Water Quality Information Center of the National Agricultural Library
Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture


Constructed Wetlands Bibliography, Part VII:
Urban Runoff

This file, "Constructed Wetlands Bibliography, Part VII: Urban Runoff" is one section of a seven-part constructed wetlands bibliography on using constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment. The bibliography was compiled by United States Department of Agriculture staff from the Ecological Sciences Division of the Natural Resources Conservation Service, formerly the Soil Conservation Service, and the Water Quality Information Center at the National Agricultural Library. The complete bibliography can be accessed as either a single large (450K) file containing more than 600 citations or in parts organized by topic.

To locate a publication cited in this bibliography, please contact your local, state, or university library. If you are unable to locate a particular publication, your library can contact the National Agricultural Library (see instructions given at the end of this file).

For WWW access to these files: point your browser at http://www.nal.usda.gov/wqic/Constructed_Wetlands_all/index.html

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 UR
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       A current assessment of urban best management practices.    
 AUTHOR      Schueler, T.                                                
 SOURCE
 PUBLISHER   Washington, DC: Metropolitan Washington Council of          
             Governments                                                 
 PAGES
 DATE        1992
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       A detention basin-artificial wetland treatment system to    
             renovate stormwater runoff from urban highway and industrial
             areas.                                                      
 AUTHOR      Meyer, J.L.                                                 
 SOURCE      Wetlands 5 (0). 1985                                        
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp 135-146
 DATE        1986
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       Creation of wetlands for the improvement of water quality: a
             proposal for the joint use of highway right-of-way.         
 AUTHOR      Linker, L.C.                                                
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishing, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp 695-701.
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  This paper presents a proposal for joint use of a highway      
             right-of-way with an engineered wetland to control urban nonpoint  
             source pollution.  A preliminary analysis of the site's control    
             effectiveness and design life are presented in this paper.         
 
 
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 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       Environmental feasibility of using wetlands to treat runoff 
             pollution.                                                  
 AUTHOR      Gadbois, L.E.                                               
 SOURCE      Naval Ocean Systems Center, San Diego, CA.                  
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1989 October
 CALLNUM     TD433 G32
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       Greenwood urban wetland: a manmade stormwater treatment     
             facility.                                                   
 AUTHOR      Palmer, C. N. and J. D. Hunt.                               
 SOURCE      Wetlands: Concerns and Successes.                           
 PUBLISHER   Bethesda, MD: Am. Water Resources Assc.                     
 PAGES       pp. 205-214
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       Guidelines for constructing wetland stormwater basins.      
 AUTHOR      Maryland Department of Natural Resources.                   
 SOURCE      Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Water Resources   
             Administration, Annapolis, MD, March 1987.                  
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       Overview of the Lake Jackson restoration project with       
             artificially created wetlands for treatment of urban runoff.
 AUTHOR      Esry, D.H., and D.J. Cairns                                 
 SOURCE      Wetlands: Concerns and Successes                            
 PUBLISHER   Bethesda, MD: American Water Resources Association          
 PAGES       pp 247-257
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       Percentage entrainment of constituent loads urban runoff,   
             south Florida.                                              
 AUTHOR      Miller, R.A.                                                
 SOURCE      USGS WRI 84-4319 (1985).                                    
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1985
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
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 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       Regional BMP master plans.                                  
 AUTHOR      Hartigan, J.P.                                              
 SOURCE      Urban Runoff Quality-Impaction Conference, Henniker, NH,    
             June 23-27, 1986. p. 351-356.                               
 PUBLISHER                                                          
 PAGES       pp. 351-356.
 DATE        1986
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       Retention of an Existing Wetland for Stormwater Management:
             A New Approach for Calgary, Alberta   
 AUTHOR      van Duin, B., J. Gareau, Pjalkotsky and J. McCauley
 SOURCE      Stormwater and Water Quality Management Modeling Conference, 
             March 2-3, 1995, Toronto, Ontario
             
