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MOLECULAR APPROACHES FOR THE CHARACTERIZATION OF FOODBORNE PATHOGENS IN POULTRY

Investigators
Hiett, Kelli
Institutions
USDA - Agricultural Research Service
Start date
2011
End date
2016
Objective
1. Utilize genomic, proteomic, and phenotype approaches to improve characterization of foodborne pathogens. 1a. Apply several molecular technologies to further characterize genomic variability of C. jejuni isolates. 1b. Optimize phenotype microarray technology for Campylobacter spp. 1c. Perform proteomic comparisons on the 5 genetically diverse C. jejuni isolates employed in aforementioned genomic characterization investigations (Objective 1: Sub-Objective 1a: C) so as to increase our basic knowledge of differential protein expression. 1d. Perform metagenomic/microbial ecology analyses on chicken gastrointestinal material to increase our basic knowledge of the microbial ecology of the broiler chicken gut. 1e. Develop a database on Campylobacter spp., containing molecular, phylogenetic, proteomic, metabalomic, epidemiologic, and metadata information. 2. Develop, refine, and implement improved methods for the cultural recovery of Campylobacter spp, and potential emerging foodborne pathogens, specifically as it meets regulatory and public health needs. 2a. Utilize genomic, phenotypic, and in silico metabolic reconstruction technologies to develop improved media for isolation of C. jejuni. 2b. Compare existing and newly refined media for recovery of C. jejuni and emerging Campylobacter spp. from the poultry farm environment as well as recovery of isolates most likely involved in public exposure. 3. Using a systems approach, compare Campylobacter spp. with varied colonization abilities for the identification of potential genes or proteins involved in colonization, virulence, and gene expression. 3a. Compare C. jejuni isolates that vary in their ability to colonize broiler chickens, for the identification of genes, proteins, and phenotypes involved in colonization. 3b. Compare C. jejuni isolates that vary in their levels of eukaryotic cell (Caco-2) adherence and invasion for the identification of genes, proteins, and phenotypes involved in virulence.
Funding Source
Agricultural Research Service
Project source
View this project
Project number
6040-32000-059-00D
Accession number
421598
Categories
Campylobacter
Bacterial Pathogens
Viruses and Prions
Commodities
Meat, Poultry, Game