Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Sun, 07/12/2020 - 04:01
Lignin is the most abundant aromatic biopolymer in nature and is a major byproduct from the paper industry. The unlocking of lignin’s potential for high-value applications has gained increasing attention in recent years. In this study, alkali lignin (AL), with a rigid conjugated structure and amphiphilic property, was used as a sustainable and eco-friendly encapsulation material for the...
Sat, 07/11/2020 - 04:02
Juveniles are considered as one of the most vulnerable population groups concerning mycotoxins and their modified forms. The weaning stage is a particularly vulnerable period in the life of mammals, reflected in intestinal and immune dysfunction. The current study investigated the toxicokinetic (TK) characteristics of zearalenone (ZEN), zearalenone-14-glucoside (ZEN14G), and zearalenone-14-...
Thu, 07/09/2020 - 04:02
Diet greatly influences gut microbiota. Dietary methionine restriction (MR) prevents and ameliorates age-related or high-fat-induced diseases and prolongs life span. This study aimed to reveal the impact of MR on gut microbiota in middle-aged mice with low-, medium-, high-fat diets. C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into six groups with different MR and fat-content diets. Multiple indicators of...
Wed, 07/08/2020 - 04:02
It has been recognized that collagen peptides of MW 878 Da (CP1) promote osteoblast proliferation and mineralization. The objective of this study is to identify the peptides responsible for proliferation of osteoblast growth, enhancement of ALP (alkaline phosphatase) activity in osteoblasts and promotion of osteoblast mineralization. To this end, the CP1 were fractioned by a series of...
Mon, 07/06/2020 - 04:03
Acetylcholinesterase inactivating compounds, such as organophosphate (OP) and carbamate (CM) pesticides, are widely used in agriculture to ensure sustainable production of food and feed. As a consequence of their applications, they would result in neurotoxicity, even death. In this essence, the development of enzyme inhibition methods still shows great significance as rapid detection techniques...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 04:02
Aeromonas hydrophila, a pathogenic bacterium, is harmful to humans, domestic animals, and fishes and, moreover, of public health concern due to the emergence of multiple drug-resistant strains. The cell wall has been discovered as a novel and efficient drug target against bacteria, and d-alanine–d-alanine ligase (Ddl) is considered as an essential enzyme in bacterial cell wall biosynthesis....
Sun, 06/28/2020 - 04:02
A series of novel α-ketoamide derivatives bearing a vanillin skeleton were designed and synthesized. Bioactivity tests on virus and bacteria were performed. The results indicated that some compounds exhibited excellent antitobacco mosaic virus (TMV) activities, such as compound 34 exhibited an inactivation activity of 90.1% and curative activity of 51.8% and compound 28 exhibited a curative...
Sat, 06/27/2020 - 04:02
Antibiotic resistance and capacity for biofilm formation of Shigella flexneri render previous prevention and control strategies minimally effective. Ferulic acid (FA) has been demonstrated to be useful due to its application in foods as an alternative natural preservative. However, information regarding the S. flexneri phenotype and molecular responses to FA exposure is limited. The present study...
Tue, 06/23/2020 - 04:02
The past decade has witnessed significant advances in understanding the interaction between grasses and systemic fungal endophytes of the genus Epichloë, with evidence that plants have evolved multiple strategies to cope with abiotic stresses by reprogramming physiological responses. Soil nutrients directly affect plant growth, while soil microbes are also closely connected to plant growth and...
Fri, 06/19/2020 - 04:03
Heavy metals in agricultural soils exist in diverse dissolved (free cations and complexed species of positive, neutral, or negative charges), particulate (sorbed, structural, and coprecipitated), and colloidal (micro- and nanometer-sized particles) species. The fate of different heavy metal species is controlled by the master variables: pH (solubility), ionic strength (activity and charge-...
Fri, 06/19/2020 - 04:03
Cocoa and chocolate can contain cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) from natural and anthropogenic sources. This perspective provides background on the origin, occurrence, and factors affecting Cd and Pb levels in chocolate products as well as ongoing international efforts to mitigate Cd and Pb in these popular foods, particularly the higher Cd levels observed in some cocoa and chocolate originating from...
Thu, 06/18/2020 - 04:03
An analytical program for multiclass, multiresidue residue analysis to qualitatively and quantitatively determine veterinary drug compounds in game meats by LC-MS/MS has been developed and validated. The method was validated for the analysis of muscle from bison, deer, elk, and rabbit to test for 112 veterinary drug residues from the following drug classes: β-agonists, anthelmintics, anti-...
