An official website of the United States government.

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Survival, Recovery, and Quantification of Target Pathogenic Bacteria in Pineapple, Guava, and Orange Juices

Investigators
Li, Yong
Institutions
University of Hawaii
Start date
2008
End date
2010
Objective
The objectives of this research project are:
  1. to evaluate the growth potential of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella, and Listeria monocytogenes in pineapple, guava, and orange juices
  2. to investigate whether the pathogenic bacteria can enter the VBNC state in the acidic fruit juices
  3. to optimize the recovery of stressed cells of the pathogenic bacteria in pineapple, guava, and orange juices
  4. to quantitatively differentiate between viable and dead cells of E. coli O157:H7, Salmonella, and L. monocytogenes in the acidic fruit juices.
More information
NON-TECHNICAL SUMMARY: Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella, and Listeria monocytogenes are three serious pathogenic bacteria known to be present on fresh produce and able to survive in certain acidic juices. Little is known about the fate of these pathogenic bacteria in pineapple, guava, and orange juices. Moreover, the deadly pathogens may enter a viable-but-nonculturable state in response to stressing acidic conditions. Maintaining virulence and pathogenic potential, stressed cells of the pathogenic bacteria may be underestimated or even escape detection if standard culture methods are solely employed. This project investigates how the pathogenic bacteria survive in pineapple, guava, and orange juices. Novel methods will be developed to enhance recovery and detection of stressed bacterial cells in the acidic fruit juices.

APPROACH: Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella, and Listeria monocytogenes will be inoculated respectively into shelf-stable, single-strength pineapple, guava, or orange juices. During incubation of the acidic fruit juices at ambient or refrigeration temperatures, culturability of the pathogenic bacteria will be determined by plating on selective and nonselective agars, whereas viability will be monitored using CTC-DAPI double staining and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Further, oxygen scavengers and enterobacterial autoinducer will be applied to enhance recovery and culture-based detection of acid-stressed cells of the pathogenic bacteria in the fruit juices. Finally, ethidium monoazide-real time PCR will be employed for direct quantification of viable cells of E. coli O157:H7, Salmonella, and L. monocytogenes in pineapple, guava, and orange juices.

Funding Source
Nat'l. Inst. of Food and Agriculture
Project source
View this project
Project number
HAW00207-08G
Accession number
214868
Categories
Escherichia coli
Listeria
Commodities
Produce