Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Sat, 06/05/2021 - 02:01
In the present study, eight strains of Enterococcus spp. were isolated from Turkish and Iranian white cheese test pieces. Enterococcus spp. strains were identified as Enterococcus faecium (6 strains) and E. faecalis (2) with 16S rDNA sequence analysis. All Enterococcus spp. strains showed susceptibility to the most of antibiotics tested in this investigation. The amount of produced acid (0.59–1....
Mon, 05/31/2021 - 02:02
Several members of the Mycobacterium genus cause invasive infections in humans and animals. According to a recent phylogenetic analysis, some strains of Mycobacterium salmoniphilum (Msal), which are the main culprit in bacterial outbreaks in freshwater fish aquaculture, have been assigned to a separate branch containing Mycobacterium franklinii (Mfra), another species that causes infections in...
Thu, 04/29/2021 - 12:25
Abstract A cellulase producing novel bacterial strain VR-M41T was isolated from an open-air vegetable and fruit market. Cells are found to be rod-shaped, endospore forming, positive for Gram’s stain and negative for catalase, oxidase and urease. Strain VR-M41T was halotolerant (upto 8.0% NaCl, w/v), motile and facultative anaerobe. It grew at wide range of pH (6.0–10.0) and temperatures (20–40 °...
Sun, 04/25/2021 - 02:01
Marine phycosphere harbors unique cross-kingdom associations with enormous ecological significance in aquatic ecosystems as well as relevance for algal biotechnology industry. During our investigating the microbial composition and bioactivity of marine phycosphere microbiota (PM), a novel lightly yellowish and versatile bacterium designated strain AM1-D1T was isolated from cultivable PM of marine...
Thu, 03/18/2021 - 02:01
Strain CBA3638T was isolated from the Geum River sediment, Republic of Korea. The cells of strain CBA3638T were Gram-stain-positive, strictly anaerobic, rod-shaped, and 0.5–1.0 μm wide, and 4.0–4.5 μm long. Optimal growth occurred at 37 °C, pH 7.0, and 1.0% (w/v) NaCl. Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence, the phylogenetic analysis showed that strain CBA3638T belongs to the genus Anaerocolumna in...
Wed, 03/10/2021 - 02:02
The marine phycosphere harbors unique cross-kingdom associations with ecological relevance. During investigating the diversity of phycosphere microbiota of marine harmful algal blooms dinoflagellates, a faint yellow-pigmented bacterium, designated as strain LZ-8, was isolated from paralytic shellfish poisoning toxin-producing dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella LZT09. The new isolate appeared to...
Fri, 03/05/2021 - 02:01
An endophytic actinobacterium, strain CAP215T was isolated from the root sample of a native pine tree (Callitris preissii), Adelaide, South Australia. This strain was a Gram stain-positive, aerobic actinobacterium with well-developed substrate mycelia. It produced spiral chains of spores. The closest phylogenetic members which shared the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity were Streptomyces...
Tue, 02/16/2021 - 02:02
A novel bacterial strain was isolated from industrially contaminated waste water. In the presence of crude oil, this strain was shown to reduce the rate of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) up to 97.10% in 24 h. This bacterium was subsequently identified by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and affiliated to the Serratia genus by the RDP classifier. Its genome was sequenced and annotated, and...
Thu, 01/21/2021 - 02:01
Isolation of novel actinobacteria from unexplored habitats as potential sources of novel drug leads has utmost importance. During the course of screening arid soil samples for novel actinobacteria, strain H3C3T was isolated from Malatya, Turkey and its taxonomic position was revealed by a genome-based polyphasic approach. Pairwise sequence comparison of the 16S rRNA gene showed that the strain is...
Mon, 01/04/2021 - 02:01
A Gram-staining-negative bacterium, strain HHU 13199T, was isolated from a marine sediment sample collected from South China Sea (119°19.896’E, 19°41.569’N) at a depth of 2918 m. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain HHU 13199T represents a member of the genus Salinimonas with the highest sequence similarity (99.8%) to the type strain S. iocasae KX18D6T. However, the average...
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 02:02
Bacillus cereus sensu lato strains (B. cereus group) are widely distributed in nature and have received interest for decades due to their importance in insect pest management, food production and their positive and negative repercussions in human health. Consideration of practical uses such as virulence, physiology, morphology, or ill-defined features have been applied to describe and classify...
Sat, 11/07/2020 - 02:02
The use of compost extracts is steadily increasing, offering an attractive way for plant growth enhancement and disease management replacing chemical pesticides. In this study, potential mechanisms involved in plant growth promotion and suppressive activity against fungal diseases, of a compost extract produced from poultry manure/olive husk compost, were investigated. Results of physico-chemical...
Fri, 09/25/2020 - 02:02
The current study focuses on the tolerance of a strain of Halobacterium salinarum isolated from Sfax solar saltern (Tunisia) towards cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), nickel (Ni), zinc (Zn), and copper (Cu) by using agar dilution methods in complex and minimal media. The results showed the least inhibitory metals based on Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations (MICs) were lead (MIC = 4.5 mM), cadmium (MIC = 4 ...
Mon, 09/21/2020 - 02:02
A novel Gram-negative, aerobic, motile and short rod-shaped bacterium with exopolysaccharides production, designated as LZ-4T, was isolated from cultivable phycosphere microbiota of harmful algal blooms-causing marine dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella LZT09 which produces paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins. Strain LZ-4T was able to use thiosulfate (optimum concentration 10 mM) as energy...
