Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Tue, 12/10/2019 - 03:23
Author(s): Memet Varol, Özgür Canpolat, Kürşad Kadir Eriş, Metin ÇağlarAbstractThe contents of 12 trace metals (Hg, As, Pb, Cd, Ni, Cr, Zn, Cu, Co, Mn, Al and Fe) in two sediment cores (Hz11-P02 and Hz11-P09) from the Lake Hazar, one of the deepest natural lakes in Turkey, were examined to evaluate vertical concentration profiles, possible sources, pollution status and eco-environmental risks of...
Sun, 12/08/2019 - 03:36
Author(s): Yi-min Wang, Dou-dou Tang, Xu-yin Yuan, Minori Uchimiya, Ji-zhou Li, Zhen-yu Li, Zi-cheng Luo, Ze-wen Xu, Shi-ge SunAbstractPhytotoxicity of cadmium (Cd) and its trophic transfer along a terrestrial food chain have been extensively investigated. However, few studies focused on the role of amendments on the trophic transfer of Cd and related mineral nutrients. In a 60-day pot experiment...
Fri, 12/06/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Qiang An, Shuman Deng, Jia Xu, Hongyan Nan, Zheng Li, Jia-Li SongAbstractThe interference of toxic heavy metals in the process of microbial aerobic denitrification is a hot issue in industry wastewater treatment in recent years. In this study, a multifunctional aerobic denitrifying bacterium - Pseudomonas aeruginosa G12 isolated from sewage sludge was used to explore the simultaneous...
Fri, 12/06/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Antonio De Agostini, Claudia Caltagirone, Alberto Caredda, Angela Cicatelli, Annalena Cogoni, Domenica Farci, Francesco Guarino, Alessandra Garau, Massimo Labra, Michele Lussu, Dario Piano, Cinzia Sanna, Nicola Tommasi, Andrea Vacca, Pierluigi CortisAbstractUnderstanding how environmental pollutants influence plant occurrence, growth, and development is key for effective management...
Fri, 12/06/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Mobarok Hossain, Pulak Kumar PatraAbstractTrace elements (TEs) concentration in groundwater is a key factor for health risk assessment (HRA). To achieve high level of accuracy in HRA, the present study performed Monte Carlo simulations, sensitivity analysis and uncertainty analysis to a total of 184 (N = 184) groundwater samples, collected during December 2016 from Birbhum district....
Fri, 12/06/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Juncai Wang, Xunfeng Chen, Yaowei Chi, Shaohua Chu, Kashif Hayat, Yuee Zhi, Sikandar Hayat, Dimitar Terziev, Dan Zhang, Pei ZhouAbstractIn the current experiment, influence of NPK composition on the Cd contaminated soil-plant (Solanum nigrum L.) system as well as the phytoremediation efficiency were comprehensively studied. The composition of NPK was optimized for a sustainable...
Thu, 12/05/2019 - 03:38
Author(s): Yiyi Liu, Yu Yuan, Yang Xiao, Yizhun Li, Yanqiu Yu, Tingting Mo, Haijing Jiang, Xiulou Li, Handong Yang, Chengwei Xu, Meian He, Huan Guo, An Pan, Tangchun WuAbstractMetals are widespread pollutants in the environment which have been reported to be associated with kidney dysfunction in many existing epidemiological studies. However, most of the studies are cross-sectional design and...
Wed, 12/04/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Mehdi Saadati, Mohsen Soleimani, Mohammad Sadeghsaba, Mahmoud Reza HemamiAbstractThe presence of heavy metals (HMs) in the environment can increase their risk of transfer to the food chain. The present study was conducted to investigate the bioaccumulation of HMs including Hg, Cd and Ni in soft and hard tissues of sentinel crab (Macrophthalmus depressus Rüppell, 1830) in sediments of...
Mon, 12/02/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Jihai Zhou, Kun Cheng, Guomin Huang, Guangcai Chen, Shoubiao Zhou, Yongjie Huang, Jie Zhang, Honglang Duan, Houbao FanAbstractIndoleacetic acid (IAA) is a plant growth regulator that plays an important role in plant growth and development, and participates in the regulation of abiotic stress. To explore the effect of IAA on cadmium toxicity in Cinnamomum camphora, an indoor potted...
