Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture

Sat, 10/12/2019 - 03:19
Background Despite the growing importance of probiotics vivid health benefits, an impediment to the use of new probiotic cultures is their safety. Hence, there is a need to strictly examine the biosafety as well as health benefits of probiotics in vivo model system. Results In this study, two lactic acid bacterial (LAB) cultures Lactobacillus fermentum NCMR 2826 and FIX proven for their in vitro...
Sat, 10/12/2019 - 03:19
BACKGROUND Nitroxynil (NIT) is a veterinary drug against hepatic fluke disease for food‐producing cattle and sheep. NIT has a long half‐time in animals since it is highly bound to plasma protein. Therefore, NIT possibly remains in animal edible tissues or milk due to drug abuse. Herein, a specific murine monoclonal antibody (mAb) against NIT was prepared. An immunochromatographic strip assay...
Wed, 10/09/2019 - 03:19
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND Seafood processing generates significant amounts of solid and liquid waste in the environment. These represent a potential source of high‐value biomolecules for food, pharmaceutic and cosmetic applications. There are very few studies on the valorization of wastewaters compared to solid by‐products. However, cooking waters are characterized by a high organic polluting load,...
Thu, 10/03/2019 - 03:19
BACKGROUND Several diseases and insects may cause potential damage to the normal growth of cucumber. Azoxystrobin and meptyldinocap are effective against pathogens which have developed reduced sensitivity to other fungicides because of their novel mode of action. Azoxystrobin is persistent in various crops and environment. However, there is a lack of research on dissipation of these two...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:15
BACKGROUND Kimchi, a Korean food, is now produced and consumed in many other countries. In this study, the macro, trace, and toxic element content in varieties of kimchi from Korea and China was evaluated. A health‐risk assessment, involving the calculation of estimated dietary intake values, was undertaken. To discriminate among samples with different origins, linear discriminant analysis (LDA)...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:15
Background Recycled oil has emerged as a big food safety issue and poses a major threat towards the public health. To date, very limited studies have been conducted to detect the adulteration of used and recycled palm olein in refined, bleached, and deodorized palm olein (RBDPO). In this study, oil samples that underwent controlled heating and deep‐frying studies were refined using the common oil...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:14
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND T‐2 toxin (T‐2) is a potent mycotoxin and a common contaminant of aquatic animal feed, posing a serious risk to the health and aquatic animals. We investigated the effect of T‐2 on shrimp muscle proteins using proteomics and conventional biochemical methods. Shrimp were fed a diet containing T‐2 at 0 ‐ 12.2 mg kg‐1 for 20 days, and changes to the muscle protein composition,...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:14
BACKGROUND Grape is an important fruit consumed either fresh or processed, therefore, fungicide misuse of grape has become an issue of global food safety and human health. Pyraclostrobin, and cyazofamid have been applied to grape frequently. RESULTS Here a simple QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe) liquid chromatography mass spectrometry technique has been developed and...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:14
BACKGROUND Common oil‐in‐water plant‐based emulsions are allergenic and unstable to environmental stress, leading to increased consumer concerns about the food industry. To solve the problem of safety and instability, we investigated the influence of environmental stress on the stability of emulsions containing various rice protein hydrolysates, and compared the performance to whey protein, a...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:14
BACKGROUND The possible agricultural use of grape pomace could be limited by the content and mobility of metals. This is influenced by many factors. In this study, the abundance and availability of heavy metals and essential nutrients were evaluated comprehensively in different grape pomace residues from winemaking of five white and red grape varieties, before and after the distillation process....
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:14
BACKGROUND Tomato fruit is susceptible to Alternaria spp. spoilage. Correct postharvest management is necessary to prevent mold growth and mycotoxin accumulation, temperature being one of the main factors associated with these problems. The effect of different postharvest temperatures (5, 12, 25, and 35 °C) on growth, mycotoxin production, and stress‐related gene expression by two Alternaria spp...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:14
Pulsed electric field (PEF) treatment consists of exposing food to electrical fields between electrodes within a treatment chamber, which can improve the preservation of fresh‐like products such as milk. Although several studies support the use of PEF technology to process milk at low temperature, these studies reported microbial reductions of around 3 log10 cycles and also indicated a limited...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:14
BACKGROUND Pyropia yezoensis, rich in porphyran, is a medicine‐edible red alga. In the present study, the physicochemical characteristics, conformational states and antitumor activities of a novel porphyran extracted from the high‐yield algal strain Pyropia yezoensis Chonsoo2 and its two degraded derivatives by gamma irradiation were investigated. RESULTS Pyropia yezoensis porphyran is a water‐...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:14
BACKGROUND Slight acidic electrolyzed water (SAEW) has been widely used in cleaning systems of fruit and vegetables. It strongly reduces microbial contamination. However, no information is available on whether SAEW offers the potential for fresh jujube cleaning. The purposes of this study were first, to compare the effectiveness of SAEW with commercial sanitizers (i.e. NaClO or Ca(ClO)2) on ‘...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:14
BACKGROUND Portable handheld near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) instruments currently present enormous advantages in terms of size, weight, and robustness. They also provide fast, precise information that can be obtained in situ, and they represent a viable option for controlling vegetable safety and quality during the growth period. The aim of this research was to evaluate three handheld portable...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:14
BACKGROUND Ozone has been used for improving the postharvest life of fruits and vegetables. Ozonation, an alternative decontamination method, can be applied effectively to perishable commodities immediately after harvest. Kiwifruit is a subtropical climacteric fruit that is less able to acclimate and is susceptible to low temperatures. In this study, we investigated the influence of ozone and...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:14
BACKGROUND Aspergillus flavus is a major pollutant in moldy peanuts, and it has a large influence on the taste of food. The secondary metabolites of Aspergillus flavus, including aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and aflatoxin B2 (AFB2), are highly toxic and can expose humans to high risk. The total mold count (TMC) is an important index to determine the contamination degree and hygiene quality of peanut....
