Water Quality Information Center of the National Agricultural Library
Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture


Constructed Wetlands Bibliography, Part IV:
Basic and General

This file, "Constructed Wetlands Bibliography, Part IV: Basic and General" is one section of a seven-part constructed wetlands bibliography on using constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment. The bibliography was compiled by United States Department of Agriculture staff from the Ecological Sciences Division of the Natural Resources Conservation Service, formerly the Soil Conservation Service, and the Water Quality Information Center at the National Agricultural Library. The complete bibliography can be accessed as either a single large (450K) file containing more than 600 citations or in parts organized by topic.

To locate a publication cited in this bibliography, please contact your local, state, or university library. If you are unable to locate a particular publication, your library can contact the National Agricultural Library (see instructions given at the end of this file).

For WWW access to these files: point your browser at http://www.nal.usda.gov/Constructed_Wetlands_all/index.html

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 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       A desert wetland created by wastewater flows: current trends
             and problems.                                               
 AUTHOR      Morris, F.A. and L.J. Paulson.                              
 SOURCE      Wetlands, Vol. 2.                                           
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 191-206
 DATE        1982
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       A new concept in treating wastewater--constructed wetlands. 
 AUTHOR      Karathanasis, A.D.                                          
 SOURCE      Soil Science News & Views, Cooperative Extension Service and
             Univ. of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Dept of Agronomy.
             1991. v.12 (3) 3p.                                          
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       3p.
 DATE        1991
 CALLNUM     DNAL S591.55.K4S64
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Abstracts of symposium: innovative applications of          
             constructed wetlands.                                       
 AUTHOR      Kentucky Academy of Science.                                
 SOURCE      Univ. of Kentucky, College of Agriculture. (July 24-25,     
             1990).                                                      
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1990
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Aquatic plants improve wastewater treatment.                
 AUTHOR      Pullin, B.P. and D.A. Hammer.                               
 SOURCE      Water Environment & Technology, Vol. 3, No. 3.              
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 36-40
 DATE        1991, March
 CALLNUM     TD419 W37
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Artificial marshes for wastewater treatment.                
 AUTHOR      Wolverton, B.C.                                             
 SOURCE      Aquatic Plants for Wastewater Treatment and Resource        
             Recovery.                                                   
 PUBLISHER   Orlando, FL: Magnolia Publishing Inc.                       
 PAGES       pp. 141-152.
 DATE        1987
 CALLNUM     TD 475 C65 1986
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Artificial wetlands for wastewater treatment.               
 AUTHOR      Wood, A. and M. Rowley.                                     
 SOURCE      Paper presented at the Symposium Ecology and Conservation of
             Wetlands in South Africa                                    
 PUBLISHER   October 15-16, 1987.                                        
 PAGES
 DATE
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Assessing the use of aquatic plants for wastewater treatment
             in a high elevation tropical lake.                          
 AUTHOR      Riviera, R.C., et al.                                       
 SOURCE      Internationale Vereinigung fuer Theoretische und Angewandte 
             Limnologie. Verhandlungen, Vol. 24, No. 2.                  
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 1178-1182
 DATE        1991, March
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Constructed wetlands handle waste.                          
 AUTHOR      Taylor, S.                                                  
 SOURCE      Soil & Water Conservation News, USDA, Soil Cons. Service.   
             March/April 1991. v. 11 (8) p. 5-6                          
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 5-6
 DATE        1991
 CALLNUM     TD755 U74 1980
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Constructed wetlands treatment will be a first for Colorado.
 AUTHOR      __________.                                                 
 SOURCE      US Water News                                               
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1990, May
 CALLNUM     TD370 U57
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Constructed wetlands--a low cost reliable alternative for   
             waste water treatment.                                      
 AUTHOR      Griggs, J.                                                  
 SOURCE      J. Soil & Water Cons.  21(4):13 (1988).                            
   
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1988
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Constructed wetlands--technology provides opportunities and 
             challenges for contractors.                                 
 AUTHOR      Hammer, D.A.                                                
 SOURCE      Land and Water Conservation                                 
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1990, Feb/Mar
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Cumulative impacts on water quality functions of wetlands.  
 AUTHOR      Hemond, H.F. and J. Benoit.                                 
 SOURCE      Cumulative Effects on Landscape Systems of Wetlands.        
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1988, June
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Herculean labors to clean wastewater.                       
 AUTHOR      Hawley, T.M.                                                
 SOURCE      Oceanus, Vol. 33, No. 2.                                    
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 72-75
 DATE        1990, Summer
 CALLNUM     GCl 035
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Land application of wastewater.                             
 AUTHOR      Zirschky, J. and A.R. Abernathy.                            
 SOURCE      Water Pollution Control Federation. JWPFA5  60(6):857-858   
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        June 1988.
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Low-cost and energy-saving wastewater treatment technology. 
 AUTHOR      Wang, B. Z. et al, (eds.)                                   
 SOURCE      Water Science and Technology, Vol. 24, No. 5.  Proceedings  
             of ISLEWTT Harbin '90, Harbin Institute of Architecture and 
             Civil Engineering., Harbin, China, 6-10 August 1990.        
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       256p
 DATE        1991
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Made-to-order-wetlands.                                     
 AUTHOR      Oertel, B.                                                  
 SOURCE      Land and Water Conservation. October 1990.                  
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1990, October
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Mechanisms of water quality improvement in wetland treatment
             systems.                                                    
 AUTHOR      Kadlec, R.H. and H. Alvord, Jr.                             
 SOURCE      Wetlands: Concerns and Successes.                           
 PUBLISHER   Bethesda, MD: AWRA                                          
 PAGES
 DATE        1989.
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station    
             (MAPES) on solid ground with wastewater cleanup project.    
 AUTHOR      Drapala, P.                                                 
 SOURCE      MAPES Research Highlights. December 1991. v. 54 (12) p. 5.  
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp 5
 DATE        1991
 CALLNUM     100 M69MI
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Nationwide inventory: constructed wetlands for wastewater   
             treatment.                                                  
 AUTHOR      Reed, S.C.                                                  
 SOURCE      Biocycle.  32(1):44-49                                      
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1991, January
 CALLNUM     DNAL 57.8-C734
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Natural systems for waste management and treatment.         
 AUTHOR      Reed, S.C., et al.                                          
 SOURCE
 PUBLISHER   New York, NY: McGraw Hill Book Co.                          
 PAGES
 DATE        1988
 CALLNUM     TD645 R44
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Natural systems for wastewater treatment and water reuse for
             space and earthly applications.                             
 AUTHOR      Wolverton, B.C.                                             
 SOURCE      Water Reuse Conference, Denver, CO, August 2-7, 1987, AWWA  
             Research Foundation.                                        
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1987
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Natural systems for wastewater treatment, manual of practice
             FD-16.                                                      
 AUTHOR      Water Pollution Control Federation.                         
 SOURCE
 PUBLISHER   Alexandria, VA: WPCF.                                       
 PAGES
 DATE        1990
 CALLNUM     TD745 N37
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Natural systems vs. the 'black box'".                       
 AUTHOR      __________.                                                 
 SOURCE      BioCycle, Vol. 30, No. 6.                                   
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 68-69
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     57.8 C734
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       Natural wastewater treatment systems.                       
 AUTHOR      Jensen, R.                                                  
 SOURCE      Texas Water Resources. 1988. v. 14 (2).                     
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1988
 CALLNUM     TD 224 T4T42
 ANNOTATION  Some of the natural systems that show considerable promise in      
             providing cost-effective treatment of domestic and industrial      
             wastewater include floating aquatic plants, artificial wetlands,   
             and systems combining aquatic plants and animals.  Although these  
             systems offer potential alternative to conventional wastewater     
             treatment, more information is needed.  Natural systems must be    
             properly designed to prevent problems with the release of          
             pathogens, heavy metals, and other pollutants into the             
             environment. 
                                                                                
 
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 TITLE       Overview and future directions.                             
 AUTHOR      Zedler, J.B. and M.W. Weller.                               
 SOURCE      Wetland Creation and Restoration: The Status of the Science.
 PUBLISHER   Island Press                                                
 PAGES       pp 405-14
 DATE        1990
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Porewater chemistry of natural and created marsh soils.     
 AUTHOR      Craft, C.B., E.D. Seneca, and S.W. Broome.                  
 SOURCE      Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology JEMBAM,  
             Vol. 152, No.2                                              
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp 187-200
 DATE        1991, October 11
 CALLNUM     QH91A1J6
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
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 TITLE       Root-water-sediment interface processes.                    
 AUTHOR      Good, B.J. and W.H. Patrick, Jr.                            
 SOURCE      Aquatic Plants for Water Treatment and Reasourse Recovery.  
 PUBLISHER   Orlando, FL: Magnolia Publishing Inc.                       
 PAGES       pp. 359-371
 DATE        1987
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       State-of-the-art utilization of aquatic plants in water     
             pollution control.                                          
 AUTHOR      Reddy, K.R. and T.A. DeBusk.                                
 SOURCE      Water Science and Technology, Vol. 19, No. 10.              
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 61-79
 DATE        1987
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Status of current technology on constructed wetlands.       
 AUTHOR      Cooper, C.M.                                                
 SOURCE      Submitted to the DEC Task Force, Natn. Sedimentation Lab.,  
             USDA-ARS, Oxford, MS.                                       
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       The use of wetland treatment processes in water reuse.      
 AUTHOR      Gearheart, R.J. et al.                                      
 SOURCE      Proceedings of the Water Reuse Symposium III, San Diego, CA,
             August 26-31, 1984. v. 2. p. 617-638.                       
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp 617-38
 DATE        1984
 CALLNUM     TD429 W3 1984
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       The use of wetlands for treating wastes--wisdom in          
             diversity?                                                  
 AUTHOR      Blumer, K.                                                  
 SOURCE      Paper presented at the Symposium on Freshwater Wetlands,    
             Tallahassee, FL, March 2, 1978.  Brookhaven Natn. Laboratory
             # BNL-24611                                                 
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       26p.
 DATE        1978
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       The use of wetlands for water pollution control.            
 AUTHOR      Chan, E., et al.                                            
 SOURCE      USEPA, Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory, Research
             and Development, EPA-600/S2-82-088.                         
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1982, November.
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Treating wastewater in constructed wetlands.                
 AUTHOR      Huack, R.D.                                                 
 SOURCE      Biocycle Vol. 33 (9), Sept 1992, P72                        
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp 72
 DATE        1992
 CALLNUM     57.8 C734
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       Treatment of wastewater in the rhizosphere of wetland       
             plants--the root-zone method.                               
 AUTHOR      Brix, H.                                                    
 SOURCE      Water Science and Technology. 1987. v. 19 (1-2) p. 107-118. 
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1987
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       Use of wetlands for wastewater treatment.                   
 AUTHOR      Sereico, P. and C. Larneo.                                  
 SOURCE      Civil Engineering Practice. Volume 5: Water                 
             Resources/Environmental.                                    
 PUBLISHER   Lancaster, PA: Technomic Publishing Co., Inc.               
 PAGES       pp. 767-787
 DATE        1988
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       Washing up with wetlands.                                   
 AUTHOR      __________.                                                 
 SOURCE      Country Journal, Vol. 16 (Sept./Oct. 1989)                  
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       p. 28
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     S 521. C65
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       Wastewater treatment by artificial wetlands.                
 AUTHOR      Gersberg, R.M., B.V. Elkins and C.R. Goldman.               
 SOURCE      Water Science Technology. 17:443-50                         
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1984
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Wastewaters: a perspective.                                 
 AUTHOR      Smith, A.J.                                                 
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishers, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp. 3-4
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5C66
 ANNOTATION  The water quality protection field is undergoing major changes.    
             Both the reduction in available federal dollars and increasing     
             focus on water quality underscore the need for a continual effort  
             to identify and encourage technologies that provide                
             effective-low-cost treatment.  Wetlands may effectively balance    
             the need for reliable wastewater treatment with need for minimal   
             cost.  
                                                                                
 
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 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       Water improvement functions of natural and constructed      
             wetlands.                                                   
 AUTHOR      Hammer, D.A.                                                
 SOURCE      Proceedings Newman Teleconference Seminar Series -          
             Protection and Management Issues for South Carolina         
             Wetlands, Clemson University, March 28, 1990.               
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 129-157
 DATE        1990
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Wetland systems.                                            
 AUTHOR      Knight, R.L.                                                
 SOURCE      Natural Systems for Wastewater Treatment, Manual of         
             Practices FD-16.                                            
 PUBLISHER   Water Pollution Control Federation                          
 PAGES
 DATE        1990
 CALLNUM     TD 745 N37
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       Wetlands ecosystems: natural water purifiers?               
 AUTHOR      Hammer, D.A. and R.K. Bastian.                              
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishers, Inc.                         
 PAGES       p. 5-19
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756.5 C66
 ANNOTATION  There is no single correct-all-purpose definition of a wetland.    
             Most definitions of wetland are in terms of soil characteristics   
             and type of vegetation.  In this article, the authors discuss      
             wetland dynamics, functions of natural wetlands, and the           
             applicability of constructed wetlands to treat polluted water.     
                                                                                
 
 
