Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition

Sat, 10/17/2020 - 14:04
Food contaminants represent food constituents that are accidentally introduced during food preparation cycle. In addition to their direct toxic effects on human health at different levels, they influence both gut microbiota composition and function. This often leads to metabolic disorders linked to many aspects of the human body. Foods are poisoned with physical, chemical, or biological factors...
Fri, 10/09/2020 - 14:04
Current food production faces a tremendous challenge due to the growing human population. The global population is estimated to reach 9 billion by 2050 with 70% more food being required. Safe food is an important dimension of food security, and food traceability across the supply chain is a key component of this. However, current food traceability systems are challenged by frequent occurrences of...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 14:04
Nonthermal physical intervention technologies are able to reduce populations of foodborne pathogens on/in fresh produce. As highly perishable and living organisms, fresh produce is inherently sensitive to any physical or chemical treatment in terms of quality damage. The aims of the present review are to summarize current knowledge on non-thermal technologies (ionizing radiation, UV and pulsed...
Wed, 09/09/2020 - 14:04
The frequent occurrence of food safety incidents has given rise to unprecedented concern about food contamination issues for both consumers and the industry. Various contaminations in food pose serious threats to food safety and human health. Many detection methods were studied to address the challenge. Recently, biosensors relying on deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-functionalized nanoparticles have...
Sat, 09/05/2020 - 14:04
Foodborne diseases caused by pathogens and toxins are a serious threat to food safety and human health; thus, they are major concern to society. Existing conventional foodborne pathogen or toxin detection methods, including microbiological assay, nucleic acid-based assays, immunological assays, and instrumental analytical method, are time-consuming, labor-intensive and expensive. Because of the...
Thu, 09/03/2020 - 14:03
Food safety has become a major global concern and the rapid detection of food nutritional ingredients and contaminants has aroused much more attention. Nanomaterials-based fluorescent sensing holds great potential in designing highly sensitive and selective detection strategies for food safety analysis. Carbon dots (CDs) possess tremendous prospects in fluorescent sensing food ingredients and...
Sun, 08/09/2020 - 14:04
With the globalization of food and its complicated networking system, a wide range of food contaminants is introduced into the food system which may happen accidentally, intentionally, or naturally. This situation has made food safety a critical global concern nowadays and urged the need for effective technologies capable of dealing with the detection of food contaminants as efficiently as...
Tue, 08/04/2020 - 14:04
The presence of antibiotic residues in foodstuff has been of growing concern in recent years. They are associated with several adverse effects on human health such as the transmission of antibiotic-resistant pathogenic bacteria through the contaminated food, weakness of the immune system, allergic or toxic reactions and imbalance of the gut microbiota. Therefore, monitoring of the levels of...
Tue, 08/04/2020 - 14:04
Antimicrobial resistance has become a global issue and a threat to human and animal health. Contamination of poultry carcasses with meat-borne pathogens represents both an economic and a public health concern. The use of antimicrobial processing aids (APA) during poultry processing has contributed to an improvement in the microbiological quality of poultry carcasses. However, the extensive use of...
Tue, 06/16/2020 - 14:03
Softening is a common phenomenon of texture changes associated with plant cell walls, inducing a decrease in the quality of fruit. Inhibiting the softening is effective to extend the shelf life of fruit. Cold plasma (CP), as a novel nonthermal technology, has been applied to keep the freshness of the fruit. This review centers on applying cold plasma treatments to the inhibition of fruit...
Tue, 06/16/2020 - 14:03
The aquaculture industry has advanced toward sustainable recirculating systems, in where parameters of food quality are strictly monitored. Despite that, as in the case of conventional aquaculture practices, the recirculating systems also suffer threats from Aeromonas spp., Vibrio spp., Streptococcus spp., among other foodborne pathogens infecting farmed fish. The aquaculture pathogens are...
Thu, 06/11/2020 - 14:03
This study carried out a systematic quantitative analysis of published literature on the efficacy of essential oils (EOs) as sanitizers in fresh leafy vegetables (FLVs). Efficacy of EO was measured by determining if their application could cause a reduction of microbial population in FLV, as well as by identifying experimental factors that might affect the achieved reduction levels. Data on...
