Table of Contents
Lowell D. Hill (1930-), former professor of Agricultural Economics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (1963-1999) contacted Special Collections, National Agricultural Library in 2015 upon the recommendation of Allan Mustard, U.S. Ambassador to Turkmenistan. Ambassador Mustard was a student of Hill’s at the University of Illinois and later worked with him in the 1990s on the Commodity Exchange Project (COMEX) for Russian grain traders funded by USDA’s Foreign Agricultural Service. Ambassador Mustard recognized the historical value of Hill’s research on grain grades and improving the quality of grain exports.
The collection spans the years 1905 to 2016, the bulk of which are from 1969 to 1997. It occupies 25 boxes and 9 linear feet of shelf space. Materials are in good condition. The collection was organized into subject categories by Hill and rehoused and arranged by Sara Lee from 2015-2016.
Grain economist Lowell D. Hill was born in 1930. He received a B.S. in Agricultural Education at Iowa State University in 1951; a M.S. in Agricultural Economics at Michigan State University in 1961; and a Ph.D. in Agricultural Economics at Michigan State University in 1963.
In 1963, Hill became a professor of agricultural economics at the University of Illinois and served on the faculty for 35 years. In conjunction with this position, he researched grain quality and marketing strategies in more than 50 countries. Hill testified in several Congressional hearings related to grain grades, weight irregularities, and the U.S. Grain Standards Act. The results of his work have shaped U.S. grain grading laws.
Although Hill did not work for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), he received USDA’s Award for Distinguished Service in 1989 for "opening new market opportunities through his influence on national policies and regulations."
Hill has written more than 700 publications, including author or editor of five books, 28 book chapters and numerous journal articles. Because of requests for lectures and workshops, he developed video documentaries describing grain marketing practices and principles in the United States, Europe, Japan and South America. Some of the videos were translated into six languages and distributed worldwide, by the U.S. Grains Council and Foreign Agricultural Service, USDA.
Read the full text of Hill's Distinguished Service Award biography here.
Scope and Content Note
The Lowell D. Hill Collection consists of unpublished papers, correspondence, and Congressional documents related to Hill’s research on grain quality; materials related to his involvement in the USDA’s Foreign Agricultural Service COMEX project; North American Export Grain Association minutes related to Grain Quality Workshops; materials related to his leadership on the international study on grain quality conducted by the United States Congress’ Office of Technology Assessment; personal and biographical materials documenting his research efforts; and selective, complementary published resources from his personal library. Hill collected many resources during the decade he spent researching and writing his 1990 book Grain grades and standards: historical issues shaping the future. Many of Hill’s reports address issues related to grain grades, which are USDA-related. In 1989 Hill received the USDA Distinguished Service Award for improving quality of grain markets and opening new market opportunities.
Most of Hill’s publications were placed in the University Archives at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign but copies of Hill’s and others’ publications deemed critical to his research were included with this collection. This collection does contain some publications that were not placed in the University of Illinois library, but which Hill still used after retirement while consulting for the U.S. Grains Council. This includes minutes of meetings that resulted in important changes in Federal and state regulations related to moisture meter calibrations, grain grades, and transportation. Most of Hill’s work included in bulletins and books are in one or more university library collections.
A related collection, The Lowell D. Hill Papers 1962-1997, is located at the University of Illinois Archives and document his work for the Department of Consumer Sciences and Agricultural Economics. These materials include books, typed manuscripts, journal articles, government publications, technical bulletins and research reports written by Hill between 1962 and 1997.
Series I. Personal and Biographical Information. 1972-2015.
This series includes documentation about awards given to Lowell D. Hill by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, American Agricultural Economics Association, and National Corn Growers Association; biographical references; and a comprehensive list of Hill’s publications.
