300 for information and prices.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Missouri; Stream erosion; Control methods; Local
 planning
 
 
 155                                
 NAL Call. No.: 292.8 W295
 Streambank erosion along two rivers in Iowa.
 Odgaard, A.J.
 Washington, D.C. : American Geophysical Union; 1987 Jul.
 Water resources research v. 23 (7): p. 1225-1236. ill., maps;
 1987 Jul. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Iowa; Rivers; Erosion; Channels; Flow; Sediment
 pollution
 
 
 156                            
 NAL Call. No.: 1 Ag84C no.837
 Streambank erosion control on the Winooski River, Vermont.
 Edminster, Frank C.; Atkinson, Walter S.,_1905-; McIntyre,
 Arthur Clifton, Washington, D.C. : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture,;
 1949.
 54 p. : ill., charts, maps, plans ; 23 cm. (Circular / United
 States Department of Agriculture ; no. 837).  Cover title.
 
 Language:  English; English
 
 Descriptors: Soil conservation; Vermont; Streambank planting;
 Vermont
 
 
 157                               
 NAL Call. No.: 290.9 AM32P
 Streambank erosion due to bed degradation.
 Alonso, C.V.; Combs, S.T.
 St. Joseph, Mich. : The Society; 1989.
 Paper - American Society of Agricultural Engineers (89-2108):
 21 p.; 1989. Paper presented at the "1989 International Summer
 Meeting jointly sponsored by the American Society of
 Agricultural Engineers and the Canadian Society of
 Agricultural Engineering," June 25-28, Quebec, PQ, Canada. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Stream erosion; Stream flow; Simulation models
 
 
 158                               
 NAL Call. No.: 290.9 AM32T
 Streambank erosion due to bed degradation--a model concept.
 Alonso, C.V.; Combs, S.T.
 St. Joseph, Mich. : American Society of Agricultural
 Engineers; 1990 Jul. Transactions of the ASAE v. 33 (4): p.
 1239-1248. ill; 1990 Jul.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Stream erosion; Models
 
 Abstract:  Processes of fluvial erosion which operate on the
 banks of alluvial streams are examined by considering
 mechanisms of bed and bank erosion and mass failure of
 drained, homogeneous, cohesive banks. These concepts are used
 to formulate a mathematical model to evaluate bed degradation
 for the case in which bed lowering causes bank instability.
 Application of the model to a laboratory experiment verifies
 the behavior of the bed degradation submodel. Analysis of a
 more complex scenario demonstrates the importance of
 considering streambank erosion in streambed degradation
 analyses.
 
 
 159                                 
 NAL Call. No.: 1.98 AG84
 Streambank plants vital to water quality.
 Sherman, H.
 Washington, D.C. : The Administration; 1989 Aug.
 Agricultural research - U.S. Department of Agriculture,
 Agricultural Research Service v. 37 (8): p. 19; 1989 Aug.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Stream erosion; Sediments; River bank protection;
 Revegetation; Erosion control
 
 
 160                                 
 NAL Call. No.: 56.8 J822
 Streambank stability and cattle grazing in southwestern
 Montana: a response to the viewpoint.
 Marlow, C.B.
 Ankeny, Iowa : Soil Conservation Society of America; 1988 Mar.
 Journal of soil and water conservation v. 43 (2): p. 206-207;
 1988 Mar. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Montana; Cattle; Soil conservation; Grazing
 effects; Stream erosion; Banks; Stream flow
 
 
 161                                 
 NAL Call. No.: 56.8 J822
 Streambank stability and cattle grazing in southwestern
 Montana: a viewpoint. Renard, K.G.
 Ankeny, Iowa : Soil Conservation Society of America; 1988 Mar.
 Journal of soil and water conservation v. 43 (2): p. 204-206;
 1988 Mar. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Montana; Cattle; Soil conservation; Grazing
 effects; Stream erosion; Banks; Stream flow
 
 
 162                               
 NAL Call. No.: QH105.C2C36
 Streambank stabilization techniques used by the Soil
 Conservation Service in California.
 Patterson, D.W.; Finch, C.U.; Wilcox, G.I.
 Berkeley : University of California Press; 1984.
 California riparian systems : ecology, conservation, and
 productive management / edited by Richard E. Warner and
 Kathleen M. Hendrix. p. 452-458. ill; 1984. Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: California; Streams; Soil and water conservation;
 Soil stabilization; Vegetation
 
 
 163                                
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32
 Streamside and upland vegetation use by cattle.
 Platts, W.S.; Nelson, R.L.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1985 Feb.
 Rangelands v. 7 (1): p. 5-7. ill., maps; 1985 Feb.  Includes 1
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Idaho; Utah; Nevada; Upland areas; Riparian
 vegetation; Cattle; Grazing systems; Range management; Study
 sites
 
 
 164                                   
 NAL Call. No.: QH1.J62
 Stress and disturbance: vegetation dynamics in the dry Chaco
 region of Argentina.
 Adamoli, J.; Sennhauser, E.; Acero, J.M.; Rescia, A.
 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1990 Jul.
 Journal of biogeography v. 17 (4/5): p. 491-500. ill; 1990
 Jul.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Argentina; Savannas; Ecosystems; Grazing effects;
 Plant communities; Riparian forests; Rivers; Vegetation types
 
 
 165                                
 NAL Call. No.: QH540.E288
 The study of stream ecosystems: a functional view.
 Cummins, K.W.
 New York, N.Y. : Springer-Verlag; 1988.
 Ecological studies : analysis and synthesis v. 67: p. 247-262.
 ill; 1988.  In the series analytic: Concepts of ecosystem
 ecology: a comparative view / edited by L.R. Pomeroy and J.J.
 Alberts.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Streams; Inland water environment; Freshwater
 ecology; Detritivores; Nutrient cycles; Ecosystems;
 Invertebrates; Riparian vegetation
 
 
 166                                
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32
 Successful range management in the McCoy Gulch Riparian
 Demonstration Area. Grette, T.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1992 Dec.
 Rangelands v. 12 (6): p. 305-307; 1992 Dec.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Colorado; Rangelands; Range management; Riparian
 grasslands
 
 
 167                                  
 NAL Call. No.: SB476.G7
 Taming streambank erosion.
 Stroud, T.
 Overland Park, Kan. : Intertec Publishing Corporation; 1987
 Sep. Grounds maintenance v. 22 (9): p. 12, 14, 18, 20, 22, 76,
 78. ill; 1987 Sep.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Stream erosion; Protection; Control methods
 
 
 168                                
 NAL Call. No.: 412.9 N814
 Texas creek riparian enhancement study.
 Prichard, D.E.; Upham, L.L.
 Washington, D.C. : Wildlife Management Institute; 1986.
 Transactions of the ... North American Wildlife and Natural
 Resources Conference (51st): p. 298-303. maps; 1986.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Texas; Environmental impact reporting; Grazing
 effects; Habitat destruction; Habitat improvement; Livestock;
 River bank protection; Salmo trutta; Streams
 
 
 169                                 
 NAL Call. No.: aSD11.A42
 Time of grazing and cattle-induced damage to streambanks.
 Marlow, C.B.; Pogacnik, T.M.
 Fort Collins, Colo. : The Station; 1985.
 General technical report RM - Rocky Mountain Forest and Range
 Experiment Station, United States, Forest Service (120): p.
 279-284. ill; 1985.  Paper presented at the "Conference on
 Riparian Ecosystems and their Management: Reconciling
 Conflicting Uses," April 16-18, 1985, Tucson, Arizona. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Streams; Cattle; Grazing effects; Erosion;
 Erosion control; Controlled grazing; Seasons
 
