You are here

Conservation Tillage. AFSIC Find-it Guide.

Compiled by:

Rebecca Thompson
Alternative Farming Systems Information Center
Information Research Services Branch
National Agricultural Library
Agricultural Research Service
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Ask a Question

Revised January 2017


Contents


What is Conservation Tillage?

The National Crop Residue Management Survey (Conservation Technology Information Center (CTIC)) specifies that "Conservation Tillage is any cropland system that leaves at least one-third of the soil covered after with crop residue after planting. Conservation tillage types include no-till/strip-till, ridge-till and mulch-till." [From: Conservation Technology Information Center. 
Available at CTIC Website: http://www.ctic.org/CRM/ or http://www.ctic.org/media/pdf/TillageDefinitions.pdf]

"Conservation tillage—Any tillage and planting system that covers 30 percent or more of the soil surface with crop residue, after planting, to reduce soil erosion by water. Where soil erosion by wind is the primary concern, any system that maintains at least 1,000 pounds per acre of flat, small grain residue equivalent on the surface throughout the critical wind erosion period.  Two key factors influencing crop residue are (1) the type of crop, which establishes the initial residue amount and its fragility, and (2) the type of tillage operations prior to and including planting."
[From: Agricultural Chemicals and Production Technology: Glossary. USDA. Economic Research Service.


Database and Internet Searches


Conduct automated, real-time, searches in the USDA NAL catalog (AGRICOLA). Select any link to generate a new bibliography. Search the USDA Current Research Information System (CRIS) and the USDA ARS Scientific Manuscript Database. Or, find online materials about conservation tillage practices.

NAL AGRICOLA Database

AGRICOLA (AGRICultural Online Access) is a bibliographic database of citations to the agricultural literature created by the National Agricultural Library (NAL) and its cooperators. The records describe publications and resources encompassing all aspects of agriculture and allied disciplines. [Read more about AGRICOLA.]
Search for information on tillage types in the AGRICOLA Book Catalog or Article Citations by date range. Articles include journal articles, reports, book chapters, and reprints. Books include books, serials, audiovisuals, etc. Search strategy:
(("conservation till?" OR "no-till" OR "ridge till?" OR "mulch till?" OR "strip-till?" OR "rotation? till?") NOT (groundwater OR aquifer))

NAL's Water and Agriculture Information Center also offers automated real-time, dynamic bibliographies on Conservation Tillage.

Browse AGRICOLA by subject heading.

  1. Go to https://agricola.nal.usda.gov/.
  2. Select "Basic Search" link in the Books or Articles section.
  3. Enter a specific word or phrase in the box labeled "Find".
  4. Select "Subject Browse" from the dropdown box.
  5. Select "Search".

Quick Bibliographies

Before the National Agricultural Library's AGRICOLA database was available online, our staff compiled "quick" subject quick bibliographies (below) to assist with research. These archived QB's identified relevant journal articles, reports, books, and video citations.

  • Conservation Tillage (QB92-02)
  • Conservation Tillage (QB94-13) January 1991 to December 1993. 338 citations
  • How do I search AGRICOLA for other publications on this topic in the National Agricultural Library Collection?

Search USDA Databases and Government Websites.

The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) is USDA's main in-house research agency. ARS research develops solutions to a wide range of problems related to food and agriculture. Select a linked word to find USDA or other government resources, read blogs and recent news posts, or search the Internet for information on conservation tillage. [Note: Use the Advanced ARS Search feature to find resources published at a specific ARS location.]

Agricultural Research Service Web

  1. Conservation Tillage
  2. No Tillage
  3. Mulch Tillage
  4. Ridge Tillage
  5. Strip Tillage

United States Department of Agriculture Web

  1. Conservation Tillage
  2. No Tillage
  3. Mulch Tillage
  4. Ridge Tillage
  5. Strip Tillage

USA.gov (All Government)

  1. Conservation Tillage
  2. No Tillage
  3. Mulch Tillage
  4. Ridge Tillage
  5. Strip Tillage

The Current Research Information System (CRIS)

The Current Research Information System (CRIS) is the U.S. Department of Agriculture's documentation and reporting system for ongoing and recently completed research projects in agriculture, food and nutrition, and forestry.

To conduct a keyword search in the TITLE or DESCRIPTOR fields, follow these steps:

  1. Access the CRIS database.
  2. Copy one of the following search strategies:
    TI,DE=conservation ADJ tillage
    TI,DE=mulch ADJ tillage
    TI,DE=no ADJ tillage
    TI,DE=ridge ADJ tillage
    TI,DE=strip ADJ tillage
  3. Select Professional Search.
  4. Select the Edit button beside Search Number S1.
  5. Paste the search strategy copied in Step 1 into the search box.
  6. Select the OK button.
  7. Select the Display button to view the results.
  8. Optional: Select the Change Format button to choose a different display format or to customize your format using selected data fields.

ARS Scientific Manuscript Database

The ARS Scientific Manuscript Database, formerly known as "TEKTRAN", captures the latest ARS published research results. The scientific database is updated daily.

  1. Go to the Scientific Manuscript Database Search Page
  2. Search for a scientific manuscript by looking for a keyword in the title, abstract, author, or all of those fields. Find manuscripts on "Conservation Tillage".
  3. Explore manuscripts by strategic topical areas. Topic: Conservation Tillage

Search the Internet

Google Google Scholar Yahoo Infotopia News/Blogs [Google] Videos [Google]
Conservation Tillage Conservation Tillage Conservation Tillage Conservation Tillage Conservation Tillage Conservation Tillage
No Tillage No Tillage No Tillage No Tillage No Tillage No Tillage
Mulch Tillage Mulch Tillage Mulch Tillage Mulch Tillage Mulch Tillage Mulch Tillage
Ridge Tillage Ridge Tillage Ridge Tillage Ridge Tillage Ridge Tillage Ridge Tillage
Strip Tillage Strip Tillage Strip Tillage Strip Tillage Strip Tillage Strip Tillage

Search Tips

The tips below will help you create your own search strategies to conduct literature searches.

Recommended Keywords and Phrases