Egg Production

USDA Materials on Eggs: Retail and Production

The U.S. Department of Agriculture provides advice to the producer and consumer on egg marketing and purchasing. Here are some reports, manuals, and flyers the USDA has created from the Frost years up to the present:

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Marketing Eggs by Parcel Post

Flohr, Lewis. B., 1917

"Whether the marketing of eggs by parcel post should be attempted by any particular producer will depend on his present available markets, the possibility of securing a satisfactory customer or customers, and the care taken to follow tested and approved methods in preparing the eggs for shipment. Failures in attempting to ship eggs by parcel post have resulted because proper precautions as to pack- age or container, packing, and labeling were not observed.

This bulletin presents conclusions from investigations made by the Office of Markets and Rural Organization in cooperation with the Post Office Department and gives detailed information as to the use of the parcel post."

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Egg Buying Guides for Consumers

Mainland, Rowena Schmidt and Hauver, William Eugene, 1954

"Are these egg facts NEWS to you?

Eggs are valued for their proteins, vitamins, and minerals, any meal of the day, the year round. Like other important protein foods, eggs should be properly handled to protect their quality. Proper handling means cooling the eggs promptly after they are gathered from the hen's nest, and keeping them under refrigeration until they are to be used."

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How to Buy Eggs

U.S. Department of Agriculture. Consumer and Marketing Service, 1968

"Look for the USDA Shield

Select by Grade (Quality)

Select by Size (Weight Classes)"

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Egg-Grading Manual

U.S. Department of Agriculture. Agricultural Marketing Service, 2000

"This manual is an aid in teaching both beginning and experienced egg graders the correct interpretation and application of the U.S. standards, grades, and weight classes for eggs. It can serve as a guide in short courses or grading schools when supplemented with lectures, group discussions, and demonstrations. This manual should also prove useful to those teaching or working in the production, processing, and marketing of eggs."

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Buy Quality Eggs With Confidence

U.S. Department of Agriculture. Agricultural Marketing Service. Poultry Programs, 2007

"U.S. Quality Standards—Condition of the White and Yolk

U.S. Weight Classes—Minimum Weight Per Dozen Eggs

USDA Shell Egg Certification"

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Chickens and Eggs: 2013 Summary

U.S. Department of Agriculture. National Agricultural Statistics Service, 2014

"This file contains the monthly estimates of the number of layers on hand, rate of lay and egg production, potential layers by geographic regions, and chicken inventories and values by states.


United States Average Number of Layers Up 2 Percent: Layer numbers during 2013 averaged 346 million, up 2 percent from the year earlier. The annual average production per layer on hand in 2013 was 275 eggs, up slightly from 2012.

United States Egg Production Up 2 Percent: Egg production during the year ending November 30, 2013 totaled 95.2 billion eggs, up 2 percent from 2012. Table egg production, at 82.5 billion eggs, was up 2 percent from the previous year. Hatching egg production, at 12.7 billion eggs, was up 3 percent from 2012.

United States December 1 Inventory Numbers: The total number of chickens on hand on December 1, 2013 (excluding commercial broilers) was 464 million birds, up 1 percent from last year.

United States Total Value: The total value of all chickens on December 1, 2013 was $1.98 billion, up 7 percent from December 1, 2012. The average value increased from $4.06 per bird on December 1, 2012, to $4.27 per bird on December 1, 2013."