Fri, 06/12/2020 - 04:02
Plant fungal diseases have caused great decreases in crop quality and yield. As one of the considerable agricultural diseases, cucumber downy mildew (CDM) caused by pseudoperonospora cubensis seriously influences the production of cucumber. Amisulbrom is a commercial agricultural fungicide developed by Nissan Chemical, Ltd., for the control of oomycetes diseases that is highly effective against...
Tue, 06/09/2020 - 04:05
In this work, a new mega-method of sample preparation called “QuEChERSER” (more than QuEChERS) is being presented for the first time. Fast, efficient, and cost-effective analysis of chemical contaminants in meat is useful for international trade, domestic monitoring, risk assessment, and other purposes. The goal of this study was to develop and validate a simple high-throughput mega-method for...
Tue, 06/09/2020 - 04:05
The goal of this study was to develop and validate a new method for simultaneous determination of 106 veterinary drugs and 227 pesticides and their metabolites plus 16 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) at and below their regulatory levels established for catfish muscle in the European Union and U.S.A. To do this, two different QuEChERS-based methods for veterinary drugs and pesticides and PCBs...
Mon, 06/08/2020 - 04:03
Fresh produce is frequently associated with outbreaks of foodborne diseases; thus, there is a need to develop effective intervention technologies and antimicrobial treatments to improve the microbial safety of fresh produce. Washing with chemical sanitizers, commonly used by the industry, is limited in its effectiveness and is viewed as a possible cross-contamination opportunity. This review...
Mon, 06/08/2020 - 04:03
Insect growth regulators (IGRs) can cause abnormal growth and development in insects, resulting in incomplete metamorphosis or even death of the larvae. Ecdysone receptor (EcR) and chitinase in insects play indispensable roles in the molting process. Ecdysone analogues and chitinase inhibitors are considered as potential IGRs. In order to find new and highly effective IGR candidates, based on the...
Mon, 06/08/2020 - 04:03
In this study, wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) was exposed to three of the most typical chlorinated organophosphate esters (OPEs), which are widely present in farmland soil, at environmental concentrations to assess their accumulation, disruption on metabolism, and oxidative stress in wheat. The three OPEs accumulated distinctly in the root and then translocated to the shoot. After exposure for 7...
Sun, 06/07/2020 - 04:03
Fluralaner, a veterinary drug, is a potential chiral isoxazoline insecticide possessing high insecticidal and acaricidal activity. However, there is little information regarding the enantioselective effect of fluralaner. In this work, a promising chiral detection method was established with liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry in agricultural products and animal organs to investigate...
Sun, 06/07/2020 - 04:03
The current study developed an ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method to simultaneously analyze cascade metabolites of acrylamide in urine of rats and humans, including acrylamide, glycidamide, N-acetyl-S-(2-carbamoylethyl)-l-cysteine (AAMA), N-acetyl-S-(2-carbamoylethyl)-l-cysteine-sulfoxide, N-acetyl-S-(2-carbamoyl-2-hydroxyethyl)-l-cysteine, and N-acetyl-S...
Sun, 06/07/2020 - 04:03
Rising atmospheric [CO2] has been shown to impact plant primary metabolism and the severity of Fusarium head blight (FHB) in wheat. In this study, we evaluated how changes in grain nutritional content due to growth at elevated [CO2] affected Fusarium graminearum growth and mycotoxin production. Susceptible (Norm) and moderately resistant (Alsen) hard spring wheat grains that had been grown at...
Sat, 06/06/2020 - 04:03
Novel pyrimidine sulfide derivatives containing a dithioacetal and strobilurin moiety were designed and synthesized. Their antiviral activities against tomato chlorosis virus (ToCV) were investigated through the tomato chlorosis virus coat protein (ToCVCP)-oriented screening method. Microscale thermophoresis was used to study the interaction between the compound and the ToCVCP. Compounds B13 and...
Fri, 04/17/2020 - 03:35
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a class of mycotoxin that are mainly produced by Aspergillus and Penicillium and widely found in plant origin food. OTA-contaminated foods can cause serious harm to animals and humans, while high stability of OTA makes it difficult to remove in conventional food processing. Thus, sensitive and rapid detection of OTA undoubtedly plays an important role in OTA prevention and...
Thu, 04/16/2020 - 03:36
Cow’s milk protein allergy, which occurs in approximately 5–10% of the population of infants and children, has become an important public food safety problem. As a major allergen in cow’s milk, the most abundant protein casein (CN) is considered to be potent in inducing food allergy. In recent years, ultrasound treatment has played a significant role in the field of colloidal particulate system....
Tue, 04/14/2020 - 03:36
Rubber tree is an economically important tropical crop. Its endophytic bacterial strain Serratia marcescens ITBB B5–1 contains an intracellular macrovesicle and red pigment. In this research, the red pigment was identified as prodigiosin by quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Prodigiosin has a wide range of potential medical values such as anticancer and antiorgan transplant rejection....
Tue, 04/14/2020 - 03:36
Here, a reliable and sensitive method for the determination of 38 (modified) mycotoxins was developed. Using a QuEChERS-based extraction method [acetonitrile/water/formic acid (75:20:5, v/v/v)], followed by two runs of high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry with different conditions, relevant mycotoxins in cereals were analyzed. The method was validated according to the...
Mon, 04/06/2020 - 03:34
This study aims to determine whether sodium butyrate (SB) could antagonize deoxynivalenol (DON)-induced intestinal epithelial dysfunction. In a four-week feeding trial, twenty-eight barrows were randomly divided into four treatments: (1) uncontaminated basal diet (control); (2) 4 mg/kg DON-contaminated diet (DON); (3) basal diet supplemented with 0.2% SB (SB); and (4) 4 mg/kg DON + 0.2% SB (DON...
Sun, 04/05/2020 - 03:33
Ryanodine receptors (RyRs) are homotetrameric intracellular calcium (Ca2+) release channels responsible for excitation–contraction coupling of muscle cells. Diamide insecticides specifically act on RyRs of Lepidoptera and Coleoptera pests and are safe for nontargeted organisms, generating big worldwide sales. Despite their popularity, several devastating agricultural pests have been reported to...
Thu, 04/02/2020 - 03:34
Algae products are attracting growing interest due to their pleasant taste and their high contents in protein, essential amino acids, vitamins, and minerals. Specifically, spirulina products are widely promoted for their high vitamin B12 content. So far, knowledge regarding the contamination with cyanotoxins, heavy metals, pesticides, or polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is scarce, although...
Wed, 04/01/2020 - 03:34
To discover natural-product-based pesticides, 7β-oxycarbonylandrographolide derivatives were stereoselectively constructed from a labdane diterpenoid andrographolide. Among them, 2′-(n)Pr-1′,3′-dioxin-7β-oxy(m-Cl)benzoylandrographolide (IIc), 2′-(n)Pr-1′,3′-dioxin-7β-oxyacetylandrographolide (IIf), 2′-(p-Me)Ph-1′,3′-dioxin-7β-oxy(o-Cl)benzoylandrographolide (Vb), and 2′-(p-Me)Ph-1′,3′-dioxin-7β-...
Tue, 03/31/2020 - 03:35
This study determined the potential of formic acid plus monolaurin (FA + ML) as an alternative to antibiotics in diet when piglets are challenged with ETEC. Piglets fed the FA + ML diet had lower fecal score and rectal temperature after the ETEC challenge. In addition, FA + ML supplementation induced lower plasma TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β concentration postchallenge, downregulated the mRNA...
Tue, 03/31/2020 - 03:35
Reducing Cd bioavailability in the systemic circulation is an alternative strategy to reduce Cd exposure. The influence of 39 dietary components on Cd bioaccessibility in water or rice was determined using an in vitro gastrointestinal model, following which an in vivo bioassay was used to determine the most effective components on Cd bioavailability in rice. The results showed that several...
Tue, 03/31/2020 - 03:35
Ten new cassane diterpenoids, caesalpulcherrins A–J (1–10), together with 11 known analogues (11–21) were isolated from the aerial parts of Caesalpinia pulcherrima. Their structures and relative stereochemistry were elucidated by spectrometric and spectroscopic methods, including one-dimensional (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) NMR, high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HRESIMS...
Mon, 03/30/2020 - 03:33
The fatty acid esters of monochloropropane diol (MCPD) are a group of food source contaminants formed during thermal processing. These components were recognized as potential food source toxicants in the past few decades, and growing evidence has proven their toxic effects, especially to kidneys and testes. Therefore, increasing research articles reported their results about MCPD esters in recent...
Wed, 03/25/2020 - 03:33
Ochratoxin A (OTA), a common mycotoxin, has attracted great concern as many foodstuffs can suffer from OTA contamination; OTA causes harmful effects on human and animals. Rapid and sensitive detection of OTA is demanded in many fields for agricultural product quality, food safety, and health. Aptamer fluorescence polarization/anisotropy (FP/FA) assays integrate advantages of nucleic acid aptamers...
Thu, 03/19/2020 - 03:34
The typical bitter taste of beer is caused by adding hops (Humulus lupulus L.) during the wort boiling process. The bitter taste of hop-derived compounds was found to be mediated by three bitter taste receptors: TAS2R1, TAS2R14, and TAS2R40. In this work, structural bioinformatics analyses were used to characterize the binding modes of trans-isocohumulone, trans-isohumulone, trans-isoadhumulone,...
