Foodborne Pathogens and Disease

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Sat, 08/08/2020 - 08:02
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is a pathogen harbored by livestock and shed in their feces, which serves as an acquisition source for adult house flies. This study used a green fluorescent protein (GFP) expressing strain of Salmonella Typhimurium to assess its acquisition by and survival within house flies, and transmission from and between flies in the presence or absence of cantaloupe...
Sat, 08/01/2020 - 08:03
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common and may occur in foodborne Salmonella outbreaks. Using data from PulseNet, the U.S. national molecular subtyping network for foodborne disease surveillance, we analyzed the 9781 Salmonella isolates associated with the 110 outbreaks from 2004 to 2013 that included at least one urine isolate. Within each outbreak, we calculated standardized isolation dates...
Tue, 07/28/2020 - 08:01
Norovirus is a major cause of foodborne disease and nonbacterial gastroenteritis globally. This study evaluated the antiviral effects of Magnolia officinalis extract and its honokiol and magnolol constituents against human norovirus surrogates, murine norovirus (MNV) and feline calicivirus (FCV) in vitro, and in model food systems. Pretreatment or cotreatment of M. officinalis extract at 1 mg/mL...
Tue, 07/28/2020 - 08:01
In this study, we explored the prevalence of oxacillin-susceptible mecA-positive Staphylococcus aureus (OS-MRSA) in staphylococcal food poisoning outbreak isolates and foodborne isolates, and then investigated their molecular characteristics, classical staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs), and drug resistance. Eight (2.9%) of 275 isolates from food poisoning outbreaks and 7 (3.8%) of 184 isolates...
Sat, 07/18/2020 - 08:01
The objective of this study was to compare the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) rates of Campylobacter spp. isolated from conventional and organic turkey meat sold at retail in Germany. Samples of conventional (N = 527) and organic (N = 245) fresh turkey meat without skin were collected at retail markets throughout Germany and tested for Campylobacter spp.. Campylobacter isolates...
Thu, 07/16/2020 - 08:01
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global public health threat. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate AMR in generic Escherichia coli and Salmonella recovered from broiler chickens in Canada. To do this, an analysis of the antimicrobial susceptibility results was performed on a sample of generic E. coli and Salmonella isolates from the 2012 to 2013 national microbiological baseline...
Thu, 07/09/2020 - 08:01
Campylobacter is well recognized as the leading cause of bacterial foodborne diarrheal disease worldwide with a very low outbreak reported in China. In May 2019, we investigated an outbreak of Campylobacter jejuni infections among students in a junior high school in Eastern China. Cases were interviewed to identify a common source of contamination. As cases were identified in the same school...
Sat, 05/16/2020 - 03:20
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) as a zoonotic agent can be responsible for an acute hepatitis in humans, which is usually self-limiting. Progression toward a chronic stage is possible, especially in immunocompromised patients. In the past decade, the number of hepatitis E cases in humans in Germany has increased enormously to 3491 cases in 2018. Domestic pigs have been identified as a main animal...
Thu, 05/14/2020 - 03:20
Foodborne disease causes an estimated 4.1 million cases of illness in Australia each year and is responsible for causing many significant common source outbreaks. We analyzed 18 years of foodborne outbreak data collected in New South Wales (NSW), and classified the likely pathogen type responsible for outbreaks of unknown etiology, to track broad trends over time. A total of 869 outbreaks were...
Fri, 05/08/2020 - 03:20
Aiming at investigating the potential sources of Campylobacter spp. contamination in pig slaughterhouse in eastern China, a total of 2056 samples were collected in pork production chain stretching from the upstream farm to the slaughterhouse, including 54 cloacal swabs from 54 live pigs on farm, 1726 samples from 214 pig carcasses along the eight main steps in the slaughtering line, and 276...
Sat, 05/02/2020 - 03:19
The aim of this study was to evaluate the application of real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based quantification as a rapid and accurate tool for the monitoring and prediction of Listeria monocytogenes growth in pasteurized milk under constant and fluctuating temperature conditions. The growth of L. monocytogenes was monitored under constant temperature conditions at 4°C, 10°C, 15°C, 20°C...
Wed, 04/22/2020 - 03:18
The Canadian Food Inspection Agency is developing an Establishment-based Risk Assessment model for Hatcheries to allocate inspection resources according to the food safety risk associated with each hatchery falling under its jurisdiction. In a previous study, 29 factors contributing to the food safety risk of hatcheries were identified and grouped into three clusters (inherent risk, risk...