The series also includes Betty E. Hill’s personal journal: On a Magic Carpet of Corn: A World Adventure (2011). Betty E. Hill, wife of Lowell D. Hill, kept a daily journal as she traveled with her husband and his research teams on international trips between 1975 and 2004. She documented their visits to countries in Central and South America, Africa, Asia, and Europe. Her journal records her observations about the research and its accompanying problems and resolutions, the people they encountered at each destination, and some of the cultural practices of the various countries.
Series II. COMEX Project. 1989-2015.
The Commodity Exchange Project (COMEX) trained several hundred Russian grain buyers in grain marketing skills. The four-year project was undertaken to help Russia convert the centralized grain distribution system of the former Soviet government to a free-market model. The U.S. Foreign Agricultural Service supported the project using funds from the Emerging Democracies authorization in the 1990 Farm Bill. Files from Hill’s participation in the project committee comprise this series.
Series III. North Central Regional Research Project, NC-151/NC-213. 1968-1979, 1991-2000, 2003, 2015.
This series comprises materials related to Hill’s proposal for a consortium to integrate multi-disciplinary research related to harvesting, conditioning, and marketing of grain crops. Begun as a cooperative dialog between the departments of agricultural engineering and agricultural economics at the University of Illinois, a regional program was established and grew to involve numerous universities, government agencies, and industry partners. Items in this series include Hill’s original correspondence, memoranda, presentations, proposals, conference programs, and other documents.
Series IV. News Clippings. 1978-1978, 1985-1986.
News clippings in this series chronicle the grain weights and grading scandal of the mid-1970s, which uncovered conflicts of interest and corrupt practices among inspection agencies handling U.S. grain exports. Articles include James V. Risser’s Pulitzer Prize-winning investigative series on the scandal for The Des Moines Register, along with some additional sources. Many of the articles quote Hill. Note that materials related to the subsequent Congressional investigations into the grain inspection controversy are located in Series VI.
This series also includes clippings from 1985 and 1986 covering the passage of the Grain Quality Improvement Act of 1986.
Series V. Grain Quality Workshops. 1976, 1985-1986, 1989-2001.
This series includes notes, correspondence, and minutes of the Grain Quality Workshops, originally sponsored by the National Grain and Feed Association. The workshops, begun in December 1985, were a cooperative venture by 22 organizations representing grain producers, feed developers, elevator operators, exporters and domestic users, processors and manufacturers. Their purpose was to examine and discuss current grain standards and other grain quality issues in an effort to develop consensus recommendations for improving sales of U.S. grains. The North American Export Grain Association later took over sponsorship of the workshops.
Series VI. Congressional Hearings and Expert Testimony in Court Cases. 1975-1976, 1986, 1989, 1990s, 2004.
This series consists of Hill’s collection of documents on Congressional hearings and bills related to grain grades and the U.S. Grain Standards Act. Hill testified in several of these hearings on the topics of grain quality and weight irregularities in U.S. grain shipments.
Series VII. Reports to the United States Congress. 1970-1988.
Subseries VII.A. General Accounting Office (GAO) Study of Grain Inspection System. 1970-1986.
Materials in this section include draft reports, a review proposal, and published appendices in which the GAO reported to Congress on U.S. grain quality standards and concerns. Hill contributed to developing the study and reviewing draft proposals.
Subseries VII.B. Office of Technology Assessment (OTA). 1987-1988.
Hill led a project team for the OTA to study grain quality and marketing practices in other major grain exporting countries. Materials in this section include Hill’s trip report and research reports comparing grain systems in Brazil and Argentina with that of the United States.
Series VIII. World Bank Reports. 1990-1994.
This series consists of reports on grain markets authored by Hill and others.
Series IX. Grain Quality and Transportation Studies. 1917-1996.
Subseries IX.A. Illinois-Iowa Moisture Meter Task Force. 1917-1975, 1980-1989.
Beginning in 1980, Hill chaired a task force to evaluate standards and accuracy in devices used to measure grain moisture content. Materials in this section cover issues in the design and calibration of moisture meters, along with historical background on the development of moisture measuring technologies. Files document the task force research, activities, and resulting actions taken by the government and industry.