 PUBLISHER  
 PAGES       11 pp.
 DATE        1995
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       Seasonal freshwater wetlands development and potential for  
             urban runoff treatment in the San Francisco Bay area.       
 AUTHOR      Silverman, G.S.                                             
 SOURCE      Sci & Eng, Vol 44, No. 5           
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       202p.
 DATE        1983
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       Stormwater treatment by natural systems.                    
 AUTHOR      Harper, H.H., et al.                                        
 SOURCE      Report submitted to the Florida Department of Environmental 
             Regulation.                                                 
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        December 1986
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       The use of wetlands for stormwater managment and nonpoint   
             pollution control: a review of the literature.              
 AUTHOR      Stockdale, E.C.                                             
 SOURCE      report submitted to the Washington State Department of      
             Ecology                                                     
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1986, October
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       Use of wetlands for controlling stormwater pollution.       
 AUTHOR      Strecker, E.W., et al.                                      
 SOURCE
 PUBLISHER   Washington, DC: The Terrene Institute                       
 PAGES
 DATE        1992
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       Use of wetlands for urban stormwater management.            
 AUTHOR      Livingston, E.H.                                            
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural                                 
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishers, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp. 253-262
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  The use of wetlands for urban stormwater management should not be 
             considered a panacea to stormwater problems.  The availability of  
             scientific information concerning short term or long term effects  
             on wetlands is not known.  This paper presents a review of the     
             current state of the art and a discussion the design and           
             performance standards used for wetland stormwater treatment        
             systems.    
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       Water-quality effectiveness of a detention/wetland treatment
             system and its effect on an urban lake.                     
 AUTHOR      Oberts, G.L. and R.A. Osgood.                               
 SOURCE      Environmental Management, 15(1):131-138                     
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 131-138
 DATE        1991
 CALLNUM     HC79 E5E5
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       Water-quality variability in a central Florida wetland      
             receiving highway runoff.                                   
 AUTHOR      Schiffer, D.M.                                              
 SOURCE      Water: Laws and Management.                                 
 PUBLISHER   Bethesda, MD: American Water Resources Association.         
 PAGES       p 7A-1--7A-11
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR
 
 TITLE       Wetlands for stormwater treatment.                          
 AUTHOR      Schiffer, D.M.                                              
 SOURCE
 PUBLISHER   Gainsville, FL: Department of Transportation. Office of     
             Materials and Research. Avail. thru NTIS                    
 PAGES       63p
 DATE        1990
 CALLNUM     TE215 S3
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR  case studies--FL
 
 TITLE       Tampa office wet detention stormwater treatment.            
 AUTHOR      Rushton, B.T. and C.W. Dye.                                 
 SOURCE      Annual Report for Stormwater Research Program Fiscal Year   
             1989-90.                                                    
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 39-74
 DATE        1990
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR  case studies--CA
 
 TITLE       Development of an urban runoff treatment wetlands in        
             Freemont, California.                                       
 AUTHOR      Silverman, G.S.                                             
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishers, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp 669-76.
 DATE        1989 .
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  Developing wetlands to treat wastewater presents a different set
             of problems than developing a system to treat urban stormwater
             runoff.   Municipal wastewater (from an area with separate storm 
             and septic systems) tends to have a consistent flow with  
             characteristic water quality while urban storm water is variable  
             in water quantity and quality.  The differences and creation of   
             particular wetlands are presented in this paper.                   
                                            
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR  case studies--CA
 
 TITLE       Urban runoff treatment in a fresh/brackish water marsh in   
             Fremont, California.                                        
 AUTHOR      Meiorin, E.C.                                               
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishers, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp 677-685
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  The Urban Stormwater Treatment Marsh was designed to treat         
             stormwater runoff and is divided into the three separate
             subsystems A, B, and C.   Each of the subsystems performs a
             different subsystems function: System A simulates pretreatment;    
             system B provides a combination overland flow and pond system; and 
             system C provides secondary treatment.  Marsh development and 
             treatment effectiveness were monitored during the wet seasons of
             1984-1985 and 1985-1986.  
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR  case studies--CA
 
