Poultry Science

Thu, 06/17/2021 - 06:11
Author(s): Zezheng Liu, Qian Ye, Anchun. Cheng, Xuming. Ou, Sai Mao, Di Sun, Shaqiu. Zhang, Xinxin. Zhao, Qiao Yang, Ying Wu, Juan Huang, Qun Gao, Bin Tian, Mingshu Wang Duck hepatitis A virus 1 (DHAV-1) can cause high morbidity and fatal acute infectious hepatitis in ducklings, which seriously endangers animal husbandry. Viroporin is a small molecular weight hydrophobic transmembrane protein...
Fri, 06/11/2021 - 06:05
Author(s): Soo-Jeong Kye, Min-Ji Park, Na-Young Kim, Yu-Na Lee, Gyeong-Beom Heo, Yoon-Ki Baek, Jae-In Shin, Myoung-Heon Lee, Youn-Jeong Lee Since its first appearance in 1996, H9N2 avian influenza virus (AIV) of the Y439 lineage persisted in Korean live bird markets (LBM) until the last documented occurrence in 2018. However, in June 2020, the avian influenza surveillance program detected a novel...
Thu, 05/20/2021 - 06:11
Author(s): T.R. Kannaki, E. Priyanka, Santosh Haunshi Indigenous chicken breeds are considered to be more disease tolerant than exotic chicken breeds especially for the bacterial diseases. Nicobari and Vanaraja chicken were evaluated for the survivability/mortality patterns and host immune response after experimental infection with P. multocida A1 isolate. The birds were inoculated with 1.9 × 105...
Sun, 05/16/2021 - 06:04
Author(s): Shujie Wang, Qiao Li, Yanan Gao, Zhenlei Zhou, Zhen Li Elevating levels of environmental lead (Pb) results in serious hazards to health of animals and human beings. In this study, daily diet with three different levels of Pb (1, 10, and 100 mg/kg) were fed to ISA Brown layers. It showed that the kidney and liver have the relatively high Pb concentration (2.34 and 0.51 ppm) after...
Thu, 05/06/2021 - 06:08
Author(s): Hansen W. Murcia, Gonzalo J. Diaz Comparative studies designed to investigate the role of glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity on the enzyme catalyzed trapping of aflatoxin B1-8,9-epoxide (AFBO) with glutathione, and the relationship with aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) resistance have not been conducted in poultry. Hepatic cytosolic fractions of chickens, quail, turkeys and ducks were used to...
Thu, 05/06/2021 - 06:08
Author(s): Amrit Pal, Matthew A. Bailey, Aidan A. Talorico, James T. Krehling, Ken S. Macklin, Stuart B. Price, Richard Jeff Buhr, Dianna V. Bourassa Dust present in poultry houses can contain high concentrations of microorganisms and has the potential to include pathogens from the litter. The objective of this study was to examine in vitro the potential for litter to dust transfer of aerobic...
Thu, 05/06/2021 - 06:08
Author(s): Md. Ashrafudoulla, Kyung Won Na, Kye-Hwan Byun, Duk Hyun Kim, Jang Won Yoon, Md. Furkanur Rahaman Mizan, Iksoon Kang, Sang-do Ha The presence of Salmonella serotypes is a major safety concern of the food industry and poultry farmers. This study aimed to isolate and identify Salmonella spp. from a chicken processing facility by PCR and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). In...
Wed, 04/28/2021 - 06:04
Author(s): J.H. Kim, G.H. Park, G.P. Han, D.Y. Kil The objective of this experiment was to investigate the effect of feeding corn distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) naturally contaminated with deoxynivalenol (DON) on growth performance, meat quality, intestinal permeability, and utilization of energy and nutrients in broiler chickens. Two trials (growth and metabolism trials) were...
Thu, 04/22/2021 - 06:08
Author(s): S. Vaddu, J. Kataria, T.S. Belem, G. Sidhu, A.E. Moller, C. Leone, M. Singh, H. Thippareddi Peroxyacetic acid (PAA) is a widely used antimicrobial during poultry processing that requires to be shipped in a concentrated solution, stored under hazardous conditions and diluted for use. On-site PAA generation using non-hazardous ingredients can help eliminate transportation and storage...
Thu, 04/22/2021 - 06:08
Author(s): Amal Senevirathne, Chamith Hewawaduge, John Hwa Lee The present study describes the generation of Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) ghosts with a surface decorated Salmonella Typhimurium (ST) flagellin (FliC) antigen for immune enhancement and strain-specific protection. The ghosts were generated by biological means using pJHL184::fliC temperature inducible plasmid where the lysis occurs by...
Thu, 04/22/2021 - 06:08
Author(s): Pantu Kumar Roy, Angela Ji-Won Ha, Md. Furkanur Rahaman Mizan, Md. Iqbal Hossain, Md. Ashrafudoulla, Sazzad Hossen Toushik, Shamsun Nahar, Yu Kyung Kim, Sang-Do Ha Salmonella is a foodborne pathogen and an emerging zoonotic bacterial threat in the food industry. The aim of this study was to evaluate the biofilm formation by a cocktail culture of three wild isolates of Salmonella...