Sun, 05/24/2020 - 03:27
As one of the omics fields, metabolomics has unique advantages in facilitating the understanding of physiological and pathological activities in biology, physiology, pathology, and food science. In this review, based on developments in analytical chemistry tools, cheminformatics, and bioinformatics methods, we highlight the current applications of metabolomics in food safety, food authenticity...
Wed, 05/13/2020 - 03:29
With the development in international food trade, there has been emerging risks in the food chain. Food contamination can be caused by several factors in a complex food chain. This articles provides a comprehensive review of known chemical contaminants from the production of raw materials to the consumption of food products as well as prevention and control measures. Specifically, this review...
Fri, 04/24/2020 - 03:26
Listeria monocytogenes (Lm), the etiological agent of listeriosis diseases in humans, is a serious pathogenic microorganism threatening the food safety especially in ready-to-eat food products. Adhesion on both biotic and abiotic surfaces is making it a potential source of contamination by Lm. Also, this bacterium has become more tolerant in food processing conditions, including in the presence...
Sun, 04/12/2020 - 03:19
Foodborne pathogens possess the ability to develop adaptive responses to sublethal environmental stresses, leading to increased tolerance to homologous or heterologous stressing agents commonly applied during food manufacturing. This phenomenon may counteract the effectiveness of current intervention strategies to ensure food safety, thus increasing consumer risk. Foodborne pathogens encounter...
Sat, 04/11/2020 - 03:20
It is undeniable that with the popularity of sushi and sashimi over the last decade the consumption of raw fish has extremely increased. Raw fish is very appreciated worldwide and has become a major component of human diet because of its fine taste and nutritional properties. Possible hazards concerning fish safety and quality are classified as biological and chemical hazards. They are...
Fri, 03/27/2020 - 03:31
Atmospheric cold plasma (ACP) is an emerging technology in the food industry with a huge antimicrobial potential to improve safety and extend the shelf life of food products. Dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) is a popular approach for generating ACP. Thanks to the numerous advantages of DBD ACP, it is proving to be successful in a number of applications, including microbial decontamination of...
Tue, 02/04/2020 - 03:32
Foodborne enteric viruses, in particular HuNoV and HAV, are the most common cause of the berry-linked viral diseases, and outbreaks around the world, and have become an important concern for health authorities. Despite the increased importance of berry fruits as a vehicle for foodborne viruses, there is limited information concerning the fate of foodborne viruses in the berry supply chain from...
Tue, 01/07/2020 - 03:19
It is widely known that acrylamide, present in some different heat-treated foods, is an important toxic compound to humans. Coffee beverage is one of the most important sources of acrylamide, because the raw bean contains the reaction substrates and it is processed at very high temperature during roasting. Due to its high consumption all over the world, it is necessary to find applicable...
Sat, 12/21/2019 - 03:31
Pesticides are chemicals frequently used in agriculture to obtain maximum yield and improve product quality. Thousands of active ingredients and formulations of different pesticides are commercially available. Besides their advantages, a major disadvantage of pesticides is their residues, even though strict maximum residue limits have been set for each pesticide and permitted agricultural...
Sun, 09/22/2019 - 03:18
In recent years, with the continuous improvement of people's living standard, the importance of healthy lifestyles is becoming more and more recognized. Therefore, food safety has attracted much attention. This has prompted people to study new technologies that can guarantee food safety without the use of preservatives. Compared with other types of food preservatives, essential oils (EOs) are...
Sun, 09/22/2019 - 03:18
Gluten-related disorders (GRD) affects approximately 10% of the general population. The only treatment for GRD is still so far is the lifelong complete exclusion of gluten from the daily diet. The correct information about the presence/absence of gluten in food is very important to this group. The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of gluten contamination in gluten-free industrial and...
Sun, 09/22/2019 - 03:18
Meat curing, fermentation, and drying are both preservation technologies, and traditional manufacturing practices. Despite being considered a safe food, due to the several hurdles that prevent pathogen growth, dry-cured meat manufacturing may not ensure complete pathogen elimination. Besides, the final products are still susceptible to microbial contamination. Salmonella enterica is noteworthy...
Sun, 09/22/2019 - 03:18
Vibrio parahaemolyticus has been consistently found to be involved in the food-borne disease outbreaks every year. Particularly, V. parahaemolyticus can be induced into a viable but nonculturable (VBNC) state under cold-starvation conditions. In this physiological state, V. parahaemolyticus losses its colony-forming ability and shows reduced metabolic activities. The subsequent failure of its...