Sun, 09/13/2020 - 02:02
The study reports protective role of potential probiotic cultures against infection by biofilm forming Cronobacter sakazakii in Caenorhabditis elegans model system. Among the fifteen indigenous potential probiotics, the cell free supernatant of Lactobacillus gastricus BTM7 possessed highest antimicrobial action and biofilm inhibition against C. sakazakii. The competitive exclusion assays revealed...
Sun, 09/06/2020 - 02:03
Quorum sensing (QS) is a mechanism of intercellular communication in bacteria that received substantial attention as alternate strategy for combating bacterial resistance and the development of new anti-infective agents. The present investigation reports on the assessment of using subinhibitory concentrations of antibiotics for the inhibition of QS-regulated phenotypes in Chromobacterium...
Fri, 08/07/2020 - 02:02
Aspergillus ochraceus is a soil fungus known to produce ochratoxin A, a harmful secondary metabolite. Prevention and control of fungal pathogens mostly rely on chemical fungicides, which is one of the contributing factors in the emergence of the fungal resistance, hence novel methods for fungal eradication have been extensively researched. The cold atmospheric pressure (CAP) plasma generated in...
Fri, 07/24/2020 - 02:02
Atypical brucellae show deviant phenotypes and/or genotypes. Besides Brucella inopinata, B. microti and B. vulpis, atypical strains have been described infecting humans, rodents, amphibians and fish. They represent potential zoonotic agents. Here, we provide evidence that reptiles as the remaining poikilothermic vertebrate class also represent susceptible hosts for atypical Brucella.
Wed, 07/22/2020 - 02:02
Examination of genes encoding for the virulence factors, hemolysin/cytolysin (vvhA) and capsular polysaccharide (CPS allele 1), during biofilm formation revealed that their expression was influenced by the maturity of the biofilm as well as by temperature. At 24 °C, expression of vvhA during biofilm formation was low between 4 and 12 h but increased 10-fold by 24 h to (5.1 × 104 ± 6.3 × 103mRNA...
Wed, 07/08/2020 - 02:02
Larvae of Hermetia illucens, commonly known as black soldier fly, efficiently convert organic waste into nutrient-rich supplements for different applications. Here we performed a preliminary experiment to investigate the dynamics of the H. illucens gut microbiota and changes in the composition of the bacterial community in the residue of the larval feed during rearing. We furthermore quantified...
Wed, 07/01/2020 - 02:02
Bacterial septicemia commonly occurs and usually cause huge losses in sericulture industry. Here, two pathogenic bacterial strains were isolated from dead silkworm and named as ZJ-1 and ZJ-2. Phenotypic and genotypic analysis results revealed that both of these two strains are closely related to Serratia marcescens (S. marcescens). The morphological as well as physiological and biochemical...
Tue, 06/30/2020 - 02:02
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) detection is a screening method for distinguishing and identifying Salmonella strains from other bacteria in the intestine. Incidences of H2S-negative Salmonella have recently been reported in different countries. Although a high resistance rate against antimicrobial agents has been reported for H2S-positive Salmonella in many regions of the world, there is increasing...
Tue, 05/19/2020 - 03:24
The ydcI gene has previously been shown to encode a DNA-binding protein involved with acid stress resistance and induced biofilm formation in a strain of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. In addition, characterisation of the ydcI gene in Escherichia coli and other bacteria demonstrated strikingly different tolerance for induced ydcI expression across Gram negative species. In this report,...
Mon, 03/23/2020 - 03:17
An aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, motile and rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated as Z1-4T, was isolated from the phycosphere microbiota of marine dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum that produces paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the new isolate belongs to the genus Mesorhizobium, and it was closely related to Mesorhizobium...
Thu, 01/09/2020 - 03:26
Aquatic pathogen Aeromonas hydrophila produces an array of virulence factors, many of which are excreted proteins that causes infectious disease in fish, reptiles, and humans. Aerolysin, a haemolytic toxin, is the most well-known of the A. hydrophila virulence factors and is encoded by aerA. Although used as a virulence gene marker in several studies, recent whole-genome sequencing data suggest...
Tue, 11/26/2019 - 03:16
A novel Gram-negative, aerobic, motile and rod-shaped bacterium with the potential to biodegrade polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, was isolated from Khazar (Caspian) Sea. Strain TBZ2T grows in the absence of NaCl and tolerates up to 8.5% NaCl. Growth occurred at pH 3.0–10.0 (optimum, pH 6.0–7.0) and 10–45 °C (optimum, 30 °C). The major fatty acids are C18:1ω7C, C16:1ω7C/ C15:0 iso 2-OH, C16:0,...
Thu, 10/24/2019 - 03:20
Streptococcus suis (S. suis) is one of the most common swine pathogens in the swine industry and leads to great harm to the normal progress of the swine industry. S. suis can also infect humans and cause a variety of fatal diseases, such as meningitis and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome, that pose a major threat to the safety of life and health of both humans and animals. In this paper, we...
Sun, 10/20/2019 - 03:19
Foodborne Enterobacteriaceae pathogens, especially Salmonella, still seriously threaten food safety. To establish a foundation for further developing phage- and endolysin-based methods combating these pathogens, in this study, the newly isolated Salmonella-virus-FelixO1 phage BPS15S6 for biocontrol purposes was characterised by genomic bioinformatic analysis, and then its endolysin LyS15S6 was...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:14
Arthrobacter sp. are Gram-positive bacilli commonly obtained from soil and in the hospital environment. These species have been reported to cause several types of infection. Heavy metals are a threat to the ecological system due to their high-levels of toxicity and the fluoroquinolones are antimicrobials widely used for the treatment of different bacterial infections. The aim of this study was to...