Subseries IX.B. Shrink, Adulteration, and the Equivalent Bushel Concept. 1968-1996.
This set of materials supplements the moisture meter calibration folders. "Shrink" refers to the reduction in the quantity of grain (volume or weight) that occurs when moisture is removed. Together, shrink and meter accuracy affect the amount of corn measured in a given weight, which in turn affects grain grade and price. Hill proposed an adjustment called "equivalent bushel" to establish a uniform way to account for differing moisture amounts.
Series IX.C. Transportation of Grain Through the Market System. 1970-1990.
Materials relate to rail car shortages and unit trains, structural change in the grain industry, and the 1973 crisis on receiving, storing, drying, and transporting the corn crop.
Series IX.D. Development of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO). 1985-2000.
Contains mainly publications co-written by Hill on subjects of biotechnology and genetic modification in crop production.
Series X. Complaints by Importers. 1905-2016.
This series contains statistical data and reports on complaints received by USDA from foreign grain buyers concerning quality of the shipments and corruption in the U.S. grain inspection system. Also included are proposed responses to these complaints.
Series XI. Quality Changes in the Export Market Channel. 1975-2016.
Materials are from Hill’s long-term scientific investigation of the quality of U.S. exported grain. This series includes summaries of interviews and surveys, travel itineraries, contact information, and trip reports in grain importing countries.
Series XII. Destination Sampling. 1974-2016.
Materials relate to Hill’s proposal for installation of a certified sampling device (Diverter Sampler or DT) at one or more ports in Europe to compare origin quality with destination quality as the cargo was unloaded in the selected ports. In particular, this series chronicles the destination sampling at Tilbury Grain Terminal located at the port of Tilbury Docks, England. Materials include correspondence, trip reports, project description, and record of activities.
Series XIII. Comparing Quality, Production and Marketing Practices, and Policies Among Major Exporting Countries. 1981-2016.
In this series, Hill details his efforts to conduct research in Brazil, Argentina, and South Africa. The series includes summaries, trip reports, meeting minutes, presentation notes, and correspondence with various groups.
Series XIV. Summary of Support and Opposition from Industry and Government. 1977-2016.
This series includes old and new documentation detailing the opposition, support, and successes in Hill’s research related to grain quality. The materials include Hill’s summaries of events, correspondence, and a few related articles.
Series XV. Unpublished Papers. 1977-2015.
This series contains unpublished papers on a variety of Hill’s research topics.
Series XVI. Additions and Related Materials. 1948-2016.
This series includes materials on grain quality research, changes in grade, soybean history, and several Comptroller General of the United States assessment reports on the national grain inspection system.
Series XVII. Oversize Materials. 1941, 1986.
Oversize materials include a photograph of the joint committee hearings on the University of Illinois campus and a Minary shrink table.