 TITLE       Use of wetlands for nutrient removal from surface runoff in 
             a cold climate region of California-results from a newly    
             constructed wetland at Lake Tahoe.                          
 AUTHOR      Reuter, J.E., T. Djohan and C.R. Goldman.                   
 SOURCE      Journal of Environmental Management, Sep 92, v36, p35(19).  
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1992
 CALLNUM     HC75 E5J6
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR  design considerations
 
 TITLE       Artificial wetlands for stormwater treatment: processes and 
             designs.                                                    
 AUTHOR      Rhode Island Dept. of Environmental Management.             
 SOURCE      Rhode Island Nonpoint Source Management Program, Office of  
             Environmental Coordination, Rhode Island Dept. of           
             Environmental Management.                                   
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR  design considerations
 
 TITLE       Controlling urban runoff: a practical manual for planning   
             and designing urban BMPs.                                   
 AUTHOR      Schueler, T. R.                                             
 SOURCE
 PUBLISHER   Order from Metro. Info. Center: (202) 223-6800              
 PAGES
 DATE        1987
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR  design considerations
 
 TITLE       Design of wet detention basins and constructed wetlands for 
             treatment of stormwater runoff from a regional shopping mall
             in Massachusetts.                                           
 AUTHOR      Daukas, P., D. Lowry, and W. Walker.                        
 SOURCE      Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Municipal,   
             Industrial and Agricultural.                                
 PUBLISHER   Chelsea, MI: Lewis Publishing, Inc.                         
 PAGES       pp 686-694
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM     TD 756. 5 C66
 ANNOTATION  Runoff from parking lots and roadways contains high concentration  
             of suspended solids, nutrients, trace metals, oil and grease, and  
             deicing salts.  This paper presents the design of a stormwater     
             management system, creation of the wetland basins, effectiveness
             of the wet detention/wetland system, and evaluation of the   
             pollution removal efficiency for a 83,600 m2 shopping mall.        
          
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR  perception
 
 TITLE       Attitudes towards artificial wetlands in Ontario for        
             stormwater control and waterfowl habitat.                   
 AUTHOR      Carlisle, T., G. Mulamoottil and B. Mitchell.               
 SOURCE      Water Resources Bulletin, Vol 27, No. 3                     
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       p. 419
 DATE        1991
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR  policy
 
 TITLE       Nationwide urban runoff program--evaluation of urban        
             stormwater runoff and management practices for controlling  
             urban stormwater runoff.                                    
 AUTHOR      Scherger, D.A., J.A. Davis and J.L. Bruestle.               
 SOURCE      Available from NTIS as PB83-199257                          
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       517p.
 DATE        1983
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal
 
 TITLE       Effects of an urban wetland on sediment and nutrient loads  
             in runoff.                                                  
 AUTHOR      Brown, R.G.                                                 
 SOURCE      Wetlands, Vol 4                                             
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 147-158
 DATE        1984
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal
 
 TITLE       Nutrient removal from urban stromwater by wetland           
             filtration: the Clear Lake restoration project.             
 AUTHOR      Barten, J.                                                  
 SOURCE      Lake Reservoir Management, 2: 297-305                       
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       pp. 297-305
 DATE        1986
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal
 
 TITLE       Processes affecting retention of water-quality constituents 
             in a detention pond-wetland system.                         
 AUTHOR      Gain, W.S. and R.A. Miller.                                 
 SOURCE      Water: Laws and Management.                                 
 PUBLISHER   American Water Resources Association, Bethesda, Maryland.   
 PAGES       p 7A-13--7A-23
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR  Pollutant removal
 
 TITLE       Stormwater runoff treatment in a wetland filter: effects on 
             water quality of Clear Lake.                                
 AUTHOR      Barten, J.                                                  
 SOURCE      6th Annual International Symposium. Lake and Reservoir      
             Management: Influences of Nonpoint Source Pollutants and    
             Acid Precipitation. Nov. 5-8, 1986, Portland, OR            
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES       p. 4
 DATE        1986
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal
 
