Archives of Microbiology

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Tue, 03/10/2020 - 03:15
The epidemic diarrheal disease cholera is caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Vibrio cholerae. V. cholerae virulence factors include the toxin-coregulated pilus (TCP) and cholera toxin, which are major factors responsible for host colonization and production of diarrhea. Expression of cholera toxin and TCP genes is controlled by the ToxR regulon. The ToxR regulon includes the transcriptional...
Wed, 02/12/2020 - 03:15
The subject of analysis in this report was the antibiotic susceptibility of V. cholerae under glucose supplementation since the metabolites can significantly alter the antibiotic sensitivity of bacteria. Glucose could change the antibiotic susceptibility in a growth phase-dependent manner, however, the antibiotic susceptibility of exponentially growing cells was not affected in the presence of...
Tue, 02/04/2020 - 03:25
The original article has published with the incorrect article title.
Wed, 01/15/2020 - 03:15
Nanogold enhanced surface plasmon resonance (SPR), colloidal gold immunochromatographic test strips (ICTS), and polymerase chain reaction (PCR), combined with immunomagnetic separation (IMS) were established in this study for the rapid detection of Vibrio parahaemolyticus (VP). The sensitivities of SPR, ICTS, and PCR was determined to be 101, 103, and 103 CFU/mL for VP, respectively. After...
Thu, 01/09/2020 - 03:26
SYJ15 is a highly pathogenic Gram-positive Bacillus sp. with top bud spore newly isolated from dying soft shell turtle. 16SrDNA sequencing showed that it is highly homologous to B. cereus, B. thuringiensis and B. anthracis. Biochemical examinations showed that it belongs to B. cereus. To further study the new pathogen, we conducted whole-genome sequencing based on single-molecular sequencing...
Fri, 01/03/2020 - 03:27
This study investigated the regulatory role of Rhodopseudomonas palustris RP11 in alleviating TBBPA-induced harmful effects in soybean seedlings. In this study, the characteristics of growth promotion by strain RP11 were studied by analysing 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) production, as well as phosphorus-solubilizing and potassium-solubilizing ability. In the pot...
Wed, 12/18/2019 - 03:25
Continuous observation of wastewater treatment plants is very crucial to keep them safe for proper use and protection from pathogenic contamination. Illumina sequencing technology was used for microbiome structuring from various samples taken from different portions of the wastewater treatment plant, including influent, activated, return sludge and effluent, where different microbial compositions...
Wed, 12/11/2019 - 03:29
This research was conducted using 50 samples of popular traditional cheeses and 160 enterococcal clinical isolates. Phenotypic and genotypic methods used for identification of enterococci. Then, the incidences of antibacterial resistance and virulence traits were investigated. In total, 165 E. faecalis and 43 E. faecium obtained from traditional cheeses and different clinical isolates were...
Fri, 12/06/2019 - 03:15
Abstract Thuricin 4AJ1, produced by Bacillus thuringiensis strain 4AJ1, showed inhibition activity against Bacillus cereus 0938 and ATCC 10987. It began to appear in the stationary phase and reached its maximum activity level of 209.958 U at 18 h against B. cereus 0938 and 285.689 U at 24 h against B. cereus ATCC 10987. Tricine–SDS-PAGE results showed that the partly purified thuricin 4AJ1 was...
Wed, 11/13/2019 - 03:15
Aeromonas spp. are opportunistic pathogenic bacteria related to an assembly of infectious diseases in ornamental fish. In the present study, virulence properties and antibiotic susceptibility of 52 guppy-borne Aeromonas spp. were investigated. The isolates were identified as A. veronii (n = 34), A. dhakensis (n = 10), A. hydrophila (n = 3), A. caviae (n = 3) and A. enteropelogenes (n = 2) by gyrB...
Wed, 11/06/2019 - 03:16
Vibrio parahemolyticus is a halophilic bacterium which causes widespread seafood poisoning pathogenicity. Although the incidence of disease caused by V. parahemolyticus was stepwise increased, the pathogenic mechanism remained unclear. Herein, the difference of V. parahemolyticus’s metabonomic which on blood agar and seawater beef extract peptone medium was detected via nuclear magnetic resonance...
Wed, 10/30/2019 - 03:16
The widespread use of metals influenced many researchers to examine the relationship between heavy metal toxicity and bacterial resistance. In this study, we have inoculated heavy metal-contaminated soil from Janghang region of South Korea in the nickel-containing media (20 mM Ni2+) for the enrichment. Among dozens of the colonies acquired from the several transfers and serial dilutions with the...