|001||001||Certificate of Appreciation signed by Secretary of Agriculture Richard E. Lyng and presented to Hill at the Agricultural Products Quality and Competitiveness Conference||1988|
|001||002||USDA Distinguished Service Award for improving quality of grain markets and opening new market opportunities: related paperwork and photographs||1989|
|001||003||USDA Award: publicity||1989|
|001||004||Paperwork for nomination of Lowell D. Hill for Distinguished Extension Program Award of the American Agricultural Economics Association||1989|
|001||005||Paperwork for nomination of Lowell D. Hill for the Corn Industry Award sponsored by National Corn Growers Association||1989|
|001||006||The 1991 Faculty Award for Excellence Recipients booklet||1991|
|001||007||Letters from students, faculty, government, and industry||1995, 1998, 1999, 2009|
|001||008||Articles about Hill in farm press||1985, 1990|
|001||009||List of Publications by Lowell D. Hill||2015|
|002||001||On a Magic Carpet of Corn: A World Adventure by Betty E. Hill||2011|
|003||001||Introductory material authored by Hill||2015|
|003||002||Origin of COMEX (1)||1994, 2015|
|003||003||Final Program Plans (outline written by Hill) (2)||2015|
|003||004||Meeting of Planning Committee (3)||1993|
|003||005||Fiscal Affairs (4)||1994-1995|
|003||007||Trading Game; (6a)||1997|
|003||008||Short Course in Illinois (6b)||1994-1995|
|003||009||Elevator Reports (6c)||1995|
|003||010||Advanced Course (7)||1988, 1995|
|003||011||Evaluation by Participants (8a)||1994-1995|
|003||012||External Evaluation (Hill’s response) (8b)||1996|
|003||013||Publicity (9)||1987, 1990, 1994-1995|
|003||014||Resident Advisors (10)||1994-1995|
|003||015||Project Extension (11)||1996|
|003||016||Certificates and Shares (12a)||1994-1995|
|003||017||Hill’s trip report (12b)||1994|
|003||018||Russian Grain Union yearbook||1996|
|003||019||Agricultural Market Planning in Resource Development by Lowell D. Hill||1965|
|004||001||Introductory material authored by Hill (History of Multi-Regional Project organized as North Central first NCT-113)||2015|
|004||002||Hill’s proposal to 9 faculty in University of Illinois’ Department of Agriculture Economics to integrate research related to harvesting, conditioning, and marketing across departmental lines (1)||1968|
|004||003||Invitation to 19 individuals in 11 universities and 2 departments to meet at University of Illinois to discuss common interests and ways to coordinate research to make projects complementary rather than competitive; agenda; survey of current areas of research from each individual; problem areas ranked by each of 7 states as well as ERS and USDA; (2-6)||1969|
|004||004||Thank you letter to Pulitzer Prize winning cartoonist Gene Graham for presenting at meeting (7)||1969|
|004||005||Memorandum regarding planning a conference with a focus on "On-farm vs. off farm drying and storage" (8)||1969|
|004||006||Agenda for Regional Research Seminar (9)||1969|
|004||007||Participants in Regional Research Seminar on Alternatives for Conditioning and Storing Corn at Farm and Elevator (10)||1969|
|004||008||Memorandum in which Hill states that the participants voted to appoint John Scott to organize a similar seminar on the topic of Grain Quality (11)||1969|
|004||009||Conference on Research of Corn Quality program/agenda (12)||1970|
|004||010||Conference on Research of Corn Quality attendance roster (13)||1970|
|004||011||Grain Damage Symposium, Columbus, Ohio (13)||1972|
|004||012||Hill letter to W.M. Griffith in which Hill states that tentative approval was granted by the Ohio Research and Development Committee for 4 university, multi-department research proposal developed form the 1969-1970 meetings (14)||1972|
|004||013||Proposal supported by Ohio State University Development Fund: Revised Research Proposal for Corn Quality Conservation (15)||1972|
|004||014||Proposal for consideration by The Andersons Agricultural Research Committee: Improving Corn Quality in United States Export Markets (16)||1972|
