Fish & Shellfish Immunology

Fri, 03/05/2021 - 06:07
Author(s): R. Prathiviraj, Riya Rajeev, Henrietta Fernandes, K. Rathna, Anuj Nishanth Lipton, Joseph Selvin, George Seghal Kiran Penaeus vannamei is one of the most economically vital shrimp globally, but infectious diseases have hampered its proper production and supply. As antibiotics pose a huge threat to the environment and humankind, it is essential to seek an alternative strategy to...
Sun, 02/07/2021 - 06:07
Author(s): Mona Abdel-Wahab, Nabil Taha, Mohamed Lebda, Mohamed Elfeky, Hany M.R. Abdel-Latif The present study was carried out to investigate the effects of different levels of dietary bovine lactoferrin (BLF) or chitosan nanoparticles (CHN) alone or in combinations on the serum biochemical indices, antioxidative capacity, transcriptomic responses, immunity, and resistance of Nile tilapia (...
Wed, 01/20/2021 - 06:06
Author(s): Chohelee Choudhury, Ritwik Mazumder, Rajib Biswas, Mahuya Sengupta A vast range of research related to the toxicity of the heavy metal cadmium (Cd) has been carried out in a wide variety of fish species. However, Cd induced immunomodulation in monocytes/macrophages of Channa punctatus Bloch. has rarely been explored. The present study was designed to determine Cd induced immune...
Wed, 01/20/2021 - 06:06
Author(s): Doaa Ibrahim, Ahmed N.F. Neamat-Allah, Seham M. Ibrahim, Hemmat M. Eissa, M.M. Fawzey, Doaa I.A. Mostafa, Shaimaa A. Abd El-Kader, S.I. Khater, Safaa I. Khater Nowadays there is a great attention for nanotechnology in aquaculture production. It has an efficient role in nutrients and drugs delivery, ponds sterilization, water treatment and aquatic diseases reduction. Till now, there is...
Wed, 12/30/2020 - 06:06
Author(s): Arnon Pudgerd, Thanapong Kruangkum, Kallaya Sritunyalucksana, Rapeepun Vanichviriyakit, Supapong Imsonpang, Charoonroj Chotwiwatthanakun In crustacean, hemocytes are known as crucial components of crustaceans’ innate immunity against pathogens. Drastic hemocytes reduction during infectious disease is apparently related to disease severity and calls for a health status evaluation and...
Fri, 12/25/2020 - 06:06
Author(s): Anupa Anirudhan, Victor Tosin Okomoda, Mat Taib Mimi Iryani, Yosie Andriani, Mohd Effendy Abd Wahid, Min Pau Tan, Muhd Danish-Daniel, Li Lian Wong, Tengku Sifzizul Tengku-Muhammad, Wen Jye Mok, Patrick Sorgeloos, Yeong Yik Sung Plants and herbal extracts are indispensable for controlling the spread of disease-causing bacteria, including those that infect aquatic organisms used in...
Thu, 12/24/2020 - 06:11
Author(s): Cristóbal Espinosa-Ruiz, Simona Manuguerra, Maria Morghese, José María García-Beltrán, María Ángeles Esteban, Marta Giuga, Concetta M. Messina, Andrea Santulli Chemical contaminants such as industrial and urban by-products, pharmaceuticals, drugs metabolites and, plastics, are continuously found in the oceans, affecting its quality and organism’s welfare. Although these compounds are...
Wed, 12/09/2020 - 06:08
Author(s): A. Neamotala, E. Mahmmud, Y. Mahboub The present work was designed to assess the potential modulatory and antioxidant conclusions of varied concentration of mulberry Morus alba leaves (MAL) extract supplementation on Nile tilapia (Oreochromis .niloticus). A total two hundred and forty of O. niloticus were haphazardly sorted into four groups. The control (CT) group was fed on basal diet...
Sun, 11/29/2020 - 06:10
Author(s): Morteza Yousefi, Hamed Ghafarifarsani, Seyed Hossein Hoseinifar, Ghasem Rashidian, Hien Van Doan The present study aimed to investigate the potential effects of dietary marjoram extract on growth performance, health, and disease resistance in common carp, Cyprinus carpio. To this purpose, the fish were assigned into four treatments and fed by diets supplemented with 0 (control), 100,...
Sat, 11/14/2020 - 06:22
Author(s): Salah M. Aly, Alaa E. Eissa, Noha I. ElBanna, Aqel Albutti This experimental studies investigated the protective efficiencies and the potential immune mechanisms of vibrio monovalent and polyvalent autogenous formalin-inactivated whole-cell bacterins (FKC) in Gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) cultured in Egypt. Two months post-vaccination, the relative percentage survival (RPS) was...