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:14
BACKGROUND Acidovorax citrulli is a plant pathogen causing bacterial fruit blotch in Cucurbitaceae family. Applying high concentration of disinfectants to seeds containing plant pathogen may substantially decrease the germination rate of seeds. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a hurdle technology which can inactivate plant pathogens without decreasing seed viability. This study was conducted...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:14
BACKGROUND The scarcity of irrigation water is severely affecting global crop production. In this context, biostimulants are increasingly used as alternatives means against abiotic stress conditions. In this study, phenolic compounds composition and bioactive properties of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) plants grown under water stress conditions and biostimulants application were...
Mon, 09/16/2019 - 04:15
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND Cyromazine (CYR) and its main degradation product melamine (MEL) are attracting wide attention due to their potential hazards to the environment and human bodies. In this work, double surfactants‐assisted electromembrane extraction (DS‐EME) by Tween 20 and alkylated phosphate was firstly used for purification and extraction of CYR and MEL, and the extract was directly...
Fri, 08/23/2019 - 12:08
Abstract Background excessive or improper use of organophosphorus pesticides (OPPs) may adversely affect human health through the food chain. In the present study, a simple, rapid, and effective analytical method was successfully established and used for the determination of OPPs quinalphos and its analogs in different food samples. Results under the optimized experimental conditions, five...
Thu, 08/01/2019 - 08:16
Abstract BACKGROUND Maize is one of the most important cereals worldwide used for different purposes and industries. This cereal is prone to contamination with mycotoxins, such as zearalenone (ZEN) produced mainly by Fusarium graminearum, F. culmorum and F. equiseti. Toxin production under high moist conditions (aw > 0.95) is optimized with temperature alternations between low (12‐14°C) and...
Thu, 08/01/2019 - 07:15
Abstract BACKGROUND This study was performed to evaluate the degradation of pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) from eastern groundsel (Senecio vernalis) in grass silage prepared with different inoculants. Silages were produced from ryegrass with 230 g kg−1 dry matter (DM) content and mixed with eastern groundsel (9:1; w/w fresh matter basis) containing 5.5 g kg−1 DM PA. Treatments were: CON (...
Thu, 07/11/2019 - 09:28
Abstract BACKGROUND The presence of acrylamide in food has attracted wide attention and raised concerns due to its potential toxicological and carcinogenic effects, while the phenolic compounds in buckwheat have strong antioxidant activity, which may affect the acrylamide levels. The aims of this study were to evaluate the effect of buckwheat extracts on acrylamide formation and the quality of...
Sat, 05/18/2019 - 08:18
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND The use of reclaimed dredged sediments as growing media may offer a profitable alternative to their disposal as a waste and at the same time meets the need of peat‐substitute substrates in horticulture. When sediments are reused to cultivate food crops, issues related to human health rise due to potential accumulation of contaminants in the product. This pilot study aimed at...
Sat, 05/11/2019 - 09:58
Abstract BACKGROUND Smoked fish is a major source of animal protein in developing countries. It is largely produced by hot‐smoking on traditional kilns using fuelwood. This practice is associated with high polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contamination in products, with consequences for public health. An improved kiln, called FAO‐Thiaroye Technique (FTT), has been introduced by the Food and...
Mon, 04/29/2019 - 15:00
Abstract BACKGROUND The impact of climate change has been identified as an emerging issue worldwide due to potential effects that can provoke changes in the nature and occurrence of food safety hazards. Mycotoxins are a group of naturally occurring toxic substances produced by several genera of filamentous fungi, among which, primarily aflatoxins, fumonisins, ochratoxins, trichothecenes, and...
Mon, 03/25/2019 - 14:24
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND Wheat grains are susceptible to infection by various toxigenic fungal species that produce toxic metabolites called mycotoxins. This makes wheat one of the most important daily dietary sources of mycotoxins for consumers. As germination is popularly used to improve the nutritional quality of grains, the present study was carried out to understand its effect on the toxin...
Wed, 03/20/2019 - 15:59
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND In the present work, a simple and rapid method was proposed for the preconcentration of cadmium using ultrasound‐assisted temperature‐controlled ionic liquid microextraction (TC‐IL‐LPME). The dispersion of the ionic liquid (1‐Hmim[PF6]) in the aqueous phase was performed by heating it in an ultrasonic bath, followed by cooling in an ice bath. After centrifugation, the...
Sun, 03/03/2019 - 10:14
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-.
Wed, 02/13/2019 - 12:50
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Mon, 01/21/2019 - 15:25
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Wed, 01/09/2019 - 08:24
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Sat, 11/24/2018 - 11:53
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Wed, 11/14/2018 - 12:29
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Fri, 10/19/2018 - 00:47
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Mon, 10/01/2018 - 02:38
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Thu, 09/27/2018 - 23:19
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-.
Mon, 09/10/2018 - 23:29
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-.
Tue, 07/17/2018 - 01:51
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-.

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