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 TITLE       Wetlands-Increasing Our Resources.                          
 AUTHOR      Steiner, G.R., J.T. Watson and D.A. Hammer.                 
 SOURCE
 PUBLISHER   Washington, DC: National Wildlife Federation                
 PAGES
 DATE        363p.
 CALLNUM     QH87.4 W47 1987
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       Wetlands.                                                   
 AUTHOR      Rucker, D.J.                                                
 SOURCE      IMPACT--TVA Natural Resources and the Environment,          
             March/June 1988                                             
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1988
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 TITLE       Yesterday's swamp.                                          
 AUTHOR      Austin, T.                                                  
 SOURCE      Civil Engineering. 60(8):36-39(Aug. 1990)                   
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1990
 CALLNUM     290.8 C49
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  abstract/proceedings
 
 TITLE       Constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment: An overview  
             of an emerging technology.                                  
 AUTHOR      Hammer, D.A.                                                
 SOURCE      Program with abstracts--Geological Association of Canada,   
             Mineralogical Association of Canada, Canadian Geophysical   
             Union, Joint Annual Meeting, 1990. v. 15 p. 53.             
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1990
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  abstracts/bibliographies
 
 TITLE       International conference on constructed wetlands for        
             wastewater treatment: abstracts.                            
 AUTHOR      __________.                                                 
 SOURCE      Chattanooga, TN Trade and Convention Center, June 13-17     
             1988.                                                       
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1988
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  abstracts/bibliographies
 
 TITLE       Sewage and industrial waste treatment: wetlands (Jan 77-Dec 
             89).                                                        
 AUTHOR      __________.                                                 
 SOURCE      NTIS Accession No. PB90-853722                              
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       78p.
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  abstracts/bibliographies
 
 TITLE       Wetland creation and restoration in the United States from  
             1970 to 1985: an annotated bibliography.                    
 AUTHOR      Wolf, R.B., L.C. Lee and R.R. Sharitz.                      
 SOURCE      Wetlands, Special Issue. 6(1):88                            
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 SUBCATEGOR  abstracts/proceedings
 
 TITLE       Constructed Wetlands in Water Pollution Control:            
 AUTHOR      Cooper, P.F. and B.C. Findlater, eds.                       
 SOURCE      Proceedings of the international conference on the use of   
             constucted wetlands in water pollution control, held in     
             Cambridge, UK, 24-28 September 1990.                        
 PUBLISHER   Oxford, UK: Pergamon Press.                                 
 PAGES       605p.
 DATE        1990
 CALLNUM     DNAL TD756.5.I57-1990
 ANNOTATION  There is a growing interest in the use of hydrophyte-based systems 
             for treating sewage and mining and industrial wastewater.  This    
             book includes reports of practical experience and the latest       
             research results from Australasia, South Africa, North America and 
             China as well as all across Europe, and provides an essential      
             guide to one of the most promising water pollution control         
             options.       
                                                                                
 
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 SUBCATEGOR  abstracts/proceedings/bibliographies
 
 TITLE       Wetlands areas: natural water treatment systems (Jan 78 -   
             Aug 89). citations from the pollution abstracts database.   
 AUTHOR      Davis Associates, Inc.                                      
 SOURCE      NTIS Accession No. PB90-862244                              
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp 99.
 DATE        1990
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  ancillary benefits
 
 TITLE       Ancillary benefits of wetlands constructed primarily for    
             wastewater treatment.                                       
 AUTHOR      Sather, J.H.                                                
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishers, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp. 353-358
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  A highly diversified wetland ecosystem may not only handle a       
             greater variety of wastewater substances but may attract and       
             support wildlife for human enjoyment and provide various           
             visual-cultural benefits.  Full manifestation of ancillary         
             benefits in constructed wetlands is contingent upon species        
             composition and degree of interspersion of plant communities,      
             location with respect to human population centers, and location    
             with respect to other wetlands.                                    
                      
                                                                                
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 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  ancillary benefits
 
 TITLE       Developing artificial wetlands to benefit wildlife and      
             livestock.                                                  
 AUTHOR      Olson, R.                                                   
 SOURCE      Bull. Wyo. Univ. Coop. Ext. Serv. Laramie, WY: The Service  
             May 1990 (938) 21p.                                         
 PUBLISHER   Laramie, WY: The Service                                    
 PAGES       21p.
 DATE        1990
 CALLNUM     DNAL 275.29-W99B
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  ancillary benefits
 
 TITLE       Some ancillary benefits of a natural land treatment system. 
 AUTHOR      Schwartz, L.A. and R.L. Knight.                             
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishing, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp. 643-645
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  The Grand Strand Water and Sewer Authority is conducting studies   
             in riverine wetlands and Carolina Bays to treat domestic           
             wastewater.  These wetlands will help confirm long-term            
             feasibility and the integrity of using natural systems to treat    
             wastewater.  Visitors will have the opportunity to venture into    
             the heart of Carolina Bays or into a swamp to view plant and       
             animal natural habitats.     
                                                                                
 
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 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  ancillary benefits
 
 TITLE       Wetlands: the lifeblood of wildlife.                        
 AUTHOR      Feierabend, J.S.                                            
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishers, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp 107-118
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  Naturally occurring wetlands are usually attractive to wildlife.   
             Constructed or man made wetlands have the potential to attract     
             wildlife.  The author gives an overview on the importance of       
             wetland ecosystems as a wildlife habitat and the types of wildlife 
             associated with them.                                              
 
                                                                                
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 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  aquaculture
 
 TITLE       Aquaculture in resource recovery.                           
 AUTHOR      Golueke, C.G.                                               
 SOURCE      Compost Science/Land Utilization. 1979. v. 20 (3) p. 16-23. 
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE
 CALLNUM     57.8 C734
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  aquaculture
 
 TITLE       Engineering assessment of aquaculture systems for wastewater
             treatment: an overview.                                     
 AUTHOR      Reed, S.C., R. Bastian and W. Jewel.                        
 SOURCE      Aquaculture Systems for Wastewater Treatment.  Seminar      
             Proceedings and Engineering Assessment, Sept. 11-12, 1979,  
             University of California--Davis.                            
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1979
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  aquaculture
 
 TITLE       Engineers assess aquaculture systems for wastewater         
             treatment.                                                  
 AUTHOR      Bastian, R.K., W.J. Jewell and S.C. Reed.                   
 SOURCE      Civil Engineering ASCE                                      
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 64-67
 DATE        1981, July
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  aquaculture
 
 TITLE       The use of aquatic plants and animals for the treatment of  
             wastewater: an overview.                                    
 AUTHOR      Tchobanoblous, G., et al.                                   
 SOURCE      Presented at A Seminar on Aquaculture Systems for Wastewater
             Treatment, Davis, CA, Sept. 11-12, 1979.                    
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       21p.
 DATE        1979
 CALLNUM     TD 755 U74 1980
 ANNOTATION  Aquatic wastewater treatment systems treat wastewater at a slow    
             rate in an essentially unmanaged environment compared to           
             conventional wastewater systems which treat wastewater rapidly in  
             highly managed environments.  The major stimulus for further       
             research into design and management of aquatic systems is the      
             potential for reducing the construction, operation, and            
             maintenance costs for wastewater treatment.  This paper presents   
             the general concepts involved in the design and use of aquatic     
             systems and an overview of their implications.                     
                
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  aquaculture--nutrient removal
 
 TITLE       Aquatic crops of economic value for removing N and P from   
             nutrient-enriched waters in the everglades.                 
 AUTHOR      Snyder, G.H. and C.A. Sanchez.                              
 SOURCE      Soil and Crop Science Society, Florida Proceedings.         
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1990
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  case studies--western USA (CA)
 
 TITLE       The use of artificial wetlands for water treatment in high  
             elevation, cold regions of California.                      
 AUTHOR      Goldman, C.R.                                               
 SOURCE      Rep-Calif-Water-Resour-Cent-Univ-Calif. December 1987. p.   
             68.                                                         
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       p. 68
 DATE        Dec 1987
 CALLNUM     292.9 C12182
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  case study
 
 TITLE       Wetlands and wastewater: Kinross, Michigan.                 
 AUTHOR      Kadlec, R.H. and F.B. Bevis.                                
 SOURCE      Journal of the Society of Wetland Scientists, Vol. 10, No.  
             1.                                                          
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1990, June
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  chemical aspects
 
 TITLE       Quantitative assessment of natural purification in wetlands 
             for linear alkylbenzenesulfonates.                          
 AUTHOR      Inaba, K.                                                   
 SOURCE      Water Res. 1992, 26(7) 893-8                                
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp 893-898
 DATE        1992
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  chemical aspects--transformations
 
 TITLE       Transformation of manganese in a waterlogged soil as        
             affected by redox potential and pH.                         
 AUTHOR      Gotoh, S. and W.H. Patrick.                                 
 SOURCE      Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 1972. v.  36 p. 1738-1742.            
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1972
 CALLNUM     56.9 S03
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  design
 
 TITLE       Constructed wetlands design--the first generation.          
 AUTHOR      Reed, S.C. and D.S. Brown.                                  
 SOURCE      Water Environment Research Sept/Oct 1992. v. 64 (6) p.      
             776-781.                                                    
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp 776-781
 DATE        1992
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  design
 
 TITLE       Technical summary--a guide to wetland functional design.    
 AUTHOR      US Dept. of Transportation.                                 
 SOURCE      Publication No. FHWA-IP-90-010, US Dept. of Transportation, 
             Federal Highway Administration.                             
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1990, July
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  design considerations
 
 TITLE       Basic design rationale for artificial wetlands.             
 AUTHOR      Zirschky, J.                                                
 SOURCE      Contract Report 68-01-7108                                  
 PUBLISHER   Washington, DC:                                             
 PAGES
 DATE        1986, June
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  design considerations
 
 TITLE       Configuration and substrate design considerations for       
             constructed wetlands wastewater treatment.                  
 AUTHOR      Steiner, G.R. and R.J. Freeman.                             
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishing, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp 363-377
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5C66
 ANNOTATION  Depending on specific pollutant removal needs and other factors, a 
             variety of configurations and substrates can be used for a         
             constructed wetland.  Major pollutant removal mechanisms include   
             sedimentation and filtration, precipitation and adsorption, and    
             bacterial metabolism.  Constructed wetland systems can be designed 
             to achieve various levels of secondary and advanced level          
             treatment for biochemical oxygen demand, suspended solids,         
             nutrients, pathogens, metals, and other substances.                
     
                                                                   
 **********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  design considerations
 
 TITLE       Constructed wetland design--the second generation.          
 AUTHOR      Reed, S.C. and D. Brown.                                    
 SOURCE      S.C. Reed, E.C.C. , RR 1 Box 572, Norwick, VT 05055         
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  design considerations
 
 TITLE       Design and use of artificial wetlands.                      
 AUTHOR      Wile, I., G. Miller and S. Black.                           
 SOURCE      Ecological Considerations in Wetland Treatment of Municipal 
             Wastewaters.                                                
 PUBLISHER   New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold                             
 PAGES       pp 26-7.
 DATE        1985.
 CALLNUM     QH 545 .549 E3
 ANNOTATION  Artificial wetlands offer greater scope for use as sewage          
             treatment systems than natural wetlands.  They can be constructed  
             on a variety of sites and problems associated with the use of      
             natural wetlands can be minimized.  Key design considerations for  
             continuous flow systems in cold climates include: hydraulic        
             loading rates and associated and requirements, system              
             configuration, degree of pretreatment of raw wastewater and        
             selection of appropriate vegetation.                               
                   
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  design considerations
 
 TITLE       Design principles for wetlands treatment systems.           
 AUTHOR      Hammer, D.A. and R.H. Kadlec.                               
 SOURCE      Available from NTIS as PB83-188722                          
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1983
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  design considerations
 
 TITLE       Preliminary considerations regarding constructed wetlands   
             for wastewater treatment.                                   
 AUTHOR      Wieder, R.K., G. Tchobanoglous and R.W. Tuttle.             
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishing, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp. 297-305
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756.5 C66
 ANNOTATION  Preliminary design factors are important in considering            
             constructed wetland treatment of municipal wastewaters and coal    
             mine drainage.  In addition, the importance of maximizing          
             aesthetics without compromising treatment effectiveness is         
             discussed as a key component of preliminary design.                
                    
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  design considerations
 
 TITLE       Project summary--design principles for wetland treatment    
             systems.                                                    
 AUTHOR      Hammer, D.A. and R.H. Kadlec.                               
 SOURCE      EPA Report 600/S2-83-026                                    
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1983
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  design considerations
 
 TITLE       Wetland systems for wastewater treatment: operating         
             mechanisms and implications for design.                     
 AUTHOR      Heliotis, F.D.                                              
 SOURCE      Report 117                                                  
 PUBLISHER   Institute of Environmental Studies                          
 PAGES
 DATE        1982
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  design considerations--hydraulics--reed bed
 
 TITLE       Hydraulic considerations and the design of a reed bed       
             treatment system.                                           
 AUTHOR      Hobson, J.A.                                                
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural                                 
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishers, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp. 628-635
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  All of the information in this paper deals with reed bed 
             treatment systems planted with Phragmites australis.  The 
             paper concentrates on the hydraulics of reed beds and possible     
             mechanisms for wastewater treatment.                               
            
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  design considerations--plants
 
 TITLE       Considerations and techniques for vegetation establishment  
             in constructed wetlands.                                    
 AUTHOR      Allen, H.H., G.J. Pierce and R. van Wormer.                 
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishers, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp 405-415
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  The author describes considerations and techniques relating to     
             domestic wastewater treatment in constructed wetlands.  It focuses 
             on herbaceous macrophytes and in-situ substrates.                  
 