Thu, 10/15/2020 - 06:20
Author(s): Maedeh Rashmeei, Seyed Pezhman Hosseini Shekarabi, Mehdi Shamsaie Mehrgan, Hamed Paknejad Chasteberry is highly recommended as an herbal medicine across the globe for treating of many gynaecological disorders. In this study, chasteberry extract (CBE) was supplemented in goldfish diet to evaluate the immunity responses at the cellular and molecular levels. Moreover, after the feeding...
Thu, 10/15/2020 - 06:20
Author(s): Sivaramasamy Elayaraja, Mahmoud Mabrok, Abdelazeem Algammal, Elayaraja Sabitha, Mayavan Veeramuthu Rajeswari, Kamil Zágoršek, Zhangying Ye, Songming Zhu, Channarong Rodkhum Biofloc technology is increasingly becoming the most promising aquaculture tool especially in places where water is scarce and the land is very expensive. The dynamics of water quality, as well as plankton and...
Thu, 10/15/2020 - 06:20
Author(s): Shengle Ji, Qiyang Gong, Wenwen Zhang, Jun Zheng, Bo Peng, Menghua Yang Aquatic animals are frequently threated by bacterial pathogens. The most economic and efficient protection against bacterial infection are through vaccine immunization. The various serotypes of the pathogens, such as Vibrios, hurdle the development of the vaccines, especially polyvalent vaccines. Here, we...
Sat, 09/26/2020 - 06:20
Author(s): Jing Tan, Xiucai Hu, Aijun Lü, Xiaoxue Liu, Jingfeng Sun, Yuchen Niu Vibrio vulnificus is a major pathogen of cultured Cynoglossus semilaevis and results in skin ulceration and haemorrhage, but the proteomic mechanism of skin immunity against V. vulnificus remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the histopathology and skin immune response in C. semilaevis with V. vulnificus...
Thu, 09/03/2020 - 06:16
Author(s): Chuanju Dong, Zhou Jiang, Xianyao Zhang, Junchang Feng, Lei Wang, Xue Tian, Peng Xu, Xuejun Li Solute carrier 15 family (Slc15) are membrane proteins that utilize the proton gradient and negative membrane protential for the transmembrane transporter of di-/tripeptide and peptide-mimetic molecules, in addition, they also play important roles in immunoreaction. In this study, 10 Slc15...
Mon, 08/17/2020 - 06:11
Author(s): Zhongguo Shan, Yanpeng Yang, Ning Guan, Xiaodong Xia, Weidong Liu The extensive use of antibiotics in aquaculture has resulted in the prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and, consequently, new antibacterial strategies or drugs with clear modes of action are urgently needed. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are currently widely considered as alternatives to antibiotics in the...
Fri, 08/14/2020 - 06:10
Author(s): Jiliang Lin, Junhao Ning, Xia Lu, Min Chen, Weian Cao, Chunde Wang Little information is available on innate immune defense mechanisms of Scapharca subcrenata. C-type lectins (CTLs) are not only pattern recognition proteins that can bind pathogen-associated molecular patterns, but also crucial maternally-derived immune factors in mollusc egg. In this study, the comparative...
Sun, 08/09/2020 - 06:10
Author(s): Soheil Yousefi, Maryam Monsef Shokri, Hamid Allaf Noveirian, Seyed Hossein Hoseinifar The present study aims to shed light on the effects of yeast cell wall (ImmunoWall®) supplementation on biochemical indices, oxidative status, serum and mucus immune responses as well as disease resistance of juvenile Persian sturgeon (Acipenser persicus). For this purpose, one hundred fifty three...
Sun, 08/09/2020 - 06:10
Author(s): Chang-Hong Cheng, Hong-Ling Ma, Yi-Qin Deng, Juan Feng, Yu-Ken Jie, Zhi-Xun Guo Mud crab (Scylla paramamosain) is an important economic species in China. Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection have caused a great economic loss in mud crab farming. The mechanism involved in the immune responses of mud crab to V. parahaemolyticus is unclear. In this study, the physiological and immune...
Sun, 08/02/2020 - 06:12
Author(s): Ghasem Mohammadi, Gholamreza Rafiee, Mohammed F. El Basuini, Hany M.R. Abdel-Latif, Mahmoud A.O. Dawood The present study aimed at evaluating the supplementation of dietary Pistacia vera hulls derived polysaccharide (PHDP) at varying levels (0, 2.5, 5, and 10 g/kg diet) on the growth rate, digestive enzyme activity, immune response, and antioxidative capacity of Nile tilapia. After the...