 
 170                                 
 NAL Call. No.: aSD11.A42
 Trout habitat, abundance, and fishing opportunities in fenced
 vs unfenced riparian habitat along Sheep Creek, Colorado.
 Stuber, R.J.
 Fort Collins, Colo. : The Station; 1985.
 General technical report RM - Rocky Mountain Forest and Range
 Experiment Station, United States, Forest Service (120): p.
 310-314; 1985.  Paper presented at the "Conference on Riparian
 Ecosystems and their Management: Reconciling Conflicting
 Uses," April 16-18, 1985, Tucson, Arizona.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Colorado; Streams; Riparian vegetation; Grazing
 effects; Recreations; Fishes; Habitats; Controlled grazing
 
 
 171                                 
 NAL Call. No.: aSD11.A42
 The use of cattle as a management tool for wildlife in shrub-
 willow riparian systems.
 Krueger, H.O.; Anderson, S.H.
 Fort Collins, Colo. : The Station; 1985.
 General technical report RM - Rocky Mountain Forest and Range
 Experiment Station, United States, Forest Service (120): p.
 300-304. ill; 1985.  Paper presented at the "Conference on
 Riparian Ecosystems and their Management: Reconciling
 Conflicting Uses," April 16-18, 1985, Tucson, Arizona. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Cattle; Grazing; Wildlife; Habitats; Resource
 management
 
 
 172                     
 NAL Call. No.: TD201.V57 no.151 etc.
 Use of vegetative filter strips to minimize sediment and
 phosphorus losses from feedlots. phase 1. Experimental plot
 studies.
 Dillaha, T. A.
 Virginia Water Resources Research Center
 Blacksburg, Va. : Virginia Water Resources Research Center,
 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University,;
 1986-9999.
 v. : ill, 1 form ; 23 cm.. (Bulletin / Virginia Water
 Resources Research Center, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and
 State University ; 151, etc.). Financed in part by U.S. Dept.
 of Interior, as authorized by the Water Resources Research Act
 of 1984.  Project S-010.  April 1986.  Bibliography: p. 67-68.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Feedlot runoff; Animal waste
 
 
 173                                 
 NAL Call. No.: 56.8 J822
 Using CREAMS to simulate filter strip effectiveness in erosion
 control. Williams, R.D.; Nicks, A.D.
 Ankeny, Iowa : Soil Conservation Society of America; 1988 Jan.
 Journal of soil and water conservation v. 43 (1): p. 108-112;
 1988 Jan. Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Oklahoma; Erosion control; Simulation models;
 Filtration; Grass strips; Agricultural land; Watersheds;
 Runoff water
 
 
 174                               
 NAL Call. No.: 290.9 AM32T
 Using the CREAMS model to estimate the effect of diversions on
 soil loss. Line, D.E.; Meyer, L.D.
 St. Joseph, Mich. : American Society of Agricultural
 Engineers; 1988 Oct. Transactions of the ASAE v. 31 (5): p.
 1430-1434. ill; 1988 Oct.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Erosion control; Models; Grass strips; Sloping
 land
 
 
 175                                
 NAL Call. No.: aSD433.A53
 Value of forested wetlands as filters for sediments and
 nutrients. Kuenzler, E.J.
 Asheville, N.C. : The Station; 1989 Jan.
 General technical report SE - U.S. Department of Agriculture,
 Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station (50):
 p. 85-96. ill; 1989 Jan.  Paper presented at a "Symposium on
 the Forested Wetlands of the Southern United States," July
 12-14, 1988, Orlando, Florida.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: South eastern states of U.S.A.; Wetlands;
 Forests; Sediments; Nutrients; Runoff water; Pollution;
 Pollutants; Nitrogen; Phosphorus; Riparian vegetation
 
 
 176                                
 NAL Call. No.: 292.9 AM34
 Variation of stream stability with stream type and livestock
 bank damage in northern Nevada.
 Myers, T.J.; Swanson, S.
 Bethesda, Md. : American Water Resources Association; 1992
 Jul. Water resources bulletin v. 28 (4): p. 743-754; 1992 Jul. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Nevada; Streams; Stability; Livestock; Grazing
 effects; Riparian vegetation; Riverbank protection
 
 Abstract:  Many natural and anthropogenic factors contribute
 to the stability or erodibility of stream channels. Although a
 stream rating procedure used by more than 60 percent of the
 U.S. National Forests provides an estimate overall stability,
 it does not identify the cause of instability or indicate
 corrective management. To better sort natural from livestock
 influences, stream stability rating indicator variables were
 related to stream types and levels of ungulate bank damage in
 a large data base for streams in northern Nevada. Stability
 and the range in stability varied naturally with stream type.
 Ungulate bank damage had different effects on different stream
 types and on different parts of their cross-sections.
 Vegetation is more important for stability on certain stream
 types than on other types. Streams with noncohesive sand and
 gravel banks are most sensitive to livestock grazing. Range
 managers should consider the stream type when setting local
 standards, writing management objectives, or determining
 riparian grazing strategies.
 
 
 177                               
 NAL Call. No.: TD428.A37V4
 Vegetated filter strips for agricultural runoff treatment.
 Magette, W. L.
 United States, Environmental Protection Agency, Chesapeake Bay
 Program Philadephia, PA : Region III, U.S. Environmental
 Protection Agency,; 1987. xv, 125 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. (CBP/TRS
 ; 2/87).  February 1987.  Assistance no. X-003314-01.  "August
 1987."--Cover.  "Chesapeake Bay Program."--Cover.
 Bibliography: p. 39-41.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Agricultural pollution; Water; Sediment
 transport; Feedlot runoff
 
 
 178                                
 NAL Call. No.: FICHE S-72
 Vegetated filter strips for nonpoint source pollution control.
 Magette, W.L.; Brinsfield, R.B.; Palmer, R.E.; Wood, J.D. St.
 Joseph, Mich. : The Society; 1986.
 American Society of Agricultural Engineers (Microfiche
 collection) (fiche no. 86-2024): 16 p. maps; 1986.  Paper
 presented at the 1986 Summer Meeting of the American Society
 of Agricultural Engineers. Available for purchase from: The
 American Society of Agricultural Engineers, Order Dept., 2950
 Niles Road, St. Joseph, Michigan 49085. Telephone the Order
 Dept. at (616) 429-0300 for information and prices.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Pollution by agriculture; Control methods;
 Vegetation; Filters; Runoff collection; Nutrient retention;
 Sediments
 
 
 179                               
 NAL Call. No.: 290.9 AM32T
 Vegetative filter strips for agricultural nonpoint source
 pollution control. Dillaha, T.A.; Reneau, R.B.; Mostaghimi,
 S.; Lee, D.
 St. Joseph, Mich. : American Society of Agricultural
 Engineers; 1989 Mar. Transactions of the ASAE v. 32 (2): p.
 513-519. ill; 1989 Mar.  Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Grass strips; Dactylis glomerata; Pollution by
 agriculture; Erosion control; Water erosion; Rainfall
 simulators
 
 
 180                                
 NAL Call. No.: aS627.S8V4
 Vegetative measures for streambank stabilization case studies
 from Illinois and Missouri.
 United States, State and Private Forestry, Northeastern Area
 St. Paul, MN : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service,
 Northeastern Area, State & Private Forestry,; 1991.
 1 folded sheet (6 p.) : ill. ; 23 cm.  Cover title.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Streambank planting; Stream conservation
 
 
 181                                
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32
 Whitehorse Butte allotment--controversy to compromise.
 Holbert, M.R.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1991 Jun.
 Rangelands v. 13 (3): p. 125-128; 1991 Jun.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Oregon; Range management; Overgrazing; Riparian
 vegetation; Grazing systems; Semiarid climate
 
