Microbiology Resource Announcements

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Fri, 02/14/2020 - 03:24
Four wild-type Campylobacter jejuni strains isolated from the cecal contents of broiler chickens were sequenced. The average genome size was 1,622,170 bp, with 1,667 to 1,761 coding sequences and 47 to 51 RNAs. Multiple genes encoding motility, intestinal colonization, toxin production, stress tolerance, and multidrug resistance were present in all the strains.
Fri, 02/07/2020 - 03:46
Here, we present the annotated genome of Shemara, a siphophage of Salmonella enterica. The Shemara genome is 44 kb with 83 predicted protein-coding genes. At the nucleotide and amino acid levels, Shemara is most similar to phages in the Guernseyvirinae subfamily.
Fri, 01/31/2020 - 03:24
Sixty-six Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium isolates carrying incompatibility group FIB (IncFIB) plasmids were sequenced to further characterize the IncFIB plasmid-encoded factors associated with virulence and antimicrobial resistance genes. In addition to the IncFIB plasmid, many of these isolates harbored additional plasmids encoding virulence and antimicrobial resistance genes.
Fri, 01/31/2020 - 03:24
A human norovirus (HuNoV) strain was obtained from a patient with acute gastroenteritis, and its complete coding sequence was determined. The coding-complete viral genome, with three open reading frames, was 7,565 bp long, with a GC content of 49.9%. The genotype of the HuNoV strain obtained in this study was identified as GII.p12_GII.3.
Fri, 01/24/2020 - 03:23
The complete genome sequence of Campylobacter jejuni YH003, isolated from retail chicken, was determined using PacBio and Illumina technologies. The assembled genome is 1,743,985 bp (G+C content of 30.3%). Genome annotation revealed several genes encoding virulence and antibiotic resistance factors, including a type VI secretion system, cytolethal distending toxins, and a multidrug efflux system.
Fri, 01/24/2020 - 03:23
Clostridium perfringens causes severe gastrointestinal diseases, which include necrotic enteritis (NE) in chickens, a deadly disease worldwide. We report here the draft genome sequence of Clostridium perfringens strain TAMU, which was used in developing an NE chicken challenge model. This C. perfringens TAMU genome sequence will aid in advancing potential intervention strategies to reduce NE...
Fri, 01/17/2020 - 03:22
We report the nearly complete genome of a norovirus GII.4 Hong Kong[P31] variant (GII strain Hu/HK/2019/GII.4 Hong Kong[P31]/CUHK-NS-2200) that was detected in a patient with gastroenteritis in August 2019. The genome was sequenced by metagenomic next-generation sequencing and was found to have 92.8% nucleotide similarity to the closest GII.4 norovirus sequence in GenBank.
Fri, 01/17/2020 - 03:22
We report here the closed genomes of Salmonella enterica strains from the 2017–2018 multistrain, multistate kratom outbreak using single-molecule real-time DNA sequencing. Four of the genomes consist of one circular chromosome, and the fifth has a circular chromosome and a single plasmid.
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:23
Hybrid assembly of Illumina and Oxford Nanopore sequencing was used here to produce the complete circular genome and plasmid sequences of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Enteritidis PT1 (phage type 1). The organism was obtained from the Salmonella Reference Laboratory at Public Health England, Colindale, UK.
Fri, 01/03/2020 - 03:44
Here, we report the genome sequence of the megaplasmid-bearing Staphylococcus sciuri strain B9-58B, isolated from retail pork. This strain contains a 2,761,440-bp chromosome and a 162,858-bp megaplasmid. The genome contains putative genes involved in virulence, the stress response, and antimicrobial agent and heavy metal resistance.
Fri, 01/03/2020 - 03:44
Campylobacter jejuni is the main cause of bacterial foodborne disease in humans, who are exposed mostly by consumption of contaminated poultry products. C. jejuni strain NADC 20827 was isolated from the feces of turkeys naturally colonized with Campylobacter spp. We present the complete annotated genome and plasmid sequences of strain NADC 20827.
Fri, 01/03/2020 - 03:44
Campylobacter jejuni is a major foodborne pathogen that plays an important role in spreading drug resistance. We report the draft genome sequences of two multidrug-resistant C. jejuni isolates which contained similar mutations in the CmeR box. This will improve the understanding of C. jejuni antimicrobial resistance and genetic characteristics.
Fri, 01/03/2020 - 03:44
Noroviruses are the leading cause of human gastroenteritis worldwide. Here, we sequenced the open reading frame 1 (ORF1)-ORF2 junction region of norovirus strains isolated from 20 human stool samples. Samples were collected between 2014 and 2017 in Pernambuco State, Brazil. Phylogenetic analyses identified four norovirus GII genotypes circulating in this area of the country.