Wed, 10/30/2019 - 03:16
In total, 77 rhizobial strains isolated from the root nodules of T. repens, inhabiting heavy metal-contaminated waste heap (36 isolates) and control grassland (41 ones) in southern Poland, were analyzed for genome polymorphism and strength of the heavy metals’ (mainly Zn, Pb, Cd) selective pressure on bacterial genome polymorphism using two PCR-based techniques, ERIC- (enterobacterial repetitive...
Wed, 10/30/2019 - 03:16
Tanneries are the primary source of toluene pollution in the environment and toluene due to its hazardous effects has been categorized as persistent organic pollutant. Present study was initiated to trace out metabolic fingerprints of three toluene-degrading bacteria isolated from tannery effluents of Southern Punjab. Using selective enrichment and serial dilution methods followed by biochemical...
Sun, 10/13/2019 - 03:18
Poultry vaccine programs are important for control of Salmonella infections. Although there are vaccines for Salmonella Enteritidis, Salmonella Typhimurium and Salmonella Typhi, there are no vaccines for Salmonella Infantis which has an increased rate in the world. In this study, it was aimed to generate aroA gene deleted mutant bacteria for the constitution of S. Infantis vaccine prototype and...
Sun, 10/13/2019 - 03:18
Awareness of the consumer has increased the demand of safe and chemical-free foods, and consequently it has increased the demand of antibacterial bioactive compounds. In the present study, antibacterial compound produced by a local bacterial isolate NSD MTCC 10072, showing antagonistic activity against six human pathogens, was isolated, partially purified and characterized. Maximum production of...
Sun, 10/13/2019 - 03:18
This study was designed to compare the differentially expressed proteins between antibiotic-sensitive and antibiotic-resistant Salmonella Typhimurium, Klebsiella pneumonia, and Staphylococcus aureus. The susceptibilities of wild-type (WT), ciprofloxacin (CIP) and/or oxacillin (OXA)-induced, and clinically isolated resistant (CCARM) S. Typhimurium (STWT, STCIP, and STCCARM), K. pneumoniae (KPWT,...
Sun, 10/13/2019 - 03:18
This study aims to describe the content of polymeric matrix components under different incubation temperatures and pH levels. Optimal biofilm production of 15 S. Virchow isolates occurred following the incubation in LB−NaCl for 72 h, at pH 6.6 and 20 °C. The expression of csgA, csgD, adrA and bcsA genes at 20 °C, 25 °C and 30 °C in S. Virchow DMC18 was analyzed, and it was discovered that the...
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:13
The structure and diversity of microbial communities in the leaves of Cinnamomum camphora at different growth stages were studied by high-throughput sequencing. Moreover, the relationships between microbial communities and borneol content were analyzed in this paper. The results indicated that the community structure of endophytic bacteria in C. camphora exhibited temporal variations, with the...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:14
Essential oils (EOs) are products of plant origin and include mixtures of different chemical compounds. These volatile substances have many interesting properties, including antifungal properties. Fungi may develop under field conditions on crops such as wheat or corn and are able to synthesize mycotoxins, which adversely affect livestock and human health. In the present study, selected EOs were...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:14
Staphylococcus aureus is part of the normal flora of animals, and represents one of the leading causes of contagious mastitis in dairy herds worldwide. Sixty-seven epidemiologically unrelated S. aureus isolates from nasal and mastitis milk samples of dairy-producing animals (32 cows, 25 sheep, and 10 goats) were characterized by antimicrobial susceptibility testing and spa typing followed by...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:14
Acinetobacter pittii strain ABC was isolated from oily sludge sediments and characterized with regard to utilization/degradation of hydrocarbons and competitive persistence in hydrocarbon-amended media. The isolate grew in both aliphatic- and aromatic hydrocarbon-amended Bushnell–Haas medium (BHM). When incubated in 1% (v/v) Assam crude oil-amended BHM for 5 and 10 days, this strain was able to...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:14
Arcobacter butzleri is an emerging foodborne zoonotic pathogen that has been isolated from environmental water sources. This pathogen establishes in vitro endosymbiotic relationships with Acanthamoeba castellanii, a free-living amoeba found in environmental matrices such as soil and water. The principal aim of this study was to analyse the transcriptional pattern of flagellar (flaA-flaB-flgH-motA...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:14
Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella, which affects domestic animals and is transmissible to humans. The objective of this study was to evaluate six methods of DNA extraction directly from bovine tissue to detect Brucella spp. The Cq values for all samples were above 30 and varied according to the extraction kit used, but four kits showed no statistical...