 
 182                                
 NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32
 Will the riparian pasture build good streams?.
 Platts, W.S.; Nelson, R.L.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1985 Feb.
 Rangelands v. 7 (1): p. 7-10. ill; 1985 Feb.  Includes
 references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Range management; Riparian vegetation; Livestock;
 Grazing systems
 
 
 183                                 
 NAL Call. No.: 60.18 J82
 Willow planting success as influenced by site factors and
 cattle grazing in northeastern California.
 Conroy, S.D.; Svejcar, T.J.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1991 Jan.
 Journal of range management v. 44 (1): p. 59-63; 1991 Jan. 
 Includes references.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: California; Cattle; Salix; Crop establishment;
 Shoot cuttings; Riparian vegetation; Grazing effects; Grazing
 intensity; Survival; Plant communities; Soil water content;
 Water table; Site factors
 
 
 184                           
 NAL Call. No.: GB565.W8W9 1986
 Wyoming's challenge in riparian habitat management.
 Busby, F.
 Laramie, Wyo. : The Center; 1986.
 Wyoming Water 1986 and Streamside Zone Conference :
 proceedings : Wyoming's water doesn't wait while we debate :
 Casper, Wyoming, April 28-30, 1986 / sponsored by Wyoming
 Water Res Cent [and] UW Agric Ext Serv, Univ of WY. p. 23;
 1986.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Wyoming; Ecosystems; Habitat improvement;
 Livestock; Grazing lands; Riparian vegetation; Multiple use;
 Animal husbandry
 
 
 185                               
  NAL Call. No.: SF85.A1R32
 Wyoming's land managers.
 Schwartz, J.
 Denver, Colo. : Society for Range Management; 1991 Feb.
 Rangelands v. 13 (1): p. 24-25; 1991 Feb.
 
 Language:  English
 
 Descriptors: Wyoming; Range management; Wildlife management;
 Water availability; Riparian vegetation
 
 ****************************************************************
                                AUTHOR INDEX
 
 Acero, J.M.  164
 Adamoli, J.  164
 Aitkin, J.K.  67
 Alonso, C.V.  157, 158
 Ambus, P.  22, 93
 Anderson, E.W.  116
 Anderson, S.H.  171
 Asmussen, L.  135
 Asmussen, L.E.  95
 Atkinson, Walter S.  156
 Baird, K.  64
 Barrett, H.  109
 Barry, V.H. Jr  148
 Bedell, T.E.  76
 Behnke, R.J.  57
 Belfit, S.C.  67
 Benvenuti, D.N.  20
 Beschta, R.L.  118
 Bezanson, C.E.  140
 Blevins, R.L.  43
 Bohn, C.  11
 Bohn, C.C.  41, 150
 Boldt, C.E.c 138
 Bondietti, E.A.  53
 Braasch, S.  139
 Brinsfield, R.B.  178
 Brown, D.L.  105
 Brusven, M.A.  17
 Bryant, L.D.  81
 Buckhouse, J.C.  41, 80, 119, 129, 150
 Bunch, T.R.  119
 Burkhardt, J.W.  56
 Burman, R.  31
 Burt, J.P.  4
 Busby, F.  184
 Campsey, L.  124
 Carlson, J.R.  113
 Casey, O.  23
 Chaimson, J.F.  136
 Chaney, E.  14
 Chaney, Ed  78
 Christensen, S.  93
 Clary, W.P.  12, 13, 36, 121, 147
 Clary, Warren P.  84
 Clements, C.  7
 Combs, S.T.  157, 158
 Conroy, S.D.  183
 Cooper, A.B.  88
 Cooper, J.R.  100, 117
 Correll, D.L.  96
 Corthell, R.A.  113
 Costales, A.B.  151
 Costales, E.F. Jr  151
 Cox, J.R.  1, 9, 10
 Craven, S.  8
 Crouse, M.R.  86
 Crumpacker, D.W.  111
 Cummins, K.W.  165
 Cuplin, P.  23
 Curry, R.R.  142
 Dalton, K. L.  114
 Daniels, R.B.  117
 Davidson, E.A.  94
 Davies, J.  97
 Davis, J.W.  98
 Davis, K.C.  2
 Delong, M.D.  17
 Dilaha, T.A.  145
 Dillaha, T. A.  47, 172
 Dillaha, T.A.  49, 90, 179
 Dodd, J.L.  3, 33, 37, 63
 Dummer, K.J.  32
 Dunham, K.M.  21
 Dyck, W.J.  88
 Edminster, Frank C.  156
 Elder, R.G.  46
 Elmore, W.  104, 118
 Elmore, Wayne  78
 Faber, Phyllis M.  19
 Fail, J.  135
 Fail, J.L. Jr  120
 Finch, C.U.  162
 Flanagan, D.C.  4
 Floyd, D.  72
 Foster, G.R.  4
 Fowler, R.  58
 Frye, W.W.  43
 Garten, C.T. Jr  53
 Gebhardt, K.A.  42
 Genz, K.  18
 Gillen, R.L.  9, 16
 Gilliam, J.W.  100, 117, 123
 Gillis, A.M.  146
 Gray, R.L.  130
 Greenlee, D.  105
 Grette, T.  166
 Griepentrog, T.E.  74
 Groeneveld, D.P.  74
 Guck, M.E.  48
 Gurtz, M.E.  66
 Haines, B.L.  120
 Healy, M.W.  106
 Hendrickson, O.  135
 Herrick, B.  135
 Hill, A.R.  149
 Hoehn, J.P.  38, 51
 Holbert, M.R.  181
 Holland, Robert F.  19
 Howard-Williams, C.  97
 Hubert, W.A.  60
 Hudson, N.W.  27
 Hughes, L.E.  140
 Intermountain Research Station (Ogden, Utah)  84
 Jackson, G.  8
 Jackson, W.L.  25, 42
 Jacobs, T.C.  123
 Johnson, W.C.  65
 Katibah, E.F.  32
 Kauffman, J.B.  79
 Keep, T.A.  154
 Kerr, G.  31
 Killingbeck, K.T.  6
 Kinch, Gene  59
 Kindschy, R.  86
 Kindschy, R.R.  127
 Knopf, F.L.  102
 Kondolf, G.M.  142
 Kraemer, T.J.  143
 Krieger, D.J.  38
 Krueger, H.O.  171
 Krueger, W.C.  16, 79
 Kuenzler, E.J.  175
 LaFayette, R.A.  91
 Lance, C.  45
 Lanka, R.P.  60
 Lee, D.  49, 90, 145, 179
 Leininger, W.C.  35
 Leonard, R.  135
 Leonard, R.A.  95
 Leonard, S.  18
 Licht, L.A.  144
 Line, D.E.  174
 Lines, I.L. Jr  113
 Lowrance, R.  22, 45, 61, 83, 112, 135
 Lowrance, R.R.  95
 Madison, C.E.  43
 Magette, W. L.  177
 Magette, W.L.  48, 178
 Malechek, J.C.  68
 Marlow, C.B.  2, 15, 29, 152, 160, 169
 Martin, C.W.  65
 Masinton, R.  23
 Masters, L.S.  56
 McClellan, P.W.  48
 McInnis, M.L.  75
 McIntyre, Arthur Clifton,  156
 McIntyre, S.  45
 Medin, D.E.  12, 13, 36, 147
 Medina, A.L.  126
 Meyer, L.D.  174
 Miles, R.  18
 Miller, R.F.  16
 Morton, H.L.  1, 10
 Mosier, A.  93
 Mostaghimi, S.  49, 145, 179
 Myers, T.J.  5, 176
 Nabhan, G.P.  134
 Nedeff, N.E.  32
 Neibling, W.H.  4
 Nelson, R.L.  163, 182
 Nicks, A.D.  50, 173
 Odgaard, A.J.  155
 Ogden, P.  72
 Palmer, R.E.  178
 Parker, M.  46
 Paterson, K.G.  52
 Patterson, D.W.  162
 Pawelek, D.W.  91
 Peterjohn, W.T.  96
 Pickmere, S.  97
 Pierce, F.J.  51
 Platt, W.S.  141
 Platts, W.S.  14, 23, 24, 42, 69, 85, 132, 133, 163, 182
 Platts, William S.,  78, 87
 Pochop, L.  31
 Pogacnik, T.M.  15, 152, 169
 Prichard, D.E.  168
 Prouty, M.  128
 Purvis, A.  51
 Quigley, T.M.  75
 Quinsey, S.D.  152
 Raleigh, R.F.  57, 69
 Renard, K.G.  161
 Reneau, R.B.  179
 Rescia, A.  164
 Rhodes, J.  105
 Rimbey, N.  55
 Rinne, J.N.  67, 77
 Robarge, W.P.  117
 Rodgers, J.D.  3, 33, 37, 63
 Roseboom, D.  137
 Roundy, B.  72
 Russell, K.  137A
 Ruyle, G.  72
 Ruyle, G.B.  9
 Sanders, K.  55
 Sanderson, H.R.  75
 Schipper, L.A.  88
 Schnabel, R.R.  92
 Schnoor, J.L.  52
 Schultze, R.F.  44
 Schulz, T.T.  35
 Schwartz, J.  185
 Schwien, J.  101
 Scott, T.G.  53
 Sedgwick, J.A.  102
 Sennhauser, E.  164
 Severson, K.E.  138
 Shackleton, M.  149
 Shanholtz, V.O.  49, 145
 Sharp, L.A.  55
 Sharpe, J.K.  83
 Sheridan, J.M.  83
 Sherman, H.  159
 Sherrard, J.H.  49, 90, 145
 Shirmohammadi, A.  112
 Skau, C.M.  105
 Skinner, Q.D.  3, 33, 37, 63
 Skovlin, J.M.  70
 Smith, B.H.  46
 Smith, C.M.  115
 Smith, E.L.  110
 Smith, M.A.  3, 33, 37, 63
 Snieckus, R.  130
 Sorenson, V.L.  51
 Stabler, D.F.  73
 Stabler, F.  60
 Stewart, D.  72
 Stroud, T.  167
 Stuber, R.J.  170
 Studer, L.L.  154
 Sun, K.R.  107
 Svejcar, T.J.  183
 Swank, W.T.  94
 Swanson, S.  5, 18, 99, 103, 125, 176
 Swenson, R.D.  28
 Swenson, W.  8
 Szaro, R.C.  67
 Tanner, G.W.  54, 139
 Tate, C.M.  66
 Tausch, R.  56
 Taylor, D.M.  40
 Thomas, D.B.  26
 Thomas, H.S.  71
 Tiedemann, A.R.  75
 Todd, R.  135
 Todd, R.L.  95, 120
 Trabalka, J.R.  53
 Tudor-Owen, R.P.D.  62
 United States, Bureau of Land Management  59
 United States, Environmental Protection Agency  78
 
