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Practical Application of Biocontrol Yeast

Investigators
Hua, Sui
Institutions
University of California - Davis
USDA - Agricultural Research Service
Start date
2008
End date
2012
Objective
  1. To explore improvements to formulation of biocontrol yeast for field application by growers. Types of formulations are wet formulations with additives (preservatives, nutritional supplements, surfactants for spreading) and dry formulations for delivery of viable yeast as a dry powder for tank mixing.
  2. Evaluation of yeast longevity under different storage and application conditions: time and temperature.
  3. Application for controlling l of other microbial pathogens: plant pathogenic fungi, microbial contaminants of crops (Salmonella, E. Coli)
More information
APPROACH: Objective 1. Protective additives will be added to wet and dry yeast formulations and evaluated for improved shelf-life under lab conditions. Spray trials in the field will be used to evaluate effects on durability on plant leaves and fruits. Surfactants will be in the tank mix for even spreading. Objective 2. Yeast durability in a fully diluted mixture will be evaluated through time and temperatures series in lab so the upper threshold that might be expected under grower conditions. Objective 3. Ability to control fungi on agricultural crops. evaluations will be done using greenhouse tests on plants and pathogens of significance in tree fruit-nut and vegetable crops. Salmonella is a particular problem on almond. Initial experiments will involve field sprays on almond followed by collection of nuts and inoculation with Salmonella in lab-greenhouse. and monitor Salmonella population. Non-pathogenic E. Coli strains applied to lettuce and spinach in the greenhouse followed by yeast spray applications to determine whether potential control is possible. The effectiveness of the yeast against additional fungi of agricultural importance will initially be evaluated on tomato and potato.
Funding Source
Agricultural Research Service
Project source
View this project
Project number
5325-42000-038-06
Accession number
412517
Categories
Bacterial Pathogens
Chemical Contaminants
Salmonella
Commodities
Nuts, Seeds
Produce