Wed, 07/29/2020 - 06:11
Author(s): Kechen Yang, Xiaozhou Qi, Maosheng He, Kaige Song, Fei Luo, Xiangyu Qu, Gaoxue Wang, Fei Ling Some medicinal plants have been known as immunostimulants, and the medicinal plants extract has been used to control the outbreak of the disease in aquaculture for many years. In this study, a total of 270 crucian carp (30 ± 5 g) were randomly distributed in 9 aquaria (55 cm l × 40 cm w × 50 ...
Fri, 07/24/2020 - 06:09
Author(s): Natsuki Morimoto, Yo Okamura, Shun Maekawa, Han-Ching Wang, Takashi Aoki, Tomoya Kono, Masahiro Sakai, Jun-ichi Hikima Apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase-recruitment domain (ASC) is a component of inflammasome, which plays crucial roles in the inflammatory response. In mammals, ASC regulates caspase-1 activation, thereby inducing pyroptosis and producing...
Wed, 07/22/2020 - 06:09
Author(s): Fan Xiong, Jing Xiong, Ya Fang Wu, Lu Cao, Wen Shu Huang, Ming Xian Chang No studies systematically examined the intestinal immune response for yellow stage of European eel (Anguilla anguilla) with Aeromonas hydrophila infection by time-resolved RNA-seq. Here, we examined transcriptional profiles of the intestines at three-time points following infection with A. hydrophila....
Sat, 07/11/2020 - 06:11
Author(s): Xiaodan Liu, Wei Sun, Yanbing Zhang, Yifan Zhou, Jingwen Xu, Xiaojian Gao, Shuangming Zhang, Xiaojun Zhang Co-infections with pathogenic microorganisms are common in aquaculture, resulting in more serious economic losses than single-pathogen infection. Infection of Aeromonas hydrophila (A. hydrophila) often occurs together with infectious spleen and kidney necrosis virus (ISKNV) in...
Wed, 06/17/2020 - 06:08
Author(s): Yanhong Chang, Chunguang Yin, Hao Peng, Yanqiu Shi As the direct executors of biological function, the expression level of proteins in host will reveal the molecular mechanisms regulating bacteria infection more directly. In the present study, the differential proteomes of Macrobrachium nipponense hemocytes response to Aeromonas hydrophila infection were identified with isobaric tags...
Sun, 06/14/2020 - 06:07
Author(s): Esmeralda Dushku, Charalampos Kotzamanidis, Kalodoti Avgousti, Antonios Zdragas, George Vafeas, Virginia Giantzi, Alexandra Staikou, Minas Yiangou Listeria monocytogenes strains were isolated from Cornu aspersum maxima snails from farm units experiencing high mortalities and were characterized by phenotypic, molecular and biochemical criteria. A high heterogeneity was observed in the...
Thu, 06/11/2020 - 06:10
Author(s): Jie Bai, Xiucai Hu, Ruixia Wang, Aijun Lü, Jingfeng Sun MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression in fish, but its regulatory mechanism of the skin mucosal immune response remains poorly understood. In order to investigate the immunological role of miRNAs, three sRNA libraries (mSTC, mST1, mST2) from skin samples of crucian carp (Carassius. auratus)...
Sat, 05/30/2020 - 03:37
Author(s): Hany M.R. Abdel-Latif, Mohsen Abdel-Tawwab, Asmaa F. Khafaga, Mahmoud A.O. Dawood The use of herbal essential oils in aquafeeds is an important approach to maintain the fish health status. The oregano essential oil (OEO), extracted from Origanum vulgare, was included at levels of 0, 5, 10, 15, and 20 g per kg diet to evaluate its beneficial effects on antioxidant, immunity status, and...
Fri, 05/29/2020 - 03:34
Author(s): Tongtong Kong, Shanmeng Lin, Xin Ren, Shengkang Li, Yi Gong Vibrio parahaemolyticus (V. parahaemolyticus) is a common pathogen for marine crustacean, which causes severe illnesses in aquatic animals. Therefore, it is meaningful to explore the mechanism during V. parahaemolyticus infection. In this study, to investigate the immune responses of mud crab Scylla paramamosain (S....
Tue, 05/12/2020 - 03:31
Author(s): Qingqing Liu, Wei Wang, Yiming Zhang, Yuan Cui, Shiwen Xu, Shu Li Bisphenol A (BPA) is an industrial raw material widely used in water bottles, medical devices and food packaging, and is now ubiquitous in the environment. However, the effects of BPA on the toxicity of fish lymphocytes and the roles of microRNA (miRNA) in this process remain poorly understood. To explore the mechanism,...
