Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Tue, 10/20/2020 - 04:02
Mercury, as a global toxic pollutant, is easy to be accumulated in aquatic products and poses a great threat to human health. In this work, we proposed a mix-to-read, label-free, and robust assay for detecting mercury pollution in aquatic products by engineering a ratiometric-enhanced G-quadruplex probe. The transformation from the G-quadruplex to a hairpin-like structure allows us to confer a...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 04:02
Carbendazim (CBZ), which is a fungicide widely used for the management of plant diseases, has been detected in a number of food products. The negative effects of CBZ to human health have stimulated the reduction of the maximum residue limits (MRLs), and subsequently the development of reliable and sensitive detection methods. Here, we are reviewing for the first time all reported chromatographic...
Thu, 10/15/2020 - 04:02
Citrinin (CIT), a known nephrotoxic mycotoxin, is mainly produced by Penicillium, Aspergillus, and Monascus species. It is a natural contaminant in cereal grains, foods, and feedstuff. Liupao tea (or Liubao tea) is a typical Chinese dark tea obtained via indigenous tea fermentation facilitated by microorganisms. Certain fungi present in Liupao tea that may produce CIT are a potential threat to...
Wed, 10/14/2020 - 04:01
Pesticide residue analysis is critically important for ensuring food safety and regulating international trade. In a greenhouse setting, we assessed pesticide residue and exposure patterns using liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry and Allura Red tracer analysis. Our results show significant effects of eggplant canopy position and spray concentration on deposition parameters. Specifically,...
Sat, 10/10/2020 - 04:01
In plants, glutathione (GSH) is crucial for the detoxification and tolerance of heavy metals. However, the change characteristics and decisive enzymes involved in GSH metabolism under heavy metal exposure are still unclear. Based on long-term exposure cultivation of spinach and monitoring of the change trends of enzyme activity and GSH contents in response to cadmium (Cd) stress, these issues...
Sat, 10/10/2020 - 04:01
Research groups have put significant emphasis on the evaluation of nutritional, health-promoting, and other biological activities of secondary metabolites from buckwheat. Among these phytochemicals, phenolic and lipophilic antioxidants, particularly, phenolic acids, flavonoids, and tocopherols, have been the focus of the latest studies since antioxidant activity has recently been associated with...
Fri, 10/09/2020 - 04:02
The fastest and most effective way to control pests is to use pesticides. However, with the accumulation of pesticide resistance and the difficulties of rapidly producing new pesticides, it is of great significance to create new pesticides through new synthetic methods. In this study, we report a computer-aided drug design (CADD)-assisted method to obtain two lead sulfonamides by homology...
Wed, 10/07/2020 - 04:02
Antibiotics are widely used in aquaculture. Intensive farming drives indiscriminate use of antibiotics, which results in residues of antibiotics in cultured aquatic products and bacterial resistance. This perspective attempts to present a brief update on usage, regulations, residues, and potential human health risk of antibiotics used in aquaculture. Through the comprehensive literature review,...
Fri, 10/02/2020 - 04:02
Serum analysis has received much attention in regulatory analysis of food-producing animals, especially for anabolic steroids. The possibility of confirming the parent drugs with minimum metabolization enables the detection of intact steroid esters, whose identification represents unequivocal proof of drug administration. This work involved the development and validation of a quantitative LC-MS/...
Tue, 09/29/2020 - 04:02
Genomic profiling is a suitable tool for variety authentication and has applications in both operational quality and regulatory raw material control. It can be used to differentiate species or varieties and to identify admixtures as well as field contaminants. To establish a molecular profile, reliable and very accurate sequence data are required. As a result of the influence of the pollinator...
Sun, 09/27/2020 - 04:02
Fungi have been proved as promising and prolific sources of functional secondary metabolites with potent agricultural applications. In this study, 14 xanthone derivatives (1–14), including six new ones, versicones I–N (1–4, 7, 11), and a biogenetically related derivative (15), were isolated from the alga-derived fungus Aspergillus versicolor D5. Their structures were elucidated by comprehensive...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 04:02
The rising atmospheric CO2, concentration is expected to exert a strong impact on crop production, enhancing crop growth but threatening food security and safety. An improver wheat, a hybrid, and its parents were grown at elevated CO2, e[CO2] in open field, and their yield and rheological, nutritional, and sanitary quality were assessed. For all cultivars, grain yield increased (+16%) and protein...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 04:01
Surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRi) has been increasingly used in the label-free detections of various biospecies, such as organic toxins, proteins, and bacteria. In combination with the well-developed microarray immunoassay, SPRi has the advantages of rapid detection in tens of minutes and multiplex detection of different targets with the same biochip. Both prism-based and prism-free...