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  design considerations--site selection
 
 TITLE       Selection and evaluation of sites for constructed wastewater
             treatment wetlands.                                         
 AUTHOR      Brodie, G.A.                                                
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishers, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp. 307-317
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  Constructed wetlands are practical alternatives to conventional    
             treatment of liquid agricultural wastes, storm water runoff, acid  
             mine drainage, and domestic and municipal wastewater.  Siting a    
             constructed wetland is often dictated by the location of the       
             wastewater source, geological, geotechnical, hydrological, and     
             other environmental information.                                   
                                                                                
                                                                            
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  design--economic aspects
 
 TITLE       The economic and environmental feasibility of using         
             constructed wetlands for treatment of municipal wastewater  
             in small communities in maine.                              
 AUTHOR      Hesheth, P.S.                                               
 SOURCE      M.S. Thesis in Agricultural and Resource Economics, Univ. of
             Maine, Orono, ME, 1990.                                     
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1990
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  ecology
 
 TITLE       Aging phenomenon in wastewater wetlands.                    
 AUTHOR      Kadlec, R.H.                                                
 SOURCE      Ecological Considerations in Wetlands Treatment of Municipal
             Wastewaters.                                                
 PUBLISHER   New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, Co.                        
 PAGES       pp. 338-347
 DATE        1985
 CALLNUM     QH 545 549E3
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  ecology
 
 TITLE       Ecological features of an artificial wetlands area.         
 AUTHOR      Magmedov, V.G. and  L.I. Yakovleva.                         
 SOURCE      Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Hydrology 
             of Wetlands in Temperate and Cold Regions. Joensuu, Finland,
             6-8 June 1988, Vol. 1. The Academy of Finland, Helsinki,    
             Finland.                                                    
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 72-75
 DATE        1988
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  ecology
 
 TITLE       Ecological limitations on wetland use for wastewater        
             treatment.                                                  
 AUTHOR      Guntenspergen, G.R. and F. Stearns.                         
 SOURCE      Wetland Values and Management.                              
 PUBLISHER   St. Paul, MN: Water Planning Board                          
 PAGES       pp. 273-284.
 DATE        1981
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  ecology
 
 TITLE       Ecological perspectives on wetland systems.                 
 AUTHOR      Guntenspergen, G.R. and F. Stearns.                         
 SOURCE      Ecological Considerations in Wetlands Treatment of Municipal
             Wastewaters.                                                
 PUBLISHER   New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company                     
 PAGES       pp. 69-97
 DATE        1985
 CALLNUM     QH 545 549E3
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  ecology
 
 TITLE       Natural and artificial wetland ecosystems: ecological       
             opportunities and limitations.                              
 AUTHOR      Richardson, C.J. and J.A. Davis.                            
 SOURCE      Aquatic Plants for Water Treatment and Resource Recovery.   
 PUBLISHER   Orlando: Magnolia Publishing Inc.                           
 PAGES       pp 819-54.
 DATE        1987.
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION  Natural and artificial wetland capabilities and weaknesses to      
             filter, transform, and store nutrients are presented with an  
             analysis of the mechanisms controlling nutrient cycling and        
             retention of nitrogen and phosphorus.  Management guidelines for   
             the selection and potential utilization of natural wetlands for    
             effluent treatment as well as the impacts of using wetland systems 
             for wastewater are also presented.                                 
 
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  ecology
 
 TITLE       Responses of wetlands and neighboring ecosystems to         
             wastewater.                                                 
 AUTHOR      Ewel, K.C.                                                  
 SOURCE      Ecological Considerations in Wetlands Treatment of Municipal
             Wastewaters.                                                
 PUBLISHER   New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, Co.                        
 PAGES       pp. 435-438
 DATE        1985
 CALLNUM     QH 545 549E3
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  ecology
 
 TITLE       Some chemical aspects of wetland ecology.                   
 AUTHOR      Gorham, E.                                                  
 SOURCE      Tech. Mem No. 90, 12th Anm. Muskeg. Res. Conf.              
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1967
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  engineering considerations
 
 TITLE       Aquatic plant systems for wastewater treatment: engineering 
             considerations.                                             
 AUTHOR      Tchobanoglous, G.                                           
 SOURCE      Aquatic Plants for Water Treatment and Resource Recovery.   
 PUBLISHER   Orlando, FL: Magnolia Publishing, Inc.                      
 PAGES       PP. 27-48
 DATE        1987
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION  This paper presents a review of important engineering              
             considerations in the design of aquatic plant systems used for the 
             treatment of wastewater.  Special attention is focused on odor     
             control techniques, mosquito control strategies, and contaminant   
             removal kinetics as they affect the physical design and management 
             of aquatic plant-based wastewater treatment systems.  Based on an  
             evaluation of these and other considerations, some alternative     
             physical designs and operating strategies are proposed.            
 
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  engineering considerations
 
 TITLE       Hydraulics and solids accumulation in a gravel bed treatment
             wetland.                                                    
 AUTHOR      Kadlec, R.H. and J.T. Watson.                               
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Water Quality Improvement          
 PUBLISHER   CRC Press, Inc.                                             
 PAGES       pp 227-235
 DATE        1993
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION  The design of a subsurface gravel bed permits only one flow rate   
             if the water surface remains parallel to the gravel surface.  The  
             front twenty percent of the gravel bed (gravel cell Number 3 at    
             Benton, KY) was found to be partly plugged with a gelatinous (80%  
             inorganic) mud which caused major flow alterations.  The           
             downstream zones of the gravel were dry to a depth of many         
             centimeters and the downstream vegetation was changing to a        
             terrestrial mix.            
                                                                                
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  engineering considerations
 
 TITLE       Operations optimization.                                    
 AUTHOR      Girts, M.A. and R.L. Knight.                                
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishers, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp 417-429
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  Optimizing constructed wetland to minimize expense and maximize    
             treatment efficiency is a compromise between system design and     
             operations management.  The authors examine conditions under which 
             flexibility in operation improves treatment efficiency and         
             longevity of a well-designed system; methods by which operation    
             changes can help a system adapt to unanticipated demands; and      
             associated labor requirements.                                     
                                                                                
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  engineering considerations
 
 TITLE       Wetland systems for wastewater treatment in cold            
             climates--an engineering assessment.                        
 AUTHOR      Tchobanoglous, G.                                           
 SOURCE      US Army Corps of Engineers, Hanover, NH.                    
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION  The purpose of this paper is to present an engineering assessment  
             of the use of both natural and artificial wetlands for the         
             treatment and disposal of wastewater.  Another objective is to     
             answer the question of whether the technology of using natural and 
             artificial wetlands for the treatment of wastewater is ready for   
             widespread use and what must be done remove uncertainties from the 
             design.                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                            
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  engineering considerations
 
 TITLE       Wetland systems for wastewater treatment: engineering       
             applications.                                               
 AUTHOR      Hantzsche, N.N.                                             
 SOURCE      Ecological Considerations in Wetlands Treatment of Municipal
             Wastewaters.                                                
 PUBLISHER   New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold                             
 PAGES       pp 7-25
 DATE        1985
 CALLNUM     QH 545 549E3
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  engineering considerations--hydraulics
 
 TITLE       Hydraulic design considerations and control structures for  
             constructed wetlands wastewater treatment.                  
 AUTHOR      Watson, J.T. and J.A. Hobson.                               
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishers, Inc.                         
 PAGES       379-391
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  Performance of constructed wetlands is based on first-order plug   
             flow equations.  The objectives of this paper are to summarize     
             information on these parameters, identify considerations for each  
             parameter importance to performance of wetlands systems, and       
             identify the type and general design of structures needed to       
             establish and control the hydraulic regime.                        
 
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  engineering considerations--hydrology
 
 TITLE       Hydrologic factors in wetland water treatment.              
 AUTHOR      Kadlec, R.H.                                                
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishers, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp. 21-40
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  The purpose of this paper is to present the hydrologic factors in  
             wetland treatment processes.  Water movement in these systems is   
             affected by precipitation, evapotranspiration, infiltration, and   
             plant vegetation density.                                          
 
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  engineering considerations--performance
 
 TITLE       Performance expectations and loading rates for constructed  
             wetlands.                                                   
 AUTHOR      Watson, J.T., et al.                                        
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishing, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp. 319-351
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  Constructed wetlands technology is emerging as a low-key, easily   
             operated, and efficient wastewater treatment system.  This paper   
             presents an overview on normally regulated parameters, loading     
             factors of existing systems, and reaction kinetics.  Summaries for 
             performance expectations and loading rates are also presented.     
 
                                                                                
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  harvesting
 
 TITLE       Wetland harvesting with cable systems.                      
 AUTHOR      Aulerich, S.P.                                              
 SOURCE      ASAE Winter Meeting, Dec. 18-21, 1990, Paper No. 907574.    
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1990
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  hydrology
 
 TITLE       Hydrologic processes in a southern Ontario wetland.         
 AUTHOR      Gehrels, J. and G. Mulamoottil                              
 SOURCE      Hydrobiologia.  208(3): 221-234                             
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       221-234
 DATE        1990, Dec. 10
 CALLNUM     410 H992
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  hydrology
 
 TITLE       Storm event effects on constructed wetlands discharges.     
 AUTHOR      Taylor, H.N., K.D. Choate and G.A. Brodie.                  
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Water Quality Improvement          
 PUBLISHER   CRC Press, Inc.                                             
 PAGES       pp 139-145
 DATE        1993
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  hydrology--nutrient cycling
 
 TITLE       Significance of hydrology to wetland nutrient processing.   
 AUTHOR      Hemond, H.F. and W. Nuttle.                                 
 SOURCE      Ecological Considerations in Wetlands Treatment of Municipal
             Wastewater.                                                 
 PUBLISHER   Van Nostrand Reinhold, Co.                                  
 PAGES       pp. 190-195
 DATE        1985
 CALLNUM     QH 545 549E3
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  microbial ecology
 
 TITLE       Microbial populations and decomposition activity in three   
             subsurface flow constructed wetlands.                       
 AUTHOR      Hatano, K., et al.                                          
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Water Quality Improvement          
 PUBLISHER   CRC Press, Inc.                                             
 PAGES       pp 541-547
 DATE        1993
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  microbiology
 
 TITLE       Evaluation of specific microbiological assays for           
             constructed wetlands wastewater treatment management.       
 AUTHOR      Portier, R.J.                                               
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishing, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp 515-524
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  microbiology
 
 TITLE       Wetlands microbiology: form, function, processes.           
 AUTHOR      Portier, R.J. and S.J. Palmer.                              
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishing, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp 89-105
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  This paper presents an overview of important microbial processes   
             of waste water treatment in constructed wetlands.  Bacterial       
             processes are the primary focus but fungal and actinomycetous      
             contributions are also discussed.  Information on microbial        
             transformation processes, fate of anthropogenic organics, metals   
             metabolism, and habitat for optimal microbial enzymology in a      
             constructed wetland is also presented.                             
                                                                                
                                                                  
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  nutrient cycling
 
 TITLE       A conceptual model of nutrient cycling in wetlands used for 
             wastewater treatment: a literature analysis.                
 AUTHOR      Heliotis, F.D. and C.B. DeWitt.                             
 SOURCE      Wetlands: Vol. 3, pp. 134-152, 1983                         
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 134-152
 DATE        1983
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  nutrient cycling
 
 TITLE       Decomposition in wastewater wetlands.                       
 AUTHOR      Kadlec, R.H.                                                
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishing, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp 459-468
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  The role of biomass accretion and decomposition for water quality  
             improvement in constructed municipal wastewater wetlands is very   
             important.  The key biomass processes of  accumulation, dieback,   
             litterfall, litter accumulation, litter leaching, decomposition,   
             and soil accretion are presented.                                  
 
