2000s

This section contains reports and assessments published or updated during the years 2000 - 2009.

Food Safety and Inspection Service (United States Department of Agriculture).

September 2008.

This direct plating procedure is a rapid and effective alternative to the MPN method for the enumeration of Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli and other possibleCampylobacter spp.  The procedure was developed by the Agricultural Research Service (ARS), the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), and recommended by the National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria for Foods (NACMCF).  This guidance protocol is based on methodology used for the current Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) Young Chicken Baseline Study (YCBS) and Young Turkey Baseline Study (YTBS) for whole chicken rinses and turkey sponge samples.

Government Accountability Office.

September 2000

Pursuant to a congressional request, the Governmetn Accountability Office (GAO) reviewed the benefits and risks of food irradiation, focusing on the: (1) extent and the purposes for which food irradiation is being used in the United States; and (2) scientifically supported benefits and risks of food irradiation.

Goverment Accountability Office.

November 2003

When the President created the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), he included U.S. agriculture and food industries in the list of critical infrastructures needing protection. The Secretaries of Agriculture and of Health and Human Services have publicly declared that the U.S. food supply is susceptible to deliberate contamination. The Goverment Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to provide an overview of the potential vulnerabilities of the food supply and agriculture sector to deliberate contamination and to summarize four recent GAO reports that identified problems with federal oversight that could leave the nation's agriculture and food supply vulnerable to deliberate contamination.

Government Accountability Office.

February 2005

The safety and quality of the U.S. food supply are governed by a complex system that is administered by 15 agencies. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), have primary responsibility for food safety. Many legislative proposals have been made to consolidate the U.S. food safety system, but to date no other action has been taken. Several countries have taken steps to streamline and consolidate their food safety systems.

George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services (United States).

April 2009

Food safety reform is on the front burner in Washington, against the backdrop of numerous large-scale illness outbreaks and sustained criticism of obsolete federal statutes, inadequate resources, and fragmented organizations, all of which cripple the government's response to outbreaks, and its ability to prevent problems in the first place.

European Food Safety Authority (European Union).

April 2006

An EU-wide Salmonella baseline study was conducted on commercial large-scale laying hen holdings with at least 1,000 laying hens in the flock. The study was carried out in all the Member States, and the sampling of the holdings took place during the period of 1 October 2004 to 30 September 2005. Norway participated in the study on a voluntary basis.

Food Safety and Inspection Service (United States Department of Agriculture).

October 2005

Risk Assessment is sectioned into a production module, shell eggs processing and distribution module, egg products processing and distribution module, preparation and consumption module, and public health outcomes module.