Journal of Food Biochemistry

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Mon, 07/06/2020 - 22:10
High levels of p‐Coumaric acid was first isolated and identified from Spirulina. Inhibitory kinetics and mechanism of p‐Coumaric acid on two enzymes were studied. Molecular modeling revealed the Spirulina p‐Coumaric acid binding mode. Abstract Spirulina species are edible with high nutritional as well as potential therapeutic values. In this work, we show that phenolic extracts from Spirulina (p‐...
Wed, 07/01/2020 - 22:10
Black tea (BTE) or curcumin (CMN) ameliorated hepatorenal changes induced by aflatoxin‐B1 (AFB1) with high improvement when combined BTE/CMN was used. Forty eight adult male rats were used into 8 groups: G1; control, G2, G3, and G4 were; olive oil, BTE and CMN, respectively, G5 was; olive oil‐dissolved AFB1. G6, G7 and G8 were; AFB1 along with BTE, CMN and BTE plus CMN, respectively. Liver/kidney...
Sun, 06/28/2020 - 22:09
PC12 cells were treated with acrylamide (AA) in the absence or presence of P‐CS, and cell apoptosis was analyzed. Interestingly, P‐CS pretreatment of the cells could significantly prevent AA‐induced cell death, glutathione (GSH) contents decrease, and ROS overproduction. Further investigation of the molecular mechanism underlying the effect of P‐CS on cell apoptosis revealed that P‐CS was able to...
Fri, 06/26/2020 - 22:09
Allergic diseases are known as an IgE‐mediated immune response to an innocuous environmental antigen. Especially, FcεRI expressing on the cell surface of mast cells and basophils is considered as a key trigger of acute allergic responses. Recently, numerous bioactive agents derived from natural products have been revealed to inhibit the expression of FcεRI subunits as well as block FcεRI...
Thu, 06/25/2020 - 22:10
Antioxidant and anti‐proliferative activities of M. laevigeta leaf and bark extract were determined against EAC cells in the peritoneum fluid of Swiss albino mice. Morphological alteration of the treated EAC cells on florescence microscope and DNA degradation in gel electrophoresis confirmed the apoptosis induction. The Expression pattern of the Bax, Bcl‐2 and PARP‐1 in comparison to control...
Wed, 06/17/2020 - 22:10
The best harvesting periods to obtain high level of bioactive compounds were assessed in minimally processed orange‐ and cream‐flesh sweet potatoes. Cream‐flesh showed browning, while orange‐flesh presented whitening after minimally process. Best visual quality was obtained by delaying the harvest for 30 and 60 days. Orange sweet potatoes presented β‐carotene as the major carotenoid (up to 99%)...
Mon, 06/15/2020 - 22:10
Soybean peptides on the inhibition of lipopolysaccharide‐induced RAW264.7 cell inflammation, which impeded the increase of toll‐like receptor 4 activity by restricting LY96, while also inhibiting the mitogen‐activated protein kinase (MAPK)‐c‐Jun N‐terminal kinase (JNK) pathway in cells, as well as LPS‐induced NF‐κB activation caused by the degradation of nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide...
Tue, 06/09/2020 - 22:10
Praying mantis egg case powder inhibits the accumulation of Cd concentration in catfish bone and muscle tissues and increases its dietary protein content. It also up‐regulated serum NO level in catfish to initiate vasodilatation of bones and muscles for proper blood flow. Finally, it augments the dwindling of myeloperoxidase activity caused by Cd exposure, which has the potential to kills...
Tue, 06/09/2020 - 22:10
Zingerone restored anti‐oxidant enzyme activity (CAT, SOD, GPx, and GR), normalized lipid profile, improved organ function, and prevented tissue injury in kidney and liver. Abstract Among the heavy metal poisonings, lead is considered as a major toxic metal causing hematological, neurological, immunological, hepatic, and renal dysfunctions. Lead causes inhibition of ALAD leading to the ALA...
Fri, 06/05/2020 - 03:27
The adverse effect of Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and the beneficial effects of gallic Acid (GA) against AFB1 induced toxicity in vitro have been published. Here we present in vivo findings on AFB1 and GA on hepatorenal function in rats, exposed to AFB1 only or co‐treated with GA for 28 successive days. AFB1 significantly increased pro‐inflammatory biomarkers, suppressed IL‐10 levels, and increased...
Fri, 12/27/2019 - 03:18
Quercetin at the dosages investigated substantially reversed the high blood glucose and glycosylation, enhanced glycogen and haemoglobin (Hb) contents as well as improved the pancreatic antioxidant status. Quercetin normalized reduction in organ body weight ratio of the pancreas and liver observed in type 2 diabetic rats via increased hepatic hexokinase and decreased glucose‐6‐phosphatase...
Tue, 12/24/2019 - 03:17
A detailed study on two Nepeta species. The essential oils of two Nepeta species might be used as Germacrene D source. The Nepeta heliotropifolia and N. congesta subsp. cryptantha flowers being rich in rosmarinic acid and having antioxidant potential, and their essential oils could be source for nutraceutical, food and drug industries. Abstract In the present study, the essential oil and aroma...