Fri, 01/03/2020 - 03:44
Campylobacter jejuni is a foodborne pathogen and an important contributor to gastroenteritis in humans. C. jejuni readily forms biofilms which may play a role in the transmission of the pathogen from animals to humans. Herein, we present RNA sequencing data investigating differential gene expression in biofilm and planktonic C. jejuni. These data provide insight into pathways which may be...
Fri, 12/06/2019 - 03:25
Here, we report a draft genome sequence of Aeromonas veronii strain CTe-01 (4.5 Mb), a hemolytic, heavy metal-resistant bacterium isolated from a wastewater treatment plant located at Cachiche, Ica, Peru. These characteristics could be used for bioremediation of contaminated environments.
Fri, 12/06/2019 - 03:25
Salmonella enterica is a major global foodborne pathogen that causes gastroenteritis and, in some cases, death. Salmonella serovar Anatum has been increasingly associated with foodborne salmonellosis outbreaks. In this report, we announce two complete genome sequences of Salmonella Anatum isolated from papaya fruit.
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:25
Pathogenic Leptospira species represent a major concern for livestock but also for human health, as they cause zoonotic infections. Forty strains representing L. interrogans, L. borgpetersenii, and L. noguchii were isolated from naturally infected cattle in Uruguay. Here, we report the whole-genome sequences for these strains.
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:25
The emergence of multidrug-resistant bacterial strains in diverse settings has been reported globally. In the Philippine shrimp aquaculture industry, antibiotics are used for the treatment of bacterial diseases during the production cycle. We report the draft genome of Vibrio parahaemolyticus PH698, a multidrug-resistant strain isolated from a Philippine shrimp farm.
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:25
Here, we present data on the complete genome sequences of 11 Staphylococcus sp. isolates (three S. chromogenes isolates and one isolate each of S. saprophyticus, S. xylosus, S. hominis, S. agnetis, S. caprae, S. aureus, and S. warneri), obtained as part of a mastitis study of buffalo milk (from healthy animals and from those with subclinical mastitis) and milkers’ hands.
Fri, 11/15/2019 - 03:24
Klebsiella pneumoniae is an opportunistic pathogen associated with hospital-acquired infections. This report describes the complete genome of the K. pneumoniae myophage Mulock, which appears to be a temperate myophage distantly related to other Klebsiella myophages in morphogenesis genes and is partially syntenic with the canonical Escherichia phage lambda in genes encoding lambda-like functions.
Fri, 11/15/2019 - 03:24
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a common food pathogen which has a serious effect on human health. We report here the complete genome sequence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 strain Al Ain, isolated from camel feces in the United Arab Emirates.
Fri, 11/15/2019 - 03:24
Bacteriophages isolated from environmental sources can be used as a biocontrol against the foodborne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes. Here, we present the complete genomes of LP-039 and LP-066, two Pecentumvirus bacteriophages that infect L. monocytogenes. The genome sizes of LP-039 and LP-066 are 136.2 kb and 139.0 kb, respectively.
Fri, 11/15/2019 - 03:24
We report the complete genome sequence of cadmium-resistant Cellulomonas sp. strain Y8, isolated from farmland soil. The 4.5-Mbp genome contains 4,074 genes, with an approximate GC content of 75%. This work might help in understanding how strain Y8 survives under heavy metal stress.
Fri, 11/15/2019 - 03:24
Cronobacter sakazakii is an emerging pathogen that causes meningitis, bacteremia, sepsis, and necrotizing enterocolitis in premature infants. Strain Cr268 was isolated from imported powdered infant formula in 2009 during routine microbial examination according to ISO-22964 ("Microbiology of the food chain—horizontal method for the detection of Cronobacter spp."). Isolate Cr268 was confirmed...
Fri, 11/15/2019 - 03:24
We report the first draft genome sequence of an acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND)-causing Vibrio parahaemolyticus strain isolated from a Penaeus vannamei sample from the Philippines. The strain carries the genes encoding the Pir-like toxin pair PirAvp and PirBvp.
Fri, 11/01/2019 - 03:25
Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Corvallis is commonly reported in avian populations and avian by-products. We report the draft genome sequence of a multidrug-resistant S. Corvallis strain (NPHL 15376). To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of this serovar isolated from human blood in the United States.
Fri, 11/01/2019 - 03:25
Genome analysis of Bacillus safensis RP10, a strain from the soil of Atacama Desert in northern Chile, reflects a bacterium adapted to live in soil containing high levels of heavy metals, high salt conditions, and low carbon and energy sources.
Fri, 11/01/2019 - 03:25
Arcobacter canalis was originally recovered from shellfish and from a sewage-contaminated canal. Arcobacter canalis is closely related to the marine bacterium Arcobacter marinus. This study describes the complete whole-genome sequence of the A. canalis type strain LMG 29148 (=F138-33T; =CECT 8984T), which was recovered from oysters.