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  nutrient cycling
 
 TITLE       Managing landscapes for humanity and nature; the role of    
             wetlands in regional nutrient dynamics.                     
 AUTHOR      Brown, M.T.                                                 
 SOURCE      Wetlands of the Chesapeake. Proceedings of the Conference   
             April 9-11, 1985, Easton, Maryland.                    
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp 63-75
 DATE        1985
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  nutrient cycling
 
 TITLE       Modeling nutrient behavior in wetlands.                     
 AUTHOR      Kadlec, R.H. and D.E. Hammer.                               
 SOURCE      189th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society.    
 PUBLISHER   Washington: ACS                                             
 PAGES       pp 244-246.
 DATE        1985.
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  nutrient cycling
 
 TITLE       Phosphorus accumulation-discharge cycles in marshes.        
 AUTHOR      Spangler, F.L., C.W. Fetter and W.E. Sloey.                 
 SOURCE      Water Resources Bulletin, Vol. 13, No. 6.                   
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 1191-1201
 DATE        1977, Dec.
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  nutrient removal
 
 TITLE       A mass balance method for assessing the potential of        
             artificial wetlands for wastewater treatment.               
 AUTHOR      Breen, P.F.                                                 
 SOURCE      Water Research. 24:689-98(1990).                            
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1990
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  nutrient removal
 
 TITLE       An assessment of wetlands management and sediment phosphorus
             inactivation Kezar Lake, New Hampshire.                     
 AUTHOR      New Hampshire Dept. of Environmental Services.              
 SOURCE      NH Dept. of Environmental Services, Water Supply Pollution  
             Control Division, Biology Bureau.                           
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1989, Feb.
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  nutrient removal
 
 TITLE       Nutrient removal from effluents by an artificial wetland:   
             influence of rhizosphere aeration and preferential flow     
             studied using bromide and dye tracers.                      
 AUTHOR      Bowmer, K.H.                                                
 SOURCE      Water Research. 21(5):591-600(1987).                        
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1987
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  nutrient removal N,P
 
 TITLE       Use of shallow reservoir and flooded organic soil systems   
             for wastewater treatment: nitrogen and phosphorus           
             transformations.                                            
 AUTHOR      Graetz, D.A. and K.R. Reddy.                                
 SOURCE      Journal of Environmental Quality, Vol. 10, No. 1            
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 113-119
 DATE        1981
 CALLNUM     QH 540 H6
 ANNOTATION  Under simulated conditions, the use of a shallow reservoir (with a 
             marly clay loam bottom) and flooded organic soil (Histosol) for    
             inorganic nitrogen and ortho-P removal from wastewater             
             (agricultural drainage effluent) was evaluated.  Both the shallow  
             reservoir and flooded soils were effective in removing inorganic   
             nitrogen.  However, ortho-P removal was found to be effective in   
             the marly clay loam bottoms and ineffective in the flooded organic 
             soils.                                                             
 
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  nutrient removal, Cu--plants
 
 TITLE       Removal and uptake of copper (II) by Salvinia natans from   
             waste water.                                                
 AUTHOR      Sen, A.K. and N.G. Mondal.                                  
 SOURCE      Water, Air and Soil Pollution, Vol. 49, No. 1/2.            
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 1-6
 DATE        1990, January
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  nutrient removal, N
 
 TITLE       Nitrogen removal from freshwater wetlands:                  
             nitrification-denitrification coupling potential.           
 AUTHOR      Hsieh, Y.P. and C.L. Coultas.                               
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishers, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp 493-500
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  Wetlands may be an economically and ecologically feasible          
             alternatives to removing nitrogen and other nutrients from         
             secondary wastewater.  The existence of heterogeneous microsites   
             or layers in soil systems permits the coexistence               
             of the nitrogen and denitrification processes.  However,           
             biological and/or chemical denitrification are key processes of    
             long-term nitrogen removal.                                        
           
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  nutrient removal, N
 
 TITLE       Nitrogen removal in experimental wetlands treatment system: 
             evidence for the role of aquatic plants.                    
 AUTHOR      Rodger, K.H., P.F. Breen and A.J. Chick.                    
 SOURCE      Research Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation: 
             63:7 p934-941, 1991                                         
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp 934-941
 DATE        1991
 CALLNUM     TD419 R47
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  nutrient removal, N
 
 TITLE       Pilot-scale nitrification studies using vertical flow and   
             shallow horizontal flow constructed wetland cells.          
 AUTHOR      Watson, J.T. and A.J. Danzig.                               
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Water Quality Improvement          
 PUBLISHER   CRC Press, Inc.                                             
 PAGES       pp 301-313
 DATE        1993
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION  A pilot-scale, shallow horizontal and vertical flow cells have     
             been built in Kentucky to develop design information for           
             full-scale constructed wetlands systems for removing               
             ammonia-nitrogen.  Variables include hydraulic loading rates and   
             different sizes and depths of sand and gravel.  The initial        
             operation of these facilities are presented in this paper.         
                    
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  nutrient removal--hydraulics
 
 TITLE       Model of flow and nutrient absorption in artificial wetland 
             systems.                                                    
 AUTHOR      Hearn, C.J., J.M. Chambers and A.J. McComb.                 
 SOURCE      Applied Mathematical Modelling.  15(5): 267-273.            
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1991, May
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  nutrient removal--plants
 
 TITLE       Nutrient removal of selected aquatic macrophytes.           
 AUTHOR      Reddy, K.R. and W.F. DeBusk.                                
 SOURCE      Journal of Environmental Quality, Vol. 14, No. 4, Oct/Dec   
             1985.                                                       
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1985
 CALLNUM     QH 540. J6
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  nutrient removal--reed bed
 
 TITLE       Nutrient removal in a reed bed system.                      
 AUTHOR      Haberl, R. and R. Perfler.                                  
 SOURCE      Water Science and Technology, Vol. 23, No. 4/6.             
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 729-737.
 DATE        1991
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  nutrient removal--water hyacinths
 
 TITLE       Nutrient removal by water hyacinths.                        
 AUTHOR      Cornwell, D.A., et al.                                      
 SOURCE      Journal WPCF, January 1977                                  
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 57-65
 DATE        1977, Jan.
 CALLNUM     293. 8 SE8
 ANNOTATION  The use of aquatic plants for nitrogen and phosphorous removal is  
             not a new concept.  The authors' research concluded that nutrient  
             removal capability of water hyacinths was directly related to the  
             pond surface area.  In designing a nutrient removal system with    
             water hyacinths, the depth and the detention time in the pond must 
             be set so as to provide a given amount of surface area per unit    
             flow through the pond.                                             
 
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pathogens/vectors
 
 TITLE       Insecticides for insect pest control in constructed wetlands
             for wastewater treatment: a dilemma.                        
 AUTHOR      Snoddy, E.L. and J.C. Cooney.                               
 SOURCE      Pesticides in Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments.         
             Proceedings of a National Research Conference. Blacksburg,  
             VA.                                                         
 PUBLISHER   Virginia Water Resources                                    
 PAGES
 DATE        1989, May 11-12
 CALLNUM     QH545.P4P4844
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pathogens/vectors
 
 TITLE       Mosquito considerations in the design of wetland systems for
             the treatment of wastewaters.                               
 AUTHOR      Stowell, R., et al.                                         
 SOURCE      Ecological Considerations in Wetlands Treatment of Municipal
             Wastewaters.                                                
 PUBLISHER   New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company                     
 PAGES       pp. 38-47.
 DATE        1985
 CALLNUM     QH 545 549E3
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pathogens/vectors
 
 TITLE       Pathogen removal in constructed wetlands.                   
 AUTHOR      Gersberg, R.M., R.A. Gearheart and M. Ives.                 
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishing, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp. 431-445
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  This article focuses on human health risks associated with         
             constructed wetlands that are used to treat municipal wastewater.  
             The overall objectives were to study the degree of removal of      
             fecal contamination and viral pollution from two constructed       
             wetlands in California.                                            
             
                                                                              
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pathogens/vectors--mosquitos
 
 TITLE       California's experience with mosquitos in aquatic wastewater
             treatment systems.                                          
 AUTHOR      Martin, C.V. and B.F. Eldridge.                             
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural                                 
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishers, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp. 393-398
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  Aquatic macrophytes added to oxidation ponds improved wastewater   
             treatment.  However, with the introduction of macropyhtes, the     
             mosquitoes population increased.  Careful design before            
             construction and monitoring after construction can keep mosquito   
             breeding within acceptable levels.                                 
 
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pathogens/vectors--mosquitos
 
 TITLE       Production and suppression of pest mosquitos in constructed 
             wetlands.                                                   
 AUTHOR      Tennessen, K.J.                                             
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Water Quality Improvement          
 PUBLISHER   CRC Press, Inc.                                             
 PAGES       pp 591-601
 DATE        1993
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION  Two types of wastewater wetlands constructed in the Tennessee      
             Valley region were sampled for mosquito species composition and    
             population levels.  In wetlands receiving acidic runoff from coal  
             mining operations, there were relatively few mosquito species      
             while high levels of mosquito production occurred in wetlands      
             treating domestic sewage.  Therefore, recognition of potential     
             mosquito problems in organically laden wetlands should be taken    
             into consideration during the planning stages for both             
             construction and operation.                                        
                  
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pathogens/vectors--mosquitos
 
 TITLE       Wastewater wetlands: user friendly mosquito habitats.       
 AUTHOR      Dill, C.H.                                                  
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural                                 
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishers, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp. 664-667
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756.5 C66
 ANNOTATION  Early input by mosquito-control professionals can keep wetlands    
             from becoming a public health risk.  Mosquito problems can be      
             minimized with a good preventive design coupled with water         
             management, vegetation control, and biological control.            
 
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pathogens/vectors/pests
 
 TITLE       Fate of viruses in artificial wetlands.                     
 AUTHOR      Gersberg, R.M.,  et al.                                     
 SOURCE      Applied Environmental Microbiology.  53:731-736             
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1987
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  Performance
 
 TITLE       Wastewater treatment using artificial wetlands: The         
             hydrology and treatment performance of horizontal and       
             vertical flow systems.                                      
 AUTHOR      Breen, P.F. and A.J. Chick.                                 
 SOURCE      Proceedings of 13th federal convention, Australian Water and
             Waste Association,                                          
 PUBLISHER   Canberra, Australia, 1990.                                  
 PAGES
 DATE        1990
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  performance (limitations)
 
 TITLE       The performance limitations of wetland treatment systems--a 
             discussion.                                                 
 AUTHOR      Hiley, P.D.                                                 
 SOURCE      Use of Constructed Wetlands in Water Pollution Control.     
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1990
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants
 
 TITLE       A constructed wetland with a declining growth gradient of   
             soft-stem bulrush (Scirpus validus) plants.                 
 AUTHOR      Edwards, M.E., K.C. Brinkmann and J.T. Watson.              
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Water Quality Improvement          
 PUBLISHER   CRC Press, Inc.                                             
 PAGES       pp 415-425
 DATE        1993
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION  A constructed wetland cell with gravel substrate, designed to      
             polish subsurface flowing effluent from a package treatment plant, 
             was planted exclusively with soft-stem bulrush.  In the second     
             year of plant growth, quantitative procedures were undertaken to   
             determine if a plant growth gradient existed along the path of     
             wastewater flow.  Because of the declining growth gradient,        
             bulrush plants grew most in the influent end, less in the middle   
             section, and least in the effluent end of the wetland cell.        
          
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants
 
 TITLE       A study of soft-stem bulrush (Scirpus validus) growth in a  
             constructed wetland, Hardin, Kentucky.                      
 AUTHOR      Edwards, M.E.                                               
 SOURCE      Report prepared for the TVA                                 
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1990, December
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants
 
 TITLE       Analysis of survival and condition of planted vegetation at 
             the Benton, Hardin, and Pembroke, Kentucky constructed      
             wetland treatment systems.                                  
 AUTHOR      Knight, R.L.                                                
 SOURCE      Report prepared for the TVA by CH2MHill                     
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1991, November
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants
 
 TITLE       Aquatic plant wastewater treatment systems.                 
 AUTHOR      Wolverton, B.C.                                             
 SOURCE      Mobile Bay Audubon Society, May 6, 1988.                    
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1988
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants
 
 TITLE       Aquatic plants for wastewater treatment: an overview.       
 AUTHOR      Wolverton, B.C.                                             
 SOURCE      Aquatic Plants for Wastewater Treatment and Resource        
             Recovery.                                                   
 PUBLISHER   Orlando, FL: Magnolia Publishing Inc.                       
 PAGES       pp. 3-15.
 DATE        1987
 CALLNUM     TD 475 C65 1986
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants
 
 TITLE       Aquatic plants for water treatment and resource recovery.   
 AUTHOR      Reddy, K.R. and W.H. Smith. (Eds.)                          
 SOURCE
 PUBLISHER   Orlando, FL: Magnolia Publishing.                           
 PAGES       1032p.
 DATE        1987
 CALLNUM     TD475 C65 1986
 ANNOTATION  This book contains papers selected by a review panel from those    
             presented at an International Conference on Research and Recovery. 
             Much of the attention focused on vascular aquatic plants has been  
             directed primarily toward their elimination from water bodies.     
             Sufficient biological, engineering, economic, ecologic and         
             environmental data are now emerging to make possible the design    
             and operation of water treatment/resources systems using aquatic   
             plants.                                                            
 
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants
 
 TITLE       Effects of Phragmites australis roots and rhizomes on redox 
             potentials, nitrification, and bacterial numbers in the     
             sediment.                                                   
 AUTHOR      Hansen, J.I. and F.O. Andersen.                             
 SOURCE      Proceedings of the 9th Nordic Symposium on Sediments.       
 PUBLISHER   Norr Malmo, Sweden: Scripta Limnologica                     
 PAGES       pp. 72-88
 DATE        1981
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants
 
 TITLE       Evaluation of aquatic plants for constructed wetlands.      
 AUTHOR      Surrency, D.                                                
 SOURCE      USDA, Soil Conservation Service, Athens, GA. 30601          
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       14p.
 DATE        1991
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants
 
 TITLE       High hopes for cattails.                                    
 AUTHOR      Dawson, B.                                                  
 SOURCE      Civil Engineering                                           
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1989, May
 CALLNUM     290.8 C49
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants
 
 TITLE       Plants that purify.                                         
 AUTHOR      Hallowell, C.                                               
 SOURCE      Audubon, Vol. 94 (Jan./Feb. 1992)                           
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 76-80
 DATE        1992
 CALLNUM     S900 A8
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants
 
 TITLE       Preliminary survey of vegetative growth and survival factors
             in constructed wetlands, selected TVA projects.             
 AUTHOR      Edwards, M.E.                                               
 SOURCE      Report prepared for the TVA                                 
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1990, Sept.
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants
 
 TITLE       Propagation of wetland species.                             
 AUTHOR      Brumback, W.E.                                              
 SOURCE      Combined Proceedings - International Plant Propagator's     
             Society:40: p507-511, 1990, publ. 1991                      
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp 507-511
 DATE        1991
 CALLNUM     451 P692
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants
 
 TITLE       Relative radial oxygen loss in five wetland plants.         
 AUTHOR      Michaud, S.C. and C.J. Richardson.                          
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishers, Inc.                         
 PAGES       WRA - WETLANDS.DOC -EPA S
 DATE        pp 501-507.
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  Obtaining reproducible toxic chemical impact in  aquatic/marine    
             environments is a major difficulty for assessing field test        
             information.  This paper presents economical in-situ  approaches   
             for evaluating wastewater impacts and effects on constructed       
             wetlands soil/sediment microenvironments.                          
 
