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Reducing the Pathogen Incidence and Contamination Potential of Spent Poultry Litters

Investigators
Stern, Norman; Hiett, Kelli; Craven, Stephen; Line, John
Institutions
USDA - Agricultural Research Service
Start date
2001
End date
2006
Objective
  1. To define the role of litter in transmission of pathogens including Salmonella spp., Campylobacter spp. and Clostridium perfringens in commercial poultry operations and employ this knowledge to develop methods that reduce or eliminate transmission of these pathogens to land and/or crops for human food
  2. Make a pathogen-in-litter database & identify major determinants of pathogen survival in poultry,
  3. Develop/test antimicrobial interventions for poultry litter.
More information
Compile a baseline database of pathogen incidence in litters collected from within a number of poultry houses with a variety of litter; perform genotyping and strain comparisons on litter isolates from within the same and nearby poultry houses; test antimicrobial litter treatment parameters in laboratory models to assess the relative effectiveness of a treatment in inhibiting pathogens in poultry litter; determine the potential for pathogen leaching from exposed litter into the watershed environment as well as the effects of UV radiation on pathogens in top-spread litters with an environmetnally controlled rainfall simulation chamber; Develop and test chemical treatments for pathogen reduction in model litter systems. Based upon treatment parameters determined from earlier experiments, we will create and test prospective litter treatments to reduce pathogen colonization of poultry; and Develop and test composting methods with and without microbial enhancement by experimentally inoculating contaminated litter with a microbial inoculant.
Abstract
Funding Source
Agricultural Research Service
Project number
6612-32000-030-00D
Accession number
404652
Categories
Salmonella
Clostridium
Bacterial Pathogens
Campylobacter