Tue, 11/05/2019 - 03:19
Maillard reaction is known to result in loss of nutrients, particularly that of essential amino acids; decrease in digestibility and safety issues due to the development of toxic compounds. Maillard reaction products are also known to cause oxidation of tissues and inflammation, thus increasing the risk of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. The aim of this review is to present a detailed...
Tue, 10/22/2019 - 03:22
A previously unreported xylated glycosaminoglycan with a β‐D‐Xylop(1 → 3)‐(⋯ → 4)‐GlcpA(1 → 3)‐GlcpNAc(1 → ⋯) framework was isolated to homogeneity from marine buccinid gastropod Babylonia spirata, and was found to possess potential antioxidant and 5‐lipoxygenase attenuation activities. The isolated metabolite might be anticipated as potential naturally‐derived bioactive constituent in functional...
Thu, 10/17/2019 - 03:22
Interactions of the flavoring compounds hexyl acetate (HxAc), heptyl acetate (HpAc), linalyl formate (LiFo), linalyl acetate (LiAc), geraniol, linalool, limonene, and myrcene with soy protein isolate (SPI) were estimated in pH 3.0, 6.0, and 9.0 aqueous solutions using headspace solid‐phase microextraction gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (SPME–GC–MS). The binding capacity of HxAc, HpAc, LiFo...
Wed, 10/16/2019 - 03:21
The capsaicin in hot peppers is an important biological active substance that is widely used in food and medicine. Our current study shows that capsaicin derivatives have good antioxidant and antibacterial activities, and therefore, the present study of capsaicin derivatives with good activity provides a good foundation for future applications in natural food additives and medicine. Abstract The...
Sat, 10/05/2019 - 03:20
Pretreatment with beetroot‐based beverages for 8 weeks showed significantly higher levels of superoxide dismutase (25%–28%), catalase (21%–24%), and hepatic enzymes (15%–19%) alongside reduced lipid peroxidation (27%–32%) in liver tissues of hepatotoxicity‐induced rats. Hepatic injury was reduced by 19%–26% as indicated by concentrations of serum hepatic health biomarkers in hepatotoxicity‐...
Wed, 10/02/2019 - 03:22
The current study evaluated the immunomodulatory effects of Carica papaya pulp and seeds methanol (MeOH) extracts on mice infected with Listeria monocytogenes. Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry analysis identified 10 active constituents in C. papaya seed MeOH extract and 10 compounds in C. papaya pulp MeOH extract. The experimental animals were divided into negative control (G1) group,...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:16
Ellagic acid reversibly and effectively inhibited tyrosinase in a mixed manner. Ellagic acid inhibited cell proliferation and induced apoptosis in B16 cells. Hydrogen bond and electrostatic force existed between ellagic acid and tyrosinase. Abstract The activities of ellagic acid in inhibiting mushroom tyrosinase and cell proliferation were evaluated in this research. The results of enzyme...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:16
Sour rot, caused by Geotrichum citriaurantii (G. citri-aurantii.), is one of the most serious grapevine secondary infection diseases in China. We have determined that pterostilbene, the most important phytoalexin, effectively inhibits the activity of G. citri‐aurantii. To study the synthesis mechanism of pterostilbene against G. citri‐aurantii in grape, we initially detected the content of...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:16
We evaluated the characteristic odor substances in Asian carp meat, which are prevalent in the Great Lakes, to provide a foundation for resource utilization and removing its fishy smell. Three Mono Trap RCC18 adsorbents were used to extract samples. Volatile components were analyzed by gas phase‐olfaction‐mass spectrometry. The main odor‐active substances were identified by aroma extraction...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:16
Chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) are rich in omega fatty acids. The aim was to evaluate the effect of chia intake on acute dyslipidemia, on acute steatohepatitis, and on mixed damage in non‐obese rats. Chia seeds intake for 4 weeks partially or totally prevented steatohepatitis, and reduced dyslipidemia in groups. The hypolipidemic and hepatoprotective effects of chia may be correlated to its...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:16
Purple rice extract (PRE) retarded the testosterone‐induced rat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and suppressed the growth of human prostate cancer (LNCaP). These effects might cause by the reduction of androgen receptor (AR) activation. Therefore, the genes responsible for AR‐DHT complex were down‐regulated such as prostate specific antigen (PSA). Abstract The preventive effects of purple rice...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:16
The oligosaccharide Hep‐2 from cultured mycelium of Hericium erinaceus was isolated by the method of water extraction, alcohol precipitation, and column chromatography. Hep‐2 consists of galactose, and glucose with 1,080 Da molecular weight and it is an oligosaccharide mixture of 2–7 sugars by LC‐MSn and includes three types of sugar residues with no branches by methylation methods. Hep‐2 possess...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:16
Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli O157 is an important reason for largest food borne inflectional outbreaks. E. coli O157 invades into the food chain through contaminated irrigation water and soil causing infectious diseases to humans. In our previous study, we have evaluated the persistence of E. coli O157 through plate count methods. However, conventional cultural procedures are less sensitive to...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:16
A total of 40, male Wistar Albino, 2–3‐months‐old rats were used and divided into four groups. Control group received the vehicle alone, diosmin group received 100 mg/kg.bw diosmin, the cadmium group received 200 ppm cadmium, cadmium plus diosmin group received 200 ppm cadmium, and 100 mg/kg.bw diosmin for 30 days. Some biochemical parameters (aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase...