Food Analytical Methods

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Mon, 07/13/2020 - 02:01
Bentonite-coated activated carbon (BCAC) as an effective adsorbent can absorb soluble impurities in food to improve the detection sensitivity of Rti-LAMP assay. In the present study, BCAC was optimally prepared and characterized by SEM-EDS, FTIR, Raman spectrum, and pHPZC. The adsorptive kinetics and capacities of BCAC for four representatives, including indigo carmine (IC), tryptophan, thiamine...
Fri, 07/10/2020 - 02:01
Peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) are DNA/RNA analogs in which sugar-phosphate backbone is replaced by N-2-aminoethylglycine repeating units. Since PNA contains a neutral skeleton, there is no electrostatic repulsion, resulting in significant stability of its hybrid structure with complementary oligonucleotides. At present, PNA has taken the place of DNA probe in many studies. There are several...
Thu, 07/09/2020 - 02:01
Recently, surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) has attracted extensive concern of domestic and international researchers owing to the enormous signal amplification and unparalleled detection capability. However, developing the multifunctional SERS substrate materials through one facile way still remains a great challenge today. Herein, a novel dual functional sponge-based three-dimensional...
Wed, 07/08/2020 - 02:01
Unexpected contaminations of unauthorized genetically modified microorganisms (GMM) harbouring antimicrobial resistance (AMR) genes in food and feed enzymes, additives and flavourings commercialized on the European market have recently alerted the competent authorities regarding the food and feed safety. At the control level, we have therefore proposed a PCR-based strategy as first line screening...
Sun, 07/05/2020 - 02:01
Vibrio parahaemolyticus (V. parahaemolyticus) is one of the most common and widely distributed food-borne bacteria. Thus, it is necessary to establish a rapid, specific, and sensitive detection approach for V. parahaemolyticus. The strategy of combining immunomagnetic separation method (IMS) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) measure was established successfully for V. parahaemolyticus detection...
Sat, 07/04/2020 - 02:01
QuEChERS combined with ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) was developed to analyze multi-class mycotoxins including aflatoxins, ochratoxins, and Alternaria toxins in apples and tomatoes. Using apples and tomatoes as the research models, the method performance had been evaluated, showing great convenience, high sensitivity, and good reliability. The...
Wed, 07/01/2020 - 02:01
In this study, a combination of modified quick easy cheap effective rugged and safe extraction (QuEChERS) and dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction (DLLME) has been proposed for the extraction and preconcentration of multiclass pesticide residues from yogurt samples prior to their determination by fast gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. Factors influencing DLLME efficiency, including type...
Sun, 06/28/2020 - 02:01
In this work an HPLC/hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) system for intact glucosinolates was optimized using a weak anion exchange resin to remove carboxylic phenolics that absorbed at the same wavelength (229 nm) as glucosinolates, by selectively protonating contaminating phenolics with pKas from 2.98 to 4 while leaving the second OH of the sulfate of the thioglycosidic...
Wed, 06/24/2020 - 02:01
Animal feed is a potential route for contaminants like mycotoxins to enter into the human food chain. Hence, close monitoring is fundamental and should be performed with adequate analytical methods. In this study, a commercial ELISA kit for aflatoxin B1 detection in feed corn samples, RIDASCREEN® Aflatoxin B1 30/15, was assessed by the evaluation of some performance parameters. Basically, the...
Sun, 06/21/2020 - 02:01
Photothermal effect of nanomaterial has been applied to the establishment of rapid detection method such as test strip. Previously, the detector for the photothermal test strip method mainly was a bulky thermal imaging camera or an infrared-sensing temperature sensor of which the detection data obtained is unstable due to its susceptibility to environmental changes. Herein, a resistive...
Thu, 06/18/2020 - 02:01
A selective and reliable method was developed and validated for the determination of 14 lipophilic pesticides in raw propolis by gas chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS) analysis. A test portion of milled sample was extracted with n-hexane followed by back extraction with acetonitrile and cleanup using EMR-Lipid and Florisil column adsorption. Matrix-matched standards were used to...
Wed, 06/17/2020 - 02:01
Due to high toxicity to mammals and hazard to the ecosystem, parathion has been banned or limited for use in many countries. It is essential to ensure food safety by parathion suspecting. On-site testing, as a critical component of the food chain safe system, plays a major role in the protection of food safety and human health. In this study, based on monoclonal antibody (Mab), a rapid and...
Thu, 05/28/2020 - 03:25
In this study, a specific monoclonal antibody (mAb) against Alternaria mycotoxin tenuazonic acid (TeA) was prepared and a sensitive indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ic-ELISA) for the detection of TeA was developed. Tenuazonic acid coupled with carboxymethoxylamine hemihydrochloride (TeA-CMO) was conjugated to keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) as an immunogen for Balb/c mice...
