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Prevalence of E. coli O157:H7 on Hides and in Feces of Feedlot Cattle over Time

Investigators
Arthur, Terrance; Koohmaraie, Mohammad
Institutions
USDA - Agricultural Research Service
Start date
2004
End date
2005
Objective
The specific objectives of these experiments are to determine the prevalence of E. coli O157:H7 on the hides and in the feces of feedlot cattle in the same pens over time and to determine or estimate the number of cattle shedding E. coli O157:H7 that are necessary to contaminate the hides of over 50% of the animals in the pen.
More information
Findings: The Meats Research Unit of the U.S. Meat Animal Research Center has collected data that clearly implicate cattle hides as the major source of E. coli O157:H7 on beef. Considering this fact, it is critical to determine the number of cattle harboring E. coli O157:H7 that it will take to contaminate the hides of most of the cattle in the same pen. This study has shown that large variations in rates of E. coli O157:H7 prevalence may exist between neighboring pens, including those that share water troughs. Also, large fluctuations in hide and fecal prevalence rates for E. coli O157:H7 can occur within a pen in a short span of time, as exemplified by the increase in hide prevalence from 3% to 94% in only a 2-week period. Additionally, from this data it would appear that the presence of animals shedding E. coli O157:H7 at high levels in their feces greatly affects the hide prevalence within a pen. One pen containing only two fecal-positive animals, one shedding at a high level, had a hide prevalence rate of 84%. Finally, transport to and holding in pens at the processing plant can lead to large increases in cattle hide prevalence for E. coli O157:H7.

For complete projects details, view the Project Summary.

Funding Source
Nat'l. Cattlemen's Beef Assoc.
Project number
BC-2004-18
Accession number
408231
Categories
Escherichia coli