Pathogens and Disease

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Sat, 08/01/2020 - 12:00
ABSTRACT The majority of chronic wounds are associated with bacterial biofilms recalcitrant to antibiotics and host responses. Immunomodulatory S100A8/A9 is suppressed in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm infected wounds. We aimed at investigating a possible additive effect between S100A8/A9 and ciprofloxacin against biofilms. Materials/methods: Thirty-two mice were injected with alginate-embedded...
Tue, 07/21/2020 - 12:00
ABSTRACT Following an episode of cholera, a rapidly dehydrating, watery diarrhea caused by the Gram-negative bacterium, Vibrio cholerae O1, humans mount a robust anti-lipopolysaccharide (LPS) antibody response that is associated with immunity to subsequent re-infection. In neonatal mouse and rabbit models of cholera, passively administered anti-LPS polyclonal and monoclonal (MAb) antibodies...
Thu, 05/21/2020 - 03:24
ABSTRACT The prophage BTP1 is highly conserved among strains of the pathogenic lineage Salmonella Typhimurium ST313. We aimed to analyze the role of BTP1 and the gene bstA(BTP1-encoded) in virulence of S. Typhimurium D23580, the ST313 lineage 2 reference strain. The deletion mutant D23580ΔbstA showed significantly higher replication and survival rates within human-derived THP-1 macrophages than...
Sun, 03/08/2020 - 04:15
ABSTRACT Current study aims to characterize the influence of sub-minimum inhibitory concentration (sub-MIC) of ciprofloxacin on Salmonella intracellular survival and host virulence. Herein, Salmonella resistance patterns to various antibiotics were in agreement with those reported in previous studies. Moreover, intracellular survival of both ciprofloxacin-sensitive and -resistant Salmonella was...
Thu, 01/30/2020 - 03:15
ABSTRACT The current vaccines against brucellosis, namely Brucella abortus strains 19 and RB51, prevent infection in animals but pose potential risks like virulence and attenuation reversal. In this milieu, although subunit vaccination using a single potent immunogen of B. abortus, e.g. BP26 or Omp25 or L7/L12 etc., appears as a safer alternative, nonetheless it confers inadequate protection...
Thu, 01/09/2020 - 03:25
ABSTRACT The zoonotic disease Q fever caused by the intracellular bacterium Coxiella burnetii remains a global health threat due to its high infectivity, environmental stability, the debilitating nature and the long duration of treatment. Designing new and potent drugs that target previously unexplored pathways is essential to shorten treatment time and minimise antibiotic resistance....
Fri, 10/04/2019 - 03:17
ABSTRACT Non-pigmented rapidly growing mycobacteria (NPRGM) are widely distributed in water, soil and animals. It has been observed an increasing importance of NPRGM related-infections, particularly due to the high antimicrobial resistance. NPRGM have rough and smooth colony phenotypes, and several studies have showed that rough colony variants are more virulent than smooth ones. However, other...
Tue, 09/24/2019 - 03:17
ABSTRACT Objectives Guidelines recommend antibiotic treatment for every episode of asymptomatic bacteriuria throughout pregnancy in order to reduce maternal and fetal complications. We evaluated intra- and post-partum, as well as puerperal maternal and neonatal outcomes of an untreated group of pregnant women with asymptomatic bacteriuria at term. Methods This was a single center prospective...