Fri, 10/25/2019 - 03:33
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is a foodborne pathogen that causes gastroenteritis. Due to increases in antibiotic resistance, bacteriophage therapy may be an alternative method for preventing Salmonella foodborne infections. We report here the complete genome sequence of a T5-like phage, Seabear, which was isolated against S. Typhimurium.
Fri, 10/25/2019 - 03:33
Bacteriophages infecting Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Enteritidis may be used as biocontrol agents in food products or animals for preventing foodborne diseases caused by this pathogen. The complete genome sequence of phage Seafire, a T5-like siphophage infecting S. Enteritidis, is described in this report.
Fri, 10/25/2019 - 03:33
Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) strains are responsible for most cases of urinary tract infections worldwide. We present the draft whole-genome sequence of the UPEC 252 strain, which carries the eae gene that encodes the intimin adhesin. Intimin promotes intimate adherence of enteropathogenic E. coli and enterohemorrhagic E. coli to intestinal cells.
Fri, 10/25/2019 - 03:33
This report shows the whole-genome sequence of the multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Infantis strain FARPER-219. Antibiotic resistance genes are found mainly in the plasmid. Our findings show important genetic information that provides an understanding of the recent spread of this serotype in poultry.
Fri, 10/18/2019 - 03:29
Escherichia coli serotype O157:H7 strain ATCC 43888 is a Shiga toxin-deficient human fecal isolate. Due to its reduced toxicity and its availability from a curated culture collection, the strain has been used extensively in applied research studies. Here, we report the Illumina-corrected PacBio whole-genome sequence of E. coli O157:H7 strain ATCC 43888.
Fri, 10/18/2019 - 03:29
Monophasic Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium is one of the most common zoonotic pathogens. Salmonella species reside in a wide variety of hosts, including wild animals. Thus, we report here the genome sequences of 12 monophasic S. Typhimurium strains isolated from healthy wild vultures to gain better insight into their epidemiology and host-pathogen interactions.
Fri, 10/11/2019 - 03:28
Bacteriophages that infect the foodborne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes were previously isolated from New York dairy farms. The complete genome sequences for three of these Listeria phages, with genome sizes of 64.6 to 65.7 kb, are presented here. Listeria phages LP-010, LP-013, and LP-031-2 are siphoviruses that belong to the genus Homburgvirus.
Fri, 10/11/2019 - 03:28
Bacteroides pyogenes is found in the human and animal gut and is implicated in the pathogenesis of metritis in cows. We report the draft genome sequences of four Bacteroides pyogenes isolates obtained from the uterus of metritic cows. This will increase the understanding of its pathogenicity, antimicrobial resistance, and differentiation across hosts.
Fri, 10/11/2019 - 03:28
We report high-quality closed reference genomes for 1 bovine strain and 10 human Shiga toxin (Stx)-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains from serogroups O26, O45, O91, O103, O104, O111, O113, O121, O145, and O157. We also report draft assemblies, with standardized metadata, for 360 STEC strains isolated from watersheds, animals, farms, food, and human infections.
Fri, 10/04/2019 - 03:29
We present the complete genome sequence of an enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O111:H8 strain. This strain was isolated from a hemolytic-uremic syndrome patient and was responsible for a large outbreak associated with the consumption of raw beef in 2011.
Fri, 10/04/2019 - 03:29
We present the complete genome sequence of fluoranthene-consuming Cycloclasticus sp. strain PY97N. This strain has one circular chromosome with a G+C content of 42.06%. Moreover, two genomic islands were identified as putative conjugative elements. These genomic details are expected to inform our understanding of the remarkable catabolic capacities of organisms of the Cycloclasticus lineage.
Fri, 10/04/2019 - 03:29
The genome of a multidrug-resistant (MDR) Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar I 4,[5],12:i:– isolate from the 2015 U.S. pork outbreak was sequenced. The complete nucleotide sequence of USDA15WA-1 is 5,031,277 bp, including Salmonella genomic island 4 encoding tolerance to multiple metals and an MDR module inserted in the fljB region.
Mon, 09/30/2019 - 16:53
Salmonella enterica is a Gram-negative human pathogen widely known to cause food poisoning. Here, the genome of S. enterica phage Shelanagig is described. Its 42,541-bp genome codes for 68 proteins, for which 33 were assigned a predicted function. Shelanagig shares high similarity at the protein level with other Salmonella phages.
Mon, 09/30/2019 - 16:53
Acinetobacter species are important in the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), which threatens human and animal health worldwide. Here, we present the draft genome sequences of three Acinetobacter species strains (RF14B, RF15A, and RF15B) isolated from pig feces and the floor of a pig hospital pen in Ireland.