 TITLE       Water quality performance of a detention basin-wetland      
             treatment system in an urban area.                          
 AUTHOR      Wotzka, P. and G. Oberts.                                   
 SOURCE      Nonpoint Pollution: 1988-Policy, Economy, Management, and   
             Appropriate Technology. Proceedings of a Symposium.         
 PUBLISHER   American Water Resources Association, Bethesda, Maryland.   
 PAGES       pp. 237-247
 DATE        1988
 CALLNUM     TC 401 A5 no. 88-4
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal
 
 TITLE       Wetlands and stormwater management: a case study of Lake    
             Munson.  Part II: impacts on sediment and water quality.    
 AUTHOR      Barrtel, R.L. and A.E. Maristany.                           
 SOURCE      Wetlands: Concerns and Successes.                           
 PUBLISHER   Bethesda, MD: Amer. Water Resources Assc.                   
 PAGES       pp. 231-246
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal (long term)
 
 TITLE       Wetlands and stormwater management: a case study of Lake    
             Munson. Part I: long-term treatment efficiencies.           
 AUTHOR      Maristany, A.E. and R.L. Bartel.                            
 SOURCE      Wetlands: Concerns and Successes. Proceedings of a Symposium
             held September 17-22, 1989, Tampa, Florida.                 
 PUBLISHER   American Water Resources Association, Bethesda, Maryland.   
 PAGES       p 215-229
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal, P
 
 TITLE       Phosphorus removal by urban runoff detention basins.        
 AUTHOR      Walker, W.W.                                                
 SOURCE      NALMS, Portland, OR, November 5-8, 1986.                    
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1986
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR  pollutant removal--FL
 
 TITLE       An evaluation of the Lake Jackson (Florida) filter system   
             and artificial marsh on nutrient and particulate removal    
             from stormwater runoff.                                     
 AUTHOR      Touvila, B.J., et al.                                       
 SOURCE      Aquatic Plants for Water Treatment and Resource Recovery.   
 PUBLISHER   Orlando, FL: Magnolia Publishing, Inc.                      
 PAGES       pp. 271-278.
 DATE        1987
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION  A sediment filtration plant and artificial marsh were constructed  
             to treat stormwater runoff before it entered Lake Jackson.  Water  
             samples collected during storm events were analyzed for a wide     
             range of particulate and dissolved parameters (including suspended 
             solids and various nitrogen and phosphorus species).  Results from 
             the first year of study indicate that the system is capable of     
             removing a large fraction of both suspended and dissolved solids   
             and particulate nutrient material.                                 
             
                                                                                
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
 CATEGORY    UR
 SUBCATEGOR  processes--design
 
 TITLE       Artificial wetlands for stormwater treatment: processes and 
             designs.                                                    
 AUTHOR      Carlson, L.                                                 
 SOURCE      Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management         
 PUBLISHER
 PAGES
 DATE        1989
 CALLNUM
 ANNOTATION                                                                     
 
 
 *******************************************************************
 
  NOTE: THE FOLLOWING CITATIONS ARE AN UPDATE, AS OF OCTOBER 24, 1995, TO THE
  ORIGINAL DOCUMENT AND THEREFORE ARE IN A DIFFERENT FORMAT.
  
    1     NAL Call No.: TD420.A1P7
  Constructed "source" wetland concepts applied to urban landscapes.
  Hopkins, B.; Argue, J. R. u. r. 
  Water science and technology: a journal of the International Association on
  Water Pollution Research and Control v.29, p.133-140. (1994).
  In the series analytic: Wetlands systems in water pollution control /
  edited by H.J. Bavor and D.S. Mitchell. Australia.
  