Sun, 09/22/2019 - 03:18
Food contamination is a common phenomenon in the production, distribution and consumption of processed and agricultural commodities all over the world. Food safety is now taking the frontal stage in food production, processing and distribution. This study assessed the presence of aflatoxigenic fungi and mycotoxins in foods, occurrence, control, socio-economic and health implications. This study...
Sun, 09/22/2019 - 03:18
Nowadays acrylamide is known not only as synthetic material used in industry, but also as carcinogenic, cyto- and genotoxic compound which forms during heat-induced process (due to Maillard reaction) mostly in foodstuff such as potato, bakery, plant derivatives products and coffee. The International Agency for Research on Cancer in 1994 declared acrylamide as a probable carcinogenic agent in...
Sun, 09/22/2019 - 03:18
Food contaminants are challenging the food industry due to the inefficiency of conventional decontamination techniques. Cold plasma as an emerging technique for the degradation of food contaminants attracted notable attention. The current study overviews the plasma-induced degradation of food contaminants, discusses the mechanisms involved, points its benefits and drawbacks out, highlights the...
Sun, 09/22/2019 - 03:18
The combination of levulinic acid and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) in recent years has shown considerable promise as an antimicrobial intervention. Both ingredients have been designated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) for being used as a flavoring agent and multipurpose food additive, respectively. The use of levulinic acid and SDS alone has...
Sun, 09/22/2019 - 03:18
Aptamers, referring to single-stranded DNA or RNA molecules can specifically recognize and bind to their targets. Based on their excellent specificity, sensitivity, high affinity, and simplicity of modification, aptamers offer great potential for pathogen detection and biomolecular screening. This article reviews aptamer screening technologies and aptamer application technologies, including gold-...
Sun, 09/22/2019 - 03:18
Zearalenone (ZEA) is a mycotoxin produced by the fungi of Fusarium genera, which contaminates the cereals and food stuffs worldwide. Fusarium mycotoxins are considered as important metabolites related to animal and human health. Evidences indicate that ZEA has been found to be present in different food stuffs from developed countries like USA, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, etc. and developing...
Sun, 09/22/2019 - 03:18
In recent years, applications of cold plasma treatments have shown high efficiency in sterilization of fresh fruit and vegetables. With encouraging results, development of this technique focuses on influences of cold plasma on the quality attributes of these fresh produce. More studies found that the quality attributes are maintained in an acceptable range or can even be improved under certain...
Sun, 09/22/2019 - 03:18
Prior to 1985 the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimated global food crop contamination with mycotoxins to be 25%. The origin of this statement is largely unknown. To assess the rationale for it, the relevant literature was reviewed and data of around 500,000 analyses from the European Food Safety Authority and large global survey for aflatoxins, fumonisins, deoxynivalenol, T-2 and HT-...
Sun, 09/22/2019 - 03:18
Cold plasma has emerged as a non-thermal technology for microbial inactivation in the food industry over the last decade. Spore-forming microorganisms pose challenges for microbiological safety and for the prevention of food spoilage. Inactivation of spores induced by cold plasma has been reported by several studies. However, the exact mechanism of spore deactivation by cold plasma is poorly...
Thu, 10/11/2018 - 23:13
As a representative colorimetic biosnesor, paper-based LFSA have emerged as a promising and robust tool that can easily and instansly detect the presence of target biological components in food sample. Recently, LFSAs have gained a considerable attention as an alternative method for rapid diagnosis of foodborne pathogens to the conventional culture-based assays such as plate counting and PCR. One...
Wed, 09/05/2018 - 00:07
Antibiotics are a key tool used nowadays in health care industry to fight against bacterial infections; however, repeated antibiotic use or misuses, have led to bacterial resistance, causing significant threats for many people with common bacterial infections. The use of probiotics to enhance gastrointestinal health has been proposed for many years. In recent years, there has been an increasing...
Mon, 03/19/2018 - 02:09
Controlled release packaging (CRP) is an innovative technology that uses the package to release active compounds in a controlled manner to improve safety and quality for a wide range of food products during storage. This paper provides a critical review of the uniqueness, design considerations, and research gaps of CRP, with a focus on the kinetics and mechanism of active compounds releasing from...