Thu, 03/19/2020 - 03:34
Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) produces a range of defense phytochemicals containing a quinone core structure: sorgoleone allelochemical, flavonoid phytoalexins, and a broad spectrum of polyphenols. Those phytochemicals react with the components of cellular and agroecosystems to form stable semiquinone radicals engaging in different proton-coupled electron transfer reactions. This unique...
Tue, 03/17/2020 - 03:35
Since coffee is a significant contributor to the consumption of acrylamide, its reduction is required. Acrylamide is produced during the roasting of coffee beans, but the roasting process is an essential step in determining the taste of coffee. Acrylamide content in coffee has been suggested to decrease by reacting with proteins and/or other substances during storage, but details are unknown....
Sat, 03/14/2020 - 03:34
Renewable biobased porous aerogels with excellent biodegradability have versatile applications in oil/water separation, catalysis, and tissue engineering. However, processing of the porous matrix is challenging due to the high energy consumption and low efficiency from the fabrication procedures, such as freeze-drying or critical-drying of the hydrogel, which need to be improved. In the present...
Thu, 03/12/2020 - 03:36
Formaldehyde (FA, HCHO) is a highly reactive carbonyl species, which is very harmful to humans and the environment as a tissue fixative and preservative. Therefore, developing some highly sensitive, selective, and rapid detection methods is significant for human health in food safety and environmental protection. Herein, a two-photon (TP) ratiometric sensor, CmNp-CHO, has been constructed by...
Tue, 03/10/2020 - 03:34
To date, there has been limited information on phytoestrogen (PE) exposure and metabolism in breastfed infants. In the present work, 50 sample pairs of Chinese breastfed infants’ urine and the corresponding breast milk were collected. The contents of the relevant PE metabolites in the biosamples were detected via liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry. The correlations between the PE...
Sun, 03/08/2020 - 04:34
Novel nanosized biomass-based pH-responsive cellulose nanofibers (CNF-PEI) with excellent biocompatibility were tailored by grafting polyethylenimine (PEI) onto carboxylated cellulose nanofibers (CNF-COOH); the active site (−COOH, 0.96 mmol/g) was anchored on cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) to introduce PEI with a high density (10.57 mmol/g) of amino groups. The as-prepared CNF-PEI not only...
Sat, 03/07/2020 - 03:33
California’s Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986 (Proposition 65) was designed to protect the state’s populace from exposures to toxic levels of chemicals in consumer products, including foods, by requiring businesses to warn the public about any of those hazards. There is, however, one qualification in the legislation, which is that warnings are not required if the source of...
Sat, 03/07/2020 - 03:33
One typical synthetic phenolic antioxidant 2,6-di-tert-butyl-hydroxytoluene (BHT) is widely used in foodstuff. Concerns are rising on the toxicity of BHT and its metabolites through dietary exposure. In this study, the effects of food macronutrients (i.e., lipid, carbohydrate, fiber, protein, and fasted (as control)) on absorption and bioaccessibility of BHT by Caco-2 cells were investigated....
Thu, 03/05/2020 - 03:37
One of the main challenges for analytical laboratories and food safety authorities is the control of food contaminants hazardous to human health. For the first time, a simple, fast, and cost-effective sample preparation method is proposed as an extraction technique to determine 12 brominated flame retardants (BFRs) (seven polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) congeners and five novel BFRs) in...
Sat, 02/22/2020 - 03:15
There are currently increased efforts to determine potential sources of trace metal contaminants in the food supply. While there are likely many sources of these elements, processing of foods has gained attention as one such route. Research is reviewed on how processing aids used for food production, including beverage filtration and fining, have been targeted as potential sources of trace metals...
Fri, 02/21/2020 - 03:27
In this work, we have developed an all-in-one aptasensor based on an enzyme-driven three-dimensional DNA walker for antibiotic detection. To overcome the drawback of time-consuming methods, high-density substrate strands were anchored on the walking interface that accelerated the signal amplification efficiency. Such an all-in-one design integrated the functionality of target recognition, signal...
Wed, 02/19/2020 - 03:17
Excessive use of antibiotics in aquatic products is a serious problem for food safety and human health, and on-site detection of antibiotics is highly demanded. Herein, we proposed multivalence aptamer probes, allowing sensitive, label-free, and homogeneous detection of antibiotics in different aquatic products. Compared to commonly used aptamers, multivalence aptamer probes can provide multiple...
Tue, 02/18/2020 - 03:14
In the Gram-negative bacterium Aeromonas hydrophila, N-acyl homoserine lactone (AHL)-mediated quorum sensing (QS) influences pathogenicity, protein secretion, and motility. However, the catalytic mechanism of AHL biosynthesis and the structural basis and substrate specificity for AhyI members remain unclear. In this study, we cloned the ahyI gene from the isolate A. hydrophila HX-3, and the...

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