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants
 
 TITLE       Response of wetland plants to effluents in water and        
             sediment.                                                   
 AUTHOR      Walsh, G.E., D.E. Weber, M.T. Nguyen and L.K. Esry.         
 SOURCE      Environmental and Experimental Botany, Vol. 31, No. 3.      
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 351-358
 DATE        1991, July
 CALLNUM     450 R11
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants
 
 TITLE       Role of aquatic plants in wastewater treatment by artificial
             wetlands.                                                   
 AUTHOR      Gersberg, R.M., B.V. Elkins, S.R. Lyon and C.R. Goldman.    
 SOURCE      Water Research.  20(3):363-368                              
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1986
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants
 
 TITLE       Selection and evaluation of plant materials for constructed 
             wetlands.                                                   
 AUTHOR      Surrency, D.                                                
 SOURCE      Soil and Water Conservation Society 47th Annual Meeting,    
             Aug. 9-12, 1992, Baltimore, MD.                             
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1992
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants
 
 TITLE       Soil oxygenation in constructed reed beds: the role of      
             macrophyte and soil-atmosphere interface on oxygen transport.  
 AUTHOR      Brix, H. and H.H. Schierup.                                 
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands in Water Pollution Control.            
 PUBLISHER   Pergamon Press, Inc.                                        
 PAGES       pp. 53-66
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 I57
 ANNOTATION  The flux of metabolic gases through the soil-atmosphere interface  
             and through the hollow reed (Phragmites australis) columns was     
             quantified.  The respiratory oxygen consumption of roots and       
             rhizomes almost perfectly balanced the oxygen influx through the   
             columns leaving only 0.02 grams of oxygen per day to be released   
             to the surrounding soil.  Therefore, the macrophyte-induced        
             rhizosphere oxygenation was of no quantitative importance for      
             aerobic biochemical oxygen demand degradation and microbial        
             degradation.                                                       
                                                                                
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants
 
 TITLE       The role of heavy metals and toxic materials in the         
             physiological ecology of submerged macrophytes.             
 AUTHOR      Guilizzoni, P.                                              
 SOURCE      Aquatic Biology, Vol. 41.                                   
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1991
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants
 
 TITLE       The use of duckweed for wastewater treatment.               
 AUTHOR      Zirschky, J. and S.C. Reed.                                 
 SOURCE      J. Water Pollution Control Federation.     60(7):1253-58.   
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1988
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants
 
 TITLE       Thermoosmotic air transport in aquatic plants affecting     
             growth activities and oxygen diffusion in wetland soil.     
 AUTHOR      Grosse, W.                                                  
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural                                 
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishers, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp. 469-476
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  Many water lily species are cultivated in lakes and constructed    
             ponds as ornamental plants.  Diffusion through the plant's         
             aerenchyma can supply atmospheric air to a depth of four meters.   
             For greater depths, plants with aerial or floating leaves generate 
             a ventilating airflow by thermodiffusion.                          
 
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants
 
 TITLE       Treating wastewater with hyacinths.                         
 AUTHOR      Doersam, J.                                                 
 SOURCE      BioCycle. August 1987.                                      
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 30-32
 DATE        1987, August
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION  To protect vegetation from freezing,  a natural treatment system   
             (treating wastewater) consisting of three parallel hyacinth ponds  
             was enclosed in a five acre greenhouse to provide for year-round   
             operation.  The system has been effective in removing 80% of total 
             suspended solids and 40-50% effective in removing biochemical      
             oxygen demand.  The hyacinths are harvested to help facilitate the 
             removal of nitrogen and phosphorus the system.                     
 
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants
 
 TITLE       Vegetation dynamics in relation to wetland creation.        
 AUTHOR      Niering, W.A.                                               
 SOURCE
 PUBLISHER   Island Press                                                
 PAGES
 DATE        1990
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants
 
 TITLE       Vegetation in wetlands receiving sewage effluent: the       
             importance of the seed bank.                                
 AUTHOR      Whigham, D.                                                 
 SOURCE      Paper presented at conference "Ecological considerations in 
             wetlands treatment of municipal wastewater, Univ. of Mass., 
             June 24-25, 1982.                                           
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       13p.
 DATE        1982
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants
 
 TITLE       Water hyacinths--not just a pretty plant.                   
 AUTHOR      __________.                                                 
 SOURCE      BioCycle, ??                                                
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 40-42
 DATE        ??
 CALLNUM     57.8 C734
 ANNOTATION  For some southern wastewater treatment facilities, the water       
             hyacinth is a good filtration system for primary effluent.  The    
             plants adsorb harmful by-products and significantly reduce         
             nitrogen and phosphorus levels in sewage.  Keeping the crop        
             healthy and weed-free and harvesting the hyacinth requires much of 
             the operator's time.                                               
     
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants
 
 TITLE       Wetland vegetation.                                         
 AUTHOR      Guntenspergen, G.R., F. Stearns and J.A. Kadlec.            
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishers, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp 73-88
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  Any one type of artificial wetland may be unable to treat all      
             contaminants coming into it, so a variety of plant species are     
             used in constructed wetland systems to address this situation.  In 
             this paper the authors discuss major wetland vegetational          
             categories, physiological adaptations to environmental gradients,  
             and the abilities of plants to affect their environment to         
             transform different types of wastewater.                           
           
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants--aquaculture
 
 TITLE       Harvesting reed sweetgrass Glyceria-maxima poaceae effects  
             on growth and rhizome storage of carbohydrates.             
 AUTHOR      Sundblad, K. and K. Robertson.                              
 SOURCE      Economic Botany ECON BOT 42 (4). 1988. 495-502.             
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp 495-502
 DATE        1988
 CALLNUM     450 Ec7
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants--microbes
 
 TITLE       Microorganisms and higher plants for wastewater treatment.  
 AUTHOR      Wolverton, B.C., R.C. McDonald and W.R. Duffer.             
 SOURCE      Journal of Environmental Quality, Vol. 12, No. 2.           
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1983
 CALLNUM     QH 540 J6
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants--typha--bioaccumulation--zinc
 
 TITLE       Distribution and accumulation of zinc in Typha latifolia.   
 AUTHOR      Blake, G., et al.                                           
 SOURCE      Proc. Seminar on Aquatic Plants for Water Treatment and     
             Resource Recovery. Orlando. FL, 20-24 July 1986             
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1986
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION  The use of the rooted macrophyte Typha latifolia in metal water    
             treatment is presented.  The authors studied the distribution and  
             the accumulation of Zinc-65 (ZnCl2 and Zn-EDTA) in plants grown in 
             batch tank experiments.  Highest concentration of the metal are    
             found in underground parts of the plant.                           
 
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  plants--water hyacinths
 
 TITLE       Influence of potassium supply on growth and nutrient storage
             by water hyacinth.                                          
 AUTHOR      Reddy, K.R., M. Agami, E.M. D'Angelo and J.C. Tucker.       
 SOURCE      Bioresource Technology, Vol. 37, No. 1.                     
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 79-84
 DATE        1991
 CALLNUM     TD930 A32
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal--metals
 
 TITLE       Bioaccumulation of selected heavy metals by the water fern, 
             Azolla filiculoides lam. in a wetland ecosystem affected by 
             sewage, mine and industrial pollution.                      
 AUTHOR      De Wet, L.P.D., H.J. Schoonbee and J. Pretorius.            
 SOURCE      Water SA WASADV. 16(4): 281-286, October 1990               
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1990, October
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  policy
 
 TITLE       Practices, EPA policies for wastewater-wetlands project     
             evolve.                                                     
 AUTHOR      Bastian, R.                                                 
 SOURCE      Water Environment and Technology. v. 1 (4)                  
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       p. 483-485.
 DATE
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  policy
 
 TITLE       States' activities, attitudes and policies concerning       
             constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment.              
 AUTHOR      Slayden, R.L. and L.N. Schwartz.                            
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishing, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp. 279-286
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  This paper presents a cross section of current activities,         
             attitudes, and policies of individual states concerning            
             constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment.  Few states have    
             hard-and-fast policies or criteria on this technology which leads  
             to a wide spectrum of activities and attitudes concerning          
             constructed wetlands.                                              
             
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  policy
 
 TITLE       U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's SITE emerging        
             technology.                                                 
 AUTHOR      Bates, E.R., et al.                                         
 SOURCE      Journal of the Air Pollution Control Association. July 1989.
             v. 39 (7). p. 927-35.                                       
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     449. 9 Ai7
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  policy
 
 TITLE       Use of wetlands for water quality improvement under the     
             USEPA region V clean lakes program.                         
 AUTHOR      Landers, J.C. and B.A. Knuth.                               
 SOURCE      Environmental Management.  15(2): 151-162.                  
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE
 CALLNUM     HC 79 E5E5
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  policy
 
 TITLE       Wetland treatment systems--FY 91-96 research plan for the   
             USEPA wetlands research program.                            
 AUTHOR      __________.                                                 
 SOURCE      NSI Technology Services Corp, Corvallis, OR                 
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1990, October
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  policy
 
 TITLE       Wetlands and water quality: EPA's research and monitoring   
             implementation plan for the years 1989-1994.                
 AUTHOR      Adamus, P.R. and E. Preston.                                
 SOURCE      EPA, Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research  
             and Development, Corvallis, OR 97333.                       
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       53p.
 DATE        1989, March
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION  The EPA wishes to demonstrate that existing surface water quality  
             criteria for protecting the chemical, hydrological, and biological 
             integrity of wetland resources is adequate.  The agency wishes to  
             develop technical information to support designation of particular 
             wetlands for certain "uses"; estimate the limits of different      
             wetland types, both constructed and natural, for intentionally or  
             passively assimilating nutrients and contaminants.                 
 
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  policy, institution
 
 TITLE       Use of wetlands for wastewater treatment and effluent       
             disposal: institutional constraints.                        
 AUTHOR      Rusincovitch, F.                                            
 SOURCE      Ecological Considerations in Wetlands Treatment of Municipal
             Wastewaters.                                                
 PUBLISHER   New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, Co.                        
 PAGES       pp. 427-432
 DATE        1985
 CALLNUM     QH 545 549E3
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  policy/perception
 
 TITLE       Human perception of utilization of wetlands for waste       
             assimilation, or how do you make a silk purse out of a sow's
             ear.                                                        
 AUTHOR      Smardon, R.C.                                               
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishing, Inc.                         
 PAGES       18 ref. WRA - WETLANDS.DO
 DATE        pp 287-295.
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  Recent emphasis on ecological values and multifunctional aspects   
             of wetlands have improved the public's image of wetlands; however, 
             loading wetlands with wastewater risks resenitizing all the        
             historical negative imagery.  This paper will present human        
             perception of wetlands from a historical perspective; review the   
             literature on how people perceive environmental quality in         
             relation to odor, water quality, and wetland quality; and outline  
             a data gathering framework to assess public perceptions on the     
             role of wetlands in water quality enhancements.                    
         
