Microbial Risk Analysis

Sun, 11/22/2020 - 06:10
Author(s): Anne Thébault, Anne-Marie Roque-Afonso, Pauline Kooh, Vasco Cadavez, Ursula Gonzales-Barron, Nicole Pavio Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is responsible for common acute viral hepatitis worldwide. Improvement in sanitation and use of efficient vaccines have reduced HAV incidence in developed countries. However, naive adult population are most susceptible to severe outcomes, and high endemic...
Fri, 11/06/2020 - 06:13
Author(s): Laurent Guillier, Philippe Fravalo, Alexandre Leclercq, Anne Thébaut, Pauline Kooh, Vasco Cadavez, Ursula Gonzales-Barron Yersinia enterocolotica is an important causative agent of diarrheal illness. A systematic review and meta-analysis of case-control studies were performed to determine the main risk factors associated with sporadic Y. enterocolitica infections. Suitable scientific...
Mon, 08/31/2020 - 06:11
Author(s): Mary E. Schoen, Trevor K. Peckham, Jeffry H. Shirai, John C. Kissel, Dipendra Thapaliya, Tara C. Smith, J. Scott Meschke Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been found in raw retail meat products, including pork. A concern has emerged that MRSA-containing meat products might lead to nasal colonization, a risk factor for infection, in individuals that handle and...
Thu, 08/27/2020 - 06:17
Author(s): Anne Thébault, Julie David, Pauline Kooh, Vasco Cadavez, Ursula Gonzales-Barron, Nicole Pavio Norovirus is responsible for 20% of acute gastroenteritis worldwide. The fecal-oral route of transmission is known, but we proposed a first attempt to identify the relative importance of different sources and vehicles for sporadic cases using meta-analysis models. Case-control and cohort/cross...
Sun, 04/19/2020 - 03:30
Author(s): Eduardo de Freitas Costa, Marisa Ribeiro de Itapema Cardoso, Jalusa Deon Kich, Luis Gustavo Corbellini The application of biosecurity measures in pig farms has prompted a shift in epidemiological reality, altering the risk profile attributed to the consumption of pork. The inspection of pig carcasses in Brazil is based on incisions and palpations to seek lesions mainly related to...
Sun, 11/24/2019 - 03:39
Author(s): Mark H. WeirAbstractDriven by the quantitative estimate of risk via the dose-response models, quantitative microbial risk assessment has been used successfully for public health interventions. The dose-response models are derived starting from an average exposed dose of infectious particles, this dictates the dose data units required. Then dose-response data from animal model...
Wed, 11/13/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Huifang Deng, Arno Swart, Yongning Wu, Xiaowei Li, Jianhua Li, Mingyuan Liu, Marieke Opsteegh, Joke W.B. van der GiessenAbstractToxoplasma gondii, a protozoan zoonotic parasite, has a worldwide distribution. It can cause severe pathological damage to the fetus in primary infected pregnant women and life-threatening encephalitis in immunocompromised patients. One of the main...
Tue, 10/15/2019 - 03:33
Author(s): Erfaneh Amoueyan, Sajjad Ahmad, Joseph N.S. Eisenberg, Daniel GerrityAbstractThis study describes the results of a dynamic quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) for norovirus (NoV) that was used to evaluate the relative significance of foodborne, person-to-person, and person-to-sewage-to-person transmission pathways. This last pathway was incorporated into simulated potable...
Sun, 09/22/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Matteo Crotta, Elena Luisi, Nikolaos Dadios, Javier GuitianAbstractThe evisceration stage is one of the most critical steps in the slaughtering process of pigs when considering the risk of carcass contamination. Unfortunately, it is also characterized by a number of fundamental quantitative data gaps preventing modellers from reproducing events in probabilistic terms. Recognising the...
Sun, 09/22/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Erfaneh Amoueyan, Sajjad Ahmad, Joseph N.S. Eisenberg, Daniel GerrityAbstractDue to rapid growth in the potable reuse industry, there is a need to better characterize the associated pathogen risks and degree of attenuation achieved by various treatment trains. It is also important to understand how emerging treatment frameworks compare to the historical practice of de facto reuse. As...
Sun, 09/22/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Eric D. Ebel, Michael S. Williams, Lindsay A. Ward-Gokhale, Hannah M. KisselburghAbstractFoodborne disease outbreaks are rare events that can be extremely costly in terms of public health as well as monetary losses for industry and government. These events can overwhelm the local public healthcare network and exceed the capacity of epidemiologists and local public health officials to...
Wed, 07/31/2019 - 01:04
Publication date: Available online 29 July 2019Source: Microbial Risk AnalysisAuthor(s): Friedrich von Westerholt, Francis ButlerAbstractMicrobial food safety sampling in the food industry is generally based on single sampling schemes, with the results dictating the acceptance/rejection of the entire food lot. Resampling plans are generally only used to discern quality of ingredients or food...
Wed, 07/24/2019 - 01:07
Publication date: Available online 23 July 2019Source: Microbial Risk AnalysisAuthor(s): Ursula Gonzales-Barron, Anne Thébault, Pauline Kooh, Laurence Watier, Moez Sanaa, Vasco CadavezAbstractIn order to design effective public health strategies, and, in particular, effective food safety interventions to reduce the burden of foodborne disease, the most important sources of enteric illnesses...
Fri, 06/07/2019 - 01:14
Publication date: Available online 5 June 2019Source: Microbial Risk AnalysisAuthor(s): Elisabetta Lambertini, Juliana Ruzante, Robert Chew, Vanessa L. Apodaca, Barbara B. KowalcykAbstractNon-typhoidal Salmonella is a significant foodborne pathogen causing over a million illnesses each year in the United States. Poultry is one of the food commodities most frequently associated with Salmonella...
Tue, 06/04/2019 - 01:12
Publication date: Available online 3 June 2019Source: Microbial Risk AnalysisAuthor(s): Ali Al-SakkafAbstractNew Zealand has the highest rate of reported campylobacteriosis in the developed world. Due to the large economic and health consequences of campylobacteriosis, prediction models for disease are required to be designed to predict accurately the number of campylobacteriosis cases. The...
Fri, 05/24/2019 - 01:13
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: Microbial Risk AnalysisAuthor(s): Eric D. Ebel, Michael S. WilliamsAbstractRevised Salmonella performance standards for ground chicken and turkey were chosen based on a risk assessment model that predicted a 25 percent reduction in occurrence of human exposures to Salmonella-contaminated comminuted products following implementation of the...
Wed, 02/06/2019 - 01:08
Publication date: Available online 5 February 2019Source: Microbial Risk AnalysisAuthor(s): Chia Wanq Tan, Tan Turk Hsern Malcolm, Jayasekara Mudiyanselage Krishanthi Jayarukshi Kumari Premarathne, Chia Yeung New, Chee Hao Kuan, Tze Young Thung, Wei San Chang, Yuet Ying Loo, Yaya Rukayadi, Yoshitsugu Nakaguchi, Mitsuaki Nishibuchi, Son RaduAbstractA preliminary quantitative microbial risk...
Sun, 01/20/2019 - 01:11
Publication date: Available online 17 January 2019Source: Microbial Risk AnalysisAuthor(s): Andreas Kiermeier, David Hamilton, Andrew PointonAbstractHumans are the primary host of the tapeworm Taenia saginata, and the tapeworm eggs are passed in human faeces. Viable eggs can be ingested by cattle and form cysts (Taenia saginata cysticercus, more commonly known as Cysticercus bovis) in their...
Sun, 12/23/2018 - 01:10
Publication date: Available online 21 December 2018Source: Microbial Risk AnalysisAuthor(s): Michael S. Williams, Eric D. Ebel, Neal J. GoldenAbstractThe Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) implemented a 2-class attributes sampling plan for Campylobacter (i.e., a performance standard) for comminuted chicken based on a 1mL direct plating assay. The performance standard specified only one...
