Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases

Mon, 01/27/2020 - 03:21
Author(s): Anna PsaroulakiAbstractQ fever is an endemic disease in different parts of Greece. The current study aimed to investigate the prevalence of acute Q fever disease in Greece through the operation of the national reference centre for Q fever.A total of 5397 sera were received from febrile patients under the suspicion of Q fever infection during a 13 years period (2001-20013). A...
Sat, 01/11/2020 - 03:19
Author(s): Parisa Shahbazi, Armin Aligolzadeh, Monireh Khordadmehr, Hosein Hashemzadeh Farhang, Farzad KatiraeeAbstractCryptosporidiosis acutely impacts the digestive and/or respiratory tract of the birds in many species of various orders. More importantly, it is also well known as a significant zoonotic disease, which can lead to diarrhea in humans and livestock. Regarding increasing demand for...
Thu, 01/09/2020 - 03:35
Author(s): Hossein Ahangari Cohan, Mahmoud Jamshidian, Mahdi Rohani, Meysam Moravedji, Ehsan MostafaviAbstractBackgroundThe etiologic agent of tularemia, Francisella tularensis, is transmitted to humans via ingestion of contaminated water or food, arthropods bite, respiratory aerosols, or direct contact with infected animals body fluids or tissues. In the current study, due to the importance of...
Thu, 01/09/2020 - 03:35
Author(s): Prince Pal Singh, Satparkash Singh, B.V. Sunil Kumar, R.S. Sethi, Ramneek VermaAbstractMonitoring of acute phase proteins such as serum amyloid A at gene expression level may provide quick information about immune status of the host and its susceptibility towards common infections. Present study was carried out to evaluate and compare the mRNA expression of SAA gene in Rhode Island Red...
Sun, 12/29/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Nassim Ouchene, Amira Nebbak, Nadjet Amina Ouchene-Khelifi, Ali Dahmani, Fayçal Zeroual, Djamel Khelef, Idir Bitam, Ahmed Benakhla, Philippe ParolaAbstractArgasid ticks are one of the most important poultry ectoparasites. They affect poultry directly through blood meal and indirectly through the transmission of pathogens essentially Borrelia anserina, agent of avian borreliosis, one of...
Thu, 12/26/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): S. Sevilla-Navarro, P. Catalá-Gregori, C. García, V. Cortés, C. MarinAbstractSalmonellosis represents an important public health concern. Several authors point out the inefficiency of the cleaning and disinfection protocols to remove the bacteria from the field. For this reason, innovative techniques, as bacteriophages, could be implemented to control the bacteria. The main objectives...
Sun, 12/15/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Caique Prado Machado de Oliveira, Marcelo Machado Viana, Míriam Cristina Santos AmaralAbstractThis work presents an environmentally friendly synthesis of TiO2 nanoparticles assisted by microwave, from titanium tetrachloride and water, with potential for the treatment of petroleum refinery effluent. Anatase nanocrystalline particles with a mean crystallite size of 14 nm were obtained...
Thu, 11/21/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Yabo Liu, Fei Wu, Qing Chen, Yuanyuan Ying, Yi Jiang, Junwan Lu, Xi Lin, Kewei Li, Teng Xu, Qiyu Bao, Liyan NiAbstractTo characterize the florfenicol resistance gene and analyze the structure of the resistance gene-related sequence of an Raoultella planticola strain S25 isolated from a duck fecal sample from a farm in South China. Molecular cloning was performed to clone the resistance...
Thu, 11/14/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Ahmed Samir, Khaled A. Abdel-Moein, Hala M. ZaherAbstractMacrolide-resistant Streptococcus pyogenes is an emerging problem with a great public health concern throughout the world. The current study was carried out in order to investigate the possible role of pet animals in the epidemiology of such pathogen. For this purpose, nasal or oral swabs were collected from 115 pets (40 dogs and...
Sat, 11/02/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Monika Szymańska-Czerwińska, Agnieszka Jodełko, Krzysztof NiemczukAbstractThe aim of the research was to assess the prevalence of antibodies to Coxiella burnetii in dairy cattle herds in Poland and to compare the results of real-time PCR and ELISA tests performed on bulk tank milk (BTM) samples. In total, 2635 serum samples collected from 969 dairy cattle herds from all provinces were...
Sat, 10/12/2019 - 03:26
Author(s): Payman Khademi, Abdulghaffar Ownagh, Karim Mardani, Mohammad KhaliliAbstractThe present study was conducted to determine the prevalence of C. burnetii in raw milk samples collected from water buffalos and cattle in Northwest of Iran (West Azerbaijan Province). A total number of 840 milk samples were randomly collected from buffalos and cattle belonged to three different geographical...
Sat, 10/12/2019 - 03:26
Author(s): Bárbara Martín-Maldonado, Laura Montoro-Dasi, Maria Teresa Pérez-Gracia, Jaume Jordá, Santiago Vega, Francisco Marco-Jiménez, Clara MarinAbstractWild birds have repeatedly been found to be involved in the dissemination of enteric bacterial pathogens in the environment. The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of Salmonella and Campylobacter as well as the antimicrobial...
