Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Sat, 01/11/2020 - 03:13
Bisphenol A (BPA) is used for the production of plastics and epoxy resins, which are part of packaging materials for food and beverages, and can migrate into food and the environment, thus exposing human beings to its effects. Exposure to BPA has been associated with oxidative stress, cell cycle changes, and genotoxicity, and is mediated by its known endocrine-disrupting activity. Possible BPA...
Sat, 12/28/2019 - 03:14
A sensitive fluorescent DNA hydrogel aptasensor based on the self-assembly of rolling circle amplification (RCA) products was developed for ochratoxin A (OTA) detection in beer. A competitive binding mode of aptamer, complementary sequence, and target was integrated into the DNA hydrogel for OTA detection. The OTA aptamer first combined with the primer to form the hybridized product. Then, in the...
Fri, 12/27/2019 - 03:15
Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) are perfluorinated alkyl substances widely used in industrial and domestic products. The European Food Safety Authority and United States Environmental Protection Agency have recently lowered the reference doses (RfDs) for PFOA and PFOS 4–1800-fold. The recently lowered RfDs call for re-evaluation of potential human health risks...
Thu, 12/19/2019 - 03:15
The occurrence of mycotoxin zearalenone (ZEN) and its derivatives has been a severe global threat to food and animals. In addition to the chemical and physical degradation methods, a powerful biocatalyst is urgently required for the detoxification of ZEN. Here, an efficient ZEN-degrading lactonase from Gliocladium roseum, named ZENG, was identified for the first time. The recombinant ZENG...
Sat, 12/14/2019 - 03:14
Human noroviruses (HuNoVs) are among the main pathogens causing acute nonbacterial gastroenteritis. Histo-blood group antigens (HBGAs) are widely accepted receptors for HuNoV specific binding. HBGA-like substances in produce are also considered as the critical ligands for capture of HuNoVs. However, the composition of viral ligands from food substrates remains unknown. In this study, an...
Sat, 12/14/2019 - 03:14
The contents of anthraquinone (ATQ) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (anthracene (ANT) and PAH4) in smoked Frankfurter-style sausages were investigated depending on various smoking conditions. During smoking, the smoke generator, the smoking duration, the type of wood, and some more plant-specific parameters were tested. The sausages were also barbecued on a charcoal grill. The lowest mean...
Wed, 11/27/2019 - 03:15
Enantioselectivity is usually ignored when assessing potential biochar-based methods of redressing pesticide contamination of soils. In this study, the effect of woodchip biochar (WBC) on the enantioselective dissipation of metalaxyl in soil and its uptake and translocation by lettuce were investigated. S-metalaxyl (T1/2 = 29.8 days) dissipated more quickly than R-metalaxyl (T1/2 = 36.4 days) in...
Wed, 10/16/2019 - 03:17
Zearalenone (ZEA), a pathogenic toxin produced by Fusarium, is widely detected in moldy feed materials. Previous studies have reported that ZEA exerts a harmful influence on animal reproductive systems; however, its effects on the changes of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) remain unclear. Here, tackling this question, we performed RNA sequencing on porcine granulosa cells (GCs) after being exposed...
Tue, 10/15/2019 - 03:20
Patulin contamination not only is a menace to human health but also causes serious environmental problems worldwide due to the synthetic fungicides that are used to control it. This study focused on investigating the patulin degradation mechanism in Pichia caribbica at the molecular level. According to the results, P. caribbica (2 × 106 cells/mL) was able to degrade patulin from 20 μg/mL to an...
Thu, 10/10/2019 - 03:17
A comprehensive multiresidue pesticide analysis for Cannabis flower matrices using quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe (QuEChERS) sample preparation, liquid chromatography paired with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS), and gas chromatography paired with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (GC–MS/MS) was established and validated for 367 pesticides with excellent...
Wed, 10/09/2019 - 03:17
Dry tea matrix contains an abundance of caffeine and polyphenols which are different from the food matrix (e.g., protein, lipid, and carbohydrates), and only a few studies have tried aflatoxins determination with tea samples. Here, a specific, accurate, and sensitive method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of aflatoxin B1, B2, G1, and G2 in dark teas. Aflatoxins were...
Fri, 10/04/2019 - 03:16
Current reports increasingly associate dietary “advanced glycation end products” (“AGEs”) resulting from the Maillard reaction (glycation) between reducing sugars and amino compounds in foods with pathophysiological consequences, such as chronic inflammation, atherosclerosis, and metabolic syndrome. Heated foods are therefore suggested to pose a potential risk for human health. However, studies...
