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Biology And Control Of Human Pathogens On Fresh Produce

Investigators
Wong, Rosalind; Mandrell, Robert; Haddon, William; Gorski, Lisa; Cooley, Michael
Institutions
USDA - Agricultural Research Service
Start date
2001
End date
2006
Objective
  1. Develop methods to identify and characterize viral pathogens associated with produce;
  2. Determine if microorganisms normally present on plants phytochemicals, and environmental conditions influence the survival of viruses on/in produce
  3. Determine any influence or relationship to biofilm development;
  4. Determine the role of air, water and other plant growth, for example weeds on pathogen transfer to produce.
More information
Model systems for characterizing the attachment and survival of Campylobacter jejuni, E. coli O157:H7, Salmonella and Listeria monocytogenes to poultry, fruit and vegetables surfaces will be developed. Mechanisms to attachments will be determined using biochemical, microbiological, immunochemical and molecular biological approaches. Methods for isolating and identifying multiple pathogens in foods or food related environments will be developed. Antipathogen monoclonal antibodies will be produced to detect and monitor pathogens in and on foods, and as inhibitors to detect attachment factors. Characterization of the mechanisms of attachment will provide information for developing new strategies to interfere with attachment. Plant extracts will be screened for compounds involved in products. Methods for measuring the types and viability of pathogens on food surfaces treated with candidate inhibitors or antimicrobials will be developed, including culture enrichment, immuncapture, and cell sorting.
Funding Source
Agricultural Research Service
Project number
5325-42000-040-00D
Accession number
404951
Categories
Campylobacter
Escherichia coli
Listeria