Wed, 04/08/2020 - 03:17
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious inflammatory intestinal disorder with a high mortality rate, which occurs most commonly in newborn infants. Cronobacter sakazakii, a common contaminant in infant formula, is associated with NEC. However, its role in NEC pathogenesis is unknown, and there are still no effective treatments for NEC. Currently, natural bioactive products have been...
Tue, 03/17/2020 - 03:14
This study aims at examining the contamination of coliform bacteria, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, Vibrio vulnificus, and Vibrio cholerae, which carry extremely serious risks to the consumer health, in 700 seafood belonging to 4 different (raw sea fish, raw mussels, raw shrimp, and raw squid) categories. The total number of samples was determined as 700. When the obtained results were...
Tue, 03/10/2020 - 03:14
Dairy cows are known reservoirs of Salmonella enterica and human salmonellosis has been attributed to the consumption of contaminated dairy and beef products as well as poultry meat and eggs. Although many S. enterica serovars are known to colonize the gastrointestinal tract of cattle, the interactions between dairy commensal (or persistent) and transient Salmonella serovars with bovine...
Thu, 03/05/2020 - 03:14
This study was designed to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of Salmonella in three Chinese pig abattoirs (A, B, and C) in Wuhan city in 2016. Four types of pig samples were collected and cultured for Salmonella. Salmonella was detected from 329 samples among the 1440 tested (22.9%). There was no significant difference in the overall prevalence between the first visit and the second...
Thu, 03/05/2020 - 03:14
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major public health threat worldwide. The main objective of this study was to compare AMR in Campylobacter from broiler chickens raised on Canadian farms and their products in different geographical regions of Canada. To do this, antimicrobial susceptibility results from isolates of Campylobacter recovered from a national microbiological baseline study...
Fri, 02/21/2020 - 03:26
Campylobacter jejuni is a major cause of bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide. In this study, we report the comparative genomic and functional characteristics of C. jejuni YH002 recently isolated from retail beef liver. Whole-genome sequencing and annotation of the strain revealed novel genetic features, including an integrated intact phage element, multiple antimicrobial resistance (AMR) genes,...
Wed, 02/12/2020 - 03:13
Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC) and enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) can cause diarrhea in piglets. This is the first report and complete genome sequence of an extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing hybrid STEC/ETEC strain isolated from a piglet with diarrhea on a swine farm in China. We investigated the virulence genes and phylogenetic diversity with publicly available E. coli genomes....
Wed, 02/12/2020 - 03:13
Most Escherichia coli strains are innocuous to human beings; however, some strains can cause diarrhea and are grouped into pathotypes. Since current trends promote the use of natural-origin compounds to control bacteria, in this study, the effects of the phenolic compounds (PCs) tannic acid (TA), gallic acid (GA), methyl gallate (MG), and epigallocatechin gallate (EG) on the growth, swarming...
Sat, 02/01/2020 - 03:23
Salmonella, a highly virulent food-borne pathogen transmitted through food, can cause severe infectious diseases in a large number of people through a single outbreak, due to its low infective doses. In this study, a flow cytometry (FCM)-based method was developed for the rapid detection of single viable Salmonella cells with dual staining of fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-labeled anti-...
Wed, 01/29/2020 - 03:23
The survey was undertaken to investigate the presence and antimicrobial susceptibility profile of Salmonella spp. in raw and ready-to-eat (RTE) foods, and Campylobacter spp. in the retail raw chicken meat collected in two counties of Transylvania, Romania. A total of 13.1% (51/388) of the examined food samples were found to be Salmonella positive, with a distribution of 14.7% (48/326) in the raw...
Wed, 01/15/2020 - 03:13
This study investigated occurrence and antimicrobial resistance profiles of Campylobacter spp. isolates in beef cattle on five cow–calf operations in South Africa. A total of 537 fecal samples from adult beef cattle (n = 435) and rectal swabs from calves (n = 102) were screened for Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli, and Campylobacter upsaliensis by culture and polymerase chain reaction....
Tue, 01/14/2020 - 03:13
Clostridium perfringens (CP) is a foodborne pathogen. The bacterium can also inhabit human gut without symptoms of foodborne illness. However, the clinical symptoms of long-term inhabitation have not been known yet. Therefore, the objective of this study was to elucidate the relationship between intestinal CP and other internal organs. Phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and CP were orally injected...
Thu, 01/09/2020 - 03:23
In this study, the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) and enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) were investigated. Altogether 100 stool samples were collected from diarrheal patients attending the Sheikh Hasina Medical College and Hospital, Tangail, Bangladesh, during the period from March 1 to May 30, 2018. In vivo pathogenic potential of ETEC...