|004||015||Proposal for an expanded, 3 year project with serval procedures to the researchers funded by Andersons’ Agricultural Research Fund (AARF), inviting them to identify their interests and to invite researchers from other departments (Hill’s proposal set the stage for multi-disciplinary and multi-institutional research consortium NCT-117) (17)||1973|
|004||016||Roy M. Kottman, Ohio State University, letter to Hill confirming the tentative funding of 2 projects developed at the University of Illinois (18)||1973|
|004||017||Roy M. Kottman, Ohio State University, letter authorized payment from Andersons’ Agricultural Research Fund (AARF) for the 2 projects developed at the University of Illinois (19)||1974|
|004||018||Hill letter to Roy M. Kottman, Dean, College of Agriculture and Home Economics, Ohio State University regarding planning an international conference for "Corn Quality in World Markets" (20)||1974|
|004||019||Details of international conference for "Corn Quality in World Markets" (21)||1973|
|004||020||Roy M. Kottman letter to Hill confirming tentative funding of May 1972 from Andersons’ Agricultural Research Fund (AARF) for the 2 projects developed at Illinois, February 23, 1973 (22)||1975|
|004||021||Hill memorandum to researchers from several universities and government agencies asking their help in developing specifics for a project that would include a broader range of expertise; March 11, 1974 (23)||1974|
|004||022||Materials regarding Hill’s and Bruce Brooks’ personal interviews with 73 people in 10 different countries in Western and Eastern Europe; May/June 1974 (24)||1974|
|004||023||Continued collaboration among universities in the Andersons’ Agricultural Research Fund (AARF) (24.1)||1975, 1976|
|004||024||Documents related to Corn Quality Research Conference in Champaign, Illinois; November 21-23, 1977 (25)||1977, 1978|
|004||025||Newsletter from Andersons’ Agricultural Research Fund (AARF), Volume 1, Numbers 1-5; official published history "Marketing and Delivery of Quality Cereals and Oilseeds: A History of the First 25 Years—October 1, 1978-September 30, 2003." By Marvin Paulsen, NC-151/NC-213 Committee (26)||1975, 2003|
|004||026||Rewritten North Central Regional Research Project (NCT-117) proposal on grain quality Hill sent to advisory committee. Marketing and Delivery of Quality Cereals and Oilseeds in Domestic and Foreign Market: An Interregional Interdisciplinary Research Proposal submitted to Experiment Station Directors and Cooperative State Research Service, USDA (27)||1978|
|004||027||Roy M. Kottman, Dean and Director of Ohio Agricultural Research And Development Center, letter to Lowell D. Hill in which Kottman stated that the CRIS Project Review form contained the comment from the review board "…It [NC-151] is the best designed regional project of all time." October 1, 1979. (28)||1979|
|004||028||International Quality Grains Conference Proceedings (Hill made presentation) (29)||2004|
|004||029||Objectives of NC-213 (30)||2015|
|004||030||NC-151/NC-213 "A History of the First 25 Years" by Marvin R. Paulsen (31)||2004|
|004||031||Proposals to Ohio State development fund and Andersons’ Agricultural Research Fund (AARF) (32a)||1975-1979|
|004||032||International Grain Quality Conference NC-151 (includes photographs) (32b)||1978|
|004||033||More research proposals and progress reports (32c)||1975, 1977, 1988|
|004||034||More research proposals and progress reports (32d)||1987, 1991, 1997, 1999, 2000|
|004||035||University of Illinois Corn Quality Project (includes photographs)||1985|
|005||001||The Washington Post||1975-1976|
|005||003||Investigations into Grading Irregularities||1976-1977|
|005||005||Clippings on James Risser, DesMoines Register reporter; includes copy of May 9, 1975 report introducing his series about the corruptions in the grain and export trade||1975-1976, undated|
|005||009||Des Moines Register||1985-1986|
|006||002||North American Export Grain Association (NAEGA) Task Force||1976, 1985|
|006||003||Grain Quality: Background and Selected Issues||1985|
|006||004||Grain Industry Exchanges on Grain Quality Workshops||1985-1986|
|006||005||Grain Quality Workshops||1985-1986|
|006||006||Grain Quality Workshop: November 1986 agenda and motions||1986|