  Descriptors: wetlands; water management; runoff; urban areas; groundwater
  recharge; aquifers; south australia; constructed wetlands; artificial
  wetlands; urban runoff; stormwater
  
    2     NAL Call No.: TD420.A1P7
  The combination of a flood-retarding basin and a wetland to manage the
  impact of urban runoff.
  Breen, P. F.; Mag, V.; Seymour, B. S.
  Water science and technology: a journal of the International Association on
  Water Pollution Research and Control v.29, p.103-109. (1994).
  In the series analytic: Wetlands systems in water pollution control /
  edited by H.J. Bavor and D.S. Mitchell. Australia.
  
  Descriptors: wetlands; flood control; runoff; runoff water; urban areas;
  aquatic plants; waste water treatment; biological treatment; victoria;
  artificial wetlands; constructed wetlands
  
    3     NAL Call No.: QH540.J6
  Comparing microbial parameters in natural and constructed wetlands.
  Duncan, C. P.; Groffman, P. M. 
  Journal of environmental quality  v.23, p.298-305. (1994).
  Includes references.
  
  Descriptors: wetlands; pollution control; water quality; microbial
  activities; biomass production; soil organic matter; soil ph; soil water;
  denitrification; enzyme activity; mineralization; nitrification;
  massachusetts; rhode island
  
  Abstract: Microbial biomass C, soil respiration, denitrification enzyme
  activity (DEA), and potential net N mineralization and nitrification were
  compared in two constructed and three natural wetlands in Massachusetts and
  Rhode Island.  The constructed wetlands studied had marsh and wet meadow
  vegetation and received storm water discharge directly from a large
  shopping mall and its associated parking lots.  The natural sites
  encompassed three soil drainage classes (moderately well drained, poorly
  drained, and very poorly drained) across an upland to wetland transition
  zone with red maple (Acer rubrum L.) swamps and mixed oak (Quercus sp.)
  forests in the transition zone.  Our objective was to determine if
  microbial biomass and activity were similar in the constructed wetlands and
  the most common type of natural wetland in our area. Microbial biomass C,
  DEA, and potential net N mineralization and nitrification were similar
  among the constructed and natural wetland sites.  In all cases, levels of
  these parameters in the constructed wetlands fell within the range of
  variability observed in the natural wetlands. Denitrification enzyme
  activity was higher (p < 0.05) in the constructed wetlands than in the
  moderately well drained soils at the natural sites. Soil respiration was
  generally lower (p < 0.05) in the constructed wetlands than in the natural
  wetlands. The results suggest that the constructed wetlands have a
  significant and active microbial community that facilitates nutrient
  cycling and water quality maintenance functions similar to natural
  wetlands.  The successful development of the microbial community n these
  wetlands was likely due to the use of organic substrates construction.
  
 ************************************************************************ 
 
 
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 form.
  
 AUDIOVISUALS (AVs) -- Order at least 3-4 weeks before the
 intended show date.  Give show date and alternate show date when
 requesting specific titles.  Request specific format needed if
 more than one format is given in the citation.
 
 DOCUMENT DELIVERY SERVICE -- Submit a separate completed
 interlibrary loan form for each article required.  Indicate
 willingness to pay charges on the form and compliance with
 copyright law or include a statement that the article is for
 "research purposes only."  Requests are not processed without
 these statements.  Please read copyright notice below.
  
 CHARGES:
  
 *    Photocopy, hard copy of microfilm and microfiche - $5.00 for
      the first 10 pages or fraction copied from a single article
      or publication.  $3.00 for each additional 10 pages or
      fraction.
  
 *    Duplication of NAL-owned microfilm - $10.00 per reel.
  
 *    Duplication of NAL-owned microfiche - $5.00 for the first
      fiche and $ .50 for each additional fiche per title.
  
 BILLING - Charges include postage and handling, and are subjectto 
 change.  Invoices are issued quarterly by the National
 Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road,
 Springfield, VA 22161.  Establishing a deposit account with NTIS
 is encouraged.  DO NOT SEND PREPAYMENT.
  
