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Assessment of Carcinogenicity of Nanosilver in Dna Repair Deficient Mouse Models

Investigators
Reliene, Ramune
Institutions
State University of New York - Albany
Start date
2015
End date
2017
Objective
Nanosilver/silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are the top ranking material used in nanotechnology- enabled consumer products. Due to unique antibacterial properties AgNPs are increasingly being used in health and personal care products, clothing and sporting goods, cosmetics and the food sector. The use of AgNPs in food contact materials, dental care products and dietary supplements, the possible use as antibiotic replacement in animal feed and environmental contamination with their disposal products indicates that oral intake is a major route of exposure to AgNPs in the general population. Thus, it is important to understand whether AgNPs are genotoxic and/or carcinogenic when ingested orally. We recently reported that oral exposure of mice to polyvinylpyrrolidone coated-AgNPs induces DNA deletions, strand breaks and oxidative lesions and downregulates base excision repair genes. Different coating agents are used to prevent aggregation and dissolution of AgNPs. We hypothesized that nanoparticle coatings may influence genotoxicity of ingested AgNPs. The proposed studies linking physiochemical properties to biological effects of nanomaterials seek to establish how the presence or absence of different surface coatings modulate oral bioavailability, tissue accumulation and genotoxicity of AgNPs. 2.
Funding Source
Nat'l. Inst. of Environmental Health Sciences
Project source
View this project
Project number
1R56ES024123-01A1
Categories
Sanitation and Quality Standards