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal
 
 TITLE       Aquatic plants for pH adjustment and removal of toxic       
             chemicals and dissolved minerals from water supplies.       
 AUTHOR      Wolverton, B.C. and B.K. Bounds.                            
 SOURCE      Journal of the Mississippi Academy of Science, Vol. 33,     
             1988.                                                       
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1988
 CALLNUM     500 m697
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal
 
 TITLE       Aquatic plants for removal of mevinphos from the aquatic    
             environment.                                                
 AUTHOR      Wolverton, B.C. and D.D. Harrison.                          
 SOURCE      Jour. Miss. Acad. Sci., 19: 84-88.                          
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1975
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal
 
 TITLE       Purification efficiency of planted soil filters for         
             wastewater treatment.                                       
 AUTHOR      Netter, R.                                                  
 SOURCE      Water Science and Technology v 26 n 9-11 1992. pp 2317-2320.
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp 2317-2320
 DATE        1992
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal
 
 TITLE       Water quality functions of wetlands: natural and manmade    
             systems.                                                    
 AUTHOR      Bastian, R.K. and J. Benforado.                             
 SOURCE      Proceedings of the International Symposium on Ecology and   
             Management of Wetlands--Vol. 1: Ecology of Wetlands.        
 PUBLISHER   Kent, UK: Croom Helm                                        
 PAGES       pp. 87-97
 DATE        1988
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal N,P
 
 TITLE       Amplification of total dry matter, nitrogen, and phosphorus 
             removal from stands of Phragmites australis by harvesting   
             and reharvesting regenerated shoots.                        
 AUTHOR      Suzuki, T., W.G.A. Nissanka and Y. Kurihara.                
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishing, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp 530-535
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  Investigations have shown the Phragmites austrails are effective   
             in removing nitrogen and phosphorus from wastewater.  Harvesting   
             the shoots could remove a large quantity of these nutrients.  The  
             experiment was designed to establish the best timing for           
             harvesting and reharvesting the regenerated shoots and to amplify  
             removal of total dry matter, nitrogen and phosphorus.              
                                                                                
                                                                          
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal, BOD
 
 TITLE       Vegetated submerged beds with artificial substrates. I: BOD 
             removal.                                                    
 AUTHOR      Burgoon, P.S., T.A. Debusk, K.R. Reddy and B. Koopman.      
 SOURCE      Journal of Engineering Mechanics, Vol. 117, No. 8.          
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 394-407
 DATE        1991, August.
 CALLNUM     290. 9 AM3PS (EM)
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal, metals
 
 TITLE       Uptake and losses of heavy metals in sewage sludge by a New 
             England salt marsh.                                         
 AUTHOR      Giblin, A.E., A. Bourg, I. Valiela and J.M. Teal.           
 SOURCE      American Journal of Botany. 1980. v. 67 p. 1059-1068.       
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1980
 CALLNUM     450 Am36
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal, N
 
 TITLE       Denitrification in artificial wetlands.                     
 AUTHOR      Stengel, E. and R. Schultz-Hock.                            
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishing, Inc.                         
 PAGES       Enviroline - WETLANDS.DOC
 DATE        pp 484-92.
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  Small artificial wetlands were examined for their potential to     
             purify nitrate contaminated water into potable water.  Macropytes  
             were used for denitrification because of the low-oxygen content of 
             wetland water.  Denitrification in relation to oxygen              
             concentration, organic carbon sources, and temperature; and oxygen 
             conditions in the root horizon is presented in this paper.         
 
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal, N
 
 TITLE       Dentrification in wetlands as a means of water quality      
             improvement.                                                
 AUTHOR      Graetz, D.A., et al.                                        
 SOURCE      Publication No. 48                                          
 PUBLISHER   Gainesville, FL: University of Florida                      
 PAGES
 DATE        1980
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal, N
 
 TITLE       Nitrogen removal in artificial wetlands.                    
 AUTHOR      Gersberg, R.M., B.V. Elkins and C.R. Goldman.               
 SOURCE      Water Research.  17(9):1009-1014                            
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1983
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal, N
 
 TITLE       Use of artificial wetlands to remove nitrogen from          
             wastewater.                                                 
 AUTHOR      Gersberg, R.M., B.V. Elkins and C.R. Goldman.               
 SOURCE      Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation.          
             56(2):152-156                                               
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1984, February
 CALLNUM     293.8 SE8
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal, N,P
 
 TITLE       Vegetated submerged beds with artificial substrates. II: N  
             and P removal.                                              
 AUTHOR      Burgoon, P.S., K.R. Reddy, T.A. DeBusk and B. Koopman.      
 SOURCE      Journal of Engineering Mechanics (ASCE), Vol. 117, No. 8.   
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 408-424
 DATE        1991, August
 CALLNUM     290. 9 AM3PS (EM)
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal, N--hydraulics
 
 TITLE       Hydraulic conductivity and nitrogen removal in an artificial
             wetland system.                                             
 AUTHOR      McIntyre, B.D. and S.J. Riha.                               
 SOURCE      Journal of Environmental Quality. 20(1): 259-263.           
 PUBLISHER   2 fig, 2tab, 16 ref. CWET.TXT                               
 PAGES
 DATE
 CALLNUM     DNAL QH540.J6
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal, P
 
 TITLE       Particulate phosphorous removal via wetland filtration: An  
             examination of potential for hypertrophic lake restoration. 
 AUTHOR      Lowe, E.F., et al.                                          
 SOURCE      Environmental Management. Jan/Feb 1992. v. 16 (1) p. 67-74. 
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp 67-74
 DATE        1992
 CALLNUM     HC79 E5E5
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal, P
 
 TITLE       Phosphorus removal efficiency of a constructed wetland      
             treatment system.                                           
 AUTHOR      Mann, R.A.                                                  
 SOURCE      M. App. Sci. (Thesis)                                       
 PUBLISHER   1990.                                                       
 PAGES
 DATE
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal, P
 
 TITLE       Removal of phosphorus from wastewater by soil under aerobic 
             and aerobic conditions.                                     
 AUTHOR      Hill, D.E. and B.L. Sawhney.                                
 SOURCE      J. Environ. Qual. 10:401-405.                               
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1981
 CALLNUM     QH 540 J6
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal--metals
 
 TITLE       Comparisons of the processing of elements by ecosystems II: 
             Metals.                                                     
 AUTHOR      Giblin, A.E.                                                
 SOURCE      Ecological Considerations in Wetlands Treatment of Municipal
             Wastewaters.                                                
 PUBLISHER   New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold                             
 PAGES       pp. 158-179.
 DATE        1985.
 CALLNUM     QH 545 549E3
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal--metals
 
 TITLE       Removal of heavy metals by artificial wetlands.             
 AUTHOR      Gersberg, R.M., S.R. Lyon, B.V. Elkins and C.R. Goldman.    
 SOURCE      Future of Water Reuse. Vol. 2.                              
 PUBLISHER   Denver, CO: American Water Works Association                
 PAGES       pp. 639-648
 DATE        1984
 CALLNUM     TD 429. W3 1984
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal--metals, Cd--plant--water hyacinth
 
 TITLE       Incorporation of cadmium by water hyacinth.                 
 AUTHOR      Blake, G., B. Kaigate, A. Fourcy and C. Boutin.             
 SOURCE      Wat. Sci. Tech. 19 (10), 123-128                            
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1987
 CALLNUM     TD420 A1P7
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal--plants
 
 TITLE       Biotransformation of priority pollutants using biofilms and 
             vascular plants.                                            
 AUTHOR      Wolverton, B.C. and R.C. McDonald-McCaleb.                  
 SOURCE      Journal of the Mississippi Academy of Science, Vol. 31.     
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1986
 CALLNUM     500 M697
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  proceedings/abstracts/bibliographies
 
 TITLE       Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 AUTHOR      Hammer, D.A., ed.                                           
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial, and Agricultural.                               
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishers, Inc.                         
 PAGES       831p.
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     DNAL TD756.5.C66
 ANNOTATION  This volume contains the proceedings from the first comprehensive  
             conference on constructed wetlands for water quality improvement.  
             It represents the state-of-the-art in 1988; however, as new        
             developments occur the information presented in this book will     
             need revising.  The goal of this book is to provide information to 
             improve acceptance and increase application of constructed         
             wetlands for water quality improvements.                           
          
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  proceedings/abstracts/bibliographies
 
 TITLE       Constructed wetlands for water quality improvement.         
 AUTHOR      __________.                                                 
 SOURCE      Paper Presented at the International Symposium on           
             Constructed Wetlands for Water Quality Improvement,         
             Pensacola, FL, October 2.                                   
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp 10
 DATE        1991
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION  The author identifies various components of agricultural           
             wastewater and compiles and evaluates the parameters that need to  
             be considered in treating agricultural wastewaters in wetlands.    
             Some of the various components of agricultural wastewater include  
             milk house wastewater, barnyard runoff, roof and upstream runoff,  
             barn/confined animal flush water, leachate from stacked manure     
             systems, silage leachate, nonpoint surface runoff from cropland,   
             and tile drainage water.  Each of the components possesses unique  
             characteristics which creates specific problems for treatment.     
 
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  reed beds--design/operation
 
 TITLE       Draft design and operations guidelines for reed bed         
             treatment system.                                           
 AUTHOR      Cooper, P.F.                                                
 SOURCE      Draft WRC Report                                            
 PUBLISHER   April 1989.                                                 
 PAGES
 DATE
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  root zone method
 
 TITLE       An assessment of the root zone method of wastewater         
             treatment.                                                  
 AUTHOR      Conley, L.M., et al.                                        
 SOURCE      Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation.          
             63(3):239-48(May-June 1991).                                
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1991, May/June
 CALLNUM     TD419 R47
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  soils
 
 TITLE       Physical and chemical characteristics of freshwater wetlands
             soils.                                                      
 AUTHOR      Faulkner, S.P. and C.J. Richardson.                         
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishers, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp. 41-72
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  The chemical and physical parameters of soils, particularly        
             freshwater wetland soils, influence their ability to effectively   
             treat wastewater.  This article describes soil properties, soil    
             classifications, and saturated soil chemical processes of          
             wetlands. 
                                                                                
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  thesis
 
 TITLE       Aspects of wetlands treatment.                              
 AUTHOR      Greaves, J.                                                 
 SOURCE      MSc Thesis                                                  
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 ********************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    BG
 SUBCATEGOR  water hyacinths--pollutant removal, NH4
 
 TITLE       Use of water hyacinth aquatic treatment systems for ammonia 
             control and effluent polishing.                             
 AUTHOR      Hauser, J.R.                                                
 SOURCE      Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation.          
             56:219-226                                                  
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1984
 CALLNUM     293. 8 SE8
 ANNOTATION  This paper presents the results of a 2-year pilot program          
             investigating the use of water hyacinth aquatic treatment systems  
             for ammonia removal and effluent polishing at a wastewater         
             treatment plant.  The aims of the pilot investigation were to      
             determine if water hyacinth aquatic treatment systems could be     
             used successfully for ammonia control, effluent polishing and to   
             gain actual operational experience that could be used in a         
             full-scale system design.                                          
            
                                                                                
 ********************************************************************
 
   NOTE: THE FOLLOWING CITATIONS ARE AN UPDATE AS OF OCTOBER 24, 1995, TO THE
   ORIGINAL DOCUMENT AND THEREFORE ARE IN A DIFFERENT FORMAT.
   
     1     NAL Call No.: 290.9-Am32P
   A modified procedure for design of constructed wetlands.
   Chen, S.; Malone, R. F.; Fall, L. 
   Paper American Society of Agricultural Engineers. St. Joseph, Mich. :
   American Society of Agricultural Engineers,. Winter 1992. (92-4527) 19 p. 
   Paper presented at the "1992 International Winter Meeting sponsored by the
   American Society of Agricultural Engineers," December 15-18, 1992,
   Nashville, Tennessee.
   
   Descriptors: waste water treatment; wetlands; construction;
   design-calculations; models
   
     2     NAL Call No.: aQK130.R48--1992
   A Review of literature concerning the establishment and maintenance of
   constructed wetlands using Scirpus, Sparganium, and other wetland species.
   Mandel, R.;  Koch, P. L.; United States. Soil Conservation Service.
   [Washington, D.C.? : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service],
   1992. iii, 114 p..
   Cover title.
   
   Descriptors: Wetland plants Great Lakes Region; Constructed wetlands Great
   Lakes Region
   
     3     NAL Call No.: 290.9-Am32T
   A theoretical approach for minimization of excavation and media costs of
   constructed wetlands for BOD5 removal.
   Chen, S.; Malone, R. F.; Fall, L. J. 
   Transactions of the ASAE v.36, p.1625-1632. (1993).
   Includes references.
   
   Descriptors: wetlands; design; waste water treatment; biochemical oxygen
   demand; hydraulics; subsurface drainage; artificial wetlands; subsurface
   flow
   
   Abstract: A modified procedure for minimizing excavation and media costs
   for subsurface constructed wetland design for BOD5 removal is presented.
   Based upon the assumptions of first order BOD5 removal kinetics, a
   plug-flow reactor, and hydraulics governed by Darcy's law for a constructed
   wetland, this procedure incorporates the currently available theory into a
   unique systematic design approach. The modified procedure suggests that a
   small slope and a small aspect ratio (length/width) should be used whenever
   possible. This design procedure provides an optimization rationale for each
   design step and relates the primary design parameters to excavation and
   media material costs. Operational parameters that determine the performance
   of constructed wetlands are more clearly defined than before based on the
   theoretical treatment presented. Using this design procedure, cost
   reductions are demonstrated for two examples.
   
     4     NAL Call No.: TD756.5.M67--1993
   Constructed wetlands for water quality improvement.
   Moshiri, G. A. 
   Boca Raton : Lewis Publishers, c1993. 632 p. : ill., maps.
   Papers presented at the Pensacola conference.
   
   Descriptors: Constructed wetlands-Congresses; Water quality management
   Congresses; Constructed wetlands-Case studies-Congresses
   
     5     NAL Call No.: TD420.A1P7
   Design criteria and practice for constructed wetlands.
   Crites, R. W. 
   Water science and technology: a journal of the International Association on
   Water Pollution Research and Control v.29, p.1-6. (1994).
   In the series analytic: Wetlands systems in water pollution control /
   edited by H.J. Bavor and D.S. Mitchell. Australia.
   