 United States, Environmental Protection Agency, Chesapeake Bay
 Program  177
 
 United States, Environmental Protection Agency, Chesapeake Bay
 Program, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University,
 Dept. of Agricultural Engineering, Virginia Agricultural
 Experiment Station, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State
 University, Dept. of Agronomy  47
 
 United States, State and Private Forestry, Northeastern Area 
 180
 
 United States. Soil Conservation Service  89, 153
 
 University of Arizona, Cooperative Extension Service,
 University of Arizona, Agricultural Sciences Communications 
 34
 
 Upham, L.L.  168
 Uresk, D.W.  138
 Van Haveren, B.P.  25
 Vavra, M.  82
 Vieux, B.E.  38
 Virginia Water Resources Research Center  172
 Volny, S.  131
 Wagstaff, F.J.  14, 39
 Walker, R.L.  53
 Webendorfer, B.  8
 Webster B.F.  121
 Webster, Bert F.  84
 Wesche, T.A.  60
 Wilcox, G.  130
 Wilcox, G.I.  44, 162
 Williams, R.D.  50, 173
 Williamson, L.L.  30
 Wood, F.J. Jr  46
 Wood, J.D.  178
 Wyatt, J.  62
 Zauderer, J.  122
 
 ***********************************************************
 SUBJECT INDEX
 
 Acacia albida  21
 Acer  126
 Aerial photography  23, 32
 Afforestation  62, 115
 Agricultural chemicals  43
 Agricultural development  83
 Agricultural land  38, 173
 Agricultural pollution  47, 177
 Agricultural regions  112
 Agriculture  134
 Alachlor  52
 Alnus  126
 Altitude  122
 Ammonium  93
 Ammonium nitrogen  22
 Analytical methods  117
 Angling  14
 Animal behavior  15, 75
 Animal husbandry  98, 184
 Animal waste  153, 172
 Annuals p37
 Aquatic environment  5, 11, 133
 Argentina  164
 Arid zones  118
 Arizona  1, 72, 110, 122, 140, 146
 Atrazine  52
 Atriplex confertifolia  55
 Autumn  102
 Banks  11, 160, 161
 Beaver  46
 Beef cattle  82, 146
 Beef cows  29
 Beef production  9, 82
 Behavior  75
 Biomass  102
 Biomass accumulation  1
 Biomass production  36, 102
 Birds  12, 13, 40, 64
 Botanical composition  86, 102
 Botany  114
 Brahman  9
 Brazil  20
 Breeding  13
 Burning  1, 10
 California  19, 32, 64, 74, 130, 136, 142, 143, 146, 162, 183
 Calves  2
 Canada  7
 Canopy  122
 Carbon  21
 Case studies  27
 Castor canadensis  7
 Castor fiber  7
 Catchment hydrology  115
 Catchment planning  118
 Cattle  14-16, 33, 35, 40, 60, 63, 67, 99, 102, 140, 152, 160,
 161, 163, 169, 171, 183
 Cattle farming  80, 124
 Cattle husbandry  71
 Celtis occidentalis  66
 Cervus  41
 Cesium  117
 Channels  11, 37, 142, 155
 Chloramphenicol  22
 Chloride  61
 Climate  110
 Climate control  134
 Climatic factors  9
 Cluster analysis  126
 Coastal plain soils  22, 61
 Coastal plains  45, 83, 95, 123, 135
 Colorado  35, 58, 101, 102, 139, 146, 166, 170
 Community ecology  102
 Community involvement  20
 Computer software  38
 Congresses  108, 108, 108
 Conservation tillage  43
 Control  3, 125
 Control methods  4, 145, 154, 167, 178
 Controlled grazing  76, 81, 82, 102, 107, 169, 170
 Coordination  20
 Copper  6
 Cost benefit analysis  38
 Costs  39
 Cows  2
 Crop establishment  183
 Crop quality  33, 63
 Cropping systems  137
 Crude protein  33, 63
 Cycling in ecosystems  95
 Dactylis glomerata  179
 Dams  73
 Decomposition  66
 Degradation  104
 Denitrification  22, 61, 88, 123
 Denitrifying microorganisms  88
 Denmark  93
 Deposition  45, 48, 117
 Deposition site  117
 Desert climate  107
 Desert plants  34
 Desertification  3, 34
 Deserts  34, 37
 Detritivores  165
 Drainage  88, 117
 Drainage systems  123
 Drainage water  123
 Dry matter  33, 63
 East  Africa  26
 Ecosystems  7, 18, 28, 72, 83, 110, 112, 118, 144, 148, 149,
 164, 165, 184
 Electrical stimulation  75
 Elements  53
 Endangered species  64
 Environmental aspects  153, 153
 Environmental degradation  138
 Environmental impact  102
 Environmental impact reporting  83, 98, 118, 128, 168
 Environmental pollution  49, 145
 Environmental protection  57
 Eroded soils  122
 Erosion  4, 8, 17, 30, 45, 56, 65, 83, 98, 109, 117, 119, 129,
 137, 152, 155, 169
 Erosion control  38, 43, 44, 71, 74, 113, 131, 134, 136, 142,
 143, 151, 159, 169, 173, 174, 179
 Estimates  45
 Evaluation  20
 Evapotranspiration  31
 Experimental plots  52
 Farm income  39
 Farm leases  54
 Farm management  106
 Farm surveys  20, 20
 Farm woodlands  54
 Farmers  51
 Farmland  17, 43, 96
 Feeding behavior  15
 Feeding preferences  63
 Feedlot runoff  47, 172, 177
 Fen soils  93
 Fencing  125
 Fertilizers  95, 96
 Field tests  52, 53
 Fields  4, 61
 Filters  4, 38, 48, 49, 51, 135, 145, 178
 Filtration  43, 173
 Fishes  60, 77, 137, 170
 Flood control  130, 136
 Flood plains  53
 Flooding  66, 102, 118
 Floodplains  37, 102, 114
 Floods  113
 Florida  54
 Flow  155
 Food chains  53
 Forage  9, 33, 63, 102
 Forest ecology  110
 Forest flora  114
 Forest litter  21
 Forest soils  61, 94