Mon, 05/25/2020 - 03:22
A new method for the quantification of four aflatoxins (AFB1, AFB2, AFG1, and AFG2) in baby food samples is described herein. In this method, the extraction/cleanup step was performed by using multi-walled carbon nanotubes as a sorbent material in a dispersive solid phase procedure. In sequence, these mycotoxins were quantified via liquid chromatographic coupled with tandem mass spectrometry. The...
Wed, 05/20/2020 - 03:22
Pesticide residues are detected in food items globally at levels that may cause health problems. Paper-based analytical devices have emerged as an alternative low-cost and field-based tools for determining target analytes including the pesticide residues. However, the paper devices with colorimetric detection system are limited by lower sensitivity due to their inability to record wavelength...
Tue, 05/12/2020 - 03:22
We developed a self-priming compartmentalization (SPC) micro-device made of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) and integrated a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) system for performing multiplex visual detection. The approach had a high throughput of identification of selectable marker gene (SMG) (phosphomannose isomerase (PMI) gene, hygromycin B phosphotransferase (HPT) gene, noglycoside...
Sun, 05/10/2020 - 03:23
In order to monitor and respond rapidly to outbreaks of food-borne pathogens, establishing rapid and sensitive detection methods is becoming increasingly urgent. In this work, through the synthesis of copper-based metal-organic framework nanoparticles (Cu-MOF NPs) and functionalized with aptamers, we developed a colorimetric protocol to detect Escherichia coli. In a typical experimental procedure...
Sun, 05/03/2020 - 03:22
Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) had been employed as a powerful tool to facilitate genetic tests for various food pathogens, as it is easy to perform. Recently, various methods of detecting the LAMP amplicon were developed. In this study, we improved two LAMP assays by combining LAMP with chromatographic flow dipstick (LFD) assays for Salmonella (targeting phoP and invA,...
Sun, 05/03/2020 - 03:22
In this work, we present a magnetic bead–based immunosensorss for the determination of Escherichia coli O26 in milk. The assay uses commercial Dynabeads® for the capture of the target bacteria from 6-h enrichment broth and horseradish peroxidase–labelled polyclonal antibodies and detection of the peroxidase activity by chronoamperometry. Bovine seroalbumin was used as blocking reagent for...
Sun, 04/19/2020 - 03:20
This preliminary study describes the use of high resolution and accuracy mass spectrometry techniques combined with new generation chemical software products for detecting and identifying contaminants in food commodities. As a first step, the extracts of routine target analysis samples (obtained in our official laboratory responsible for food residues control) were acquired and processed with...
Sun, 04/19/2020 - 03:20
In this paper, the technique of continuous sample drop flow microextraction (CSDF-ME) is developed by the addition of a narrow-necked conical vessel. In the developed technique, an organic solvent denser than water is used for the extraction of organophosphorus pesticides (OPPs) from fruit juice and river water, followed by analysis with GC-MS. Eight milliliters of the sample solution is pumped...
Sun, 04/19/2020 - 03:20
Avermectin (AVM) has been widely used in agriculture and animal husbandry for the treatment of broad spectrum parasitic diseases, but it has a harmful effect on human body through food chain. In this paper, on the basis of anti-AVM specific antibody, expanded mesoporous silica-encapsulated gold nanoparticles (EMSN-AuNPs)-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of AVM was...
Tue, 03/31/2020 - 03:16
Twenty-two mycotoxins were investigated in bread and biscuits samples (n = 115) purchased from Tunisia. Deoxynivalenol (DON), enniatin B (ENB), ENB1, and zearalenone (ZEA) occurred in the samples with ENB detected in all the samples. Whole bread was the most contaminated matrix showing the highest amounts of DON (25.2 ng/g), ENB (10.7 ng/g), and ENB1 (5.4 ng/g). However, biscuits showed a maximum...
Tue, 03/31/2020 - 03:16
In the present study, an elevated temperature homogeneous liquid extraction coupled with ionic liquid‑based dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction was developed to extract five carbamate pesticides (pirimicarb, carbaryl, methiocarb, aldicarb, and carbofuran) from packed fruit juice samples. The method consisted of a two-step procedure in which cyclohexylamine was used in order to extract the...
Tue, 03/31/2020 - 03:16
The non-destructive method for detection of fungal contamination in peach fruit using hyperspectral imaging was evaluated. Growth characteristics of three major spoilage fungi in peach fruit during decay were estimated. Three quantitative prediction models were then constructed to forecast the microbial content from the HSI datasets. The prediction of fungal contamination on the fruit was...