|006||007||Grain Quality Workshops: June 1992-August 1996||1992-1996|
|006||008||Grain Quality Workshops||1995|
|006||009||Grain Quality Workshop||1996|
|006||010||Grain Quality Workshop||1997|
|006||011||Grain Quality Workshop||1998-2001|
|006||012||Grain Quality Workshop: Summaries||1986, 1989- 1991|
|007||001||Introductory material authored by Hill||2015|
|007||002||List of hearings in which Hill participated or contributed to||1986, 1994, 1998, undated|
|007||003||Photographs of Senators Hubert Humphrey and Dick Clark in discussion at the 1975 hearings on grain quality legislation||1975|
|007||004||Hill’s copy of the 1975 Congressional Hearings including notes (critique and corrections to contents)||1975|
|007||005||Senator Talmadge’s letter of appreciation to Hill for the 1975 testimony||1975|
|007||006||Correspondence between Hill and House and Senate members (RE: legislation)||1976, 1986, 1987|
|007||007||Publicity and news report about the 1986 Congressional Subcommittee field hearings at the University of Illinois||1986|
|007||008||Photographs of Congressional Subcommittee field hearings at the University of Illinois||1986|
|007||009||Hearing reports related to irregularities in the weighing and grading of grain||1975, 1976|
|007||010||Hearing reports related to the moisture and drying of grain||1976, 1986, 1990, 1991|
|007||011||Hill’s introduction on "Expert testimony in various court cases"||2015|
|007||012||Deposition relating to the Didion Milling, Inc. vs. Terra International||2004|
|007||013||Expert report of Hill and Dr. Thomas A. Hieronymus on Garnac Grain Co. "An Overview of the Grain Production and Marketing Industry and the Role of the Grain Elevator Operator"||1989|
|007||014||Hill’s direct testimony for the Garnac Grain Co. (includes descriptions of the grain systems from farm to port)||1989|
Series VII. Reports to the United States Congress. 1970-1988.
|008||001||Introductory material authored by Hill||2015|
|008||002||Hill’s proposal for review of grain grades and standards in major exporting countries||1975|
|008||003||Draft report to the House Committee on Agriculture and Senate Committee on Agriculture and Forestry||1970, 1976|
|008||004||Published final report by General Accounting Office (GAO) "Concerns About Quality"||1986|
|009||001||Introductory material authored by Hill||2015|
|009||002||Hill’s trip report for Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) study of grain quality and marketing practices in Brazil and Argentina||1987|
|009||003||Hill’s interim report to Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) "A Comparison of Grain Grading and Marketing in Argentina and the United States"||1988|
|009||004||Hill’s document on "U.S. Grades and Standards – Principles and Issues" for background in the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) report, and copy of the cover page of the final report||1988|
|010||001||Hill’s overview on "World Bank Reports"||2015|
|010||002||Report to World Bank "Grain Markets in Colombia"||1992, 1994|
|010||003||Chile: Assignment for contribution to a workshop with historical background on their agriculture from Alberto Valdes of the World Bank||1993|
|010||004||World Bank report: United States||Undated|
Series IX. Grain Quality and Transportation Studies. 1917-1996.
|011||001||Moisture meter issues: the problem recognized||1980, 2015, undated|
|011||003||Task Force formation||1980|
|011||004||Moisture meter Task Force action and results||1981, 1983, 1984, undated|
|011||005||State and federal actions in response to task force research and recommendations||1980, 1981|
|011||006||Industry responses||1980, 1981, 1983|
|011||007||Personal correspondence on calibration and equipment||1980, 1987, 1989|
|011||008||Ancient history on devices for measuring moisture||1917, 1926, 1934, 1936, 1941, 1949, 1954, 1974, 1975|
|011||009||Efforts to achieve international uniformity in measuring moisture||1985|
|011||010||Moisture publications by Hill||1984, 1985, 1993, 1994|
|012||002||Shrink||1930, 1947, 1960, 1979, 1986, 1996|
|012||003||Rewetting-adulteration||1985, 1987, 1991-1994, 1997, 2002, 2004|
|012||004||Equivalent Bushel Concept (EQB) (1 of 2)||1968, 1983, 1985, 1995|
|012||005||Equivalent Bushel Concept (2 of 2)||1916, 1983, 1985, 1994, 2003|
|012||006||Removing moisture as a grade determining factor||1984, 1985, 1996|
|012||007||The issue of adulteration||1981, 1983, 1993, 1994, 1997|
|012||008||Single kernel moisture content||1975, 1986, 1990, 1995|
|012||009||Exchanges with authorities||1981|
|012||010||Research at The Andersons||1981, 1983, 1991|
|013||001||Correspondence on Equivalent Bushel Concept (EQB) – pros and cons||1973, 1983-1985, 1993|
|013||002||Industry and media response: addition of water||1992-1994|
|013||003||Peter Bloome versus grain industry and Food and Drug Administration (FDA)||1980-1984, 1989, 1990, 1992|
|014||002||Policy and regulations||1976, 1979, 1982, 1985|
|014||003||Grain handling crisis of 1973||1970, 1973|
|014||004||Illinois share of grain exports||1982, 1992|
|014||005||Research reports on grain shipments by origin, destination, and transport mode (1 of 2)||1976, 1977, 1981, 1983,|
|014||006||Research reports on grain shipments by origin, destination, and transport mode (2 of 2)||1976, 1977, 1981, 1983|
|014||007||Reports on Hill’s research – transportation||1980, 1982, 1995|
|015||001||Research on Genetically Modified Organisms||1985-1988, 1990, 1991, 1999, 2000|
|016||001||Hill’s overview on complaints by importers||2016|
|016||002||Statistical reports on the number of complaints by country, grain, and year||1983, 1987-1993|
|016||003||Documenting foreign complaints||1905-1990|
|016||004||Responses to complaints||1966, 1975, 1984|
|016||005||Suggested solutions: Statement by Elmer B. Staats on the National Grain Inspection System; Hill’s critique and suggestions to Staats||1976|
|017||002||Interviews and surveys in importing countries||1975, 1989, 1990, 1996|
|017||003||Interviews and surveys in importing countries: Venezuela||1989, 1990|
|017||004||Interviews and surveys in importing countries: China||1987|
|017||005||Interviews and surveys in importing countries: Indonesia||1987|
|017||006||Interviews and surveys in importing countries: Korea||1989, 1998|
|017||007||Interviews and surveys in importing countries: France||1987|
|017||008||Interviews and surveys in importing countries: England and Brussels||1977|
|017||009||Research to correlate attributes to end use value||1993, 1996, 1999|
|017||010||Tracing quality changes through the market channel (1 of 3)||1975, 1976, 2003|
|017||011||Tracing quality changes through the market channel (2 of 3)||1990, 1991|
|018||001||Tracing quality changes through the market channel (3 of 3)||1976, 1977, 1979, 1981, 1985, 1988-1991, 1996|
|018||002||Background documents on the Nanfri||1975-1976|
|019||001||Hill’s overview and documents on "Destination sampling at Tilbury Grain Terminal located at the port of Tilbury Docks, England"||2016, 1974, 1975|
|019||002||Narrative on installation of DT (Diverter Sampler) samplers in Tilbury Grain Terminal||2016|
|019||003||Chronological record of sampling at destination with DTs||1972-1984, 2016|
|019||004||Opposition and support. Cargill.||1975, 1977, 1984|
|019||005||Opposition and support. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).||1975, 1976, 1978|
|019||006||The search for locations to install DTs in Europe and the United Kingdom||1976|
|019||007||Installation and Operation of the DTs at Tilbury||1974, 1978|
|019||008||Mission accomplished and final wrap-up||1979, 1981|
|019||009||Hill’s overview on comparing quality, production and marketing practices, and policies among major exporting countries.||2016|
|019||011||South Africa trip report||1981|
|020||001||Hill’s overview on proposal for comparative study of corn in Argentina||2016|
|020||002||Early efforts to dissuade research||1983|
|020||003||Argentina trip report||1967, 1983, 1995, 2016|
|020||004||Actions and information following successful completion of the 1983 project in Argentina||1983, 1987, 1992|
|021||001||Hill’s overview on "Summary of support and opposition from industry and government"||2016|
