An official website of the United States government.

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar.

This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely.

VALIDATION OF ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE DATA ANALYSIS AND QUALITY CONTROL PROCEDURES FOR WHOLE GENOME SEQUENCING USING COMMENSAL E. COLI FROM MULTIPLE ANIMAL SPECIES

Investigators
Claire, Miller B; Snekvik, Kevin R
Institutions
Washington State University
Start date
2018
End date
2023
Objective
1 Project Summary: Veterinary diagnostic laboratories currently lack universal standardized 2 methods and quality control for WGS data analysis with regard to assessing antimicrobial 3 resistance (AMR). As the FDA CVM is currently funding AMR monitoring and whole genome 4 sequencing (WGS) this is a significant gap. Additionally, AMR monitoring is lacking in minor 5 agricultural animal species and companion animals and should be included for holistic AMR 6 monitoring in veterinary medicine. This project addresses these gaps by developing data quality 7 criteria needed for AMR analysis using WGS, developing a bioinformatics pipeline with quality 8 assurance and quality control criteria tailored to veterinary diagnostic laboratory use and 9 providing AMR monitoring in minor agricultural animal species and companion animals. Not10 only do resistant bacterial infections impact animal health and welfare, but they also have11 significant potential for causing negative human health consequences through transmission of12 resistant bacteria or resistance genes through food or animal contact. The use of common13 classes of antimicrobials in humans and animals increases the likelihood that drug resistance14 selected for in animal species could impact humans. Therefore, monitoring AMR in animals has15 the potential to mitigate not only disease in animals but human infections as well. Recent16 reductions in sequencing cost has provided an opportunity for veterinary diagnostic17 laboratories to consider utilizing this technology for antimicrobial resistance assessment.18 Escherichia coli, a microbe commonly harbored in multiple animal species will be used to19 optimize and validate of existing bioinformatics platforms and bioinformatics quality20 assurance/quality control procedures related to AMR. During the first year of funding the21 laboratory will use reference strains of E. coli with known resistance phenotypes and genotypes22 of interest including resistance to third generation cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones,23 carbapenems, and aminoglycosides to optimize the sequence data quality assurance/quality24 control and AMR bioinformatics analysis. In subsequent years, commensal E. coli will be25 isolated from submissions to WADDL from multiple animal species for performance of26 phenotypic AST and WGS for continuation of optimization and validation of the process, and27 expansion of AMR monitoring in veterinary species. A summary of the data will be provided to28 FDA CVM Vet-LIRN yearly and a standard operating procedure at the conclusion of the study.2930
Funding Source
Food and Drug Administration
Project source
View this project
Project number
1U18FD006453-01
Accession number
6453
Categories
Escherichia coli
Antimicrobial Resistance
Bacterial Pathogens