FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Sat, 02/06/2021 - 12:01
ABSTRACT Passive remediation systems (PRS) use both biotic and abiotic processes to precipitate contaminants from abandoned mine drainage (AMD) so that the contaminants do not spread into local watersheds. PRS are efficient at removing heavy metals but sulfate remediation frequently does not occur. To understand the reasons for the lack of sulfate remediation, we studied four PRS that treat...
Wed, 01/27/2021 - 12:01
ABSTRACT One of the current aims of synthetic biology is the development of novel microorganisms that can mine economically important elements from the environment or remediate toxic waste compounds. Copper, in particular, is a high-priority target for bioremediation owing to its extensive use in the food, metal and electronic industries and its resulting common presence as an environmental...
Wed, 01/27/2021 - 12:00
ABSTRACT Amphibian embryos often suffer increased mortality and altered hatching when exposed to road deicing salt runoff or pathogens such as water molds. However, the combined effects of such contaminants on embryos remain understudied. To test how pond salinization interacts with water mold (Saprolegniasp.) to influence hatching timing and survival, we first measured pond water conductivity...
Sat, 01/09/2021 - 12:00
ABSTRACT Biofilm is a predominant lifestyle of bacteria that comprises of cells as collectives enmeshed in a polymeric matrix. Biofilm formation is vital for bacterial species as it provides access to nutrients and protects the cells from environmental stresses. Here we show that interference in biofilm matrix production is a strategy by the competing bacterial species to reduce the ability of...
Thu, 12/10/2020 - 12:00
The increasing demand for products for human consumption is leading to the fast-growing expansion of numerous food sectors such as marine aquaculture (mariculture). However, excessive input of nutrients and pollutants modifies marine ecosystems. Here, we applied a metagenomic approach to investigate these perturbations in samples from marine farms of gilthead seabream cultures. Results revealed...
Thu, 12/10/2020 - 12:00
ABSTRACT Fire blight caused by Erwinia amylovora affects pome fruit worldwide, generating serious economic losses. Despite the abundant literature on E. amylovora infection mechanisms of aerial plant organs, root infection routes remain virtually unexplored. Assessing these infection pathways is necessary for a full understanding of the pathogen's ecology. Using the pathosystem Pyrus communis–E...
Wed, 07/15/2020 - 12:00
ABSTRACT A total of 594 Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolates from cultivated oysters (n = 361) and estuarine water (n = 233) were examined for antimicrobial resistance (AMR) phenotype and genotype and virulence genes. Four hundred forty isolates (74.1%) exhibited resistance to at least one antimicrobial agent and 13.5% of the isolates were multidrug-resistant strains. Most of the V. parahaemolyticus...
Thu, 06/18/2020 - 12:00
ABSTRACT A bacterial consortium was enriched from gold particles that ‘experienced’ ca. 80 years of biotransformation within waste-rock piles (Australia). This bacterial consortium was exposed to 10 µM AuCl3 to obtain Au-tolerant bacteria. From these isolates, Serratia sp. and Stenotrophomonas sp. were the most Au-tolerant and reduced soluble Au as pure gold nanoparticles, indicating that...
Thu, 06/18/2020 - 12:00
ABSTRACT We examined how larvae of Culex restuans mosquito influences the bacterial abundance, composition and diversity in simulated container aquatic habitats. The microbiota of Cx. restuans larvae were also characterized and compared to those of their larval habitats. The presence of Cx. restuans larvae altered the bacterial community composition and reduced the bacterial abundance, diversity...
Fri, 05/29/2020 - 03:23
ABSTRACT Our understanding of environmental factors controlling prokaryotic community is largely hampered by the large environmental variability across spatial scales (e.g. trace metal contamination, nutrient enrichment and physicochemical variations) and the broad diversity of bacterial pre-exposure to environmental factors. In this article, we investigated the specific influence of copper (Cu...
Fri, 05/29/2020 - 03:23
ABSTRACT A total of four strains of the ‘environmental superbug’ Pedobacter isolated from sludge produced at Norwegian drinking water treatment plants, were characterized by whole genome sequencing and antibiotic susceptibility assays. As with previous studies on members of this genus, we found that the isolates were multi-drug resistant, and that this resistance included clinically important...