Sat, 10/12/2019 - 03:26
Author(s): Marc. K. Kouam, Herman M.F Biekop, Bridget Katte, Alexis TeguiaAbstractSalmonella infections in poultry farms are overlooked in many African countries; yet these infections are mostly zoonotic with impact on both poultry industry and public health. Considering the impact of Salmonella in laying hens, and the role of laying hens as a source of Salmonella outbreak in human, knowledge of...
Sun, 10/06/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Bilel Hassen, Benlabidi Saloua, Mohamed Salah Abbassi, Laura Ruiz-Ripa, Olouwafemi M. Mama, Abdennaceur Hassen, Salah Hammami, Carmen TorresAbstractThe objective of this study was to isolate and characterize ESBL-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC) from raw bovine and caprine milk samples, as well as from bovine faeces in Tunisia. Therefore, 120 bovine faecal samples and 9 caprine raw...
Mon, 09/30/2019 - 17:01
Author(s): Abdelfattah Selim, Amir Abdelrahman, Richard Thiéry, Karim Sidi-BoumedineAbstractCoxiella burnetii, the etiological agent of Q fever, is a globally distributed zoonotic disease. The disease was reported serologically in different animal species and humans in Egypt but the genetic information about circulating Coxiella strains is limited. The present study aimed to genetically...
Thu, 09/26/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Wael El-Deeb, Ibrahim Ghoneim, Mahmoud Fayez, Ibrahim Elsohaby, Abdulrahman Alhaider, Magdy ElGioushyAbstractAcute phase proteins (APPs) and oxidative stress are helpful markers in diagnosing of several infectious diseases. APPs, proinflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress markers were evaluated for their role in the diagnosis of naturally acquired Coxiella burnetii (Q fever)...
Tue, 09/24/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Saber Esmaeili, Fahimeh Bagheri Amiri, Hamid Mokhayeri, Mohammad Hassan Kayedi, Max Maurin, Mahdi Rohani, Ehsan MostafaviAbstractMost zoonoses are occupational diseases. Q fever, brucellosis and tularemia are major zoonotic diseases for butchers and slaughterhouse workers. However, little information is available about these infectious diseases in such professional populations in...
Tue, 09/24/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Maria Luisa Menandro, Giorgia Dotto, Alessandra Mondin, Marco Martini, Letizia Ceglie, Daniela PasottoAbstractThe aim of this study was to assess the prevalence, the genotypic diversity, the antimicrobial resistance traits of canine and feline clinical methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (MRSP) isolates in a diagnostic laboratory in Italy during 2015-2016.All isolates...
Tue, 09/24/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Fereshteh Satarian, Taher Nejadsattari, Farzam Vaziri, Seyed Davar SiadatAbstractBackgroundPseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is an opportunistic mucosal human pathogen that naturally releases outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) in different environments, as do other Gram-negative bacteria. The intestinal tract infections caused by P. aeruginosa increase the risk of respiratory...
Tue, 09/24/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Gamal A Elmowalid, Marwa I Abd El-Hamid, Ashraf M Abd El-Wahab, Mohammad Atta, Gamal Abd El-Naser, Adel M AttiaAbstractAdministration of antibiotics as feed additives in broilers resulted in prompting of some undesirable effects such as the rising emergence of multi-drug resistant (MDR) bacteria, so scrutinizing for new alternatives like herbs is the up to date task for global health....
Tue, 09/24/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Katharina Lichtmannsperger, Barbara Hinney, Anja Joachim, Thomas WittekAbstractTo obtain information about the occurrence and genotype distribution of G. intestinalis and C. parvum in Austrian cattle, faecal samples from diarrhoeic calves younger than 180 days of age originating from 70 farms were examined. Of the 177 faecal samples, 27.1% were positive for Giardia cysts (...
Tue, 09/24/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Iman F. Abou-El-Naga, Eglal I. Amer, Laila M. Boulos, Marwa H. El-Faham, Noha M. Abou Seada, Salwa S. YounisAbstractThe impact of the laboratory induced Schistosoma mansoni with decreased PZQ sensitivity on the biological performance of its different developmental stages and the concomitant structural changes of adult worms’ total proteins were investigated. PZQ exposed snails showed...
Tue, 09/24/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): J. Filipe, V. Bronzo, G. Curone, B. Castiglioni, D. Vigo, B. Smith, V. Herrera, P. Roccabianca, P. Moroni, F. RivaAbstractIL-1R8 is a member of Interleukin-1 receptor family acting as a negative regulator of inflammation reliant on ILRs and TLRs activation. IL-1R8 role has never been evaluated in acute bacterial mastitis. We first investigated IL-1R8 sequence conservation among...
Tue, 09/24/2019 - 03:23
Author(s): Sobia Kanwal, Zobia Noreen, Vajeeha Aalam, Junaid Akhtar, Fariha Masood, Sundus Javed, Habib BokhariAbstractCampylobacter jejuni is a major cause of infectious diarrhea in humans. The bacterium can be transmitted through contaminated poultry meat and waste water. We report the presence of C. jejuni from potential transmission sources including egg shells, poultry waste, waste water and...
Tue, 09/24/2019 - 03:23
Author(s): Juliana Marzari Rossato, Terimar Ruoso Moresco, Juliano Uczay, João Batista Teixeira da RochaAbstractInvertebrates have been instrumental in understanding the mechanisms involved in infectious diseases, considering the idea to replace, reduce and refine the use of mammals as well as to understand the basic principles of immune response in insect. We evaluated the consequences of...