Sat, 05/02/2020 - 03:30
Author(s): Heqian Zhang, Wenzhi Cheng, Libing Zheng, Panpan Wang, Qinghui Liu, Zhen Li, Tianjiao Li, Yiming Wei, Yong Mao, Xiangyong Yu Anti-lipopolysaccharide factor (ALF), which belongs to the antimicrobial peptide (AMP) family, has become a relatively new weapon to combat severe infections and has been demonstrated to be active against bacteria, fungi and some viruses. In the present study, a...
Thu, 04/30/2020 - 03:33
Author(s): Xuhui Zhang, Zhiyuan Sun, Jinfeng Cai, Jiahong Wang, Guibin Wang, Zunling Zhu, Fuliang Cao This study was aimed to evaluate the effects of partial replacement of fish meal by fermented moringa leaves (FMLs) on growth performance, serum biochemistry, antioxidant status, nonspecific immunity, and resistance against Aeromonas hydrophila in juvenile gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio...
Thu, 04/16/2020 - 03:23
Author(s): Long Zhang, Ruixue Shi, Haofeng Ouyang, Yanhe Li Carbohydrate sulfotransferases 11 (chst11) is one of the enzymes that synthesize chondroitin sulfate (CS), which has extensive immune functions in vitro and plays a critical role in mediating the infection of host by pathogenic microorganisms. However, whether it has immune functions in crayfish is still poorly understood. In our...
Wed, 04/08/2020 - 03:27
Author(s): Shulin Liu, Aiguo Zhou, Shaolin Xie, Di Sun, Yue Zhang, Zhuolin Sun, Yanfeng Chen, Jixing Zou The great Gambusia affinis (G. affins) is considered as a important animal model to study the endocrine disruption, ecological behavior, and environmental pollutant. The present study aims to build a new promising infection model with A. hydrophila in aquaculture. The mRNA expression of Rac1,...
Tue, 04/07/2020 - 03:40
Author(s): Waode Munaeni, Widanarni, Munti Yuhana, Mia Setiawati, Aris Tri Wahyudi This study investigated the influence of Eleutherine bulbosa (Mill.) Urb. on the immune responses, bacterial population in the intestines, and resistance of white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, against infection with Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Shrimp were fed with three dosages of powder, at 6.25 g kg–1 (P6.25), 12.5 ...
Fri, 04/03/2020 - 03:22
Author(s): Thais Heloisa Vaz Farias, Salvador Arijo, Alberto Medina, Gabriela Pala, Ed Jonny da Rosa Prado, Hélio José Montassier, Fabiana Pilarski, Marco Antonio de Andrade Belo Aeromonas hydrophila is responsible for outbreaks of a severe infectious disease in fish farms around the world and is one of the major causes of economic losses to the neotropical fish farmers. This study assessed the...
Mon, 03/30/2020 - 03:22
Author(s): Jorge Silva-Jara, Carlos Angulo, María Esther Macias, Carlos Velazquez, Crystal Guluarte, Martha Reyes-Becerril In México, the infusion of Jatropha vernicosa stem bark has been used in folk medicine for many clinical situations, but no reports were available about this particular species of Jatropha in fish of mammals. In this first screening report, the phytochemical, antioxidant...
Mon, 03/30/2020 - 03:21
Author(s): Tengfei Liu, Yongjie Wu, Yawen Han, Qingyang Liu, Shulin Chen, Huiying Zhao Tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR)-associated factors (TRAFs) are a family of crucial signaling molecules that mediate the signal transduction of various immune signaling pathways. Extensive studies have demonstrated that TRAFs play vital roles in regulating cellular immune responses. However, the biological...
Sat, 03/07/2020 - 03:21
Author(s): Shuai Liu, Chenyuan Pan, Yi Tang, Fangyi Chen, Ming Yang, Ke-Jian Wang Bisphenol A (BPA), a well-known environmental endocrine-disrupting chemical (EDC), could pose a great toxicity risk to aquatic organisms. The present study aimed to evaluate the underlying role of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in BPA-induced immunotoxicity in head kidney (HK) macrophages of the red common carp (...
Fri, 03/06/2020 - 03:40
Author(s): Sukanta Kumar Nayak Infectious diseases are adversely affecting aquaculture practices throughout world and Asian countries are no exception. Indian aquaculture practices are facing serious setback due to a variety of infectious agent's which are responsible for severe mortality and morbidity of all the cultured freshwater fish species leading to severe economic losses. The emergence of...