Tue, 01/07/2020 - 03:14
Toxoplasma gondii is a worldwide prevalent, zoonotic parasite of major importance for public health, which can infect any warm-blooded animal species, including humans. Humans can get infected by consumption of meat from a chronically infected animal, by ingestion of sporulated oocysts (resulting from the sexual replication in felids), via contaminated water, soil, or vegetables, and by vertical...
Fri, 12/20/2019 - 03:14
This study evaluated a combined method for the detection of Listeria monocytogenes in mushrooms, involving enrichment and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), to improve sensitivity and reduce detection time. The growth of L. monocytogenes was evaluated in Listeria enrichment broth (LEB) with modified carbon and nitrogen sources, increasing sodium concentrations, and added...
Fri, 12/13/2019 - 03:15
The incidence of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection has been low in developed countries for decades; however, many adults in these countries are susceptible to HAV infection. In recent years, the global trade of food products originating from HAV-endemic countries resulted in HAV outbreaks associated with imported foods in developed countries. This article aims to review the characteristics of...
Wed, 12/11/2019 - 03:26
The purpose of this study is to develop a Chinese culinary food safety and sanitation behavior scale that can be used in industry auditing, inspection, and training, as well as in school education. This study first observed food safety and sanitation behaviors in the order of cleaning, cutting, and cooking procedures according to the standards of Chinese culinary cooking. According to the...
Fri, 12/06/2019 - 03:14
Salmonella enterica is a common contaminant of macadamia nut kernels in the subtropical state of Queensland (QLD), Australia. We hypothesized that nonhuman sources in the plantation environment contaminate macadamia nuts. We applied a modified Hald source attribution model to attribute Salmonella serovars and phage types detected on macadamia nuts from 1998 to 2017 to specific animal and...
Thu, 12/05/2019 - 03:25
Foodborne Staphylococcus aureus, including methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), is increasingly threatening human health. Pooled prevalence rates of S. aureus contamination have been extensively studied in retail food products in mainland China, but data regarding antibiotic resistance rates of S. aureus remain scattered. This study was designed to collect researches published between 2007 and...
Wed, 12/04/2019 - 03:15
In recent years, the food poisoning incidents from school canteens have aroused widespread concern in China. Microbial contamination to the foods is the main factor responsible for these food poisoning events. In this study, identification of microbial pathogens including Salmonella spp., Escherichia coli, and Staphylococcus aureus in samples (frozen pork, fresh pork, fresh chicken, and different...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:14
The current study investigated the emergence of multidrug-resistance (MDR), extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg in broiler chickens and workers in poultry farms. A total of 33 S. Heidelberg isolates were recovered; 24 from the broiler cloacal swabs and 9 from the farm workers. All the S. Heidelberg isolates were tested for susceptibility to 11...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:14
Melons are perishable fruit of high food safety risk, grown in contact with soil and soil-borne organisms. To assess whether food safety risk could be augmented by the presence of soil-borne fungi, this study investigated the relationship between Fusarium spp. that were isolated from the surface of melon and the foodborne pathogen Salmonella enterica. In four repeated trials, rind discs from...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:14
Polyphenols are a group of active ingredients in olive oil, and have been reported to exhibit antioxidant activity. Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium (Salmonella Typhimurium) and Staphylococcus aureus are common foodborne pathogens causing serious infections and food poisoning in humans. This study was conducted to analyze the antibacterial activity of olive oil polyphenol...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:14
Eggs are a highly nutritious food source used in a wide range of food products. In Australia, eggs are a frequent source of foodborne salmonellosis outbreaks, associated with eggshell contamination with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (ST). Despite their potentially hazardous nature, raw eggs are often used and consumed in mayonnaise, mousse, ice cream and eggnog. The aim of this study...
Tue, 11/19/2019 - 03:15
Bacillus cereus sensu lato (s.l.) is a group of bacteria commonly found in diverse environments, including foods, with potential to cause emesis and diarrhea. In Colombia, it is one of the main foodborne pathogens. The aim of this study was to determine the genomic and toxigenic heterogeneity of B. cereus s.l. isolated from ready-to-eat foods and powdered milk collected in day care centers of...
Tue, 11/19/2019 - 03:15
This study evaluated the acid tolerance response (ATR) of two strains of Listeria monocytogenes (serotype 1/2a and 4b) and one strain of Listeria innocua under different mildly acid conditions. Cells were incubated in combinations of three concentrations of lactic acid medium (3, 4.75, and 15 mM) and three external pH's (pHex 5.0, 6.0, and 6.5), plus, a HCl control, and a blank control (pH 7.4)....