Fri, 10/04/2019 - 03:16
The incidence of foodborne parasites has increased considerably in the last few decades as a result of rapid globalization and changes in eating habits. Foodborne parasites are a highly diverse group, with variable biology and transmission pathways, and they tend not to produce symptoms immediately after infection. In contrast with other pathogens, the dissemination form of these parasites, such...
Fri, 10/04/2019 - 03:16
Patulin (PAT) is the most common food-borne mycotoxin found in fruits and fruit-derived products, while chlorpyrifos (CPF) is a widely used pesticide on fruit and other crops. On the basis of the residue data, certain types of fruits can be contaminated simultaneously by patulin and chlorpyrifos. However, there are no available data about the combined toxicity. Since liver is a possible toxic...
Thu, 10/03/2019 - 03:17
Cadmium bioremediation with metal-binding proteins is primarily conducted using metallothioneins (MTs). However, in the present study, we investigated a non-MT cadmium-binding protein from Lentinula edodes (LECBP) as a remediation tool for cadmium biosorption in Escherichia coli. The results indicated that the expression of LECBP significantly enhanced the cadmium biosorption capacity of...
Thu, 10/03/2019 - 03:17
A fully automated high-throughput method using solid-phase microextraction (SPME) was developed and validated for quantitative analysis of more than 100 veterinary drugs in chicken and beef tissue. The work also encompassed a comparison of the SPME method to two well-documented sample preparation procedures, solvent extraction (SE) and quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe (QuEChERS)....
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:12
Evaluation of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity and determination of organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) are of great importance for the clinical diagnosis of several serious diseases correlated with their variations in human blood serum. In this study, a highly selective and sensitive ratiometric fluorescent probe was innovatively fabricated for the evaluation of AChE activity and the...
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:12
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a mycotoxin which could cause strong immunosuppressive toxicological effects in animals and humans. Heterophil extracellular traps (HETs) as a novel defense of chicken heterophils play an important role against pathogen infection. It has been reported that OTA can weaken the phagocytosis function of neutrophils. However, whether or not OTA shows immunosuppressive effects on...
Thu, 09/19/2019 - 00:00
Food contact materials (FCMs) may release their chemical components into food and thus raise safety concerns. This paper attempted to study the presence of four major groups of FCM-related endocrine disruptors in fatty food: dialkyl phthalates, bisphenols, printing ink photoinitiators, and polyfluoroalkyl substances. All 41 target compounds were analyzed simultaneously by means of liquid...
Tue, 09/17/2019 - 00:00
In this work, a highly efficient pesticide residue screening and quantification method was established using ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography–tandem quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry based on in-source fragmentation. Over 400 pesticides were tested, among which 96 pesticides displayed in-source fragmentation. A novel concept of in-source fragment fraction was proposed to...
Tue, 09/17/2019 - 00:00
Sulfur (S) metabolism plays a vital role in Cd detoxification, but the collaboration between melatonin biosynthesis and S metabolism under Cd stress remains unaddressed. Using exogenous melatonin, melatonin-deficient tomato plants with a silenced caffeic acid O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene, and COMT-overexpressing plants with cosuppression of sulfate transporter (SUT)1 and SUT2 genes, we found...
Thu, 09/12/2019 - 00:00
The released milk N-glycome has been found to possess antipathogenic activity. Natively, they are covalently linked onto proteins. Whether the conjugated N-glycans still have antipathogenic properties and how the glycosylation influences the antipathogenic activity of proteins remain unclear. Herein, we compared the quantitative differences of milk protein N-glycosylation and the antilisterial...
Tue, 09/10/2019 - 00:00
Foodborne nanoparticles (FNPs) produced by roasting have attracted the attention of people, owing to their safety risk to body health. Herein, we reported the formation, physicochemical properties, elemental composition, biodistribution, and binding with human serum albumin (HSA) of FNPs extracted from roast squid. The results showed that the FNP size gradually decreased from 4.1 to 2.3 nm as the...
Fri, 08/30/2019 - 00:00
Soil microbes have recently been utilized to improve cadmium (Cd) tolerance and lower its accumulation in plants. Nevertheless, whether rhizobacteria can prevent Cd uptake by graminaceous plants and the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. In this study, inoculation with Enterobacter asburiae NC16 reduced transpiration rates and the expression of some iron (Fe) uptake-related genes including...
