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Avian Influenza

Avian influenza is a disease of poultry, whose disease symptoms vary from completely mild or unnoticeable to a catastrophic disease with a mortality rate that can reach up to 100% in some avian species. The natural hosts of the virus are ducks, shorebirds, and other species of wild aquatic birds. 

USGS. National Wildlife Health Center.

This site provides current information on avian influenza in wild birds, guidelines for handling wild birds, and referenced reports of disease in wildlife and domestic animals.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

This webpage provides background information about avian influenza, including recent outbreaks, the viruses, the risk to human health and the transmission from animals to humans. It also includes information on guidelines and recommendations for airlines and travelers abroad. Current articles about avian influenza can be found in the Emerging Infectious Disease Journal.

European Commission. Health and Consumer Protection Directorate General.

This page provides access to up-to-date information on European Union initiatives to control the avian influenza outbreak.

International Society for Infectious Diseases.

This site is a global electronic reporting system for outbreaks of emerging infectious diseases & toxins, open to all sources. It is a program for monitoring emerging diseases.

USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

This page provides fact sheets and disease alerts, as well as biosecurity information to prevent the virus from establishing itself in the U.S. poultry population.

Foreign Animal Diseases (2008)  ( pdf | 4.4 MB )

United States Animal Health Association. Committee on Foreign Animal Diseases.

Information about avian influenza starts on page 137, including its geographic distribution, transmission, incubation period, clinical signs, lesions, diagnosis, treatment, and public health issues.

US Department of Labor. Occupational Safety & Health Administration.

This page provides background information on the transmission of avian influenza. Guidance on prevention are provided for anyone, such as farm animal handlers, laboratory workers, food handlers, airline crews, and travelers abroad who may come in contact with contaminated birds.

UK. Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs (Defra).

This web site is regularly updated with guidance and advice on control measures and the latest situation.

Food and Agriculture Organization. Animal Production and Health Division.

This site provides some of the latest information on the cause and nature of disease and its spread throughout the world. Bi-weekly maps on outbreaks and their relationship to migratory birds are listed. There are guidance documents on the surveillance and control of the disease, as well as extensive descriptions of the disease using photos and videos.