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Solutions for the Food Safety Threat Posed by Salmonella in the Lymph Nodes of Cattle Presented for Harvest

Harhay, Dayna
USDA - Agricultural Research Service
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Bovine peripheral lymph nodes, including subiliac lymph nodes, have been identified as a potential source of Salmonella, when trim containing these nodes is incorporated into ground beef. In order to gain a better understanding of the potential risk to human health imposed by Salmonella harborage in subiliac lymph nodes of fed and cull cattle at harvest, it is important to characterize the variation in regional, seasonal, and animal-type burden of Salmonella in these tissues. In the proposed study, we will examine the biology, epidemiology and ecology of Salmonella in bovine lymph nodes. The information gathered in these studies will be used to explore candidate control strategies and identify those that are most successful and adoptable.
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Approach: Lymph nodes will be collected from cattle at harvest (n=1,200). Lymph node samples will be trimmed, surface sterilized, enriched and analyzed for the presence of Salmonella. Salmonella will be enumerated from a subset (yet to be determined) of lymph node samples. Salmonella isolated will be characterized as to serotype and antimicrobial susceptibility phenotype. A subset of Salmonella isolated will undergo molecular characterization including pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) phenotyping, plasmid profiling, and genome/transcriptome sequencing.
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Agricultural Research Service
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Natural Toxins
Viruses and Prions
Bacterial Pathogens
Chemical Contaminants
Antimicrobial Resistance
Prevention and Control