Thu, 09/17/2020 - 04:02
The distribution and composition of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) within soil–plant systems around a notorious e-waste recycling site were investigated. The average total PCB concentrations in rhizospheric soils (RSs) and nonrhizospheric soils (NRSs) were 2160 and 1270 pg g–1 dry weight (DW), respectively. PCBs were more enriched in RS than NRS for most vegetable species. PCB accumulation in...
Wed, 09/16/2020 - 04:02
Animal protein supplement feeds (APFs) are important raw feed materials for livestock. APFs might be susceptible to organophosphate esters (OPEs) but have not been paid attention yet. In the present study, animal-derived (meat meal, feather meal, and blood meal) and plant-derived APFs were all found to contain detectable levels of OPEs, with 16 target OPEs ranging from 12.6 ng/g dry weight (dw)...
Fri, 09/11/2020 - 04:02
To reduce the use of conventional chemical pesticides, naturally occurring biopesticides such as bacteriophages have emerged as a promising solution, but effectiveness of these biopesticides can be limited because of their UV and desiccation instability. This study developed a biopolymer formulation to improve the phage stability, enhance the antimicrobial activity of phages, and prevent...
Thu, 09/10/2020 - 04:02
In view of the potential harm caused by illegal feeding of clenbuterol (CLB) in the livestock industry, herein, a novel ratiometric fluorescent probe based on graphene quantum dots (GQDs)@[Ru(bpy)3]2+ was elaborately constructed for CLB detection. In this probe, GQDs acted as response signals, and their fluorescence was remarkably quenched by CLB through the diazotization-coupling reaction. As...
Wed, 09/09/2020 - 04:02
For pesticide registration a post application assessment is made on the safety of any residue remaining in the edible portion of the treated crop. This assessment does not typically consider the bioaccessibility of pesticide residues. The effects of this on potential exposure to incurred difenoconazole residues passing through the human gastrointestinal tract were studied, including the impact of...
Sun, 09/06/2020 - 04:02
Zearalenone (ZEA), a nonsteroidal estrogenic mycotoxin produced by Fusarium graminearum, induces hyperestrogenic responses in mammals and can cause reproductive disorders in farm animals. In this study, a transcriptome analysis of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens H6, which was previously identified as a ZEA-degrading bacterium, was conducted with high-throughput sequencing technology, and the...
Sun, 09/06/2020 - 04:02
As a good choice for food preservation, antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have received much attention in recent years. In this paper, peptides derived from the turbot viscera hydrolysate were identified by ultraperformance liquid chromatography–quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC–Q-TOF-MS/MS), and the physicochemical properties and structural characteristics were analyzed by in silico...
Fri, 09/04/2020 - 04:02
Untargeted screening using high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) is a promising approach for screening the food supply for contaminants, but the sheer amount of information inherent to the HRMS data set presents analytical challenges. Red apples, collected during the U.S. FDA’s Total Diet Study, were studied to determine whether bioinformatic software can be used to distinguish spiked model...
Wed, 09/02/2020 - 04:02
Lead (Pb) is an important pollutant of worldwide concern with respect to extensive pollution sources and highly toxic effect. Flavonol can improve plant resistance to abiotic stress and is also responsible for the alleviating effect under Pb stress. The relationship between Pb stress and flavonol and the knowledge about the mechanisms of flavonol function are very limited. Pb affected the energy...
Thu, 08/27/2020 - 04:02
Interaction of tea phenolics with gut microbiota may play an integral role in the health benefits of these bioactive compounds, yet this interaction is not fully understood. Here, the metabolic fate of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) and its impact on gut microbiota were integrally investigated viain vitro fermentation. As revealed by ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography hybrid...
Tue, 08/25/2020 - 04:02
Smoking is an excellent food preservation method but also a source of contamination of foodstuffs with carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Herein we investigated the influence of smoking temperature, smoking time, and type of wood sawdust used as smoke source on PAH levels attained through controlled smoking of pork sausages. Four PAHs (benz[a]anthracene, chrysene, benzo[b]...
Fri, 08/21/2020 - 04:02
Agricultural production-caused water contamination has become an urgent environmental issue that has drawn much attention in recent years. One such contamination case is the environmental disposal of colored effluents from the food processing industry (i.e., food dyes). Effective methods for removing dye contaminants from water have been increasingly sought, and different adsorbents have been...
Thu, 08/20/2020 - 04:01
Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS) coupled with the acceptance test, partial least-squares regression (PLSR) analysis, validation experiment, and preference test was used to identify the key aroma compounds in dog foods (DFs). Six DFs were evaluated by spraying six palatability enhancers onto a basal DF. The differently flavored palatability enhancers were prepared by the Maillard...
