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Do Pre-harvest Interventions Intended for E. coli O157:H7 Affect Fecal
Shedding of Non-O157 STEC or Salmonella in Feedlot Cattle?

Investigators
Renter, David
Institutions
Kansas State University
Start date
2012
End date
2013
Objective
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) and Salmonella are food safety issues that can have significant negative ramifications for the beef industry. Recently, the US Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) declared six non-O157 STEC serogroups as adulterants in ground meat and non-intact beef products, which is extremely concerning given the tremendous gaps in scientific knowledge. In recent years, there is also growing concern regarding Salmonella in beef production systems. If beef producers are to integrate pre-harvest interventions for controlling STEC and/or Salmonella, there is a need to determine the efficacy of interventions and whether there are any unintended consequences (positive or negative) when used in commercial production systems.

The objectives of the current research were to: 1) Determine whether commercially available pre-harvest interventions (vaccine and direct-fed microbial) that were used to reduce STEC O157 in feces of feedlot cattle had any effects on fecal shedding of non-O157 STEC (O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, O145) or Salmonella, and 2) Determine if the presence of STEC O serogroup-specific genes within a cattle fecal sample was associated (decrease, increase or no difference) with the presence of other STEC O serogroups or Salmonella within the cattle feces.

Funding Source
Nat'l. Cattlemen's Beef Assoc.
Project source
View this project
Project number
BC-2012-1
Categories
Bacterial Pathogens
Escherichia coli
Commodities
Meat, Poultry, Game