Sat, 09/22/2018 - 01:11
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2018Source: Microbial Risk AnalysisAuthor(s): Miguel de Alba Aparicio, Tasja Buschhardt, Ahmad Swaid, Lars Valentin, Octavio Mesa-Varona, Taras Günther, Carolina Plaza-Rodriguez, Matthias FilterAbstractIn the last decades a large number of models have been developed in the quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) and predictive microbiology (PM...
Sat, 08/18/2018 - 01:12
Publication date: Available online 17 August 2018Source: Microbial Risk AnalysisAuthor(s): N Caffrey, J Invik, C L Waldner, D Ramsay, S L CheckleyAbstractRisk assessments are utilized to understand the risks associated with bacterial foodborne pathogens with increased antimicrobial resistance (AMR). This review aimed at identifying and describing the literature on risk assessments for the study...
Wed, 08/01/2018 - 01:12
Publication date: Available online 1 August 2018Source: Microbial Risk AnalysisAuthor(s): Marta Hernández, David Rodríguez-Lázaro, Antonio Valero, Vasco Cadavez, Ursula Gonzales-BarronAbstractContamination of raw poultry meat with foodborne pathogens could occur because of improper handling at primary production and slaughterhouse levels. Low microbial prevalence data often consists of a high...
Fri, 07/20/2018 - 01:13
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2018Source: Microbial Risk AnalysisAuthor(s): Mohammed Ziane, Ivan Leguerinel, Jeanne-Marie MembréAbstractCouscous is widely consumed in Algeria, but it has been associated with several outbreaks. Couscous semolina may contain heat-resistant spores of Bacillus cereus group IV. These bacteria are mesophilic and potential producers of diarrheal toxin. The...
Tue, 07/03/2018 - 02:21
Publication date: Available online 2 July 2018 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis Author(s): Lena Fritsch, Laurent Guillier, Jean-Christophe Augustin Recent developments in genome sequencing open new opportunities for explaining the intraspecific variability of phenotypes (e.g. virulence, growth behavior). Successful association between WGS-data and specific phenotypes is thought to...
Fri, 06/22/2018 - 00:13
Publication date: Available online 21 June 2018 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis Author(s): Robyn C. Miranda, Donald W. Schaffner Foodborne illness outbreaks have been increasingly linked to the consumption of fresh and frozen berries that were contaminated with pathogenic viruses, such as human norovirus (NoV). Contamination of berries is assumed to take place at harvest by the use of...
Thu, 06/14/2018 - 21:21
Publication date: Available online 14 June 2018 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis Author(s): Leticia Ungaretti Haberbeck, Carolina Plaza Rodríguez, Virginie Desvignes, Paw Dalgaard, Moez Sanaa, Laurent Guillier, Maarten Nauta, Matthias Filter In the last decades the microbial food safety community has developed a variety of valuable knowledge (e.g., mathematical models and data)...
Tue, 05/15/2018 - 11:59
Publication date: Available online 19 April 2018 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis Author(s): Winy Messens, Michaela Hempen, Kostas Koutsoumanis The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) provides independent scientific advice to the EU risk managers in relation to legislation and policies in all fields which have a direct or indirect impact on food and feed safety. The EFSA Scientific...
Tue, 05/15/2018 - 11:59
Publication date: Available online 9 May 2018 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis Author(s): E Tirloni, S Stella, L.V. de Knegt, G Gandolfi, C Bernardi, M.J. Nauta A Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment (QMRA) was performed to estimate the expected number of listeriosis cases due to the consumption, on the last day of shelf life, of 20 000 servings of multi-ingredient sandwiches...
Sat, 04/14/2018 - 04:04
Publication date: Available online 13 April 2018 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis Author(s): Kerry A. Hamilton, Arlene Chen, Emmanuel de-Graft Johnson, Anna Gitter, Sonya Kozak, Celma Niquice, Amity G. Zimmer-Faust, Mark H. Weir, Jade Mitchell, Patrick Gurian The use of aquaculture is increasing to meet the growing global demand for seafood. However, the use of aquaculture...
