Avian Pathology

Mon, 11/23/2020 - 14:03
Avian influenza (AI) is one of the most important viral diseases in poultry, wildlife and humans. Available data indicate that pigeons play a minimum role in the epidemiology of AI. However, a degree of variation exists in the susceptibility of pigeons to highly pathogenic AI viruses (HPAIVs), especially since the emergence of the goose/Guangdong H5 lineage. Here, the pathogenesis of H5N8 HPAIV...
Fri, 10/30/2020 - 14:04
A novel inactivated vaccine, comprising three serovars of Salmonella enterica (Enteritidis, serogroup O:9; Typhimurium, serogroup O:4; Infantis, serogroup O:7) grown under conditions of iron restriction and adjuvanted with aluminium hydroxide, was evaluated for efficacy following challenge by homologous and heterologous serovars. Chickens were vaccinated at 6 and 10 weeks of age by the...
Wed, 09/09/2020 - 14:04
Salmonella Infantis is a major public health concern and has become established in the broiler sector in some European countries, as well as globally, and is frequently multidrug resistant (MDR). Three broiler farms in England and Wales, which had incursions of MDR S. Infantis between 2013 and 2017, were investigated longitudinally. The company feed mill and two associated hatcheries were...
Tue, 08/25/2020 - 14:04
Salmonella and avian influenza virus are important pathogens affecting the poultry industry and human health worldwide. In this experimental study, we evaluated the consequences of co-infection of Salmonella enteritidis (SE) with H9N2 avian influenza virus (H9N2-AIV) in chickens. Four groups were included: control group, H9N2-AIV group, H9N2-AIV + SE group, and SE group. Infected chickens were...
Mon, 08/17/2020 - 14:04
Salmonella enterica serovar Pullorum (S. Pullorum) is an important pathogen specific to avian species, which poses a serious threat to the poultry industry. The transmission of S. Pullorum occurs both horizontally and vertically but the airborne transmission of S. Pullorum has been neglected historically. In this study, the effects of aerosolized S. Pullorum on young chickens were investigated....
Tue, 08/11/2020 - 14:03
Among the different vaccines used to control highly pathogenic avian influenza, an HVT vector-based live recombinant avian influenza vaccine, expressing the haemagglutinin gene of an H5N1 HPAI virus, has been used by the poultry industry since 2012. The objective of the study presented in this paper was to test the efficacy of the commercially available HVT-based recombinant H5 vaccine against...
Tue, 07/14/2020 - 14:03
H9N2, a low pathogenic avian influenza virus, causes significant economic losses in the poultry industry worldwide. Herein, we describe the construction of an attenuated Salmonella Gallinarum (SG) strain for expression and delivery of H9N2 haemagglutinin (HA) 1 (SG-HA1), HA2 (SG-HA2) and/or the conserved matrix protein 2 ectodomain (SG-M2e). We demonstrated that recombinant SG strains expressing...
Thu, 06/11/2020 - 14:03
Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is the causative agent of colibacillosis resulting in economic losses in the poultry industry worldwide. A total of 168 APEC isolates, equal numbers from Australian and Thai broilers/broiler breeders, were identified and tested for their susceptibility to ten antimicrobial agents. Most of the Thai APEC isolates were multidrug-resistant (MDR) (60.7%) whilst...
Tue, 05/19/2020 - 03:29
Domestic waterfowl play an important role in the perpetuation and transmission of avian pathogens including avian influenza viruses (AIV) of low and high pathogenicity, which pose severe economic and public health concerns in Bangladesh. This study focused on active surveillance of several avian viral pathogens with a special reference to AIV in selected backyard duck populations in Bangladesh. A...
Sat, 03/14/2020 - 03:19
Chlamydia psittaci is an important zoonotic pathogen and its oral route of infection plays an important role in the transmission and persistence. Bacillus cereus (B. cereus) strain, a common contaminant of animal feed and feedstuffs, can cause severe diarrhoea and malnutrition in poultry. In our previous study, a B. cereus strain (Dawu C), isolated from the haemorrhagic lungs of infected chickens...
Wed, 02/12/2020 - 03:18
With the exception to Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium and S. Enteritidis (serogroups B [O:4] and D [O:9], respectively), there have been very few studies conducted on the respiratory tract as route of infection in chickens with salmonellas from serogroup C1 (O:6,7). Therefore, the purpose of this present study was to determine the potential organ invasion by Salmonella enterica serotype...
Fri, 01/24/2020 - 03:18
Fowl cholera is a highly contagious disease within the global duck farming industry. This study aimed at formulating and evaluating the protective efficacy of a combination vaccine containing a recombinant outer membrane protein H (rOmpH) of Pasteurella multocida strain X-73 with a live attenuated duck plague vaccine into a single dose. Four groups of ducks received different treatments and the...
Wed, 12/11/2019 - 03:38
The H5N1 subtype of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus has been circulating in poultry in Indonesia since 2003 and vaccination has been used as a strategy to eradicate the disease. However, monitoring of vaccinated poultry flocks for H5N1 infection by serological means has been difficult, as vaccine antibodies are not readily distinguishable from those induced by field viruses. Therefore, a...
Fri, 10/04/2019 - 03:22
Since the emergence of low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) H9N2 viruses in Morocco in 2016, severe respiratory problems have been encountered in the field. Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is often detected together with H9N2, suggesting disease exacerbation in cases of co-infections. This hypothesis was therefore tested and confirmed in laboratory conditions using specific-pathogen-free...