An official website of the United States government.

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar.

This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely.

Characterization and Mitigation of Bacterial Pathogens in The Fresh Produce Production and Processing Continuum

Kniel-Tolbert, Kalmia; Sharma, M.; Millner P D
University of Delaware
Start date
End date

1) Investigate the population dynamics of non-pathogenic Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Non-O157 Shiga Toxigenic E. coli in soils amended with Biological Soil Amendments of Animal Origin (BSAAO) and their potential for transfer to produce surfaces. 2) Identify specific factors which may impact the survival of Salmonella spp. and STEC O157 in soils which may also correlate to higher transfer coefficients onto commodities grown in soils amended with untreated BSAAO.

Funding Source
Agricultural Research Service
ARS (NP108)
Project source
View this project
Project number
Accession number
Nuts, Seeds