Sat, 02/17/2018 - 11:28
Publication date: Available online 9 February 2018 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis Author(s): Matteo Crotta, Antonio Lavazza, Ana Mateus, Javier Guitian Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a zoonotic pathogen with consumption of pork and derived products identified in different countries as a risk factor for human exposure to HEV. Great efforts have been made to understand the dynamics of virus...
Fri, 02/16/2018 - 10:01
Publication date: Available online 7 February 2018 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis Author(s): Manon Racicot, Romina Zanabria, Marie-Ève Paradis, Marie-Lou Gaucher, Julie Arsenault, Alexandre Leroux, Ann Letellier, Ashwani Tiwari, Mansel Griffiths, Sylvain Charlebois, Richard Holley, Tom Gill, Sylvain Quessy The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA), as part of the...
Sat, 02/10/2018 - 08:28
Publication date: Available online 9 February 2018 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis Author(s): James Noah Ssemanda, Martine W. Reij, Mark Cyubahiro Bagabe, Claude Mambo Muvunyi, José Nyamusore, Han Joosten, Marcel H. Zwietering Food related illnesses contribute significantly to the global burden of disease and the estimates of these illnesses are important to develop evidence...
Wed, 02/07/2018 - 07:45
Publication date: Available online 1 February 2018 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis Author(s): Mary E. Schoen, Michael A. Jahne, Jay Garland We assessed the annual probability of infection resulting from non-potable exposures to distributed greywater and domestic wastewater treated by an aerobic membrane bioreactor (MBR) followed by chlorination. A probabilistic quantitative microbial...
Sat, 12/16/2017 - 04:43
Publication date: Available online 15 December 2017 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis Author(s): Nicole Van Abel, Maureen B Taylor Access to microbiologically safe water is not a reality for many people throughout Sub-Saharan Africa where there is widespread occurrence of viruses in water sources. Exposure to this water can lead to adverse health risks including diarrhoeal disease. To a...
Wed, 11/01/2017 - 01:18
Publication date: Available online 31 October 2017 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis Author(s): Eric D. Ebel, Michael S. Williams, Wayne D. Schlosser Many countries operate public health surveillance systems to monitor foodborne disease occurrence. The illness counts for pathogens of interest are monitored across time to assess if changes have occurred in case rates or the overall illness...
Mon, 09/18/2017 - 17:04
Publication date: Available online 17 September 2017 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis Author(s): Maria Inês Neves, Sylvester N. Mungai, Maarten J. Nauta In quantitative microbiological risk assessment (QMRA), the consumer phase covers the part of the food chain following production and retail, where the consumer transports, stores, prepares and consumes the food products considered. These...
Thu, 03/02/2017 - 21:53
Publication date: Available online 2 March 2017 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis Author(s): Mary E. Schoen, Nicholas J. Ashbolt, Michael A. Jahne, Jay Garland This paper presents risk-based enteric pathogen log reduction targets for non-potable and potable uses of a variety of alternative source waters (i.e., locally-collected greywater, roof runoff, and stormwater). A probabilistic...
Tue, 02/28/2017 - 21:08
Publication date: Available online 27 February 2017 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis Author(s): Luís Gustavo Corbellini, Eduardo de Freitas Costa, Marisa Cardoso, Maarten Nauta Dry fermented sausage (salami) is a very popular ready-to-eat product in Southern Brazil, of which the raw materials can be contaminated with pathogens such as Salmonella. This product can put consumers at risk...
Tue, 01/17/2017 - 20:54
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2017 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis Author(s): Michael S. Williams, Eric D. Ebel, Neal J. Golden Improvements in food hygienic production practices and intervention technologies have reduced the prevalence of pathogen-contaminated carcasses during slaughter. While this unequivocally reduces the risk of foodborne illness, the selection of...
Fri, 01/06/2017 - 13:32
Publication date: January 2016 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis, Volume 1 Author(s): S. Cunha, N. Komora, R. Magalhães, G. Almeida, V. Ferreira, P. Teixeira Thirty-three Listeria monocytogenes isolates previously collected from two sources, food (n = 18) and human patients suffering from listeriosis (n = 15), with variable antibiotic susceptibility profiles (sensitive/resistant) to...