Tue, 01/16/2018 - 04:01
Chemical contaminants that are present in food pose a health problem and their levels are controlled by national and international food safety organizations. Despite increasing regulation, foods that exceed legal limits reach the market. In Europe, the number of notifications of chemical contamination due to pesticide residues, mycotoxins and metals is particularly high. Moreover, in many parts...
Mon, 11/13/2017 - 03:00
Seafood products are widely consumed all around the world and play a significant role on the economic market. Bacteria of the Vibrio genus can contaminate seafood and thus pose a risk to human health. Three main Vibrio species, V. cholerae, V. parahaemolyticus and V. vulnificus, are potentially pathogenic to humans. These species are responsible for a dramatic increase of seafood-borne infections...
Mon, 10/16/2017 - 03:00
Mycotoxins are the foremost naturally occurring contaminants of food products such as corn, peanuts, tree nuts, and wheat. As the secondary metabolites, mycotoxins are mainly synthesized by many species of the genera Aspergillus, Fusarium and Penicillium, and are considered highly toxic and carcinogenic to humans and animals. Most mycotoxins are detected and quantified by analytical chemistry-...
Wed, 10/11/2017 - 07:31
Background: Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic disease causing severe symptoms in pregnant women and immunocompromised individuals. On average, worldwide, around 30% of people are seropositive. The oral transmission route is of great significance and food, particularly meat, is an important transmission vehicle for T. gondii. However, the role of different food matrices is debated. Objectives: The aim...
Tue, 09/26/2017 - 03:00
Given that it should be aware of the nutritional benefits, resulting from the consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables consumed raw and/or minimally processed, comparing the efficacy of different individual sanitizing methods against the major food-borne pathogens localized in fresh commodities is of much importance; these products are easily vulnerable to the microbial contamination. In this...
Mon, 09/25/2017 - 03:00
Major staple foods in Southern Africa are prone to mycotoxin contamination, posing health risks to consumers and consequent economic losses. Regional climatic zones favor the growth of one or more main mycotoxin producing fungi, Aspergillus, Fusarium and Penicillium. Aflatoxin contamination is mainly reported in maize, peanuts and their products, fumonisin contamination in maize and maize...
Thu, 08/24/2017 - 03:00
The ability to analyze food safety and quality in a quick, sensitive, and reliable manner is of high importance in food industry. Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), which is popular for its significant enhancement, excellent sensitivity, and the fingerprinting ability to identify special molecules, has shown vast potential for rapid detection of chemical constitutes, chemical contaminants...
Mon, 08/14/2017 - 03:00
Mycotoxin contamination has been a worldwide problem for food and feeds production for a long time. There is an obviously increased focus of the food and feed industry toward the reduction of mycotoxin concentration in both the raw materials and finished products. Therefore, both effective qualitative and quantitative techniques for the determination of mycotoxins are required to minimize their...
Fri, 07/07/2017 - 01:38
Past reports have indicated a high prevalence of milk contaminated with Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), but the pooled prevalence rates of S. aureus and MRSA in pasteurized and boiled cow's milk, raw cow's milk, and raw Caprinae milk (raw sheep's milk and raw goat's milk) and across different periods, continents, economic conditions and...
Sun, 07/01/2007 - 00:00
The recent report of elevated acrylamide levels in heat processing foods evoked an international health alarm. Acrylamide, an acknowledged potential genetic and reproductive toxin with mutagenic and carcinogenic properties in experimental mammalians, has been found in various heat processing foods. ... (Publication: )
Sun, 05/20/2007 - 00:00
The Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) model has been applied for the risk assessment of corn curl manufacturing. A tentative approach of FMEA application to the snacks industry was attempted in an effort to exclude the presence of GMOs in the final product. This is of crucial importance both ... (Publication: )
Mon, 11/20/2006 - 00:00
Mycotoxins are fungal secondary metabolites that have been associated with severe toxic effects to vertebrates produced by many important phytopathogenic and food spoilage fungi including Aspergillus, Penicillium, Fusarium, and Alternaria species. The contamination of foods and animal feeds with ... (Publication: )
Sun, 10/01/2006 - 00:00
Shigella, the causative agent of shigellosis or "bacillary dysentery," has been increasingly involved in foodborne outbreaks. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Emerging Infections Program, Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet), Shigella was the third ... (Publication: )

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