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ECOLOGY, GENOMICS, AND MANAGEMENT OF STORED PRODUCT INSECTS

Investigators
Hinton, Jr., Arthur
Institutions
USDA - Agricultural Research Service
Start date
2011
End date
2016
Objective
Objective 1: Improve and develop new monitoring strategies for stored-product insects, and improve methods for interpretation of monitoring information to aid in pest management decision making. Sub-objective 1.1: Determine relationships between outside trap captures and movement into and out of storage structures. Sub-objective 1.2: Develop and improve pheromone-based monitoring programs for stored-product insects. Objective 2: Improve and develop decision-making tools for management of stored-product insect pests. Sub-objective 2.1: Develop simulation models for insect pests of stored commodities. Sub-objective 2.2: Develop models to estimate risk of grain damage based on sampling data for insects. Objective 3: Characterize the biology of and develop management strategies for new insect pests of stored products. Sub-objective 3.1: Evaluate and develop potential attractants for stored- product psocids. Sub-objective 3.2: Evaluate response of psocid pests of stored products to temperature, moisture, and dockage gradients. Sub-objective 3.3: Determine optimal conditions for rearing hide beetles. Objective 4: Improve control strategies for insect pests of conventional and organic stored commodities, including insecticides, microbial agents, natural enemies, and physical control such as aeration and heat. Sub-objective 4.1: Assess new insecticides, microbial agents and natural enemies to control insects in stored products. Sub-objective 4.2: Develop physical methods to control insect pests of stored products. Objective 5: Identify potential genomic and proteomic targets in stored-product insect pests that can be exploited for control. Sub-objective 5.1: Obtain genetic information from stored-product insects and perform insect- and tissue-specific functional genomics and proteomics profiling to identify new potential control targets. Sub-objective 5.2: Exploit the Tribolium genome sequence to identify new control strategies for coleopteran stored-product pests. Objective 6: Improve the efficacy of alternatives to methyl bromide fumigation for management of stored-product insects in mills by 1) evaluating the efficacy of fumigation and alternative treatments in commercial food facilities and by identifying potential causes of variation, 2) determining the efficacy of high temperature treatments against stored product insects and evaluating methods to enhance susceptibility to heat, and 3) identifying factors that enhance the efficacy and spatial distribution of aerosol insecticides.
Funding Source
Agricultural Research Service
Project source
View this project
Project number
3020-43000-032-00D
Accession number
421404
Categories
Chemical Contaminants
Risk Assessment, Management, and Communication