Mon, 12/02/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Yong Huang, Hao Sheng, Ping Zhou, Yangzhu ZhangAbstractLiming has been widely used to remediate Cd-contaminated acidic soils, but the effects of consecutive liming are still unclear. Four-year liming experiments were conducted to assess the remediation of Cd-contaminated acidic paddy fields in a double rice cropping system. With four-year consecutive liming (quicklime, 2.25 t ha−1 per...
Mon, 12/02/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Hiago de O. Gomes, Jorge Marcell C. Menezes, José Galberto M. da Costa, Henrique Douglas M. Coutinho, Raimundo Nonato P. Teixeira, Ronaldo F. do NascimentoAbstractIntroductionPesticides are organic compounds widely used in modern agriculture, being relevant for helping plantations and increasing food production. The banana, a fruit with oriental origin, stands out for being widely...
Sat, 11/30/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Somenath Das, Vipin Kumar Singh, Abhishek Kumar Dwivedy, Anand Kumar Chaudhari, Neha Upadhyay, Akanksha Singh, Deepika, Nawal Kishore DubeyAbstractThe present study deals with encapsulation of Myristica fragrans essential oil (MFEO) into chitosan nano-matrix, their characterization and assessment of antimicrobial activity, aflatoxin inhibitory potential, safety profiling and in situ...
Sat, 11/30/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Weiyi Tao, Junzhang Lin, Weidong Wang, He Huang, Shuang LiAbstractThe utilization of thermophilic hydrocarbon-degrading microorganisms is a suitable strategy for improving biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons and PAHs, as well as enhancing oil recovery from high-temperature reservoirs. In this study, the thermophilic strain Aeribacillus pallidus SL-1 was evaluated for the...
Sat, 11/30/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Zhichao Wu, Qi Jiang, Tao Yan, Xin Zhang, Shoujun Xu, Hanzhi Shi, Teng-hao-bo Deng, Furong Li, Yingqiong Du, Ruiying Du, Chengxiao Hu, Xu Wang, Fuhua WangAbstractNitrogen (N) forms not only affect cadmium (Cd) accumulation in plants, but also affect plant resistance to Cd toxicity. However, few researches have been reported underlying the mechanism of the relationship between nitrogen...
Fri, 11/29/2019 - 03:16
Author(s): Yang Long, Xin Liu, Xiao-zhen Tan, Chun-xia Jiang, Shao-wei Chen, Guan-nan Liang, Xue-mei He, Jian Wu, Tao Chen, Yong XuAbstractGrowing epidemiological evidence has shown that exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) is harmful to the cardiovascular system. However, how PCB 118-induced oxidative stress mediates endothelial dysfunction is not fully understood. Here, we explored...
Fri, 11/29/2019 - 03:16
Author(s): Elisa Costa, Chiara Gambardella, Veronica Piazza, Massimo Vassalli, Francesca Sbrana, Silvia Lavorano, Francesca Garaventa, Marco FaimaliAbstractFor the first time, we report a correspondence between microplastics (MP) ingestion and ecotoxicological effects in gelatinous zooplankton (Cnidarian jellyfish). The ephyra stage of the jellyfish Aurelia sp. was exposed to both environmental...
Thu, 11/28/2019 - 03:35
Author(s): Kehan Fu, Ling Wang, Cuiyun Wei, Jie Li, Jie Zhang, Zhen Zhou, Yong LiangAbstractArtificial sweeteners (ASs) are applied widely as sucrose substitutes in food, pharmaceuticals, and personal-care products, which results in their release into surface water. The occurrence of ASs in aquatic environments in China has rarely been reported. In this study, we determined the concentration of...
Thu, 11/28/2019 - 03:35
Author(s): Lili Yang, Fen Jin, Guorui Liu, Yang Xu, Minghui Zheng, Cui Li, Yuanping YangAbstractWe collected surface sediments from the Chaobai river, the dominant source of drinking water for Beijing, China, to assess the status of contamination by polychlorinated biphenyls and evaluate their sources. Total concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls in the sediments ranged from 0.125 to 70.6 ng...
Wed, 11/27/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Priyanka Mahadappa, Narayanan Krishnaswamy, Mahendran Karunanidhi, AG Bhanuprakash, BV Bindhuja, Sahadeb DeyAbstractRumen impaction by plastic waste (PW) is a common condition in the developing countries where ruminants are reared under extensive grazing. As heavy metals (HM) are used in the manufacture of plastic, we hypothesized that buffaloes with PW impaction would have suboptimal...