 Send Requests to:
      USDA, National Agricultural Library
      Document Delivery Services Branch, ILL, PhotoLab
      10301 Baltimore Blvd.,  NAL Bldg.
      Beltsville, Maryland  20705-2351
 Contact the Head, Document Delivery Services Branch in writing or
 by calling (301) 504-5755 with questions or comments about this
 policy.
  
  
 3)   DOCUMENT DELIVERY SERVICES AVAILABLE TO FOREIGN LIBRARIES,
      INFORMATION CENTERS AND COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS.
  
 The National Agricultural Library (NAL) accepts requests from
 libraries and other organizations in accordance with the national
 and international interlibrary loan code and guidelines.
  
 In its national role, NAL supplies copies of agricultural
 materials not found elsewhere.  Filling requests for materials
 readily available from other sources diverts NAL's resources and
 diminishes its ability to serve as a national source for
 agricultural and agriculturally related materials.  Therefore,
 NAL is viewed as a library of last resort.
 Submit requests to major university libraries, national or
 provincial institutions or network sources prior to sending
 requests to NAL.  If the needed publications are not available
 from these sources, submit requests to NAL with a statement
 indicating their non-availability.
  
 AGLINET -- Requesters in countries with an AGLINET library are
 encouraged to make full use of that library and its networking
 capabilities.  As an AGLINET participant, NAL provides free
 document delivery service for materials published in the United
 States to other AGLINET participants.
  
 REQUESTS -- Submit requests on the American Library Association
 (ALA) or the International Federation of Library Associations and
 Institutions (IFLA) interlibrary loan form or via electronic mail
 or telefacsimile (see over for more details).  Include the
 complete name of the person authorizing the request on each form;
 the standard bibliographic source which lists the title as owned
 by NAL; and the call number if the  citation is from an NAL
 database(CAIN/AGRICOLA, "Bibliography of Agriculture", or the NAL
 catalog).
  
 DOCUMENT DELIVERY SERVICE -- Submit a separate completed interlibrary loan
 form for each article requested.  Indicate willingness to pay charges on
 the form, and compliance with copyright law or include a statement that
 the article is for "research purposes only".  Requests cannot be processed
 without these statements. Please read copyright notice below. 
  
 CHARGES:
  
 *    Photocopy, hard copy of microfilm and microfiche - $5.00 for
      the first 10 pages or fraction copied from a single article
      or publication.  $3.00 for each additional 10 pages or
      fraction.
  
 *    Duplication of NAL-owned microfilm - $10.00 per reel.
  
 *    Duplication of NAL-owned microfiche - $5.00 for the first
      fiche and $ .50 for each additional fiche per title.
 
 BILLING - Charges include postage and handling, and are subject
 to change.  Invoices are issued quarterly by the National
 Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road,
 Springfield, VA 22161.  Establishing deposit account with NTIS is
 encouraged. Annual billing is available to foreign institutions
 on request by contacting NAL at the address below.  DO NOT SEND
 PREPAYMENT.
  
 Send Requests to:
      USDA, National Agricultural Library
      Document Delivery Services Branch, ILL, PhotoLab
      10301 Baltimore Blvd., NAL Bldg.
      Beltsville, Maryland  20705-2351
  
 Contact the Head, Document Delivery Services Branch at (301)
 504-5755 with questions or comments about this policy.
 
 ELECTRONIC MAIL ACCESS FOR INTERLIBRARY LOAN (ILL) REQUESTS
  
 February 1995
 The National Agricultural Library (NAL), Document Delivery
 Services Branch accepts ILL requests from libraries via several
 electronic services.  All requests must comply with established
 routing and referral policies and procedures  A sample format for
 ILL requests is printed below along with a list of the required
 data/format elements.
  
 ELECTRONIC MAIL  -  (Sample form below)
 
      SYSTEM            ADDRESS CODE
      ====================================================
      INTERNET. . . . . LENDING@NAL.USDA.GOV
      OCLC  . . . . . . NAL's symbol AGL need only be entered
                        once, but it must be the last entry. 
  