Tue, 03/31/2020 - 03:16
Quinolone is a family of widely prescript antibiotics in veterinary medicine. Their excessive use can be causative of quinolone residues in foodstuffs of animal origin. Therefore, a magneto immunofluorescence assay in microwell plate has been developed and validated to screen quinolone in bovine milk. The assay is based on an indirect competitive method where the quinolone in the milk sample...
Thu, 03/26/2020 - 03:16
Reliable and sensitive detection of Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) is important to prevent potential human health risk from foods contaminated by SEB. Here, a triple-channel assay was developed for ultrasensitive detection of SEB. Based on the optical characteristics of tetramers composed of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs), the SEB amounts in food products...
Tue, 03/24/2020 - 03:25
Due to the legislative shortcomings, Atlantic salmon often shares the common name of San Wen Yu (Chinese ideogram 三文鱼) with other salmonids in China, therefore concealing the differences with the rest salmonids in price, nutrition, and even food safety aspect, and also paving the way for species adulteration. To help prevent this episode, the present study aimed to develop novel loop-mediated...
Mon, 03/16/2020 - 03:14
In this study, the molecularly imprinted nano-polymer of minocycline was polymerized on the surface of a metal organic framework material to synthesize a novel composite. This composite was used as absorbent to develop a dispersive solid phase microextraction method for extraction of 7 tetracyclines in chicken muscle followed by determination with ultra performance liquid chromatography. The...
Sat, 03/14/2020 - 03:15
Food-borne diseases are widespread; one of the reasons is contamination with staphylococcal pathogens that can produce enterotoxins of the protein, causing numerous diseases in humans. The long-term stability of the toxins requires that the methods for foodstuff quality control be refined to prevent contamination with staphylococcal enterotoxins. We developed a bead-based multiplex assay for the...
Mon, 03/09/2020 - 03:26
In this study, a real-time loop-mediated isothermal amplification (Rti-LAMP) combined with immunomagnetic beads separation (IMS) assay and SDS rinse was developed for the rapid and sensitive detection of Salmonella in ready-to-eat (RTE) meat without prior enrichment. Polyclonal antibody and specific immunomagnetic beads (IMBs) for Salmonella flagellum were prepared. The capture efficiency was...
Fri, 03/06/2020 - 03:27
In 2018, the European Food Safety Authority reiterated the need for continued monitoring and reduction of opium alkaloid contamination on culinary poppy seeds. In this study, we propose acidic potassium permanganate chemiluminescence as an alternative detection strategy for the selective determination of morphine on poppy seeds. Six different brands of poppy seed purchased in Australia were found...
Fri, 02/07/2020 - 03:28
The current study made an attempt to develop a novel surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor using wheat germ agglutinin as a biomolecule for the rapid detection of Listeria monocytogenes. A selective biomolecular interaction of wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) lectin with surface carbohydrate components of L. monocytogenes was used as a biorecognition principle. From the previous studies based on...
Fri, 01/24/2020 - 03:14
The liquid-phase extraction combined with newly green extraction solvent named deep eutectic solvent has been widely used. In this work, a simple and fast analytical method based on deep eutectic solvent (DES) was developed for simultaneous determination of aflatoxin G1, B1, G2, and B2 in rice samples. With simple liquid-phase extraction, aflatoxins were quickly enriched into a...
Fri, 01/24/2020 - 03:14
This work was carried out to develop a high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method for simultaneous determination of 11 marker compounds in phytoestrogen-rich food and dietary supplements (raw materials and formulated products) prepared from various sources: soy, red clover, chastetree, hop, and flax. The method was fully validated and showed detection limits varying...
Fri, 01/24/2020 - 03:14
Three sample preparation procedures were compared for a multi-residue analysis of pesticides in hops: (a) modified Hengel’s method based on extraction with acetonitrile in combination with clean-up on a C18 SPE column, (b) miniaturized Biendl’s method based on acetone extraction and PSA SPE sample clean-up, and (c) modified Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged, and Safe (QuEChERS) method which...
Fri, 01/24/2020 - 03:14
An original method for the simultaneous determination of robenidine hydrochloride (ROBH) and its main metabolites 4-chlorohippuric acid (PCHA) and 4-chlorobenzoic acid (PCBA) in fish plasma and muscle was established by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with heat electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-HESI-MS/MS) using predefined time segments in the alternating...
Thu, 01/23/2020 - 03:15
The illegal use of clenbuterol (CL), as a growth promoter in animal feeding, is banned in the majority of countries across the world, such as the European Union and China. In this study, a rapid and sensitive method for detecting CL in animal-origin food samples based on liquid-liquid extraction and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) has been developed for the first time. A twice-oxidized...