Mon, 11/25/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Silvana Costa, Francesca Coppola, Carlo Pretti, Luigi Intorre, Valentina Meucci, Amadeu M.V.M. Soares, Rosa Freitas, Montserrat SoléAbstractDiclofenac (DIC) is one of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) with higher consumption rates, used in both human and veterinary medicine. Previous studies already demonstrated the presence of this drug in aquatic environments and...
Sun, 11/24/2019 - 03:36
Author(s): Wenjia Jin, Zhigang Wang, Yafei Sun, Yongjie Wang, Chunjuan Bi, Limin Zhou, Xiangmin ZhengAbstractHuman exposure to arsenic (As) through rice consumption is a global food safety issue, especially in Southeast Asia. To investigate the impacts of biochar amendment (rice husk and smooth cordgrass-derived biochar) and/or silicate fertilizer on As mobility/phytoavailability in soil and on...
Sun, 11/24/2019 - 03:36
Author(s): Huanlong Peng, Yukun Wu, Tong Guan, Wei He, Liang Xu, Yongmei Liang, Wei LiuAbstractIn this study, we analyzed the effects of sludge aging pre-treatment on the stabilization mechanisms of heavy metals during sludge pyrolysis. First, the form of copper (Cu) and chromium (Cr) was conducted using the sequential extraction procedure proposed by the European Community Bureau of Reference (...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Chuanfeng Teng, Jianbo Jia, Zhiping Wang, Bing YanAbstractSynergistic toxicity from multiple environmental pollutants poses greater threat to humans, especially to susceptible pregnant population. Here we evaluated combined toxicity from environment pollutants zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) and cadmium chloride (CdCl2) using two pregnant mice models established by oral...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Peng Zeng, Zhaohui Guo, Xiyuan Xiao, Chi Peng, Lingqing Liu, Demei Yan, Yalei HeAbstractFast growing woody plants are proposed for potential application for phytoremediation of contaminated soil. In this study, the plant growth, physiological responses, mineral element uptake, and phytoremediation potential of the woody plant Morus alba L. were studied in different levels of Cd-...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Nijira Brahma, Abhik GuptaAbstractThe median lethal concentrations (LC50) of Pb at 96 h were 8.84, 192.14, and 3.22 mg L−1 for pre-reproductive and reproductive individuals of Lamellidens jenkinsianus obesa and reproductive individuals of Parreysia (Parreysia) corrugata, respectively. Thus, young L. j. obesa were much more sensitive to Pb than its adults, while P. (P.) corrugata was...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Eloy Navarro-León, Juan Manuel Ruiz, Alfonso Albacete, Begoña BlascoAbstractCadmium (Cd) is one of the most toxic heavy metals that reduces crop productivity and is a threat to all the food chain including human health. Phytoremediation is an environmentally friendly strategy to clean up soil contaminated with heavy metals. Researchers are selecting new varieties with an enhanced...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Fuyu Guo, Changfeng Ding, Zhigao Zhou, Fengxiang Han, Ronggui Tang, Gaoxiang Huang, Xingxiang WangAbstractProper protocols for assessing the remediation effectiveness of contaminated soils are an important part of remediation projects. In the present study, the residual immobilization effectiveness of hydrated lime (L), hydroxyapatite (H), biochar (B) and organic fertilizer (F) alone...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Wankui Jiang, Qinqin Gao, Lu Zhang, Hui Wang, Mingliang Zhang, Xiaoan Liu, Yidong Zhou, Zhijian Ke, Chenglong Wu, Jiguo Qiu, Qing HongAbstractA novel carbofuran-degrading strain CFD-1 was isolated and preliminarily identified as Sphingbium sp. This strain was able to utilize carbofuran as the sole carbon source for growth. The carbofuran hydrolase gene cehA was cloned from strain CFD-1...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Biao Hu, Bin Tong, Ying Xiang, Se-Ruo Li, Zhu-Xia Tan, Hui-Xian Xiang, Lin Fu, Hua Wang, Hui Zhao, De-Xiang XuAbstract1-Nitropyrene (1-NP), a key component of fine particulate matter (PM2.5), is a representative of nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (NPAHs). The aim of this research is to investigate proinflammatory effects of acute 1-NP exposure in mouse lungs and human A549 ...
Wed, 11/20/2019 - 03:35
Author(s): Ellen Cristina Rivas Leonel, Silvana Gisele Pegorin Campos, Luiz Henrique Alves Guerra, Carolina Marques Bedolo, Patrícia Simone Leite Vilamaior, Marilia Freitas Calmon, Paula Rahal, Christiani Andrade Amorim, Sebastião Roberto TabogaAbstractHormonal regulation controls mammary gland (MG) development. Therefore some hormone-related factors can disrupt the early phases of MGs...
