Aquaculture Nutrition

Sat, 08/29/2020 - 22:09
The current study was designed as (2 × 3) factorial groups of 20 and 40 mg Zn/kg diet from each inorganic (zinc oxide), organic (Zn‐methionine) and nanoparticle (nano‐zinc oxide) sources supplemented to six Nile tilapia (O. niloticus) fingerling diets. The results showed both organic and nano‐Zn‐administered groups, especially at 40 mg/kg, exhibited significant improvements in body weight, total...
Sat, 08/29/2020 - 22:09
A 115‐day feeding trial and subsequently a 10‐day challenge test with Vibrio parahaemolyticus were conducted to investigate the effects of dietary antimicrobial peptide APSH‐07 on growth performance, immune response, antioxidative status and vibriosis resistance of abalone Haliotis discus hannai (initial body weight: 2.06 ± 0.01 g; initial shell length: 25.42 ± 0.18 mm). Four artificial diets...
Wed, 06/03/2020 - 03:26
This study aimed to elucidate the effects of dietary Bacillus licheniformis ATCC 11946 (BL) on the growth, immune and antioxidant activities, intestinal morphology and microbiota, and susceptibility to Vibrio parahaemolyticus (VPAHPND) in juvenile pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei (LV). Juvenile LV (initial weight = 0.63 ± 0.001) were fed diets containing varying BL concentrations (0 (...
Fri, 05/29/2020 - 03:25
The effects of dietary hydroalcoholic extract of honeybee pollen (HBPE) on growth performance, flesh quality, immunity and stress response were investigated. Two hundred fifty‐five rainbow trout (11.14 ± 1.06 g) were fed five diets containing increasing levels of HBPE: control, 0.25HBPE (0.25 g HBPE/kg), 0.5HBPE (0.5 g HBPE/kg), 1HBPE (1 g HBPE/kg) and 1.5HBPE (1.5 g HBPE/kg). After 56 days,...
Fri, 05/29/2020 - 03:25
The present study was conducted to administer a commercial multi‐strain probiotic (MP), Yilibao (Bacillus velezensis:Bacillus cereus:Lactobacillus casei = 2:2:1), in Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. In terms of aerobic Bacillus spp. counts, we produced five diets containing 0, 0.34, 1.68, 3.36 and 6.72 g/kg of MP dry product (Control, T1, T2, T3, T4). Seven hundred and fifty tilapia juveniles...
Fri, 05/08/2020 - 03:25
This study investigated the effects of glutamate (Glu) in low‐phosphorus diets on growth performance, haematological indices, antioxidant enzyme activity, immune‐related gene expression and resistance to Aeromonas hydrophila in juvenile mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio) (5.07 ± 0.02 g). Fish were fed either graded levels of Glu (0 g/kg, 5 g/kg,  10 g/kg and 20 g/kg, named G0, G0.5, G1 and G2,...
Sat, 02/22/2020 - 03:17
This study investigated the effect of xylanase supplementation of a plant protein‐enriched diet on the growth performance and intestinal immune function of grass carp grow‐out (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Five hundred forty healthy grass carp grow‐out (232.74 ± 0.12 g) were fed diets containing graded levels of xylanase for 60 days. The fish were then challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila for 14 ...
Fri, 12/20/2019 - 03:16
Housefly larvae are widely used in livestock breeding industry as a functional feed additive with immunostimulant properties, but their effects as dietary additive are poorly understood in aquatic animals. We conducted an eight‐week rearing experiment to determine the effects of housefly larvae (complete) on growth performance, immunity and intestinal microbiota in swamp eel (Monopterus albus)....
Tue, 12/03/2019 - 03:28
The feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the potentials of Clostridium butyricum in the diet of tilapia. Fish (~14 g) were fed with basal diet supplemented with 0 (Control), 0.5 (C‐1), 1 (C‐2), 2 (C‐3), 4 (C‐4) and 8 (C‐5) g/kg commercial probiotic‐containing C. butyricum (1.5 × 108 CFU/g) for 8 weeks. The results showed that weight gain significantly increased, and feed conversion ratio...
Wed, 10/30/2019 - 03:17
A 12‐week feeding trial was conducted to investigate the effects of two dietary probiotics; Bacillus subtilis KCTC 2217 or Bacillus licheniformis KCCM 11775 with two prebiotics; mannan oligosaccharide (MOS) or fructooligosaccharide (FOS) in Japanese eel. Fish averaging 12.8 ± 0.47 g (mean ± SD) were randomly distributed into five treatments with triplicate tanks. A basal control diet (CON) and...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:15
The effects of taurine supplementation on the growth and intestinal immune function in young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) were investigated in this study. A total of 540 fish (initial average weights of 255.74 ± 0.65 g) were fed one fishmeal diet and five all‐plant protein source‐based diets with graded levels of taurine (0 to 1.98g/kg diet) for 60 days, and then challenged with Aeromonas...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:15
The present study was to determine the time‐dependent alterations in growth performance, histomorphology, digestive enzymes activities and the genes expression related to target of rapamycin (TOR) signalling pathway involved in hepatopancreas and intestine of Litopenaeus vannamei at 3, 6, 12, 18, 24 and 30 days after Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) challenge. The results manifested that AFB1 could induce a...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:15
This study evaluated effects of fishmeal replacement by cottonseed meal protein hydrolysate (CPH) on growth, antioxidant and immunity of Megalobrama amblycephala and its resistance to Aeromonas hydrophila. Fish (average weight: 38.66 ± 0.08 g) were divided into five groups and fed with five isonitrogenous (320 g/kg crude protein), isolipidic (70 g/kg crude fat) and isocaloric (17.8 MJ/kg gross...