Thu, 02/20/2020 - 03:25
Author(s): Xiao-bo Yan, Xiao-hui Dong, Bei-ping Tan, Shuang Zhang, Shu-yan Chi, Qi-huiYang, Hong-yu Liu, Yuan-zhi YangAbstractThe aim of this study was to investigate the effects of feeding alternative dietary oils to hybrid grouper fish (♀Epinephelus fuscoguttatus × ♂E. lanceolatu) on their growth, histological morphology of hepatocytes, disease resistance, immune response, and expression of...
Sat, 02/15/2020 - 03:23
Author(s): Ryunkyoung Oh, Min Jeong Lee, Young-Ok Kim, Bo-Hye Nam, Hee Jeong Kong, Ju-Won Kim, Jung-yeon Park, Jung-Kil Seo, Dong-Gyun KimAbstractWe isolated and purified an antimicrobial peptide (AMP) from the mantle of the hard-shelled mussel, Mytilus coruscus. The peptide was purified through C18 reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography, and displayed antibacterial activity. Total...
Fri, 02/14/2020 - 03:23
Author(s): Pan Wu, Liying Xie, Yanling Wang, Yubo Cui, Zhaobo Chen, Xuejun Zou, Hui Ge, Chengjiang Ruan, Ying Zhang, Hua JinAbstractApplication of traditional bait in aquaculture caused environment pollution and disease frequent occurrence. Residual papaya could be re-utilized to culture Tilapia mossambica as dietary supplement. Therefore, a novel integrated system of the improvement of yield,...
Wed, 02/12/2020 - 10:48
Author(s): Sun Jiaxin, Wang Shengchen, Cao Yirong, Wang Shuting, Li ShuAbstractCadmium (Cd) is a bioaccumulative toxic heavy metal element that has been shown to cause irreversible damage to the immune system once contaminated with water, thereby jeopardizing the health of fish and other aquatic organisms. Neutrophils react against multiple invading pathogens through different mechanisms. The...
Wed, 02/12/2020 - 03:22
Author(s): Keqiang Wei, Yue Wei, Changxia SongAbstractThere has been extensive research on local and systemic oxidative stress and immunosuppression in cadmium exposed crustaceans, but the underlying mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Because of multiple functions of epithelial cells, such as storing and detoxifying heavy metals, producing and secreting immune-related molecules (i.e. hemocyanin...
Sat, 02/08/2020 - 03:23
Author(s): Andre P. Van, Neila Alvarez de Haro, James E. Bron, Andrew P. DesboisAbstractNeutrophils release nuclear chromatin decorated with antimicrobial proteins into the extracellular milieu as an innate immune defence mechanism to counter invading microbes. These chromatin structures, called extracellular traps (ETs) and released by a process called NETosis, have been detected in mammals,...
Sat, 02/08/2020 - 03:23
Author(s): Anying Zhang, Xiaoyu Jian, Dan Wang, Jingqi Ren, Xinyan Wang, Hong ZhouAbstractIn mammals, interleukin 21 (IL-21) is a broad pleiotropic cytokine that plays critical roles in the development of several inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. In fish, functional information of Il-21 is limited, and its role in immune response is largely unknown. In the present study, we cloned a coding...
Fri, 02/07/2020 - 03:44
Author(s): Zhuoxing Zhang, Chao Zhang, Xiaoling Dai, Ruidong Zhang, Xueying Cao, Kaiqiang Wang, Xin Huang, Qian RenAbstractNuclear factor κB (NF-κB) plays a key role in the innate immunity of invertebrates. Relish belongs to the NF-κB family. In insects, alternative splicing induces the sequence diversity of the Relish gene. However, information on the roles of various relish isoforms in...
Fri, 02/07/2020 - 03:44
Author(s): Le Fei Jiao, Tian Meng Dai, Sun Qian Zhong, Min Jin, Peng Sun, Qi Cun ZhouAbstractThe intestine is the primary target of pathogenic microbes during invasion. However, the interaction of Vibrio parahaemolyticus (V. parahaemolyticus) with intestinal epithelial cells and its effects on the intestinal function of Litopenaeus vannamei (L. vannamei) are poorly studied. Therefore, the aim of...
Thu, 02/06/2020 - 03:25
Author(s): Sheng-Wei Luo, Zi-Ye Luo, Teng Yan, Kai-Kun Luo, Ping-Hui Feng, Shao-Jun LiuAbstractHepcidin, a multifunctional hormone oligopeptide, not only exhibits a regulatory role in iron metabolism, but also participates in the regulation of teleostean immunity. In this study, ORF sequence of WR-hepcidin was 258 bp and encoded 85 amino acid residues. Tissue-specific analysis revealed that the...

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