Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A

Thu, 05/06/2021 - 14:04
Animal bioassays have been developed to estimate oral relative bioavailability (RBA) of metals in soil, dust, or food for accurate health risk assessment. However, the comparability in RBA estimates from different labs remains largely unclear. Using 12 soil and soil-like standard reference materials (SRMs), this study investigated variability in lead (Pb) and arsenic (As) RBA estimates employing...
Thu, 11/05/2020 - 14:07
Zearalenone (ZEA), a mycotoxin, is known to impair reproductive capability by disrupting the synthesis and secretion of testosterone by Leydig cells (LCs), although the mechanism is unknown. Robust rhythmicity of circadian clock and steroidogenic genes were identified in LCs. The aim of this study was to examine whether ZEA significantly attenuated the transcription of core clock genes (Bmal1,...
Mon, 07/20/2020 - 14:04
Okadaic acid-group (OA-group) is a set of lipophilic toxins produced only in seawater by species of the Dinophysis and Prorocentrum genera, and characterized globally by being associated with harmful algal blooms (HABs). The diarrhetic shellfish poisoning toxins okadaic acid (OA) and dinophysistoxin-1 (DTX-1) are the most prevalent toxic analogues making up the OA-group, which jeopardize...
Wed, 04/15/2020 - 03:20
Previously an increased risk for monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), a precursor of multiple myeloma (MM), was reported among Vietnam veterans exposed to Agent Orange and its contaminant 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Dysregulated expression of certain microRNAs (miRNAs) was demonstrated in MGUS and MM. Given the important role of miRNAs in cellular homeostasis...
Sat, 02/22/2020 - 03:21
Bisphenol A (BPA) and phthalate diesters are ubiquitous environmental contaminants. While these compounds have been reported as reproductive toxicants, their effects may partially be attributed to metabolites. The aim of this study was to examine reproductive organ development in chicken embryos exposed to the BPA metabolite, 4-methyl-2,4-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)pent-1-ene (MBP; 100 µg/g egg) or a...
Fri, 02/21/2020 - 03:39
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an emerging pollutant of global concern. Viviparous fish Goodea atripinnis is endemic to the Central Mexican Plateau where BPA was detected; however, few studies examined the influence of this chemical on native viviparous fish. The effects of BPA (sublethal dose) were determined on DNA integrity and Foxl2 expression in G. atripinnis gonads, and interactions of BPA with FOXL2...
Fri, 01/03/2020 - 03:35
Decreasing renal glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in association with increasing blood cadmium levels was reported in epidemiological studies of general populations. Dependence of cadmium clearance on GFR has implications for interpreting causation in these studies. Associations between cadmium clearance and creatinine clearance, a metric of GFR, were evaluated in a sample of the U.S. population...
Sun, 09/22/2019 - 03:19
Methylmercury (MeHg) is a contaminant present in fish which exerts a severe impact on health predominantly exhibiting neurotoxicity that might irreversibly affect fetal neurodevelopment. Fish consumption in Portugal is the third highest in the world, particularly high in regions with fishing tradition such as the Madeira Archipelago. Therefore, this study aimed at assessing the risk of exposure...