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PHIME - Public Health Impact of Long-Term, Low-Level Mixed Element Exposure in Susceptible Population Strata

Investigators
Skerfving, Staffan
Institutions
Lund University
Start date
2005
End date
2011
Objective
  1. We will epidemiologically assess the impact of toxic metals (particularly cadmium, mercury, lead and manganese) exposure through foods on diseases of public health concern (nervous system, cardiovascular, osteoporosis/fractures, kidneys, diabetes). Some studies will utilize unique biobank material.
  2. Particular interest will be paid to interaction between toxic elements in mixed exposures (several metals and other pollutants), and on 'new' elements (platinum, palladium, rhodium and manganese).
  3. We will characterize benefits of exposures to essential elements (selenium, zinc)/other dietary components (fatty acids, fibre), and describe some aspects of risk/benefit relationships.
  4. We will address pathomechanisms.
  5. We will focus on susceptible groups (fetuses/infants/children, fertile women and elderly, nutrition and gene-environment interactions), as regards metabolism and toxic effects.
  6. We will develop and validate new methods for biomonitoring of exposures.
  7. We will define geographical patterns/sources of exposure in EU Member States, especially in children and women.
  8. We will assess time trends of exposure, retrospective and prospectively.
  9. We will develop probabilistic models, describing the exposures and exposure-response patterns. This will enable scientifically-based decisions by national, EU and international bodies on preventive actions.
  10. We will explore mechanisms of uptake and distribution of toxic and essential elements in plants, which will make it possible to breed species with low concentrations of toxic elements and high of essential. This gives a possibility to change the intakes through plant foods and the transportation into animal foods.
More information

For more information about this project, please visit the European Commission Food Quality and Safety in Europe Web site.

Funding Source
European Commission
Project number
016253
Categories
Natural Toxins
Chemical Contaminants