 Forest trees  6
 Forestry engineering  91
 Forests  45, 175
 Freshwater ecology  165
 Freshwater fishes  5
 Fuelwood  134
 Geology  110
 Geomorphology  110, 113
 Georgia  22, 61, 95, 120, 135
 Glucose  22
 Grass strips  4, 26, 27, 43, 48, 50, 54, 151, 173, 174, 179 
 Grasses  37, 62, 90
 Grassland management  9, 10, 121, 139
 Grazing  10, 14, 16, 29, 40, 59, 78, 79, 80, 84, 99, 106, 121,
 125, 139, 153, 171
 Grazing behavior  2, 33, 39, 41, 63
 Grazing effects  1, 5, 9, 12, 13, 15, 23, 24, 30, 32, 35-37,
 40, 42, 57, 60, 63, 67-70, 73, 76, 77, 81, 86, 98, 102, 111,
 118, 126, 127, 133, 138, 147, 150, 152, 160, 161, 164,
 168-170, 176, 183
 Grazing intensity  9, 68, 146, 183
 Grazing lands  35, 70, 184
 Grazing on public land  39, 41, 106
 Grazing systems  2, 24, 58, 68, 104, 119, 129, 141, 152, 163,
 181, 182
 Grazing tenancy  54
 Groundwater  61, 74, 94, 96, 144
 Groundwater flow  61
 Groundwater pollution  4, 92
 Gully control  20
 Gully erosion  103
 Habitat destruction  30, 98, 168
 Habitat improvement  72, 81, 98, 168, 184
 Habitat selection  8, 33, 63
 Habitats  5, 12, 13, 17, 40, 57, 60, 64, 67, 77, 85, 122, 137,
 147, 170, 171
 Herbicide residues  50, 52
 History  65, 107, 122
 Humid zones  83
 Ice  129
 Idaho  12, 14, 17, 55, 128, 133, 146, 163
 Identification  19, 116
 Illinois  137
 Indexes  5
 Information systems  17
 Inland water environment  165
 Integration  20
 Interception  115
 Invertebrates  165
 Iowa  52, 144, 155
 Iron  6
 Irrigation  31
 Isotope labeling  93
 Juglans  126
 Kansas  6, 65, 66
 Kigelia africana  21
 Lakes  88
 Land classification  18
 Land management  146
 Land resources  23, 26
 Land use  32, 65, 85, 137
 Leaf analysis  6
 Leaves  21, 66, 102
 Liriodendron tulipifera  22
 Livestock  1, 5, 24, 39, 41, 75-77, 81, 86, 111, 129, 133,
 168, 176, 182, 184
 Livestock farming  79
 Local planning  154
 Losses from soil systems  94
 Mammals  12, 147
 Management  68
 Manganese  6
 Mapping  17
 Maps  89, 89, 153
 Marginal analysis  38
 Maryland  96
 Mathematics  4
 Meadows  31, 82
 Measurement  48, 109
 Metabolism  90
 Microclimate  134
 Mineral content  21
 Mineralization  93
 Missouri  154
 Models  4, 112, 158, 174
 Montana  2, 15, 29, 146, 152, 160, 161
 Morphology  5
 Mountain areas  122
 Mountain grasslands  31, 35
 Movement in soil  52
 Mowing  1, 10
 Mulching  151
 Multiple use  184
 National forests  72
 Natural regeneration  9
 Nature conservancy  72
 Nature conservation  64
 Nevada  5, 36, 42, 99, 103, 124, 128, 133, 146, 147, 163, 176
 New Mexico  77, 91, 110, 126, 146
 New Zealand  97, 115
 Nitrate  61, 88
 Nitrate fertilizers  88
 Nitrate nitrogen  22, 94
 Nitrate reduction  93
 Nitrates  22, 92, 105, 123, 144, 149
 Nitrification  93, 149
 Nitrogen  21, 49, 93, 94, 115, 144, 175
 Nitrogen content  21, 66, 94
 Nitrogen cycle  93
 Nitrogen mineralization  149
 Nitrogen retention  97
 Nitrous oxide  22, 61, 94
 No-tillage  43
 North Carolina  100, 117, 123
 North Dakota  138
 Northwest, Pacific  108, 108, 108
 Nutrient availability  21, 61
 Nutrient content  21
 Nutrient cycles  6, 95, 96, 120, 165
 Nutrient recovery  6
 Nutrient retention  178
 Nutrient transport  105, 112
 Nutrient uptake  105, 144
 Nutrients  11, 49, 135, 175
 Nyssa sylvatica  22
 Odocoileus hemionus  41
 Oklahoma  173
 Ontario  149
 Oregon  11, 16, 40, 41, 113, 118, 119, 127, 129, 146, 150, 181
 Organic compounds  61
 Overgrazing  98, 181
 Overland flow  115
 Pasture management  29, 119, 125, 129
 Pastures  37, 71, 115
 Perennial cropping  26
 Perennials  37
 Pest control  134
 Phosphorus  21, 49, 66, 90, 100, 115, 175
 Pines  54
 Pinus elliottii  22
 Pinus radiata  115
 Plant communities  33, 126, 164, 183
 Plant community analysis  35
 Plant density  37
 Plant ecology  66, 102, 126, 128
 Plant succession  127, 139
 Planting  62
 Plants  52
 Poa palustris  35
 Poa pratensis  35, 36
 Pollutants  175
 Pollution  4, 17, 175
 Pollution by agriculture  3, 95, 96, 100, 123, 145, 178, 179
 Population density  35, 40
 Population dynamics  147
 Populus  52, 102, 126, 144
 Populus deltoides  33
 Populus tremuloides  13, 36, 147
 Potassium  21
 Prairies  6, 66
 Precipitation  37
 Prediction  86
 Private sector  30
 Production possibilities  82
 Program evaluation  127
 Projects  20
 Protection  167
 Protein content  33, 63
 Quality controls  20
 Quantitative analysis  83
 Quercus macrocarpa  66
 Radioactive tracers  45
 Rainbow trout  14
 Rainfall simulators  179
 Range management  18, 24, 28, 30, 55, 56, 58, 59, 69, 71, 72,
 84, 85, 99, 104, 107, 108, 116, 118, 124, 127, 146, 150, 153,
 163, 166, 181, 182, 185
 Range pastures  28, 29, 141
 Range plants  114
 Rangeland soils  110
 Rangelands  12, 18, 24, 30, 60, 86, 104, 109, 110, 114, 118,
 124, 128, 132, 166
 Ranking  103
 Ratios  61
 Rats  53
 Reclamation  3, 25
 Recreations  170
