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Liquid Core Waveguide Spectroscopy Combined with Magnetic Microparticle ELISA for Highly Sensitive Detection of Salmonella in Eggs

Investigators
Tao, Shiquan
Institutions
West Texas A&M University
Start date
2012
End date
2014
Objective
Goal: To develop an immunomagnetic separation (IMS)-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)-liquid core waveguide (LCW) spectrometric method for field applications of direct detection of Salmonella bacteria in egg samples.

Objectives: 1. Develop an IMS-ELISA-LCW spectrometric method for detection of Salmonella bacteria in egg samples 2. Investigate figures of metrit of the IMS-ELISA-LCW spectrometric method 3. Design and build a prototype LCW device for field application 4. Test the developed method and device for direct detection of Salmonella bacteria in eggs in field test

More information
Non-Technical Summary:
Food borne microbial pathogens are the leading threat to a safe food supply. Present methods for detecting microbial pathogens in food safety inspection programs involve long-time enrichment processes due to the limited sensitivity of detection technologies. The long waiting -time feature adds a high cost to agricultural products related to storage and freezing, and causes deterioration of food quality. Therefore, there is a pressing need for quick detection technologies in food safety inspection programs. The goal of this project is to develop an immunomagnetic separation (IMS) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) liquid core waveguide (LCW)spectrometric method for field applicaions of direct dection of Salmonella bacteria in egg samples. The proposed technique integrates advanced biotechnologies and highly sensitive LCW spectroscopic tehcniques recently developed for detecting microbial food pathogens.

Approach:
IMS and ELIZA will be integrated with LCW optical spectroscopy. The procedure of proposed analytical method is as follows: Egg samples diluted with a buffered solution is first mixed with anti Salmonella antibody coated magnetic microparticles (MMP)in a beaker under vigorous stirring. The (MMP)suspended solution is then flowed through a specially designed flow-cell. A magnet is attached to a screw thred plug, which is screwed to the flow-cell wall for collecting the MMP. The MMP are then washed in a reactor with a buffered solution. an HRP-labeled anti Salmonella antibody solution is added to the reactor to label Samonella bacteria trapped to MMP surface. After washing MMP with a buffered solution again, a substrate solution for horseradish peroxidase (HRP) is added to the reactor. In each of these labeling, washing and substrate development processes, a MMP suspended solution is stirred, then, the magnet is used to separate MMP from solution. the developed substrate solution in the reactor is injected to a LCW for optical spectroscopic detection.

Funding Source
Nat'l. Inst. of Food and Agriculture
Project source
View this project
Project number
TEXW-2011-06455
Accession number
228890
Categories
Parasites
Natural Toxins
Viruses and Prions
Bacterial Pathogens
Chemical Contaminants
Salmonella
Food Defense and Integrity