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Legislative History of the Animal Welfare Act: 1960s

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Public Law


"Laboratory Animal Welfare Act." (Public Law 89-544), United States Statutes at Large. Approved 24 August 1966.
Summary: Enacted August 24, 1966, Public Law 89-544 is what commonly is referred to as The Animal Welfare Act although that title is not mentioned within the law. It authorizes the Secretary of Agriculture to regulate transport, sale, and handling of dogs, cats, nonhuman primates, guinea pigs, hamsters, and rabbits intended to be used in research or "for other purposes." It requires licensing and inspection of dog and cat dealers and humane handling at auction sales. The complete amended act can be found in United States Code, Title 7, Sections 2131-2156.


Hearings


House of Representatives. Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, Subcommittee of the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce. Humane Treatment of Animals Used in Research (PDF|4.2 MB) Hearing, 28 September 1962. Washington: Government Printing Office, 375 p.

House of Representatives. Committee on Agriculture, Subcommittee on Livestock and Feed Grains. Regulate the Transportation, Sale, and Handling of Dogs and Cats Used for Research and Experimentation Hearing, 2 September 1965. Washington: Government Printing Office, 97 p.

House of Representatives. Committee on Agriculture, Subcommittee on Livestock and Feed Grains. Regulate the Transportation, Sale, and Handling of Dogs and Cats Used for Research and Experimentation Hearing, March 7 and 8, 1966. Washington: Government Printing Office, 229 p.

United States Senate. Committee on Commerce, Animal Dealer Regulation Hearing, March 25, 28, and May 25, 1966. Washington: Government Printing Office, 329 p.


Congressional Reports


Senate. Committee on Commerce, Senate Report on 1966 Animal Welfare Act (to accompany H.R. 13881). (Senate Report No. 89-1281; 8 March 1966). Washington: Government Printing Office, 1966. 18 p.

House of Representatives. Committee of Conference, Transportation, Sale, and Handling of Dogs, Cats for Research Purposes (to accompany H.R. 13881). (Conference Report No. 89-1848; 11 August 1966). Washington: Government Printing Office, 1966. 10 p.

House of Representatives. Committee of Conference, Transportation, Sale, and Handling of Dogs, Cats for Research Purposes (to accompany H.R. 13881). (Proceedings and Debates of the 89th Congress, Second Session; 28 April 1966). Washington: Government Printing Office, 1966. 28 p.

House of Representatives. Committee of Conference, Transportation, Sale, and Handling of Dogs, Cats for Research Purposes (to accompany H.R. 13881). (Remarks on Conference Report; 16 April 1966). Washington: Government Printing Office, 1966. 4 p.

House of Representatives. Dogs and Cats Used in Research (to accompany H.R. 13881). (Conference Report; 23 June 1966). Washington: Government Printing Office, 1966. 4 p.

House of Representatives. Handling of Dogs and Cats for Research Purposes (to accompany H.R. 13881). (Conference Report; 16 August 1966). Washington: Government Printing Office, 1966. 4 p.

Senate. Committee on Commerce, Dogs and Cats Used in Research (to accompany H.R. 13881). (Senate  Report; 22 June 1966). Washington: Government Printing Office, 1966. 16 p.

Senate. Committee on Commerce, Animal Research and Experimentation (to accompany H.R. 13881). (Remarks on Conference Report; 24 June 1966). Washington: Government Printing Office, 1966. 4 p.

Senate. Committee on Conference, Regulation of Transportation, Sale and Handling of Dogs and Cats for research, Conference Report (to accompany H.R. 13881). (Conference Request; 17 August 1966). Washington: Government Printing Office, 1966. 6 p.

Senate. Committee on Commerce, Need for Humane Legislation Continues . (Remarks on Conference Report; 17 August 1966). Washington: Government Printing Office, 1966. 4 p.


Federal Register Notices


"Laboratory Animal Welfare, Notice of Proposed Rule Making." Federal Register Vol. 31, No. 242 (15 December 1966), 16110-16119.
Summary: ... pursuant to the provisions of the Act of August 24, 1966, commonly known as the Laboratory Animal Welfare Act, the Department of Agriculture is proposing to issue regulations and standards to appear as a new Subchapter A in Chapter 1, Title 9, Code of Federal Regulations, to be designated "Laboratory Animal Welfare."

"Laboratory Animal Welfare, Rules and Regulations." Federal Register Vol. 32; No. 37 (24 February 1967), 3270-3282.


Legislative History


United States Senate. Committee on Commerce, Compilation of Public law 89-544 legislative history materials. Hearing, March 25, 28, and May 25, 1966. Washington: Government Printing Office, 643 p.


Introduced Bills

A Bill to Authorize the Secretary of Agriculture to Regulate the Transportation, Sale, and Handling of Dogs, Cats, and Other Animals Intended to Be Used for Purposes of Research or Experimentation, and for Other Purposes (H.R. 12488), Unenacted Bill. Introduced on 2 February 1966.

A Bill to Authorize the Secretary of Agriculture to Regulate the Transportation, Sale, and Handling of Dogs, Cats, and Other Animals Intended to Be Used for Purposes of Research or Experimentation, and for Other Purposes (S.3059)Unenacted Bill.  Introduced on 8 March 1966.

A Bill to Authorize the Secretary of Agriculture to Regulate the Transportation, Purchase, Sale, and Handling of Dogs and Cats in Commerce (H.R.13406), Unenacted Bill. Introduced 8 March 1966.

 Bill to Authorize the Secretary of Agriculture to Regulate the Transportation, Sale, and Handling of Dogs and Cats Intended to Be Used for Purposes of Research or Experimentation, and for Other Purposes (H.R.13862)Unenacted Bill. Introduced 22 March 1966.

A Bill to Authorize the Secretary of Agriculture to Regulate the Transportation, Sale, and Handling of Dogs, Cats, and Other Animals Intended to Be Used for Purposes of Research or Experimentation, and for Other Purposes (H.R.13881)Unenacted Bill. Introduced 22 March 1966.

An Act to Authorize the Secretary of Agriculture to Regulate the Transportation, Sale, and Handling of Dogs and Cats Intended to Be Used for Purposes of Research or Experimentation, and for Other Purposes (H.R.13881), Unenacted Bill. Introduced 2 May 1966.

An Act to Authorize the Secretary of Agriculture to Regulate the Transportation, Sale, and Handling of Dogs and Cats Intended to Be Used for Purposes of Research or Experimentation, and for Other Purposes (H.R.13881)Unenacted Bill. Introduced 16 June 1966.

Consideration of H.R. 13881: Report (to accompany H. Res 821), Unenacted Bill. Introduced 1966.

Transportation, Sale, and Handling of Dogs and Cats and Certain Other Animals for Research Purposes: Report Together with Individual Views (to accompany H.R. 13881), Unenacted Bill. Introduced 15 June 1966. 

Transportation, Sale, and Handling of Dogs and Cats and Certain Other Animals for Research Purposes: Report to Accompany H.R. 13881Unenacted Bill. Introduced 15 June 1966.

Transportation, Sale, and Handling of Dogs and Cats and Certain Other Animals for Research Purposes: Conference Report (to accompany H.R. 13881)Unenacted Bill. Introduced 11 August 1966.