 Regeneration  36, 111
 Regrowth  35
 Rehabilitation  113, 138, 141
 Research projects  128, 133
 Reservoirs  122
 Resorption  6
 Resource conservation  18, 28, 30, 74, 146, 148
 Resource management  80, 112, 128, 171
 Rest  15
 Revegetation  25, 44, 64, 118, 127, 130, 159
 Revegetation plants  151
 Rill erosion  48
 Riparian ecology  34, 59, 78, 87, 108
 Riparian flora  19, 114
 Riparian forests  6, 13, 20, 21, 22, 61, 66, 67, 72, 94, 95,
 96, 105, 115, 120, 123, 129, 131, 135, 143, 149, 150, 164
 Riparian grasslands  7, 14, 36, 55, 56, 58, 75, 102, 121, 124,
 139, 140, 146, 166
 Riparian vegetation  2, 3, 5, 8, 9, 12, 15-18, 23-25, 28-33,
 35, 37, 40, 42, 44, 46, 53, 57, 60, 62-65, 68-71, 73, 74, 76,
 77, 79, 80, 82, 83, 86, 99, 101-107, 109-113, 116-118, 122,
 123, 125-128, 130-134, 136-138, 141-143, 147, 148, 151, 152,
 163, 165, 170, 175, 176, 181-185
 River bank protection  25, 131, 159, 168
 River basins  65, 96, 100
 Riverbank protection  8, 62, 176
 Rivers  14, 88, 122, 142, 155, 164
 Robinia pseudoacacia  94
 Rocks  151
 Rotational grazing  72, 101, 140
 Runoff  8, 41, 43, 49, 88, 95, 96, 115
 Runoff collection  178
 Runoff control  27, 50
 Runoff water  173, 175
 Salicaceae  144
 Salix  13, 35, 36, 40, 102, 126, 130, 147, 183
 Salmo trutta  168
 Sampling techniques  45
 Sandy soils  22
 Savannas  164
 Seasonal behavior  15
 Seasonal fluctuations  33, 63, 94
 Seasonal growth  9
 Seasons  1, 169
 Sedges  103
 Sediment  43, 115, 139
 Sediment pollution  83, 155
 Sediment transport  47, 177
 Sedimentation  46, 49, 143
 Sediments  11, 45, 48, 117, 159, 175, 178
 Semiarid climate  181
 Semiarid zones  86
 Senescence  6
 Settlement  20
 Shoot cuttings  183
 Simulation models  50, 157, 173
 Site factors  86, 183
 Slopes  48
 Sloping land  174
 Sloping sites  20, 26, 27
 Snakes  67
 Soil acidity  21
 Soil amendments  22
 Soil and water conservation  20, 27, 137, 162
 Soil conservation  26, 43, 51, 89, 109, 130, 148, 156, 160,
 161
 Soil depth  22, 93, 94
 Soil fertility  21, 22, 93, 134
 Soil moisture  152
 Soil organic matter  21, 22
 Soil properties  126, 150
 Soil sedimentation  65
 Soil solution  94
 Soil stabilization  151, 162
 Soil types  126
 Soil types (ecological)  88
 Soil types (genetic)  123
 Soil water  149
 Soil water content  22, 183
 Soil water relations  150
 Solubility  94
 South  Africa  62
 South Dakota  89, 89
 South eastern states of U.S.A.  83, 175
 Spartina  102
 Spatial distribution  61
 Spatial variation  21
 Species  40
 Sporobolus  1, 9, 10
 Spring  10
 Ssimulation models  90
 Stability  5, 11, 74, 152, 176
 Stand structure  36
 Steepland soils  26, 27
 Steers  9
 Stocking rate  1, 15, 33, 41
 Storms  42
 Stream channels  44, 65, 74, 137, 152
 Stream conservation  87, 104, 141, 180
 Stream erosion  11, 42, 46, 91, 103, 154, 157, 158, 159, 160,
 161, 167
 Stream flow  73, 95, 152, 157, 160, 161
 Stream training  91, 132
 Streambank planting  87, 89, 156, 180
 Streams  3, 5, 11, 15, 24, 25, 33, 37, 39, 41, 42, 60, 63, 66,
 77, 79, 82, 85, 92, 94, 97, 101, 113, 115, 119, 139, 151, 152,
 162, 165, 168-170, 176
 Strip cropping  144
 Structures  91
 Study sites  163
 Subtropics  83
 Summer  10
 Surface water  88, 96
 Surveys  65
 Survival  183
 Sustainability  37, 144
 Technical aid  20
 Temperatures  16
 Temporal variation  61
 Tennessee  53
 Terracing  20, 26, 27
 Texas  110, 168
 Trampling  29, 98, 152
 Transpiration  115
 Trees  62
 Turkey-Clay Creek Watershed  89
 U.S.A.  28, 45, 85, 104, 116, 141
 Underwood  54
 Upland areas  15, 26, 33, 37, 63, 120, 149, 163
 Upper Sugar River Watershed  153, 153, 153
 Uptake  52
 Usda  148
 Utah  42, 128, 133, 146, 163
 Variations  65
 Vegetated waterways  62
 Vegetation  11, 97, 110, 162, 178
 Vegetation management  24, 49, 73, 134
 Vegetation types  164
 Vermont  156, 156
 Washington  113, 146
 Water  47, 78, 177
 Water availability  185
 Water composition and quality  30, 94
 Water conservation  29, 43
 Water erosion  56, 179
 Water flow  115, 139
 Water management  85
 Water pollution  3, 8, 43, 51, 88, 96, 97
 Water quality  115, 144
 Water resource management  30, 32, 95
 Water resources  79
 Water supplies  31
 Water table  142, 183
 Water use  31
 Water yield  115
 Watershed management  5, 103, 108, 117, 118, 132, 141
 Watersheds  17, 45, 62, 83, 94, 95, 96, 101, 105, 109, 112,
 115, 117, 120, 123, 135, 149, 173
 Weed competition  64
 Weight gain  9
 Western states of U.S.A.  7, 25, 56, 121
 Wetland ecology  78
 Wetlands  69, 70, 72, 100, 105, 116, 175
 Wildlife  12, 30, 57, 68, 147, 171
 Wildlife conservation  72, 130
 Wildlife management  41, 69, 185
 Winter  10
 Wisconsin  8, 153
 Woodland soils  21
 Woodlands  138, 149
 Woody plants  37
 Wyoming  3, 31, 33, 37, 60, 63, 106, 107, 146, 184, 185
 Zea mays  52
 Zimbabwe  21
 Zinc  6
 Zoning  122
 