 SAMPLE ELECTRONIC MAIL REQUEST
 =================================================================
 | AG University/NAL    ILLRQ 231     1/10/95     NEED BY:  2/15/95
 |
 | Interlibrary Loan Department
 | Heartland, IA  56789
 | Agriculture 
 |
 | Dr. Smith   Faculty   Ag School
 |
 | Canadian Journal of Soil Science 1988 v 68(1): 17-27  
 | DeJong, R.  Comparison of two soil-water models under semi-arid growing      
 | conditions  
 | 
 | Ver:  AGRICOLA     Remarks:  Not available at AU or in region.
 | NAL CA:  56.8 C162  Auth:  C. Johnson      CCL     Maxcost: $15.00
 |
 | Ariel IP = 111.222.333.444.555 Or Fax To 123-456-7890
 |
 |
 =================================================================
  
 TELEFACSIMILE - Telephone number is 301-504-5675.  NAL accepts ILL requests
 via telefacsimile.  Requests should be created on standard ILL forms and then
 faxed to NAL. NAL fills requests via FAX as an alternative to postal delivery
 at no additional cost.  If you want articles delivered via fax, include your
 fax number on your request.  NAL will send up to 30 pages per article via fax. 
 If the article length exceeds 30 pages NAL will ship the material via postal
 service.  All requests are processed within our normal timeframes (no RUSH
 service).
 
 ARIEL - IP Address is 198.202.222.162.  NAL fills ILL requests via ARIEL when
 an ARIEL address is included in the request.  NAL treats ARIEL as an
 alternative delivery mechanism, it does not provide expedited services for
 these requests.  NAL will send up to 30 pages per article via Ariel.  If the
 article length exceeds 30 pages or cannot be scanned reliably, NAL will
 deliver the material via fax or postal service.
 
 REQUIRED DATA ELEMENTS/FORMAT
  
 1.   Borrower's address must be in block format with at least two
      blank lines above and below so form may be used in window
      envelopes.
 2.   Provide complete citation including verification, etc. and NAL            
      call number if available.
 3.   Provide authorizing official's name (request will be
      rejected if not included).
 4.   Include statement of copyright compliance (if applicable) and             
      willingness to pay NAL charges.
 
      Please read copyright notice below.
 
  
 
  
      ****************************************************************
 Photocopy Warning:
  
             NOTICE WARNING CONCERNING COPYRIGHT RESTRICTIONS
  
 The copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States
 Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of
 copyrighted material.
  
 Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and
 archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or other
 reproduction.  One of these specific conditions is that the
 photocopy or reproduction is not to be "used for any purpose
 other than private study, scholarship, or research."  If a user
 makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or reproduction
 for purposes in excess of "fair use," that user may be liable for
 copyright infringement.
  
 This institution reserves the right to refuse to accept a copying
 order if, in its judgement, fulfillment of the order would
 involve violation of copyright law.
  
 37 C.F.R. 201.14
 ****************************************************************
  
 The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits
 discrimination in its programs on the basis of race, color,
 national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political
 beliefs, and marital or familial status.  (Not all prohibited
 bases apply to all programs).  Persons with disabilities who
 require alternative means for communication of program
 information (braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should
 contact the USDA Office of Communications at (202) 720-5881
 (voice) or (202) 720-7808 (TDD).  To file a complaint, write the
 Secretary of Agriculture, U.S. Department of Agriculture,
 Washington, D.C.  20250, or call (202) 720-7327 (voice) or (202)
 720-1127 (TDD).  USDA is an equal employment opportunity
 employer.
 


Return to Constructed Wetlands Bibliography

Return to the Water Quality Information Center at the National Agricultural Library.
Last update: April 27, 1998
The URL of this page is http://www.nal.usda.gov/wqic/Constructed_Wetlands_all/cwur.html


J. R. Makuch /USDA-ARS-NAL-WQIC/ wqic@ars.usda.gov