ACS Infectious Diseases

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Thu, 04/02/2020 - 03:34
The Burkholderia cepacia complex is a group of closely related bacterial species with large genomes that infect immunocompromised individuals and those living with cystic fibrosis. Some of these species are found more frequently and cause more severe disease than others, yet metabolomic differences between these have not been described. Furthermore, our understanding of how these species respond...
Tue, 03/31/2020 - 03:35
The emergence and rapid spread of antibiotic resistance poses a serious threat to healthcare systems across the globe. The existence of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) such as Klebsiella pneumoniae renders the use of carbapenems, the last-resort class of β-lactam antibiotics, ineffective against bacterial infections, often leading to CPE-associated mortalities. Current methods of...
Mon, 03/30/2020 - 03:33
In the course of optimizing a novel indazole sulfonamide series that inhibits β-ketoacyl-ACP synthase (KasA) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a mutagenic aniline metabolite was identified. Further lead optimization efforts were therefore dedicated to eliminating this critical liability by removing the embedded aniline moiety or modifying its steric or electronic environment. While the narrow SAR...
Wed, 03/25/2020 - 03:33
Vibrio cholerae (V. cholerae) uses the autoinducer CAI-1 (cholera autoinducer 1) and several linked quorum sensing systems in order to efficiently sense its ever-changing environment and optimally coordinate population-wide gene expression. Indole has been reported as an important signal that is sensed by V. cholerae, and here, we report the synthesis and evaluation of a focused library of...
Wed, 03/18/2020 - 03:34
Retroviral reverse transcriptases (RTs) have the ability to carry out strand displacement DNA synthesis in the absence of accessory proteins. Although studies with RTs and other DNA polymerases suggest that fingers subdomain residues participate in strand displacement, molecular determinants of this activity are still unknown. A mutant human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) RT (M41L/D67N/...
Sat, 03/14/2020 - 03:33
Malaria is a tropical disease that kills about half a million people around the world annually. Enzymatic reactions within pyrimidine biosynthesis have been proven to be essential for Plasmodium proliferation. Here we report on the essentiality of the second enzymatic step of the pyrimidine biosynthesis pathway, catalyzed by aspartate transcarbamoylase (ATC). Crystallization experiments using a...
Fri, 03/13/2020 - 03:33
The role of molecular arrangement of hydrophobic and hydrophilic groups for designing membrane-active molecules remains largely ambiguous. To explore this aspect, herein we report a series of membrane-active small molecules by varying the spatial distribution of hydrophobic groups. The two terminal amino groups of linear triamines such as diethylene triamine, bis(trimethylene)triamine, and bis(...
Thu, 03/12/2020 - 03:36
The emergence and prevalence of carbapenem-resistant bacterial infection have seriously threatened the clinical use of almost all β-lactam antibacterials. The development of effective metallo-β-lactamase (MβL) inhibitors to restore the existing antibiotics efficacy is an ideal alternative. Although several types of serine-β-lactamase inhibitors have been successfully developed and used in...
Wed, 03/11/2020 - 03:35
The ability to respire and generate adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is essential for the physiology, persistence, and pathogenicity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which causes tuberculosis. By employing a lead repurposing strategy, the malarial cytochrome bc1 inhibitor SCR0911 was tested against mycobacteria. Docking studies were carried out to reveal potential binding and to understand the binding...
Tue, 03/10/2020 - 03:34
The nucleocapsid protein (NC) is a highly conserved protein that plays key roles in HIV-1 replication through its nucleic acid chaperone properties mediated by its two zinc fingers and basic residues. NC is a promising target for antiviral therapy, particularly to control viral strains resistant to currently available drugs. Since calixarenes with antiviral properties have been described, we...
Sun, 03/08/2020 - 04:34
Biofilm inhibition by exogenous molecules has been an attractive strategy for the development of novel therapeutics. We investigated the biofilm inhibitor taurolithocholic acid (TLCA) and its effects on the specialized metabolism, virulence, and biofilm formation of the clinically relevant bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain PA14. Our study shows that TLCA alters the specialized metabolism,...
Sun, 03/08/2020 - 04:34
Antibiotic resistance is a worldwide threat due to the decreasing supply of new antimicrobials. Novel targets and innovative strategies are urgently needed to generate pathbreaking drug compounds. NAD kinase (NADK) is essential for growth in most bacteria, as it supports critical metabolic pathways. Here, we report the discovery of a new class of antibacterials that targets bacterial NADK. We...
Sun, 03/08/2020 - 04:34
Protein S-palmitoylation is an important post-translational modification (PTM) in blood stages of the malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum. S-palmitoylation refers to reversible covalent modification of cysteine residues of proteins by saturated fatty acids. In vivo, palmitoylation is regulated by concerted activities of DHHC palmitoyl acyl transferases (DHHC PATs) and acyl protein...
Sat, 03/07/2020 - 03:33
LpxD, acyl-ACP-dependent N-acyltransferase, is the third enzyme of lipid A biosynthesis in Gram-negative bacteria. A recent probe-based screen identified several compounds, including 6359-0284 (compound 1), that inhibit the enzymatic activity of Escherichia coli (E. coli) LpxD. Here, we use these inhibitors to chemically validate LpxD as an attractive antibacterial target. We first found that...
Sat, 03/07/2020 - 03:33
Despite the high morbidity and mortality of invasive fungal infections (IFIs), effective and safe antifungal agents are rather limited. Starting from antifungal lead compound haloperidol that was identified by drug repurposing, a series of novel benzocyclane derivatives were designed, synthesized, and assayed. Several compounds showed improved antifungal potency and broader antifungal spectra....
Thu, 03/05/2020 - 03:37
Therapeutics targeting Gram-negative bacteria have the challenge of overcoming a formidable outer membrane (OM) barrier. Here, we characterize the action of SPR741, a novel polymyxin B (PMB) analogue shown to potentiate several large-scaffold antibiotics in Gram-negative pathogens. Probing the surface topology of Escherichia coli using atomic force microscopy revealed substantial OM disorder at...
Sat, 01/25/2020 - 03:13
Schistosomiasis is a widespread human parasitic disease currently affecting over 200 million people. Chemotherapy for schistosomiasis relies exclusively on praziquantel. Although significant advances have been made in recent years to reduce the incidence and intensity of schistosome infections, these gains will be at risk should drug-resistant parasites evolve. Thioredoxin glutathione reductase (...
Tue, 11/19/2019 - 03:15
Because of its essential role as a bacterial virulence factor, enzyme sortase A (SrtA) has become an attractive target for the development of new antivirulence drugs against Gram-positive infections. Here we describe 27 compounds identified as covalent inhibitors of Staphylococcus aureus SrtA by screening a library of approximately 50 000 compounds using a FRET assay followed by NMR-based...
Tue, 10/08/2019 - 03:17
Dysentery is a major health threat that dramatically impacts childhood morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Various pathogenic agents cause dysentery, such as Shigella spp. and Escherichia coli, which are very closely related if not identical species. Sensitive and precise detection and identification of the infectious agent is important to target the best therapeutic strategy, but...