 ************************************************************
 
                         SEARCH STRATEGY
 
 Set   Items    Description
 ---   -----    -----------
 S1     1009    RIPARIAN OR STREAMBANK? ? OR (BUFFER OR FILTER  
                OR GRASS OR VEGETATED)()STRIP? ?
 
 S2      847    S1/TI,DE,ID
 
 S3   102627    SH=(F120 OR F130 OR J600 OR J800 OR L100)
 
 S4     1284    AGRICULTURAL()(RUNOFF OR CHEMICAL? ? OR
                NONPOINT(2N)POLLUTION OR
                BEST()MANAGEMENT()PRACTICE? ? OR BMP? ?)        
 
 S5   220735    LIVESTOCK OR COW? ? OR CATTLE OR GRAZING OR     
                PASTURE? ? OR RANGE()MANAGEMENT OR FIELD? ? OR
                CROPLAND
 
 S6   110572    AGRICHEMICAL? ? OR ATRAZINE OR ALACHLOR OR      
                METOLACHLOR OR FERTILIS? OR FERTILIZ? OR
                PHOSPHORUS OR PHOSPHATE? ? OR NITROGEN OR
                NITRATE? ? OR NUTRIENT? ?
 
 S7   195755    S4/TI,DE,ID OR S5/TI,DE,ID OR S6/TI,DE,ID       
 
 S8      243    S2 AND (S3 OR S7)
 
 S9   846111    UD=8501:9999
 
 S10     195    S8 AND S9
 
 *****************************************************************
 
 NAL DOCUMENT DELIVERY SERVICES 
                                                                  
 June 1993
 
 United States Department of Agriculture
 National Agricultural Library
 Public Services Division
 Document Delivery Services Branch
 Beltsville, Maryland  20705-2351
 
 
 The National Agricultural Library has established document
 delivery service policies for three user categories.  They are 1)
 individuals; 2) libraries, other information centers, and
 commercial organizations; and 3) foreign libraries, information
 centers, and commercial organizations.  Available services for
 each user category are given below.  For information
 on electronic access for interlibrary loan requests, the
 "Interlibrary Loan" file.
 
 1)  DOCUMENT DELIVERY SERVICES TO INDIVIDUALS
 
 The National Agricultural Library (NAL) supplies agricultural
 materials not found elsewhere to other libraries.
 
 Filling requests for materials readily available from other
 sources diverts NAL's resources and diminishes its ability to
 serve as a national source for agricultural and agriculturally
 related materials.  Therefore, NAL is viewed as a library of last
 resort. SUBMIT REQUESTS FIRST TO LOCAL OR STATE LIBRARY SOURCES
 PRIOR TO SENDING TO NAL. In the United States, possible sources
 are public libraries, land-grant university or other large
 research libraries within a state.  In other countries submit
 requests through major university, national, or provincial
 institutions.
 
 If the needed publications are not available from these sources,
 submit requests to NAL with a statement indicating their
 non-availability.  Submit one request per page following the
 instructions for libraries below.
 
 
 NAL'S DOCUMENT DELIVERY SERVICE INFORMATION FOR THE LIBRARY
 
 The following information is provided to assist your librarian in
 obtaining the required materials.
 
 LOAN SERVICE -- Materials in NAL's collection are loaned only to
 other U.S. libraries.  Requests for loans are made through local
 public, academic, or special libraries.
 
 The following materials are not available for loan: serials
 (except USDA serials); rare, reference, and reserve books;
 microforms; and proceedings of conferences or symposia. 
 Photocopy or microform of non-circulating publications may be
 purchased as described below.
 
 DOCUMENT DELIVERY SERVICE -- Photocopies of articles are
 available for a fee.  Make requests through local public,
 academic, or special libraries.  The library will submit a
 separate interlibrary loan form for each article or item
 requested.  If the citation is from an NAL database
 (CAIN/AGRICOLA, "Bibliography of Agriculture,"
 or the NAL Catalog) and the call number is given, put that call
 number in the proper block on the request form.  Willingness to
 pay charges must be indicated on the form.  Include compliance
 with copyright law or a statement that the article is for
 "research purposes only" on the interlibrary loan form or letter. 
 Requests cannot be processed without these statements. Please
 read copyright notice below.
 
 CHARGES:
 
 *    Photocopy, hard copy of microfilm and microfiche - $5.00 for
      the first 10 pages or fraction copied from a single article
      or publication.  $3.00 for each additional 10 pages or
      fraction.
 
 *    Duplication of NAL-owned microfilm - $10.00 per reel.
 
 
 *    Duplication of NAL-owned microfiche - $ 5.00 for the first
      fiche and $ .50 for each additional fiche per title.
 
 BILLING -- Charges include postage and handling, and are subject
 to change.  Invoices are issued quarterly by the National
 Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road,
 Springfield, VA 22161. Establishing a deposit account with NTIS
 is encouraged.  
 DO NOT SEND PREPAYMENT.
 
 SEND REQUESTS TO: 
 
           USDA, National Agricultural Library
           Document Delivery Services Branch, PhotoLab
           10301 Baltimore Blvd., NAL Bldg.
           Beltsville, Maryland  20705-2351
 
 Contact the Head, Document Delivery Services Branch in writing or
 by calling (301) 504-5755 with questions or comments about this
 policy.
 
 
 2)   DOCUMENT DELIVERY SERVICES AVAILABLE TO LIBRARIES, OTHER
      INFORMATION CENTERS AND COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS.
 
 The National Agricultural Library (NAL) accepts requests from
 libraries and other organizations in accordance with the national
 and international interlibrary loan code and guidelines.  In its
 national role, NAL supplies copies of agricultural materials not
 found elsewhere.  Filling requests for materials readily
 available from other sources diverts NAL's resources and
 diminishes its ability to serve as a national source for
 agricultural and agriculturally related materials.  Therefore,
 NAL is viewed as a library of last resort.
 
 Submit requests to state/region/network sources prior to sending
 to NAL.  Within the United States, possible sources are public
 libraries, land-grant university libraries or other large
 research libraries within a state.  In other countries submit
 requests to major university, national or provincial
 institutions.  If the needed publications are not available from
 these sources, submit requests to NAL with a statement indicating
 their non-availability.
 
 REQUESTS -- Submit on the American Library Association (ALA) or
 the International Federation of Library Associations and
 Institutions (IFLA) interlibrary loan form or via electronic mail
 or telefacsimile (see over for more details).  Include the
 complete name of the person authorizing the request on each form;
 the standard bibliographic source which lists the title as owned
 by NAL; and the call number if the citation is from an NAL
 database (CAIN/AGRICOLA, "Bibliography of Agriculture," or the
 NAL catalog).
 
 LOAN SERVICE -- Materials in the NAL collection are loaned only
 to U.S. libraries.  The loan period is one month.
 
 The following materials are not available for loan:  serials
 (except for USDA serials); rare, reference, and reserve books;
 microforms; and proceedings of conferences or symposia. 
 Photocopy or microform of the non-circulating publications is
 supplied automatically (as described below) when the requesting
 organization indicates that photocopy is acceptable on the loan
 form.
 
 AUDIOVISUALS (AVs) -- Order at least 3-4 weeks before the
 intended show date.  Give show date and alternate show date when
 requesting specific titles.  Request specific format needed if
 more than one format is given in the citation.
 
 DOCUMENT DELIVERY SERVICE -- Submit a separate completed
 interlibrary loan form for each article required.  Indicate
 willingness to pay charges on the form and compliance with
 copyright law or include a statement that the article is for
 "research purposes only."  Requests are not processed without
 these statements.  Please read copyright notice below.
 
 CHARGES:
 
 *    Photocopy, hard copy of microfilm and microfiche - $5.00 for
      the first 10 pages or fraction copied from a single article
      or publication.  $3.00 for each additional 10 pages or
      fraction.
 
 *    Duplication of NAL-owned microfilm - $10.00 per reel.
 
 *    Duplication of NAL-owned microfiche - $5.00 for the first
      fiche and $ .50 for each additional fiche per title.
 
 BILLING - Charges include postage and handling, and are subject
 to change.  Invoices are issued quarterly by the National
 Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road,
 Springfield, VA 22161.  Establishing a deposit account with NTIS
 is encouraged.  DO NOT SEND PREPAYMENT.
 
