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Use of Natural Remedies to Alleviate Enteric Pathogens in Organic Poultry

Investigators
Donoghue, Ann
Institutions
USDA - Agricultural Research Service
Start date
2011
End date
2016
Objective
The research objectives of this proposal are to investigate the efficacy of combinations of organically based plant extracts, fatty acids, and lactose to: 1) reduce the incidence of foodborne pathogens Salmonella and Campylobacter in organic poultry production and 2) test the efficacy of these natural compounds against enteric disease and foodborne pathogens in organic poultry production systems.

The outreach/extension objectives of this proposal are to: 1) disseminate results of the project to the organic poultry community, through numerous delivery methods including conferences, electronic and printed materials, and training activities in a research and teaching oriented organic poultry facility; 2) conduct outreach to organic poultry producers, avian health professionals, extension specialists, and other interested stakeholders regarding the objectives and results of this project, and 3) measure the impact of outreach in reducing enteric pathogens and foodborne pathogens in organic poultry production.

More information
Approach: Caprylic acid (CA) is a natural, fatty acid present in bovine milk and coconut oil, and is an FDA-approved food-grade compound. Trans-cinnamaldehyde (TC) is also a food-grade compound naturally present in cinnamon oil. Our preliminary research indicates that CA and TC are bactericidal on Salmonella and Campylobacter, highlighting the potential of CA and TC as new tools to control these pathogens in organic poultry. In addition there is evidence that these compounds may reduce necrotic enteritis in birds and a disease model will be used to assess this approach. In addition treating birds and the litter with natural products such as these essential oils, probiotics and bacteriophage will also be assessed.
Funding Source
Agricultural Research Service
Project source
View this project
Project number
6022-31230-001-14-R
Accession number
422078
Categories
Campylobacter
Bacterial Pathogens
Salmonella
Commodities
Meat, Poultry, Game