|021||003||Installation of diverter sampling equipment in Europe||1977, 1979|
|021||004||Comparing corn and soybean quality among countries: Brazil||1981|
|021||005||Comparing corn and soybean quality among countries: Argentina||1982-1983|
|021||006||A collection of positive and negative reactions to the research||1979-1999|
|021||007||Two narrative examples of industry opposition||2016|
|022||002||Unpublished papers: Changes in the quality of corn and soybeans during transport from farm to foreign destinations; concerns raised by importers and processors at foreign destinations||1977, undated|
|022||003||Unpublished: Relating the price of corn and soybeans to value in processing or final use; relating price to value based on its composition; and introducing the Equivalent Bushel Concept||1990, 1996, 1997|
|022||004||Unpublished papers: Quantifying volume of shipments to selected United States (U.S.) export destinations||1978, 1982|
|022||005||Unpublished papers: Risk and uncertainty in world grain markets||1981|
|022||006||Unpublished papers: Changes needed in United States (U.S.) grades and standards (1 of 3)||1990|
|022||007||Unpublished papers: Changes needed in United States (U.S.) grades and standards (2 of 3)||1976, 1979, 1984-1986|
|022||008||Unpublished papers: Changes needed in United States (U.S.) grades and standards (3 of 3)||1992-1994, 1999|
|022||009||Unpublished papers: Quality problems of United States (U.S.) grains in overseas markets||1976, 1977, 1980, 2002|
|022||010||Unpublished papers: Strategies for improving the quality of grains and oilseeds in overseas markets||1977, 1988|
|022||011||Unpublished papers: Strategies for increasing exports of grains and oilseeds through improved quality. Includes markets for specialty grains and oilseeds.||1980, 1982-1985, 2002|
|022||012||Unpublished papers: Policy issues covering competitiveness, government regulations, and the role of government in markets||1994, 1996, undated|
|022||013||Unpublished papers: Soybean quality-history and the need for changes in grades||Undated|
|023||001||Two unpublished papers co-authored by Hill and Allan Mustard||1981, undated|
|023||002||Transparencies from PowerPoint presentation on Equivalent Bushel Concept||1996, 1998|
|023||003||Unpublished papers||1980, 1982, 1996, 2002|
|023||004||Unpublished paper: Corn Quality in Tankers; data from various sources||2000|
|023||005||Unpublished papers: Rotary meeting||1976, 2000, 2001|
|023||006||Unpublished paper: Challenges and Opportunities in the Market for Specialty Grains||2001|
|023||007||Unpublished paper: New Marketing Patterns for Corn (Monmouth)||1981|
|023||008||Unpublished papers on energy and efficiency||1977|
|023||009||Unpublished papers on waterways||1975, 1982, 1994|
|023||010||Unpublished paper on transportation||1992|
|023||011||Unpublished paper on farmers’ risks and policies||2002|
|023||012||Presentation at conference||1997|
|024||001||Grain quality research||1975, 1983, 1986, 2000|
|024||002||Changes in grade||1975, 1985, 1986, 1988, 1990, 1992, 1993|
|024||003||Soybean history and grain standards||1948, 1951-1952, 1975, 1979, 1986, 1991, 2004|
|024||004||Report of the Comptroller General of the United States: Assessment of the National Grain Inspection System; February 12, 1976||1976|
|024||005||Report of the Comptroller General of the United States: Supplemental Information on Assessment of the National Grain System System; July 16, 1976||1976|
|024||006||Report by the Comptroller General of the United States: Grain Inspection and Weighing Systems in the Interior of the United States—An Evaluation; April 14, 1980||1980|
|024||007||Agricultural Market Planning in Resource Development by Lowell D. Hill||1965|
|024||008||Report by Hill, Otte, and Swoboda documenting historic problems with U.S. grain buying practices "A Century of Striving to Pay Farmers for Dry Matter Value in Grain"||2016|
|025||001||Photograph: Joint committee hearings on campus led to legislation incorporating economic principles into U.S. (United States) Grain Standards Act||1986?|
|025||002||Minary Shrink Table, Series S, Shrinkage Cost of Drying Grain||1941|