Thu, 11/14/2019 - 03:14
Due to the increasing number of studies reporting the detection of antimicrobial-resistant isolates of Listeria monocytogenes, we sought to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility of L. monocytogenes isolates collected in Italy and find potential correlations to their serotypes and multilocus sequence types (MLST). The antimicrobial susceptibility of 317 L. monocytogenes isolates collected...
Thu, 11/14/2019 - 03:14
Campylobacter jejuni is the leading cause of human foodborne enteritis worldwide. Poultry products are regarded as the main source of human campylobacteriosis. Strategies are being developed to reduce colonization of poultry by Campylobacter. The membrane transport protein CjaA was reported to stimulate mucosal immune responses, which can reduce the C. jejuni load in chickens. In this study, oral...
Thu, 11/07/2019 - 03:15
Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a marine bacterium that causes foodborne diarrhea. Many seafood restaurants keep live fish and shellfish in fish tanks for use in raw seafood dishes; thus, the present study aimed to investigate the prevalence, antibiotic-resistance, and virulence characteristics exhibited by V. parahaemolyticus detected in restaurant fish-tank water samples collected in Seoul, South...
Wed, 10/30/2019 - 03:15
This study assessed an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) based assay to detect Salmonella in swine as a potential tool to predict the presence of Salmonella in swine carcasses. The following samples were collected from 10 swine batches: blood (n = 100); environment (barn floor, n = 10, and lairage floor, n = 10); meat juice (n = 100, obtained after defrosting of diaphragm); tonsils (n = ...
Fri, 10/25/2019 - 03:19
Salmonella spp. are among the most important pathogens in poultry farming, and Salmonella Heidelberg (SH) is one of the most frequent serotypes isolated in Brazil. SH has a zoonotic potential and stands out as a pathogen that is difficult to eliminate from the poultry chain due to its resistance to disinfectants. One alternative to traditional disinfectants is the electrochemically-activated...
Fri, 10/25/2019 - 03:19
In Mexico, information of Salmonella enterica cases linked to food consumption is scarce. The objective of this article was to assess how S. enterica affect public health in Mexico. To conduct this study, data on the epidemiology of nontyphoidal S. enterica (NTS), Salmonella Typhi, and Salmonella Paratyphi A collected from 2000 to 2017 through the National Epidemiological Surveillance System of...
Wed, 10/16/2019 - 03:17
We studied the efficacy of cold atmospheric-pressure plasma (CAP), generated by a two-dimensional array of integrated, coaxial, microhollow, dielectric barrier discharge plasma, against Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg (SH) on stainless steel, romaine lettuce, and chicken breast. Exposure of SH to CAP on a dry stainless steel surface had low bactericidal efficacy; only 2.5 log10 colony-...
Wed, 10/09/2019 - 03:17
Cost of foodborne illness (CoFI) estimates provide estimates of the overall impact of foodborne illnesses, including hospitalizations, long-term complications, and deaths. CoFI estimates are needed in countries that require cost–benefit analysis as part of the process of adopting new regulations, as is the case in the United States. Monetary estimates of the impact of disease also provide a...
Tue, 10/08/2019 - 03:17
To strengthen the burden estimates for chronic sequelae of foodborne illness, we conducted a scoping review of the current literature for common foodborne pathogens and their associated sequelae. We aim to describe the current literature and gaps in knowledge of chronic sequelae associated with common foodborne illnesses. A comprehensive search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science...
Tue, 10/01/2019 - 03:17
Most nontyphoidal Salmonella (NTS) illnesses in the United States are thought to be foodborne. However, transmission routes likely vary among the different serotypes. We developed a relative ranking of NTS serotypes according to the strength of their association with foodborne transmission. We used Laboratory-based Enteric Disease Surveillance data to estimate the proportion of infections for...
Fri, 09/27/2019 - 03:11
The mcr-1 gene has been identified in bacterial isolates obtained from humans, animals, environment, and food, including Salmonella spp., which is one of the major foodborne pathogens worldwide. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of mcr-1 gene in Salmonella spp. from food produced in Brazil and to characterize the isolates harboring this gene. A total of 490 Salmonella spp....
Tue, 09/24/2019 - 03:16
Klebsiella spp. is a common cause of clinical mastitis (CM) in dairy cows. However, relatively less information is available about distribution of virulence factors of Klebsiella spp. isolated from cows with CM. Objectives of this study were, therefore, to determine the prevalence of hypermucoviscosity (HMV) phenotype, capsule serotypes, and potential virulence genes in Klebsiella spp. from cows...

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