Thu, 08/20/2020 - 04:01
Antibiotic abuse in agricultural products leads to serious food safety issues. To this end, we proposed a mix-and-read and enzyme-free amplified assay for antibiotics based on a dual triple helix-aptamer probe, potentially applicable for on-site monitoring of antibiotic residues. A dual triple helix-aptamer probe can leverage the response toward target molecules without enzyme-based amplification...
Tue, 08/18/2020 - 04:01
A convenient and straightforward method, which is based on catechol dyes and tyrosinase, for colorimetric determination and discrimination of dithiocarbamate pesticides (DTCs) has been fabricated. Three catechol dyes, including pyrocatechol violet (PV), pyrogallol red (PR), and bromopyrogallol red (BPR), were chosen as both substrates and indicators in this method. Tyrosinase can facilitate...
Sat, 08/15/2020 - 04:01
A strain of thiamethoxam-degrading endophyte, named TMX13, was isolated from roots of mulberry (Morus alba L.) and was identified as Enterobacter sp. Inoculating Chinese cabbage (Brassica chinensis L) with strain TMX13-gfp (gfp-labeled TMX13) could significantly reduce thiamethoxam residues in the aboveground part (edible portion) of the vegetable. The theoretical daily intake (TDI) of...
Fri, 08/14/2020 - 04:02
Antimicrobial cross-contamination of animal feed may occur during feed manufacturing, because shared production lines can be used for the production of medicated and nonmedicated feeds, and also during feed transport, storage at the farm level, and usage. This is a major issue in the current context in which antimicrobial usage must be controlled to maintain their effectiveness. The purpose of...
Thu, 08/13/2020 - 04:02
The low utilization rate of pesticides causes serious problems such as food safety and environmental pollution. Stimulus-responsive release can effectively improve the utilization rate of pesticides. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) burst, as an early event of plant–pathogen interaction, can stimulate the release of pesticides. In this work, a polymeric micelle with ROS-responsive was prepared and...
Tue, 08/11/2020 - 04:02
Plant diseases caused by viruses and fungi have posed a serious threat to global agricultural production. The discovery of new leads based on natural products is an important way to innovate pesticides. In this work, natural product luotonin A was found to have good antiviral activity against tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) for the first time. A series of luotonin A derivatives were designed,...
Fri, 07/31/2020 - 04:01
Hydrogels were synthesized by a copolymerization reaction of nanofibrillated cellulose (CNF) with acrylic acid (AA) and acrylamide (AM) and N,N-methylene-bis-acrylamide (MBA) as a cross-linker and their absorption performance as a function of composition was determined. Hydrogels with 4% by weight CNF had swelling of about 250 g/g and with 7% CNF about 200 g/g for water. Thermodynamic and kinetic...
Thu, 07/30/2020 - 04:01
Herein, a high-affinity single-stranded DNA aptamer (59 nt) against Campylobacter jejuni, defined as CJA1, was obtained using the whole-bacterium-based systemic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment procedure. CJA1 was analyzed with a stable secondary structure and low dissociation constant (Kd) value of 1.37 ± 0.28 nM. The potential use of CJA1 was exemplified by the construction of a...
Sun, 07/26/2020 - 04:01
Phthalates are a class of endocrine disruptors extensively used in plastic production as plasticizers, and as a result, they can be found in foods as a result of their migration ability. The occurrence of phthalates was monitored in 20 Portuguese wines using a simple, reliable, and environmentally friendly analytical method, headspace solid-phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography–...
Sat, 07/25/2020 - 04:02
Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) is an offensive phytopathogen that can invade a wide range of plant hosts to develop bacterial diseases, including the well-known rice bacterial leaf blight. However, few agrochemicals have been identified to effectively prevent and eliminate Xoo-induced diseases. Thus, designing novel antibacterial compounds on the basis of the potential targets from Xoo may...
Sat, 07/25/2020 - 04:02
The overuse of plant growth regulators (PGRs) in agricultural products has gradually increased in recent years, resulting in hazardous effects on food safety and human health. For the first time, a sensitive, accurate, and low-cost analytical method involving improved solid-phase extraction coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography was developed to determine trace PGRs in cherry...
Sat, 07/25/2020 - 04:01
In the context of the expansion of the human population, availability of food, and in extension of animal feed, is a big issue. Favoring a circular economy by the valorization of byproducts is a sustainable way to be more efficient. Animal byproducts are an interesting source of feed materials due to their richness in proteins of high nutritional value. Prevention and control efforts have allowed...
Wed, 07/15/2020 - 04:02
A novel type of temperature and pH dual-stimuli-responsive microspheric soil conditioner was prepared for the controlled release of urea. First, poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-methacrylic acid) [P(NIPAM-co-MAA)] was synthesized, and the microspheric soil conditioner was prepared on the basis of chitosan-coated P(NIPAM-co-MAA) via the emulsion cross-linking method. The structure and morphology of...
Sun, 07/12/2020 - 04:01
Lignin is the most abundant aromatic biopolymer in nature and is a major byproduct from the paper industry. The unlocking of lignin’s potential for high-value applications has gained increasing attention in recent years. In this study, alkali lignin (AL), with a rigid conjugated structure and amphiphilic property, was used as a sustainable and eco-friendly encapsulation material for the...
Sat, 07/11/2020 - 04:02
Juveniles are considered as one of the most vulnerable population groups concerning mycotoxins and their modified forms. The weaning stage is a particularly vulnerable period in the life of mammals, reflected in intestinal and immune dysfunction. The current study investigated the toxicokinetic (TK) characteristics of zearalenone (ZEN), zearalenone-14-glucoside (ZEN14G), and zearalenone-14-...
Thu, 07/09/2020 - 04:02
Diet greatly influences gut microbiota. Dietary methionine restriction (MR) prevents and ameliorates age-related or high-fat-induced diseases and prolongs life span. This study aimed to reveal the impact of MR on gut microbiota in middle-aged mice with low-, medium-, high-fat diets. C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into six groups with different MR and fat-content diets. Multiple indicators of...
Wed, 07/08/2020 - 04:02
It has been recognized that collagen peptides of MW 878 Da (CP1) promote osteoblast proliferation and mineralization. The objective of this study is to identify the peptides responsible for proliferation of osteoblast growth, enhancement of ALP (alkaline phosphatase) activity in osteoblasts and promotion of osteoblast mineralization. To this end, the CP1 were fractioned by a series of...
Mon, 07/06/2020 - 04:03
Acetylcholinesterase inactivating compounds, such as organophosphate (OP) and carbamate (CM) pesticides, are widely used in agriculture to ensure sustainable production of food and feed. As a consequence of their applications, they would result in neurotoxicity, even death. In this essence, the development of enzyme inhibition methods still shows great significance as rapid detection techniques...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 04:02
Aeromonas hydrophila, a pathogenic bacterium, is harmful to humans, domestic animals, and fishes and, moreover, of public health concern due to the emergence of multiple drug-resistant strains. The cell wall has been discovered as a novel and efficient drug target against bacteria, and d-alanine–d-alanine ligase (Ddl) is considered as an essential enzyme in bacterial cell wall biosynthesis....
Sun, 06/28/2020 - 04:02
A series of novel α-ketoamide derivatives bearing a vanillin skeleton were designed and synthesized. Bioactivity tests on virus and bacteria were performed. The results indicated that some compounds exhibited excellent antitobacco mosaic virus (TMV) activities, such as compound 34 exhibited an inactivation activity of 90.1% and curative activity of 51.8% and compound 28 exhibited a curative...
Sat, 06/27/2020 - 04:02
Antibiotic resistance and capacity for biofilm formation of Shigella flexneri render previous prevention and control strategies minimally effective. Ferulic acid (FA) has been demonstrated to be useful due to its application in foods as an alternative natural preservative. However, information regarding the S. flexneri phenotype and molecular responses to FA exposure is limited. The present study...
Tue, 06/23/2020 - 04:02
The past decade has witnessed significant advances in understanding the interaction between grasses and systemic fungal endophytes of the genus Epichloë, with evidence that plants have evolved multiple strategies to cope with abiotic stresses by reprogramming physiological responses. Soil nutrients directly affect plant growth, while soil microbes are also closely connected to plant growth and...
Fri, 06/19/2020 - 04:03
Heavy metals in agricultural soils exist in diverse dissolved (free cations and complexed species of positive, neutral, or negative charges), particulate (sorbed, structural, and coprecipitated), and colloidal (micro- and nanometer-sized particles) species. The fate of different heavy metal species is controlled by the master variables: pH (solubility), ionic strength (activity and charge-...
Fri, 06/19/2020 - 04:03
Cocoa and chocolate can contain cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) from natural and anthropogenic sources. This perspective provides background on the origin, occurrence, and factors affecting Cd and Pb levels in chocolate products as well as ongoing international efforts to mitigate Cd and Pb in these popular foods, particularly the higher Cd levels observed in some cocoa and chocolate originating from...

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