Fri, 01/06/2017 - 13:32
Publication date: June 2016 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis, Volumes 2–3 Author(s): Tomasz Seliwiorstow, Mieke Uyttendaele, Lieven De Zutter, Maarten Nauta A potential solution for the reduction of consumer exposure to Campylobacter is establishing a microbiological criterion (MC) for Campylobacter on broiler meat. In the present study the freely available software tool TRiMiCri was...
Fri, 01/06/2017 - 13:32
Publication date: June 2016 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis, Volumes 2–3 Author(s): Maarten J. Nauta, Gro Johannessen, Laura Laureano Adame, Nicola Williams, Hanne Rosenquist One option for Campylobacter control in broiler chickens is to reduce the concentration in the intestinal content of the birds prior to slaughter, for example by vaccination or phage therapy. It is however...
Fri, 01/06/2017 - 13:32
Publication date: June 2016 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis, Volumes 2–3 Author(s): Louise Boysen, Maarten Nauta, Hanne Rosenquist This study presents levels of Campylobacter spp. and Escherichia coli on broiler carcasses across the slaughter line in three fully automated Danish slaughterhouses with the aim to investigate differences in slaughter hygiene between the lines, correlation...
Fri, 01/06/2017 - 13:32
Publication date: June 2016 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis, Volumes 2–3 Author(s): C.P.A. van Wagenberg, P.L.M. van Horne Campylobacter spp. is one of the leading causes of acute diarrheal disease in humans worldwide and human Campylobacter spp. infections can result in severe sequelae. Because broilers are an important reservoir for human Campylobacter spp. infections, it is relevant to...
Fri, 01/06/2017 - 13:32
Publication date: June 2016 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis, Volumes 2–3 Author(s): C.P.A. van Wagenberg, P.L.M. van Horne, H.M. Sommer, M.J. Nauta Broilers are an important reservoir for human Campylobacter infections, one of the leading causes of acute diarrheal disease in humans worldwide. Therefore, it is relevant to control Campylobacter on broiler farms. This study estimated the...
Fri, 01/06/2017 - 13:32
Publication date: June 2016 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis, Volumes 2–3 Author(s): Brennan Chapman, Ainsley Otten, Aamir Fazil, Natalie Ernst, Ben A. Smith Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment (QMRA) is an important tool for the characterization of complex exposure pathways that contribute to adverse human and animal health outcomes. Campylobacter spp. contamination in the broiler...
Fri, 01/06/2017 - 13:32
Publication date: June 2016 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis, Volumes 2–3 Author(s): M.-J.J. Mangen, A.H. Havelaar, J.A. Haagsma, M.E.E. Kretzschmar Background Foodborne pathogens cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Economic evaluations of interventions for Campylobacter are scarce. The aim of this study was to estimate the burden of disease associated with thermophilic...
Fri, 01/06/2017 - 13:32
Publication date: Available online 18 November 2016 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis Author(s): W. Ahmed, K.A. Hamilton, A. Vieritz, D. Powell, A. Goonetilleke, M.T. Hamilton, T. Gardner The inactivation rates of Escherichia coli (E. coli) and MS2 phage were determined in fresh undiluted, diluted and six months aged stored urine samples at three temperatures ranging from 15 to 35...
Fri, 01/06/2017 - 13:32
Publication date: June 2016 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis, Volumes 2–3 Author(s): H.M. Sommer, M.J. Nauta, H. Rosenquist Before deciding upon interventions to control Campylobacter in broiler flocks, it would be useful to estimate the potential effects of different interventions. Certain previously identified risk factors for colonization of broiler flocks with Campylobacter may seem...
Fri, 01/06/2017 - 13:32
Publication date: December 2016 Source:Microbial Risk Analysis, Volume 4 Author(s): Tan Turk Hsern Malcolm, Yoke Kqueen Cheah, Che Wan Jasimah Wan Mohamed Radzi, Haresh Kumar Kantilal, Jaime Martinez-Urtaza, Mitsuaki Nishibuchi, Radu Son A preliminary risk assessment model of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in bloody clams in Malaysia was developed. The study framework was established...

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