Fri, 01/17/2020 - 03:14
In this work, a new method was developed for multi-element determination of Cd and Mn in samples of sugarcane spirit (cachaça) by FAAS using the air-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (AA-DLLME). After univariate and multivariate optimizations (mixture design), the experimental conditions were as follows: 5.2 mL of sample at pH 8.5, 0.7 mL 10% (w/v) NaCl solution, 120 μL of...
Tue, 01/07/2020 - 03:15
A modified QuEChERS protocol with a nitrogen-doped graphitized carbon derived from dicyandiamide sludge as a cleanup sorbent has been developed to determine 20 organochlorine pesticides in tomatoes using gas chromatography coupled to a triple-quadrupole mass analyzer. Compared with traditional QuEChERS adsorbents, N-doped graphitized carbon exhibited higher recoveries toward the target pesticides...
Mon, 01/06/2020 - 03:27
Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is an important foodborne pathogen that causes food poisoning and severe infections. Herein, we design a novel and sensitive colorimetric immunoassay for the detection of S. aureus based on the formation of a magnetic bead-based sandwich complex and signal amplification via an enzyme mimic. Magnetic nanoparticles decorated with carbon dots offer rapid enrichment...
Fri, 01/03/2020 - 03:27
Pecan nut is a crop of growing economic importance with a worldwide production around 124,000 tons during the 2017/2018 harvest. Thus, a simple and fast method for the determination of pesticide residues in this crop based on a QuEChERS sample preparation procedure and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analysis was developed and validated. Despite the complexity of this...
Mon, 12/23/2019 - 03:14
An enzyme immunoassay (EIA) was developed based on a generic and highly sensitive monoclonal antibody (mAb) enabling simultaneous detection of all fluoroquinolone/quinolone antibiotics (FQs) approved for the treatment of food-producing animals. To generate the group-specific antibody, norfloxacin was conjugated to glucose oxidase (GlcOX) by one-step carbodiimide method and used as immunogen. For...
Sat, 12/21/2019 - 03:25
Mepanipyrim is a new-generation anilinopyrimidine pesticide that is employed nowadays to fight fungal diseases in a variety of crops. Rapid and user-friendly analytical methods that can complement the instrumental techniques are demanded. To analyse residues of this toxic compound in foodstuffs, monoclonal antibodies were generated for the first time, and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was...
Fri, 12/20/2019 - 03:15
Geographical authentication of bone raw materials to determine whether they come from non-epidemic areas and natural pastoral areas is critical to quality control, food safety, and brand protection of gelatin. The establishment of an effective traceability method independent of paper records has become increasingly urgent. Therefore, the potential of the stable isotope and multi-element analyses...
Fri, 12/20/2019 - 03:15
This study aimed to evaluate the performance of polyphenolic extraction from leaves of Eugenia uniflora by using solvent systems and different extractive conditions. The solvent systems containing water, methanol, ethanol, and acetone (binary, ternary, or quaternary mixtures) were used to produce extracts by turbo-extraction in accordance with a simplex centroid. The extraction performances were...
Tue, 12/17/2019 - 03:16
In food analysis, a trend towards on-site testing of quality and safety parameters is emerging. So far, on-site testing has been mainly explored by miniaturized optical spectroscopy and ligand-binding assay approaches such as lateral flow immunoassays and biosensors. However, for the analysis of multiple parameters at regulatory levels, mass spectrometry (MS) is the method of choice in food...
Fri, 12/13/2019 - 03:16
In this work, a graphene oxide-based composite (DABP-GO) was prepared by aminating graphene oxide (GO) with the diazonium salt of 4,4′-diaminobiphenyl (DABP). The DABP-GO composite was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, infrared spectroscopy, and nitrogen adsorption-desorption. The DABP-GO showed to be an effective solid-phase extraction (SPE) adsorbent for carbamate pesticides. A SPE...
Fri, 12/13/2019 - 03:16
Listeria monocytogenes, the causative agent of listeriosis, is a foodborne pathogen with significant public health and economic impacts. The control of pathogen presence in food requires rapid and sensitive methods. Real-time PCR is considered to be a fast and accurate tool for the detection of foodborne pathogens. A crucial step for the success of a culture-independent PCR-based detection is the...
Tue, 12/10/2019 - 03:17
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is an important food-borne pathogen and has ability to contaminate food, such as water, meat products, and milk. Moreover, E. coli O157:H7 is the main toxin-producing serotype which can produce Shiga toxin type 1 and type 2 and cause intestinal disease. The strong pathogenicity and lethality of Escherichia coli O157:H7 pose a serious threat to human. This study aims to...

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