 Send Requests to:
      USDA, National Agricultural Library
      Document Delivery Services Branch, ILL, PhotoLab
      10301 Baltimore Blvd.,  NAL Bldg.
      Beltsville, Maryland  20705-2351
 
 Contact the Head, Document Delivery Services Branch in writing or
 by calling (301) 504-5755 with questions or comments about this
 policy.
 
 
 3)   DOCUMENT DELIVERY SERVICES AVAILABLE TO FOREIGN LIBRARIES,
      INFORMATION CENTERS AND COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS.
 
 The National Agricultural Library (NAL) accepts requests from
 libraries and other organizations in accordance with the national
 and international interlibrary loan code and guidelines.
 
 In its national role, NAL supplies copies of agricultural
 materials not found elsewhere.  Filling requests for materials
 readily available from other sources diverts NAL's resources and
 diminishes its ability to serve as a national source for
 agricultural and agriculturally related materials.  Therefore,
 NAL is viewed as a library of last resort.
 
 Submit requests to major university libraries, national or
 provincial institutions or network sources prior to sending
 requests to NAL.  If the needed publications are not available
 from these sources, submit requests to NAL with a statement
 indicating their non-availability.
 
 AGLINET -- Requesters in countries with an AGLINET library are
 encouraged to make full use of that library and its networking
 capabilities.  As an AGLINET participant, NAL provides free
 document delivery service for materials published in the United
 States to other AGLINET participants.
 
 REQUESTS -- Submit requests on the American Library Association
 (ALA) or the International Federation of Library Associations and
 Institutions (IFLA) interlibrary loan form or via electronic mail
 or telefacsimile (see over for more details).  Include the
 complete name of the person authorizing the request on each form;
 the standard bibliographic source which lists the title as owned
 by NAL; and the call number if the  citation is from an NAL
 database(CAIN/AGRICOLA, "Bibliography of Agriculture", or the NAL
 catalog).
 
 DOCUMENT DELIVERY SERVICE -- Submit a separate completed
 interlibrary loan form for each article requested.  Indicate
 willingness to pay charges on the form, and compliance with
 copyright law or include a statement that the article is for
 "research purposes only".  Requests cannot be processed without
 these statements. Please read copyright notice below.
 
 CHARGES:
 
 *    Photocopy, hard copy of microfilm and microfiche - $5.00 for
      the first 10 pages or fraction copied from a single article
      or publication.  $3.00 for each additional 10 pages or
           fraction.
 
 *    Duplication of NAL-owned microfilm - $10.00 per reel.
 
 *    Duplication of NAL-owned microfiche - $5.00 for the first
      fiche and $ .50 for each additional fiche per title.
 
 BILLING - Charges include postage and handling, and are subject
 to change.  Invoices are issued quarterly by the National
 Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road,
 Springfield, VA 22161.  Establishing deposit account with NTIS is
 encouraged. Annual billing is available to foreign institutions
 on request by contacting NAL at the address below.  DO NOT SEND
 PREPAYMENT.
 
 Send Requests to: 
      USDA, National Agricultural Library
      Document Delivery Services Branch, ILL, PhotoLab
      10301 Baltimore Blvd., NAL Bldg.
      Beltsville, Maryland  20705-2351
 
 Contact the Head, Document Delivery Services Branch at (301)
 504-5755 with questions or comments about this policy.
 
 
 ELECTRONIC MAIL ACCESS FOR INTERLIBRARY LOAN (ILL) REQUESTS
                                                                  
 June 1993
 
 
 The National Agricultural Library (NAL), Document Delivery
 Services Branch accepts ILL requests from libraries via several
 electronic services.  All requests must comply with established
 routing and referral policies and procedures.  The transmitting
 library will pay all fees incurred during the creation of
 requests and communication with NAL.  A sample format for
 ILL requests is printed below along with a list of the required
 data/format elements.
 
 ELECTRONIC MAIL  -  (Sample form below)
 
      SYSTEM            ADDRESS CODE
      ====================================================
      INTERNET. . . . . LENDING@NALUSDA.GOV
      EASYLINK. . . . . 62031265
      ONTYME. . . . . . NAL/LB
      TWX/TELEX . . . . Number is 710-828-0506 NAL LEND.
                        This number may only be used for
                        ILL requests.
      FTS2000 . . . . . A12NALLEND 
      OCLC  . . . . . . NAL's symbol AGL need only be entered
                        once, but it must be the last entry in
                        the Lender string.  Requests from USDA
                        and Federal libraries may contain AGL
                        anywhere in the Lender String.
 
 
 SAMPLE ELECTRONIC MAIL REQUEST
 =================================================================
 | AG University/NAL    ILLRQ 231     4/1/93     NEED BY:  6/1/93
 |
 |                                                               
 |
 | Interlibrary Loan Department                                  
 |
 | Agriculture University                                        
 |
 | Heartland, IA  56789                                          
 |
 |                                                               
 |
 | Dr. Smith   Faculty   Ag School                               
 |
 |                                                               
 |
 | Canadian Journal of Soil Science 1988 v 68(1):  17-27         
 |
 | DeJong, R.  Comparison of two soil-water models under         
 |
 | semi-arid growing conditions                                  
 |
 | Ver:  AGRICOLA                                                
 |
 | Remarks:  Not available at IU or in region.                   
 |
 | NAL CA:  56.8 C162                                            
 |
 |                                                               
 |
 | Auth:  C. Johnson      CCL     Maxcost: $15.00                
 |
 |                                                               
 |
 | MORE                                                          
 |
 |                                                               
 |
 =================================================================
 
 TELEFACSIMILE - Telephone number is 301-504-5675.  NAL accepts
 ILL requests via telefacsimile.  Requests should be created on
 standard ILL forms and then faxed to NAL.  NAL does
 requests via Fax at this time.
 
 REQUIRED DATA ELEMENTS/FORMAT
 
 1.   Borrower's address must be in block format with at least two 	
 blank lines above and below so form may be used in window 		envelopes.
 2.   Provide complete citation including verification, etc.
 3.   Provide authorizing official's name (request will be 	 		
 rejected if not included).
 4.   Include statement of copyright compliance if applicable.
 	Please read copyright notice below.
 5.   Indicate willingness to pay applicable charges.
 6.   Include NAL call number if available. Contact the Document 		
 Delivery Services Branch at (301) 504-6503 if additional 		
 information is required.
 
 
 	****************************************************************
 Photocopy Warning:
 
 NOTICE WARNING CONCERNING COPYRIGHT RESTRICTIONS
 
 The copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) 
 governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyrighted 
 material.
 
 Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are 
 authorized to furnish a photocopy or other reproduction.  One of these 
 specific conditions is that the photocopy or reproduction is not to be 
 "used for any purpose other than private study, scholarship, or 
 research."  If a user makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or 
 reproduction for purposes in excess of "fair use," that user may be 
 liable for copyright infringement.
 
 This institution reserves the right to refuse to accept a copying order 
 if, in its judgement, fulfillment of the order would involve violation of 
 copyright law.
 
 37 C.F.R. '201.14
 
 ****************************************************************
 
 The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits
 discrimination in its programs on the basis of race, color,
 national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political
 beliefs, and marital or familial status.  (Not all prohibited
 bases apply to all programs).  Persons with disabilities who
 require alternative means for communication of program
 information (braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should
 contact the USDA Office of Communications at (202) 720-5881
 (voice) or (202) 720-7808 (TDD).  To file a complaint, write the 
 Secretary of Agriculture, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, 
 D.C.  20250, or call (202) 720-7327 (voice) or (202) 720-1127 (TDD).  
 USDA is an equal employment opportunity employer.
 
 


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