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DEVELOP TECHNOLOGIES FOR PRODUCTION OF PLATFORM CHEMICALS AND ADVANCED BIOFUELS FROM LIGNOCELLULOSIC FEEDSTOCKS

Investigators
Saha B C; Qureshi N; Hector R E; Nichols N N
Institutions
USDA - Agricultural Research Service
Start date
2019
End date
2020
Objective
Objective 1. Develop platform yeast technology to enable commercial conversion of lignocellulose-derived xylose to chemicals such as triacetic acid lactone (4- hydroxy-6-methyl-2-pyrone). Sub-objective 1.A. Develop an expanded xylose inducible expression system with various expression levels for tunable control of gene expression in Saccharomyces yeasts. Sub-objective 1.B. Generate a xylose-specific transporter that is not significantly inhibited by glucose. Sub-objective 1.C. Engineer industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains to produce triacetic acid lactone from xylose. Objective 2. Develop technologies that enable the commercial production of itaconic acid (methylene succinic acid) from all the carbohydrates in lignocellulosic feedstocks. Sub-objective 2.A. Screen Aspergillus terreus strains for itaconic acid production from xylose and arabinose. Sub-objective 2.B. Adapt the best performing itaconic acid producing A. terreus strain to (i) dilute acid pretreated wheat straw hydrolyzate for inhibitor tolerance and (ii) high concentrations of itaconic acid for itaconic acid tolerance. Sub-objective 2.C. Optimize process parameters for batch production of itaconic acid from dilute acid pretreated wheat straw hydrolyzate by (i) separate hydrolysis and fermentation (SHF) and (ii) simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF). Sub-objective 2. D. Demonstrate the batch itaconic acid production from wheat straw at a pilot scale (100 L). Objective 3. Develop technologies that enable the commercial production of xylitol from lignocellulosic hydrolyzates. Sub-objective 3.A. Optimize xylitol production by Coniochaeta ligniaria C8100, a fungal strain that produces xylitol from xylose but does not grow on xylose. Sub-objective 3. B. Clone and express heterologous xylose reductase in C. ligniaria C8100. Objective 4. Develop technologies that enable the commercial production of butanol from sweet sorghum bagasse. Sub-objective 4.A. Develop efficient pretreatment and enzymatic saccharification processes for generation of fermentable sugars from sweet sorghum bagasse. Sub-objective 4.B. Integrate enzymatic hydrolysis, fermentation and product recovery schemes for conversion of pretreated sweet sorghum bagasse to butanol. Sub-objective 4.C. Evaluate process economics of butanol production from sweet sorghum bagasse.
Funding Source
Agricultural Research Service
Project source
View this project
Project number
5010-41000-178-00D
Accession number
436785
Categories
Mycotoxins
Chemical Contaminants