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Molecular Mechanisms for Interactions Between Listeria Monocytogenes and Produce

Investigators
Mandrell, Robert; Gorski, Lisa
Institutions
USDA - Agricultural Research Service
Start date
2012
End date
2016
Objective
The overall goal of the proposed project is to conduct research that will provide a science-based approach that will reduce or eliminate bacterial contamination of several produce commodities by Listeria monocytogenes. This will be accomplished by determining molecular mechanisms for the interactions between L. monocytogenes and leafy greens, sprouts, and celery. This will be done in four objectives: 1. Assessing 30-50 strains of L. monocytogenes for fitness in colonization of produce to identify strains for mutant library construction. 2. Identification of genes necessary for L. monocytogenes colonization of produce. 3. Identification of genes induced in L. monocytogenes during produce colonization. 4. Characterization of biofilms produced by L. monocytogenes on produce surfaces.
More information
Approach: A panel of L. monocytogenes strains will be screened for fitness in colonization to several produce commoditites. Those bacterial strains that are most fit will be selected for construction of a mutant library. This library will be screened for resistance to various stresses incurred while colonizing a plant surface (e.g., oxidative stress), and the library will also be screened on various produce surfaces to identify genes necessary in L. monocytogenes for produce colonization. In addition a good colonizing strain of L. monocytogenes will be tagged with a chromosomally localized Green Fluorescent Protein tag in order to conduct real-time, microscopic observation of L. monocytogenes in bacterial biofilms present on produce surfaces.
Funding Source
Agricultural Research Service
Project source
View this project
Project number
2030-42000-046-08R
Accession number
422605
Categories
Listeria
Bacterial Pathogens
Commodities
Produce