Wed, 02/19/2020 - 03:18
ABSTRACT Pathogenic E. coli remains undigested upon phagocytosis by Tetrahymena and is egested from the ciliate as viable cells in its fecal pellets. Factors that are involved in the survival of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli serovar O157: H7 (EcO157) from digestion by Tetrahymena were identified by microarray analysis of its transcriptome in the protozoan phagosome. Numerous genes belonging to...
Wed, 01/01/2020 - 03:15
ABSTRACT Gold particles contain gold and other toxic, heavy metals, making them ‘extreme’ geochemical microenvironments. To date, the functional capabilities of bacterial biofilms to deal with these conditions have been inferred from taxonomic analyses. The aims of this study are to evaluate the functional capabilities of bacterial communities on gold particles from six key locations using...
Tue, 12/10/2019 - 03:17
ABSTRACT Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous soil organic pollutants. Although PAH-degrading bacteria are present in almost all soils, their selection and enrichment have been shown in historically high PAH contaminated soils. We can wonder if the effectiveness of PAH biodegradation and the PAH-degrading bacterial diversity differ among soils. The stable isotope probing (SIP)...
Wed, 11/06/2019 - 03:16
ABSTRACT Humans and animals are considered typical hosts for Salmonella, however, also plants can be colonized. Tomatoes were linked to salmonellosis outbreaks already on several occasions. The aim of this study was, therefore, to establish a comprehensive view on the interaction between Salmonella enterica and tomatoes, and to test the hypothesis that colonization of plants is an interactive...
Fri, 09/27/2019 - 03:11
ABSTRACT The sea anemone Entacmaea medusivora (Actiniaria, Anthozoa) commonly feeds on the golden jellyfish Mastigias papua (Rhizostomeae, Scyphozoa) which harbours an endosymbiotic dinoflagellate of the genus Cladocopium (Symbiodiniaceae). In this study, we monitored the photosynthetic activity of the endosymbiotic microalgae while their host jellyfish were ingested and digested by starved...
Sun, 03/03/2019 - 19:00
ABSTRACTThe Gram-negative bacterium Vibrio parahaemolyticus (Vp) is a major cause of illness associated with the consumption of raw or undercooked seafood, primarily oysters. This species is a natural member of the bacterial community in brackish waters and is bioaccumulated by oysters through filter feeding. Only a subset of strains is thought to be pathogenic. Currently known virulence markers...
Wed, 02/06/2019 - 19:00
ABSTRACTA horizontal, fluorophore-enhanced, repetitive extragenic palindromic-polymerase chain reaction (rep-PCR) DNA fingerprinting technique was adapted to examine the genotypic richness and source differentiation of Vibrio parahaemolyticus (n = 1749) isolated from tidal water and mud of southern coast of South Korea. The number of unique genotypes observed from June (163, 51.9%), September (...
Mon, 12/12/2016 - 11:10
Vibrio parahaemolyticus is the leading cause of seafood-associated gastroenteritis and is most commonly transmitted by raw oysters. Consequently, detection of virulent strains of this organism in oysters is a primary concern for seafood safety. Vibrio parahaemolyticus levels were determined in 110 individual oysters harvested from two sampling sites in SC, USA. The majority of oysters (98%)...
Wed, 11/16/2016 - 06:55
Salmonella Enteritidis is a pathogen, which can infect humans and chickens. This study was designed to address the impact of two potential prebiotics, mannanoligosaccharides (MOS) and xylooligosaccharides (XOS), on the caecal microbiota and expression of cytokines in chickens infected with S. Enteritidis. Newly hatched chicks were assigned to one of five groups: (1) uninfected control, (2)...
Thu, 11/10/2016 - 08:21
Sinorhizobium sp. M14 is an As(III)-oxidizing, psychrotolerant strain, capable of growth in the presence of extremely high concentrations of arsenic and many other heavy metals. Metallotolerant abilities of the M14 strain depend upon the presence of two extrachromosomal replicons: pSinA (~ 109 kb) and pSinB (~ 300 kb). The latter was subjected to complex analysis. The performed analysis...