Sun, 11/17/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Maja Radziemska, Agnieszka Bęś, Zygmunt M. Gusiatin, Artemi Cerdà, Jerzy Jeznach, Zbigniew Mazur, Martin BrtnickýAbstractDue to the presence of toxic pollutants, soils in former military areas need remedial actions with environmentally friendly methods. Greenhouse experiments were conducted to investigate the aided phytostabilization of multi-heavy metals (HMs), i.e. Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb...
Sun, 11/17/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Liang Shi, Pengcheng Dong, Wuyu Song, Chenxi Li, Haining Lu, Zhugui Wen, Chunchun Wang, Zhenguo Shen, Yahua ChenAbstractChromium (Cr) is one of the most toxic heavy metals and a health hazard to millions of people worldwide. Ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi can assist plants in phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soil. Cr tolerance differs among ECM fungal varieties, but the...
Sat, 11/16/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Wenfeng Wang, Jing Ge, Xiangyang YuAbstractThe prevalence of microplastics in aquatic environments has raised concerns about their availability and risks to aquatic biota. Since fish is an important source of animal protein for human beings, the occurrence and potential impacts of microplastics in fishes deserve special attention. Although there have been an increasing number of...
Fri, 11/15/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Xia Zhao, Ling Chen, Hongrui Ma, Jianzhong Ma, Dangge GaoAbstractIn this paper, a process combining biodegradation and Fenton oxidation was proposed for the removal of polydiallyldimethylammonium chloride-acrylic-acrylamide-hydroxyethyl acrylate (PDM) in aqueous phase. Biodegradation of PDM was investigated in activated sludge systems, and the effects of the solution pH, mixed liquid...
Thu, 11/14/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): M. Kashif Saleemi, Kamran Ashraf, S. Tehseen Gul, M. Noman Naseem, M. Sohail Sajid, Mashkoor Mohsin, Cheng He, Muhammad Zubair, Ahrar Khan
Wed, 11/13/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Muhammad Hamzah Saleem, Shah Fahad, Shahid Ullah Khan, Suuny Ahmar, Muhammad Hafeez Ullah Khan, Muzammal Rehman, Zahid Maqbool, Lijun LiuAbstractJute (Corchorus capsularis L.) is the most commonly used natural fiber as reinforcement in green composites and, due to its huge biomass, deep rooting system, and metal tolerance in stressed environments, it is an excellent candidate for the...
Wed, 11/13/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Chao Zhang, Yue Tao, Shuangxi Li, Tan Ke, Panpan Wang, Sijie Wei, Lanzhou ChenAbstractSoil co-contaminated with heavy metals and organics is often difficult to remediate. In this study, pot experiments were conducted to investigate the concurrent removal of cadmium (Cd, two levels: CdL [10 mg kg−1] and CdH [50 mg kg−1]) and trichlorfon (TCF, 100 mg kg−1) from co-contaminated soil by...
Wed, 11/13/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Hussain Mohammed Salem Ali Albar, Nadeem Ali, Syed Ali Musstjab Akber Shah Eqani, Nabil A. Alhakamy, Ehtisham Nazar, Muhammad Imtiaz Rashid, Khurram Shahzad, Iqbal Mohammad Ibrahim IsmailAbstractIn this study a number of heavy metals namely chromium (Cr), cadmium (Cd), zinc (Zn), barium (Ba), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), cobalt (Co), rubidium (Rb), selenium (Se) are studied in the...
Wed, 11/13/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Xiaonan Ji, Chengbin Liu, Gang PanAbstractEutrophication can induce hypoxia/anoxia and rich organic matter at the sediment-water interface in surface waters. When eutrophic waters are impacted with mercury (Hg) pollution, methylmercury (MeHg) production ability (MPA) of surface sediment would increase and more MeHg might be produced. To tackle this risk, this study firstly collected...
Wed, 11/13/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Pavel Šauer, Jitka Tumová, Christoph Steinbach, Oksana Golovko, Hans Komen, Emmanuelle Maillot-Maréchal, Jana Máchová, Roman Grabic, Selim Aït-Aïssa, Hana Kocour KroupováAbstractSynthetic progestins are emerging contaminants of the aquatic environment with endocrine disrupting potential. The main aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of the synthetic progestins...
