Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology

Wed, 04/24/2019 - 00:00
Abstract Microbial contamination in metalworking systems is a critical problem. This study determined the microbial communities in metalworking fluids (MWFs) from two machining shops and investigated the effect of quorum sensing inhibition (QSI) on biofilm growth. In both operations, biofilm-associated and planktonic microbial communities were dominated by Pseudomonadales (60.2–...
Fri, 02/22/2019 - 00:00
Abstract Microbial fuel cell (MFC) technology is currently gaining recognition as one of the most promising bioenergy technologies of the future. One aspect of this technology that has received little attention is the disinfection of effluents and the fate of pathogenic organisms that find their way into the waste stream. In this study, three independent trials were carried out...
Tue, 11/20/2018 - 00:00
Abstract Menaquinone is an obligatory component of the electron-transfer pathway in microorganisms. Its biosynthetic pathway was established by pioneering studies with Escherichia coli and it was revealed to be derived from chorismate by Men enzymes. However, we identified an alternative pathway, the futalosine pathway, operating in some microorganisms including Helicobacter...
Wed, 07/25/2018 - 00:00
Abstract Vaccine immunization is now one of the most effective ways to control porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection. Impurity is one of the main factors affecting vaccine safety and efficacy. Here we present a novel innovative PRRSV purification approach based on surface display technology. First, a bifunctional protein PA-GRFT (protein anchor-...
Fri, 05/04/2018 - 00:00
Abstract l-Ornithine is a non-protein amino acid with extensive applications in the food and pharmaceutical industries. In this study, we performed metabolic pathway engineering of an l-arginine hyper-producing strain of Corynebacterium crenatum for L-ornithine production. First, we amplified the L-ornithine biosynthetic pathway flux by blocking the competing branch of the...
Mon, 08/07/2017 - 00:00
Abstract Dyes containing one or more azo linkages are widely applied in cosmetics, tattooing, food and drinks, pharmaceuticals, printing inks, plastics, leather, as well as paper industries. Previously we reported that bacteria living on human skin have the ability to reduce some azo dyes to aromatic amines, which raises potential safety concerns regarding human dermal exposure...
Sat, 11/12/2016 - 00:00
Abstract This work assessed the antibacterial activity of electro-activated solutions of salts of weak organic acids (potassium acetate, potassium citrate and calcium lactate) on Salmonella enterica, Staphylococcus aureus and Listeria monocytogenes. This activity was compared in terms of minimal inhibitory (bactericidal) concentration to the effect of commercial acetic, citric...
Sat, 10/22/2016 - 00:00
Abstract Oleuropein and its hydrolysis products are olive phenolic compounds that have antimicrobial effects on a variety of pathogens, with the potential to be utilized in food and pharmaceutical products. While the existing research is mainly focused on individual genes or enzymes that are regulated by oleuropein for antimicrobial activities, little work has been done to...
Fri, 06/24/2016 - 00:00
Abstract Staphylococcus aureus is a major food-borne pathogen due to the production of enterotoxin and is particularly prevalent in contaminated milk and dairy products. The lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are widely used as biocontrol agents in fermented foods which can inhibit pathogenic flora. In our work, we investigated the influence of three strains...
Thu, 05/12/2016 - 00:00
Abstract The global regulatory protein LaeA is known for regulating the production of many kinds of secondary metabolites in Aspergillus species, as well as sexual and asexual reproduction, and morphology. In Aspergillus carbonarius, it has been shown that LaeA regulates production of ochratoxin. We have investigated the regulatory effect of LaeA on production of citric acid and...
Wed, 01/20/2016 - 00:00
Abstract The yajC gene (Lbuc_0921) from Lactobacillus buchneri NRRL B-30929 was identified from previous proteomics analyses in response to ethanol treatment. The YajC protein expression was increased by 15-fold in response to 10 % ethanol vs 0 % ethanol. The yajC gene encodes the smaller subunit of the preprotein translocase complex, which interacts with membrane protein SecD...
Thu, 11/19/2015 - 00:00
Abstract Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious and potentially fatal disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb). The occurrence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) M. tb is a significant public health concern because most of the anti-TB drugs that have been in use for over 40 years are no longer effective for the treatment of these infections....
Thu, 02/26/2015 - 01:23
Abstract In this study, we aimed to evaluate the antibacterial and antifungal properties, cytotoxicity, and elution behavior of copper oxide (CuO) thin films with varying concentrations and roughness values. CuO films greater than 0.2 mol % showed 99.9 % antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Campylobacter jejuni, and Penicillium funiculosum. Cu...
Fri, 02/06/2015 - 06:20
Abstract Biodiesel is an alternative fuel made from costly vegetable oil feedstocks. Some microorganisms can accumulate lipids when nutrients are limited and carbon is in excess. Rhodococcus rhodochrous is a gram-positive bacterium most often used in bioremediation or acrylamide production. The purpose of this study was to investigate and characterize the lipid accumulation...