Wed, 08/28/2019 - 00:00
A comprehensive multiresidue pesticide analysis for Cannabis flower matrices using quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe (QuEChERS) sample preparation, liquid chromatography paired with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS), and gas chromatography paired with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (GC–MS/MS) was established and validated for 367 pesticides with excellent...
Wed, 08/21/2019 - 00:00
We develop an ultrasensitive T2-mediated immunosensor based on the coordination chemistry and Cu(I)-catalyzed 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of azide andalkyne (CuAAC) and apply it for the detection of pesticide residues. We functionalize polyglutamic acid (PGA) on polystyrene to form a brush-like nanostructure that has a large loading capacity of Cu(II) through the coordination chemistry between PGA...
Mon, 08/12/2019 - 00:00
With the monitoring of hundreds of pesticides in food and feed, the comminution step is equally crucial as any other to achieve valid results. However, sample processing is often underestimated in its importance and practical difficulty to produce consistent test portions for analysis. The scientific literature is rife with descriptions of microextraction methods, but ironically, sample...
Tue, 08/06/2019 - 00:00
It is estimated that approximately 200 million people are exposed to arsenic levels above the World Health Organization provisional guideline value, and various agencies have indicated the need to reduce this exposure. In view of the difficulty of removing arsenic from water and food, one alternative is to reduce its bioavailability (the amount that reaches the systemic circulation after...
Thu, 08/01/2019 - 00:00
Gold nanoflowers (GNFs) exhibit stronger light scattering ability than gold nanospheres (GNSs) with the same diameter, thereby contributing to enhancing the sensitivity of the scattering-based sensing method. However, the application of GNFs in biosensors based on dynamic light scattering (DLS) has not been yet reported. Herein, we describe for the first time an improved no-wash immunosensor...
Thu, 07/25/2019 - 00:00
The contamination of honey with hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) is an actual concern for food safety. This study reports the first application of dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction (DLLME) in the determination of five relevant PAs, and the relative N-oxide derivatives (PANOs), in honey. The effects of different experimental parameters (pH, ionic strength, type and volume of DLLME...
Wed, 07/24/2019 - 00:00
Insights into the environmental fates of nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (NPAHs) in edible vegetables are of great significance for better evaluating human exposure to NPAHs through the dietary pathway. In this work, a fluorescence quenching method using graphene quantum dots as a fluorescent probe was first applied for the in vivo determination of 9-nitroanthracene (9-NAnt) and 1-...
Wed, 07/24/2019 - 00:00
Acrylamide, mainly formed in Maillard browning reaction during food processing, causes defects in liver circadian clock and mitochondrial function by inducing oxidative stress. Resveratrol is a polyphenol that has powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity. However, the preventive effects of resveratrol on acrylamide-triggered oxidative damage and circadian rhythm disorders are unclear...
Tue, 07/09/2019 - 00:00
A special levan-type exopolysaccharide (EPS) from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens JN4 with antiadhesive activity against enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) was purified and identified. Chemical analysis indicated that EPS-JN4 with a low molecular weight of 8 kDa is composed of fructose and glucose with a molar ratio of 46.1:1. Structural analysis clarified that EPS-JN4 contains a main chain of β...
Tue, 07/09/2019 - 00:00
n-Octadecylamine was adopted as a cleanup agent to develop a novel solidification of a switchable solvent-based QuEChERS method. At higher temperatures (such as 55 °C), n-octadecylamine can melt into a liquid, allowing effective extraction of matrix interferences in acetonitrile solution (i.e., in dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction). At lower temperatures, n-octadecylamine carrying matrix...
Mon, 07/08/2019 - 00:00
The simultaneous detection of multiple mycotoxins is important due to the increased toxic effects of combined mycotoxins in grains. In this research, a combination of modified QuEChERS with ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) was used for simultaneous detection of 20 mycotoxins in grains. A series of different types of magnetic (Fe3O4) nanoparticles...
Fri, 07/05/2019 - 00:00
The development of analytical methods for acrylamide formed during food processing is of great significance for food safety, but limited by its inherent characteristics, the analysis of acrylamide is a continuing challenge. In this study, an efficient derivatization strategy for acrylamide based on thiol-ene click reaction with cysteine as derivatization reagent was proposed, and the resulting...
Fri, 07/05/2019 - 00:00
Blue heliotrope (Heliotropium amplexicaule) is an invasive environmental weed that is widely naturalized in eastern Australia and has been implicated as a source of pyrrolizidine alkaloid (PA) poisoning in livestock. Less well-documented is the potential of such carcinogenic alkaloids to contaminate honey from bees foraging on this plant species. In this study, the PA profile of H. amplexicaule...
Wed, 07/03/2019 - 00:00
Cow and human milk have been reported to contain dioxins ranging from 0.023 to 26.46 and 0.88 to 19 pg/g of fat, respectively. However, the toxic effects of the dioxins in the milk in this range of concentrations were not explored. Therefore, considering the outbred livestock tissues as better models than inbred laboratory animals, the present study targeted to study the effect of dioxins present...
Thu, 06/27/2019 - 00:00
The abundant use of antibiotics leads to antibiotic residues in frequently consumed foods. Residual antibiotics in food may have adverse effects on humans by directly causing disease via low-dose exposure and indirect harm via antibiotic resistance. However, the current methods for antibiotic extraction and analysis in food have not yet formed a uniform standard, and only a few data exist...
Thu, 06/27/2019 - 00:00
Exposure to commonly used pesticides poses significant health risks to humans and wildlife. Hence, accurate and sensitive pesticide residue testing methods are imperative to minimize potential health hazards. In this study, we report a method to detect several pesticide residues at trace levels utilizing colloidal gold nanoparticles and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). Gold...
Wed, 06/26/2019 - 00:00
Alternatives to bisphenol A (BPA) are developed for food contact materials as a result of increasing evidence of exposure-correlated harmful effects of BPA. In vitro assays provide the fast, affordable, and mechanism insightful ways to screen endocrine disruption (ED), which is a major concern of new BPA alternatives. In this review, we summarize the safety and regulation information on the...
Sat, 06/22/2019 - 00:00
In the present study, the effect of imidacloprid uptake from contaminated soils on the growth of leaf vegetable Shanghaiqing was investigated. The result showed that during 35-day exposure, the concentration of imidacloprid (IMI) was in the order of vegetable shoots > vegetable roots > soil, indicating that IMI was more readily concentrated in vegetable shoots than in roots. Moreover, the...
Wed, 06/19/2019 - 00:00
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a mycotoxin produced by Aspergillus and Penicillium, contaminating in a wide variety of foods and feeds. Mycotoxins, including OTA, could cause immunosuppression in almost all previous studies in vivo. However, the vast majority of results in vitro showed that mycotoxins caused immunostimulation. Why the results of studies in vitro are contrary to studies in vivo is unknown...
Fri, 06/14/2019 - 00:00
This work developed a bioaugmentation strategy that simultaneously reduced soil di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) pollution and its bioaccumulation in Brassica parachinensis by inoculating the isolated strain Rhodococcus sp. 2G. This strain could efficiently degrade DEHP at a wide concentration range from 50 to 1600 mg/L and transformed DEHP through a unique biochemical degradation pathway that...
Fri, 05/31/2019 - 00:00
The rapid monitoring of foodborne pathogens by monoclonal antibody (McAb)-based immunochromatographic tests (ICTs) is desirable but highly challenging as a result of the screening obstacle for a superior performance probe, which will greatly determine the capture efficiency of targets and the sensitivity of the immunoassay. In this work, on the basis of two-dimensional (2D) nanosheets (including...
Tue, 05/28/2019 - 00:00
Modern pesticides rapidly degrade after their application due to both physicochemical factors and through biotransformation. Consequently, pesticide residues in samples might be either undetectable or detected at low concentrations (≤10 μg/kg). Under such conditions, a monitoring of pesticide metabolites in samples might be a conceivable solution enabling the documentation of earlier pesticide...
Fri, 05/24/2019 - 00:00
Common soil fungi, Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus, are opportunistic pathogens that invade preharvest peanut seeds. These fungi often produce carcinogenic aflatoxins that pose a threat to human and animal health through food chains and cause significant economic losses worldwide. Detection of aflatoxins and further processing of crops are mandated to ensure that contaminated...
Wed, 05/22/2019 - 00:00
Reducing acrylamide in foods is an important scientific and regulatory goal. Black ripe olives contain significant levels of acrylamide. However, unlike cereal and potato products, there are no standardized methods or certified reference materials for olives and no harmonization between laboratories performing routine analyses. The industry has observed inconsistencies between laboratories using...

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