Yes, with alternatives in education each new wave of veterinary students can achieve the same high level of proficiency and high-quality learning environment expected from traditional educational approaches.
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Alternatives in education help better promote the welfare of animals by substituting animals with non-animal methods that can provide identical learning experiences. Such examples include models, mannequins, and stimulators as well as neutral and/or beneficial animal work instead of procedures that are harmful to animals. These alternatives ensure consideration for all aspects of animal wellbeing.
To create the best quality education, ideally supported by validation of the efficacy of particular educational tools and approaches, while ensuring that animals are not used harmfully and that respect for animal life is engendered within the student.
If an inspection reveals deficiencies in meeting the AWA standards or regulations, the inspector either instructs the facility to correct the problems within a given timeframe or, in serious cases of negligence or suffering, recommends formal legal action.
Enforcement of the AWA and HPA is accomplished by about 120 field-based employees who are strategically located throughout the 50 States and Territories. They are either veterinary medical officers (VMOs) or animal care inspectors (ACIs). Some specialize in the care of various species or in the areas of nutrition, research, or transportation. All VMOs are graduates of a veterinary medical college, and many have been private-practice veterinarians prior to joining Animal Care. ACIs have education in the biological sciences and/or extensive experience in the care and handling of animals.
No, the regulations allow for designated member review as long as all members of the committee have had the opportunity to review the protocol and request a full committee review if they think it is necessary.
No, any request for a review by the full committee must be granted.
Yes, the USDA animal welfare regulations and the Public Health Service Policy for the Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals establish minimum standards for oversight of the animal care and use program. Facilities can choose to set higher standards to ensure that all animals receive the same standard of care and the program is accountable for the use of those animals.
There is no Federal requirement but local or state laws may require an animal care and use committee. For example, see Ordinance 1086 of the Cambridge Municipal Code (chap. 6.12), which was established to oversee the care and use of laboratory animals in the city.
The Food and Nutrition Information Center (FNIC) is a leader in online global nutrition information. Located at the National Agricultural Library (NAL) of the United States Department of Agriculture, the FNIC website contains over 2500 links to current and reliable nutrition information.
The Food and Agriculture Act of 1977 (Farm Bill) established the Food and Nutrition Information and Education Resources Center (later known as the Food and Nutrition Information Center, or FNIC) as a permanent entity within NAL. (see p.26 of PDF).
FNIC strives to serve the professional community (including educators, health professionals and researchers) by providing access to a wide range of trustworthy food and nutrition resources from both government and non-government sources. The FNIC website provides information about food and human nutrition. The materials found on this website are not intended to be used for the diagnosis or treatment of a health problem or as a substitute for consulting a licensed health professional.
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Food and Nutrition Information Center
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