   Descriptors: waste water treatment; wetlands; design; water flow;
   hydrology; biological treatment; aquatic plants; artificial wetlands
   
     6     NAL Call No.: TD420.A1P7
   Designing constructed wetlands for nitrogen removal.
   Hammer, D. A.; Knight, R. L.
   Water science and technology: a journal of the International Association on
   Water Pollution Research and Control  v.29, p.15-27. (1994).
   In the series analytic: Wetlands systems in water pollution control /
   edited by H.J. Bavor and D.S. Mitchell. Australia.
   
   Descriptors: waste water treatment; biological treatment; wetlands; design;
   nitrification; denitrification; nitrogen; removal; ammonium; anaerobic
   conditions; aerobiosis; aerobic treatment; anaerobic treatment; aquatic
   plants; nutrient uptake; artificial wetlands
   
     7     NAL Call No.: QH545.A1E58
   Effects of acidification on metal accumulation by aquatic plants and
   invertebrates. 1. Constructed wetlands.
   Albers, P. H.; Camardese, M. B. 
   Environmental toxicology and chemistry v.12, p.959-967. (1993).
   Includes references.
   
   Descriptors: aquatic plants; aquatic insects; uptake; aluminum; cadmium;
   calcium; copper; iron; lead; magnesium; manganese; nickel; zinc;
   acidification; wetlands; pollution; ph; adverse effects; freshwater
   biology; maryland
   
     8     NAL Call No.: TD420.A1P7
   Establishing wetland plants in artificial systems.
   Chambers, J. M.; McComb, A. J.L. 
   Water science and technology: a journal of the International Association on
   Water Pollution Research and Control v.29, p.79-84. (1994).
   In the series analytic: Wetlands systems in water pollution control /
   edited by H.J. Bavor and D.S. Mitchell. Australia.
   
   Descriptors: waste water treatment; biological treatment; wetlands; aquatic
   plants; rhizomes; transplanting; seed germination; establishment; western
   australia; constructed wetlands; artificial wetlands; macrophytes
   
     9     NAL Call No.:  TD756.5.E97--1990
   European design and operations guidelines for reed bed treatment systems.
   Cooper, P. F. P. F.; Water Research Centre (Great Britain). Swindon : Water
   Research Centre, 1990. viii, 27, 10 p. (1 folded) : ill..
   Rev. Dec. 1990.
   
   Descriptors: Constructed wetlands; Water Purification
   
     10    NAL Call No.: TD420.A1P7
   Flow characteristics of planted soil filters.
   Netter, R. 
   Water science and technology: a journal of the International Association on
   Water Pollution Research and Control  v.29, p.37-44. (1994).
   In the series analytic: Wetlands systems in water pollution control /
   edited by H.J. Bavor and D.S. Mitchell. Australia.
   
   Descriptors: waste water treatment; biological treatment; wetlands; water
   flow; measurement; aquatic plants; tracers; constructed wetlands;
   artificial wetlands
   
     11    NAL Call No.: TD420.A1P7
   Functions of macrophytes in constructed wetlands.
   Brix, H. 
   Water science and technology: a journal of the International Association on
   Water Pollution Research and Control v.29, p.71-78. (1994).
   In the series analytic: Wetlands systems in water pollution control /
   edited by H.J. Bavor and D.S. Mitchell. Australia.
   
   Descriptors: waste water treatment; biological treatment; wetlands; aquatic
   plants; hydraulic conductivity; nutrient uptake; artificial wetlands
   
     12    NAL Call No.: 290.9-Am32P
   Hydraulic properties of bed media for constructed wetlands.
   Turner, G. A.; Lesikar, B. J.; Fipps, G. 
   Paper American Society of Agricultural Engineers. St. Joseph, Mich. :
   American Society of Agricultural Engineers,. Summer 1994. (94-1075/94-2020)
   14 p. 
   Paper presented at the "1994 International Summer Meeting sponsored by The
   American Society of Agricultural Engineers," June 19-22, 1994, Kansas City,
   Missouri.
   
   Descriptors: wetlands; hydrological factors
   
     13    NAL Call No.: TD420.A1P7
   Inventory of constructed wetlands in the United States.
   Brown, D. S.; Reed, S. C. 
   Water science and technology: a journal of the International Association on
   Water Pollution Research and Control v.29, p.309-318. (1994).
   In the series analytic: Wetlands systems in water pollution control /
   edited by H.J. Bavor and D.S. Mitchell. Australia.
   
   Descriptors: waste water treatment; biological treatment; wetlands;
   surveys; sewage effluent; usa; artificial wetlands
   
     14    NAL Call No.: QH540.E23
   Limited response of cordgrass (Spartina foliosa) to soil amendments in a
   constructed marsh.
   Gibson, K. D.; Zedler, J. B.; Langis, R. Ecological applications v.4,
   p.757-767. (1994).
   Includes references.
   
   Descriptors: spartina; ammonium sulfate; straw; alfalfa; organic
   amendments; green manures; decomposition; biomass production; plant
   density; nitrogen; nutrient availability; soil fertility; sandy soils;
   nutrient uptake; salt marshes; wetlands; dry matter accumulation; salt
   marsh soils; california; constructed wetlands
   
     15    NAL Call No.: 290.9-Am32P
   Phosphorus retention and distribution in constructed wetlands.
   Cronk, J. K.; Mitsch, W. J. 
   Paper American Society of Agricultural Engineers. St. Joseph, Mich. :
   American Society of Agricultural Engineers,. Winter 1993. (932579) 10 p. 
   Paper presented at the "1993 International Winter Meeting of the American
   Society of Agricultural Engineers," December 14-17, 1993, Chicago,
   Illinois.
   
   Descriptors: wetlands; pollution; phosphorus
   
     16    NAL Call No.: QH540.J6
   Phosphorus retention by wetland soils used for treated wastewater disposal.
   Gale, P. M.; Reddy, K. R.; Graetz, D. A. 
   Journal of environmental quality v.23, p.370-377. (1994).
   Includes references.
   
   Descriptors: wetland soils; phosphorus; sorption; kinetics; sorption
   isotherms; physicochemical properties; waste water treatment
   
   Abstract: Wetlands function as buffers for nutrients loaded from
   terrestrial ecosystems through drainage and surface discharges. The
   objectives of our study were to (i) determine the P retention capacity of
   representative wetlands soils being used for disposal of treated wastewater
   and (ii) relate P retention characteristics to selected physicochemical
   properties to evaluate likely of P removal in the soils. Intact soil cores
   (0-40 cm) and bulk soil samples (0-15 cm) were collected from a system of
   natural and constructed wetlands currently being used for disposal of
   treated wastewater. Floodwater P concentrations of the intact soil cores
   were monitored over time to determine the rate of P removal. Batch
   experiments were conducted to determine maximum P retention capacity of the
   soils. Soil samples were analyzed for inorganic P pool sizes, and selected
   properties. During a 21 d hydraulic retention time, the constructed
   wetlands (sandy, low organic matter soils) retained 52 to 66% of added P,
   as compared with 46 to 47% retained by the natural wetlands (high organic
   matter soils). The P retention as estimated using the Langmuir model,
   ranged from 196 to 1821 mg P kg(-1) (aerobic incubations) and from 32 to
   1415 mg P kg(-1) (anaerobic incubations). The P sorption maximum for the
   soils could be by batch equilibration with a single high P solution.
   Anaerobic conditions increased P solubility.  Organic P pools and the
   Fe-Al-bound fraction seemed to control P chemistry in these natural and
   wetlands.
   
     17    NAL Call No.: TD420.A1P7
   Potential use of constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment in Northern
   environments.
   Jenssen, P. D.; Maehlum, T.; Krogstad, T. 
   Water science and technology: a journal of the International Association on
   Water Pollution Research and Control v.28, p.149-157. (1993). Proceedings
   of the 2nd International Conference on, "Design and Operation of Small
   Wastewater Treatment Plants," June 28-30, 1993, Trondheim, Norway / edited
   by H. Odegaard.
   
   Descriptors: wetlands; waste water treatment; cold zones; temperate
   climate; aquatic plants; freezing; purification; biodegradation-;
   constructed wetlands
   
     18    NAL Call No.:  TD899.C59K37--1993
   Project end report, development of high mountain plant communities as
   wetland mitigation systems for copper mine effluent.
   Kastning Culp, N.;  Lockwood, J. A. 1.;  DeBrey, L.; University of Wyoming.
   Dept. of Plant, S. a. I. S. [Laramie] : Dept. of Plant, Soil and Insect
   Sciences, University of Wyoming, [1993] viii, 141 p. : ill. (some col.).
   Cover title.
   
     19    NAL Call No.:  TD756.5.C67-1987
   State of knowledge on reed bed treatment systems : October 1987.
   Cooper, P. F. P. F.;  Hobson, J. A.; Water Research Centre (Great Britain).
   [England? : WRC?, 1987?] 1 v. (unpaged) : ill..
   Cover title.
   
   Descriptor: Constructed wetlands
   
     20    NAL Call No.:  TD756.5.R44--1993
   Subsurface flow constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment : a
   technology assessment.
   Reed, S. C. Washington, D.C. : U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office
   of Water, [1993] 1 v. (various pagings) : ill..
   "Mr. Sherwood C. Reed ... was the principal author and editor of this
   document"--P. I.
   
   Descriptor: Constructed wetlands
   
     21    NAL Call No.: MeU Univ.-1990-H461
   The economic and environmental feasibility of using constructed wetlands
   for treatment of municipal wastewater in small communities in Maine.
   Hesketh, P. S. 1. Orono, Me., 1990. viii, 256 leaves : ill..
   Includes vita. 1990.
   
     22    NAL Call No.: TP248.2.B562
   The use of macrophytes in bioremediation.
   Wood, B.; McAtamney, C.
   Biotechnology advances v.12, p.653-662. (1994).
   In the special issue: Biotechnology and industry: Present and future /
   edited by C.R. Barnett, J.S.G. Dooley, A.P. McHale, and P.G. McKenna.
   
   Descriptors: waste water treatment; bioremediation; wetlands; reviews; reed
   bed systems; constructed wetlands
   
     23    NAL Call No.:  TD755.T68-1980
   Toward the rational design of aquatic treatment systems.
   Stowell, R. E. Davis, Calif. : Dept. of Civil Engineering, University of
   California, [1980] 59 p. : ill..
   "Presented at the American Society of Civil Engineers Spring Convention,
   Portland, Oregon, April 14-18, 1980.".
   
   Descriptors: Sewage Purification- Biological treatment; Constructed
   wetlands; Wetlands
   
     24    NAL Call No.: TD420.A1P7
   Use of artificial wetlands for the treatment of recreational wastewater.
   Vincent, G. 
   Water science and technology: a journal of the International Association on
   Water Pollution Research and Control. v.29, p.67-70. (1994).
   In the series analytic: Wetlands systems in water pollution control /
   edited by H.J. Bavor and D.S. Mitchell. Australia.
   
   Descriptors: water purification; wetlands; biological treatment; aquatic
   plants; nutrient uptake; phosphorus; nitrogen; nitrate; lakes;
   water-recreation; beaches ; waste water; waste water treatment; quebec;
   constructed-wetlands; artificial-lakes
   
     25    NAL Call No.: TD420.A1P7--v.29-no.4
   Wetland systems in water pollution control : proceedings of the IAWQ 3rd
   International Specialist Conference on Wetland Systems in Water Pollution
   Control, held in Sydney, Australia, 23-25 November, 1992. 1st ed.
   Bavor, H. J.;  Mitchell, D. S.; 
   International Specialist Conference on Wetland Systems in Water Pollution
   Control (3rd : 1992 : Sydney, A. Oxford, U.K. ; Tarrytown, N.Y. : Pergamon
   : Elsevier Science, 1994. x, 336 p. : ill., maps.
   On cover: IAWQ, International Association on Water Quality.
   
   Descriptors: Water Pollution-Congresses; Wetlands-Congresses; Constructed
   wetlands-Congresses; Water quality management-Congresses
   
     
 *************************************************************************
 
 PLEASE NOTE:  The information on document delivery services, interlibrary
 loan requests and copyright restrictions that follows is also appended to
 the "Constructed Wetlands Bibliography"  files. If "Constructed Wetlands
 Bibliography" files are copied and/or distributed, please include this
 information in all copies. 
  
 NAL DOCUMENT DELIVERY SERVICES
  
 February 1995
  
 United States Department of Agriculture
 National Agricultural Library
 Public Services Division
 Document Delivery Services Branch
 Beltsville, Maryland  20705-2351
 
 The National Agricultural Library has established document
 delivery service policies for three user categories.  They are 1)
 individuals; 2) libraries, other information centers, and
 commercial organizations; and 3) foreign libraries, information
 centers, and commercial organizations.  Available services for
 each user category are given below.  For information
 on electronic access for interlibrary loan requests, see the
 "Interlibrary Loan" file.
  
 1)  DOCUMENT DELIVERY SERVICES TO INDIVIDUALS
 The National Agricultural Library (NAL) supplies agricultural
 materials not found elsewhere to other libraries.
  