Wed, 11/13/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Le Song, Zezhi Zhong, Yongtao Han, Qinglin Zheng, Yuhong Qin, Qian Wu, Xiaoping He, Canping PanAbstractTwelve commercial pesticide formulations containing sixteen active ingredients were applied on greenhouse strawberries at recommended and double doses. The dynamics and dietary risk analysis were investigated. A modified QuEChERS method based on the use of multi-walled carbon...
Wed, 11/13/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Hui-ling Fu, Xue-song Wang, Ying-ying Huang, Fei-yue Gong, Jing-jie Guo, Chun-tao He, Zhong-Yi YangAbstractCultivar-dependent cadmium (Cd) accumulation was principal in developing Cd-pollution safe cultivars (PSCs). Proteins related to different Cd accumulations of the low-Cd-accumulating (SJ19) and high-Cd-accumulating (CX4) cultivars were investigated by iTRAQ analysis. Higher Cd...
Wed, 11/13/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Yunsen Ji, Xiangling Zhang, Jingtian Gao, Shuangjie Zhao, Yankai Dou, Yu Xue, Lihong ChenAbstractTo investigate the removal mechanisms of cadmium (Cd) by Zn-layer double hydroxides-modified zeolites substrates in constructed rapid infiltration systems (CRIS), the ZnAl-LDHs and ZnFe-LDHs were synthesized and in-situ coated on the original zeolites through co-precipitation method. The...
Wed, 11/13/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Chenyang Xu, Jicheng Hu, Jing Wu, Baokai Wei, Zhenlei Zhu, Liwen Yang, Tingting Zhou, Jun JinAbstractSeventeen soil samples collected in an industrial park located in Ningxia Province, Northwestern China were analyzed for polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs), polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). The PCN, PCDD/F, and PCB...
Wed, 11/13/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Huatao Li, Pengfei Zhang, Yong Zhao, Hongfu ZhangAbstractPesticides have been extensively produced and used to help the agricultural production which leads to the contamination of the environment, soil, groundwater sources, and even foodstuffs. Fungicides carbendazim (CBZ) and chlorothalonil (Chl) are widely applied in agriculture and other aspects. CBZ or Chl have been reported to...
Thu, 11/07/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Yunyun Li, Jiaxun Guan, Jiating Zhao, Bai Li, Yu-feng Li, Yuxi GaoAbstractMercury (Hg) pollution seriously threatens food safety and has attracted global attention. Phytoextraction, due to its low cost, applicability, and environmental friendliness, is considered a new technology for clean-up of heavy metal contamination in the environment. However, the low bioavailability of Hg in...
Thu, 11/07/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Yuhang Hong, Hongmei Yin, Yi Huang, Qiang Huang, Xiaozhen YangAbstractIt is known that abamectin (ABM) inflicts oxidative damage on aquatic animals; however, knowledge about the immune response under pesticide-induced oxidative stress is incomplete. In the present study, several cellular and humoral immune parameters, including total haemocyte counts (THC), lysosomal membrane stability...
Thu, 11/07/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Yiling Li, Yong-shun Huang, Bin He, Runzeng Liu, Guangbo Qu, Yongguang Yin, Jianbo Shi, Ligang Hu, Guibin JiangAbstractBlood is the transmission medium for metal contaminants to and from bodily organs; as such, it can provide useful and reliable information about their bio-kinetics as they're distributed throughout the body. Metals can interact with endogenous proteins present in the...
Thu, 11/07/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Adil Khan, Saqib Bilal, Abdul Latif Khan, Muhammad Imran, Ahmed Al-Harrasi, Ahmed Al-Rawahi, In-Jung LeeAbstractWe investigated the physio-molecular effects of separate and combined cadmium (Cd; 200 μM) and salinity (NaCl; 100 mM) stress on date palm during silicon (Si; 1.0 mM) applications. The results showed that exogenous Si led to significant improvements in plant growth, as well...
Thu, 11/07/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Afaf.Abd El Megid, Mohammad E. Abd Al Fatah, Amel El Asely, Yakout El Senosi, Mahmoud M.A. Moustafa, Mahmoud A.O. DawoodAbstractThis study aimed to assess the levels of pyrethroids and organochlorine residues in the tissues of cultured Mugil capito and in water samples obtained from three different sites (Al-Hamol, Al-Riad and Sidi Salem; referred to as Area 1, Area 2, and Area 3,...

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