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- Creator is exactly "Richard Ervin, Senior Archaeologist"
Description: Jasper debitage resulted from chipped off larger pieces of stone during the tool making process.
Description: Quartzite hammerstone was used to strike off lithic debitage in order to make a stone tool such as a knife, scraper, or projectile point.
Description: Yellow poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera) and raspberry/blackberry (Rubus sp.) seeds recovered from dig.
Site before excavation
Description: The site area as it looked prior to the start of excavation.
Preparing to excavate
Description: As the excavations progressed, a large area was stripped using a backhoe to remove the deposits capping the site. Archaeologists then excavated with shovels to expose buried archaeological features including hearths and tool manufacturing areas.
Description: Overview of the results of Phase II archaeological excavations, showing a cluster of fire-cracked rock called Feature 1.
Thick mantle of soil protects archaeological deposits.
Description: The excavations showed that a thick mantle of soil had been deposited over the site, capping and preserving the archaeological deposits.
Cluster of stones probably used in a hearth.
Description: This cluster of stones probably used in a hearth was an early indication of the richness of the site.
Site towards the end
Description: View of the site towards the end of the excavations where several clusters of chipped stone and fire-cracked rock are visible, along with individual test units.
Jack's Reef Pentagonal Point
Description: The Jack's Reef pentagonal is a broad, thin, stemless point. It has a five-sided shape, with straight or slightly concave sides, usually asymmetrical. The base is often straight, but can be curved inward. Length typically ranges from 25 to 44 mm. The…
Jasper Jack's Reef Corner-Notched Point
Description: The Jack’s Reef corner-notched point is medium-sized, broad and thin. The blade is flat with excurvate (smooth and convex) or angular edges. It generally has a five-sided or egg-shaped form. The base is flared and straight. The stem is…
Jasper Pentagonal Form
Description: Jasper biface has been re-sharpened into a pentagonal form. It may be a point that was broken during use. After which, an attempt was made to re-sharpen the point while still hafted.
Lance Projectile Point
Description: Savannah River Point found was manufactured of light gray rhyolite similar to materials found on Catoctin Mountain in Maryland.
Rhyolite Jack's Reef Corner
Description: Rhyolite Jack’s Reef, corner-notched point fragments recovered from two areas of the site.
Description: Mockley net-impressed pottery was manufactured from 200 to 900 A.D. and is found on Middle Woodland sites on the western shore of Maryland and DelMarVa.