 Filling requests for materials readily available from other
 sources diverts NAL's resources and diminishes its ability to
 serve as a national source for agricultural and agriculturally
 related materials.  Therefore, NAL is viewed as a library of last
 resort. SUBMIT REQUESTS FIRST TO LOCAL OR STATE LIBRARY SOURCES
 PRIOR TO SENDING TO NAL. In the United States, possible sources
 are public libraries, land-grant university or other large
 research libraries within a state.  In other countries submit
 requests through major university, national, or provincial
 institutions.
  
 If the needed publications are not available from these sources,
 submit requests to NAL with a statement indicating their
 non-availability.  Submit one request per page following the
 instructions for libraries below.
 
 
 NAL'S DOCUMENT DELIVERY SERVICE INFORMATION FOR THE LIBRARY
  
 The following information is provided to assist your librarian in
 obtaining the required materials.
  
 LOAN SERVICE -- Materials in NAL's collection are loaned only to
 other U.S. libraries.  Requests for loans are made through local
 public, academic, or special libraries.
  
 The following materials are not available for loan: serials
 (except USDA serials); rare, reference, and reserve books;
 microforms; and proceedings of conferences or symposia.
 Photocopy or microform of non-circulating publications may be
 purchased as described below.
  
 DOCUMENT DELIVERY SERVICE -- Photocopies of articles are
 available for a fee.  Make requests through local public,
 academic, or special libraries.  The library will submit a
 separate interlibrary loan form for each article or item
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 (CAIN/AGRICOLA, "Bibliography of Agriculture,"
 or the NAL Catalog) and the call number is given, put that call
 number in the proper block on the request form.  Willingness to
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 with copyright law or a statement that the article is for
 "research purposes only" on the interlibrary loan form or letter.
 Requests cannot be processed without these statements. Please
 read copyright notice below.
 
 CHARGES:
  
 *    Photocopy, hard copy of microfilm and microfiche - $5.00 for
      the first 10 pages or fraction copied from a single article
      or publication.  $3.00 for each additional 10 pages or
      fraction.
 *    Duplication of NAL-owned microfilm - $10.00 per reel.
 *    Duplication of NAL-owned microfiche - $ 5.00 for the first
      fiche and $ .50 for each additional fiche per title.
  
 BILLING -- Charges include postage and handling, and are subject
 to change.  Invoices are issued quarterly by the National
 Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road,
 Springfield, VA 22161. Establishing a deposit account with NTIS
 is encouraged.
 DO NOT SEND PREPAYMENT.
 SEND REQUESTS TO:
  
           USDA, National Agricultural Library
           Document Delivery Services Branch, PhotoLab
           10301 Baltimore Blvd., NAL Bldg.
           Beltsville, Maryland  20705-2351
  
 Contact the Head, Document Delivery Services Branch in writing or
 by calling (301) 504-5755 with questions or comments about this
 policy.
 
 2)   DOCUMENT DELIVERY SERVICES AVAILABLE TO LIBRARIES, OTHER
      INFORMATION CENTERS AND COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS.
  
 The National Agricultural Library (NAL) accepts requests from
 libraries and other organizations in accordance with the national
 and international interlibrary loan code and guidelines.  In its
 national role, NAL supplies copies of agricultural materials not
 found elsewhere.  Filling requests for materials readily
 available from other sources diverts NAL's resources and
 diminishes its ability to serve as a national source for
 agricultural and agriculturally related materials.  Therefore,
 NAL is viewed as a library of last resort.
  
 Submit requests to state/region/network sources prior to sending
 to NAL.  Within the United States, possible sources are public
 libraries, land-grant university libraries or other large
 research libraries within a state.  In other countries submit
 requests to major university, national or provincial
 institutions.  If the needed publications are not available from
 these sources, submit requests to NAL with a statement indicating
 their non-availability.
  
 REQUESTS -- Submit on the American Library Association (ALA) or
 the International Federation of Library Associations and
 Institutions (IFLA) interlibrary loan form or via electronic mail
 or telefacsimile (see over for more details).  Include the
 complete name of the person authorizing the request on each form;
 the standard bibliographic source which lists the title as owned
 by NAL; and the call number if the citation is from an NAL
 database (CAIN/AGRICOLA, "Bibliography of Agriculture," or the
 NAL catalog).
  
 LOAN SERVICE -- Materials in the NAL collection are loaned only
 to U.S. libraries.  The loan period is one month.
  
 The following materials are not available for loan:  serials
 (except for USDA serials); rare, reference, and reserve books;
 microforms; and proceedings of conferences or symposia.
 Photocopy or microform of the non-circulating publications is
 supplied automatically (as described below) when the requesting
 organization indicates that photocopy is acceptable on the loan
 form.
  
 AUDIOVISUALS (AVs) -- Order at least 3-4 weeks before the
 intended show date.  Give show date and alternate show date when
 requesting specific titles.  Request specific format needed if
 more than one format is given in the citation.
 
 DOCUMENT DELIVERY SERVICE -- Submit a separate completed
 interlibrary loan form for each article required.  Indicate
 willingness to pay charges on the form and compliance with
 copyright law or include a statement that the article is for
 "research purposes only."  Requests are not processed without
 these statements.  Please read copyright notice below.
  
 CHARGES:
  
 *    Photocopy, hard copy of microfilm and microfiche - $5.00 for
      the first 10 pages or fraction copied from a single article
      or publication.  $3.00 for each additional 10 pages or
      fraction.
  
 *    Duplication of NAL-owned microfilm - $10.00 per reel.
  
 *    Duplication of NAL-owned microfiche - $5.00 for the first
      fiche and $ .50 for each additional fiche per title.
  
 BILLING - Charges include postage and handling, and are subjectto 
 change.  Invoices are issued quarterly by the National
 Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road,
 Springfield, VA 22161.  Establishing a deposit account with NTIS
 is encouraged.  DO NOT SEND PREPAYMENT.
  
 Send Requests to:
      USDA, National Agricultural Library
      Document Delivery Services Branch, ILL, PhotoLab
      10301 Baltimore Blvd.,  NAL Bldg.
      Beltsville, Maryland  20705-2351
 Contact the Head, Document Delivery Services Branch in writing or
 by calling (301) 504-5755 with questions or comments about this
 policy.
  
  
 3)   DOCUMENT DELIVERY SERVICES AVAILABLE TO FOREIGN LIBRARIES,
      INFORMATION CENTERS AND COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS.
  
 The National Agricultural Library (NAL) accepts requests from
 libraries and other organizations in accordance with the national
 and international interlibrary loan code and guidelines.
  
 In its national role, NAL supplies copies of agricultural
 materials not found elsewhere.  Filling requests for materials
 readily available from other sources diverts NAL's resources and
 diminishes its ability to serve as a national source for
 agricultural and agriculturally related materials.  Therefore,
 NAL is viewed as a library of last resort.
 Submit requests to major university libraries, national or
 provincial institutions or network sources prior to sending
 requests to NAL.  If the needed publications are not available
 from these sources, submit requests to NAL with a statement
 indicating their non-availability.
  
 AGLINET -- Requesters in countries with an AGLINET library are
 encouraged to make full use of that library and its networking
 capabilities.  As an AGLINET participant, NAL provides free
 document delivery service for materials published in the United
 States to other AGLINET participants.
  
 REQUESTS -- Submit requests on the American Library Association
 (ALA) or the International Federation of Library Associations and
 Institutions (IFLA) interlibrary loan form or via electronic mail
 or telefacsimile (see over for more details).  Include the
 complete name of the person authorizing the request on each form;
 the standard bibliographic source which lists the title as owned
 by NAL; and the call number if the  citation is from an NAL
 database(CAIN/AGRICOLA, "Bibliography of Agriculture", or the NAL
 catalog).
  
 DOCUMENT DELIVERY SERVICE -- Submit a separate completed interlibrary loan
 form for each article requested.  Indicate willingness to pay charges on
 the form, and compliance with copyright law or include a statement that
 the article is for "research purposes only".  Requests cannot be processed
 without these statements. Please read copyright notice below. 
  
 CHARGES:
  
 *    Photocopy, hard copy of microfilm and microfiche - $5.00 for
      the first 10 pages or fraction copied from a single article
      or publication.  $3.00 for each additional 10 pages or
      fraction.
  
 *    Duplication of NAL-owned microfilm - $10.00 per reel.
  
 *    Duplication of NAL-owned microfiche - $5.00 for the first
      fiche and $ .50 for each additional fiche per title.
 
 BILLING - Charges include postage and handling, and are subject
 to change.  Invoices are issued quarterly by the National
 Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road,
 Springfield, VA 22161.  Establishing deposit account with NTIS is
 encouraged. Annual billing is available to foreign institutions
 on request by contacting NAL at the address below.  DO NOT SEND
 PREPAYMENT.
  
 Send Requests to:
      USDA, National Agricultural Library
      Document Delivery Services Branch, ILL, PhotoLab
      10301 Baltimore Blvd., NAL Bldg.
      Beltsville, Maryland  20705-2351
  
 Contact the Head, Document Delivery Services Branch at (301)
 504-5755 with questions or comments about this policy.
 
 ELECTRONIC MAIL ACCESS FOR INTERLIBRARY LOAN (ILL) REQUESTS
  
 February 1995
 
 The National Agricultural Library (NAL), Document Delivery
 Services Branch accepts ILL requests from libraries via several
 electronic services.  All requests must comply with established
 routing and referral policies and procedures  A sample format for
 ILL requests is printed below along with a list of the required
 data/format elements.
  
 ELECTRONIC MAIL  -  (Sample form below)
 
      SYSTEM            ADDRESS CODE
      ====================================================
      INTERNET. . . . . LENDING@NALUSDA.GOV
      OCLC  . . . . . . NAL's symbol AGL need only be entered
                        once, but it must be the last entry. 
  
 SAMPLE ELECTRONIC MAIL REQUEST
 =================================================================
 | AG University/NAL    ILLRQ 231     1/10/95     NEED BY:  2/15/95
 |
 | Interlibrary Loan Department
 | Heartland, IA  56789
 | Agriculture 
 |
 | Dr. Smith   Faculty   Ag School
 |
 | Canadian Journal of Soil Science 1988 v 68(1): 17-27  
 | DeJong, R.  Comparison of two soil-water models under semi-arid growing      
 | conditions  
 | 
 | Ver:  AGRICOLA     Remarks:  Not available at AU or in region.
 | NAL CA:  56.8 C162  Auth:  C. Johnson      CCL     Maxcost: $15.00
 |
 | Ariel IP = 111.222.333.444.555 Or Fax To 123-456-7890
 |
 |
 =================================================================
  
 TELEFACSIMILE - Telephone number is 301-504-5675.  NAL accepts ILL requests
 via telefacsimile.  Requests should be created on standard ILL forms and then
 faxed to NAL. NAL fills requests via FAX as an alternative to postal delivery
 at no additional cost.  If you want articles delivered via fax, include your
 fax number on your request.  NAL will send up to 30 pages per article via fax. 
 If the article length exceeds 30 pages NAL will ship the material via postal
 service.  All requests are processed within our normal timeframes (no RUSH
 service).
 
 ARIEL - IP Address is 198.202.222.162.  NAL fills ILL requests via ARIEL when
 an ARIEL address is included in the request.  NAL treats ARIEL as an
 alternative delivery mechanism, it does not provide expedited services for
 these requests.  NAL will send up to 30 pages per article via Ariel.  If the
 article length exceeds 30 pages or cannot be scanned reliably, NAL will
 deliver the material via fax or postal service.
 
 REQUIRED DATA ELEMENTS/FORMAT
  
 1.   Borrower's address must be in block format with at least two
      blank lines above and below so form may be used in window
      envelopes.
 2.   Provide complete citation including verification, etc. and NAL            
      call number if available.
 3.   Provide authorizing official's name (request will be
      rejected if not included).
 4.   Include statement of copyright compliance (if applicable) and             
      willingness to pay NAL charges.
 
      Please read copyright notice below.
 
  
 
  
      ****************************************************************
 Photocopy Warning:
  
             NOTICE WARNING CONCERNING COPYRIGHT RESTRICTIONS
  
 The copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States
 Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of
 copyrighted material.
  
 Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and
 archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or other
 reproduction.  One of these specific conditions is that the
 photocopy or reproduction is not to be "used for any purpose
 other than private study, scholarship, or research."  If a user
 makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or reproduction
 for purposes in excess of "fair use," that user may be liable for
 copyright infringement.
  
 This institution reserves the right to refuse to accept a copying
 order if, in its judgement, fulfillment of the order would
 involve violation of copyright law.
  
 37 C.F.R. 201.14
 ****************************************************************
  
 The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits
 discrimination in its programs on the basis of race, color,
 national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political
 beliefs, and marital or familial status.  (Not all prohibited
 bases apply to all programs).  Persons with disabilities who
 require alternative means for communication of program
 information (braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should
 contact the USDA Office of Communications at (202) 720-5881
 (voice) or (202) 720-7808 (TDD).  To file a complaint, write the
 Secretary of Agriculture, U.S. Department of Agriculture,
 Washington, D.C.  20250, or call (202) 720-7327 (voice) or (202)
 720-1127 (TDD).  USDA is an equal employment opportunity
 employer.
 ============================--END--===========================
 


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Last update: April 27, 1998
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