Sun, 04/11/2021 - 06:04
Author(s): Wentao Jiang, Carly Waldman, KaWang Li, Jacek Jaczynski, Cangliang Shen This study compares kinetic parameters of Salmonella and Enterococcus faecium in moisture enhanced, reconstructed comminuted chicken patties prepared with different pump rates during double pan-broiling with various set-up temperatures. Fresh 1.5-kg chicken breast meat was course grounded, inoculated with S....
Mon, 03/29/2021 - 06:04
Author(s): Chase E. Golden, Michael J. Rothrock, Abhinav Mishra Recently, there has been a consumer push for natural and organic food products. This has caused alternative poultry production, such as organic, pasture, and free-range systems, to grow in popularity. Due to the stricter rearing practices of alternative poultry production systems, different types of levels of microbiological risks...
Wed, 03/24/2021 - 06:04
Author(s): Khyati Bhardwaj, Suchitra Shenoy M, Dr. Shrikala Baliga, Dr. Unnikrishnan B, Dr. Vasanth Kumar Shetty The study was carried out to estimate the burden and pattern of antibiotic resistance and to identify antibiotic resistance genes with focus on ESBL producers, plasmid mediated quinolone resistance, and tetracycline efflux genes, in faecal bacterial isolates collected from poultry...
Tue, 03/23/2021 - 06:05
Author(s): Bai Wei, Ke Shang, Se-Yeoun Cha, Jun-Feng Zhang, Professor Hyung-Kwan Jang, Professor Min Kang The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, serovar distribution, antimicrobial resistance, and genotypic analyses of the dominating serovars of Salmonella in chickens from a national study in Korea. Between 2017 and 2018, a total of 550 chicken samples were collected from the top...
Sun, 03/21/2021 - 06:04
Author(s): Lu-Ping Tang, Wei-Hao Li, Yi-Lei Liu, Jian-Chi Lun, Yong-Ming He Heat stress can decrease poultry performance indices, immune function, and intestinal development, which can reduce birds' innate protective mechanisms and may be more susceptible for pathogens. Ma chickens heat-stressed with 41°C for 12 h and recovered for 7 d had extremely low immunity. In this study, a susceptible...
Sat, 03/20/2021 - 06:06
Author(s): Linglin Su, Rui Wang, Tianxin Qiu, Jinli Wang, Jinwu Meng, Jinyue Zhu, Deyun Wang, Yi Wu, Jiaguo Liu Duck hepatitis A virus type 1 (DHAV-1) is the main pathogen of duck viral hepatitis, but the efficacy of the licensed commercial vaccine needs to be further improved. Therapeutic measures of specific drugs for DHAV-1-infected ducklings need to be urgently developed. Baicalin possesses...
Tue, 03/16/2021 - 06:07
Author(s): Yewande O. Fasina, Temitayo O. Obanla, Peter R. Ferket, Devendra H. Shah Spray-dried plasma (SDP) contain immunoglobulins and glycoproteins that possess antibacterial properties. Two floor-pen trials were conducted to determine the efficacy of dietary SDP and bacitracin methylene disalicylate (BMD) antibiotic in reducing intestinal colonization by Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) in broiler...
Sat, 03/13/2021 - 06:07
Author(s): Hamada Elwan, Chao Xie, L.P. Miao, Xinyang Dong, Xiao‐ting Zou, Mohamed Mohany, Mohammed M Ahmed, Salim S Al-Rejaie, S.S. Elnesr Practical methods for preventing embryotoxicity in chickens that are caused by aflatoxin-B1 (AFB1) are currently rare. Binding absorbers are commonly used in feeding stuff to reduce laying hens' exposure to off-contaminated diets, thus reducing residue...
Sat, 03/13/2021 - 06:07
Author(s): Grace Dewi, Divek V.T. Nair, Claire Peichel, Timothy J. Johnson, Sally Noll, Anup Kollanoor Johny Salmonella Heidelberg (S. Heidelberg) is a major pathogen implicated in foodborne outbreaks for which poultry products can serve as an epidemiological source. This study determined the efficacy of GRAS-status lemongrass essential oil (LGEO) against S. Heidelberg in vitro and on the...
Sat, 03/13/2021 - 06:07
Author(s): Maja Kosecka-Strojek, Jakub Trzeciak, Joanna Homa, Karolina Trzeciak, Benedykt Władyka, Magdalena Trela, Jacek Międzobrodzki, Marcin W. Lis Staphylococcus aureus bacteria are components of physiological biocenosis of skin or mucous membranes in some animals’ genera but also they are dangerous opportunistic pathogens responsible for infections of various localization, course or...
Fri, 03/12/2021 - 06:04
Author(s): A.M. Ashcraft, M.E. Coles, L.C. Beer, B.D.M. Graham, G. Tellez-Isaias, B. Wooming, B.M. Hargis This study aimed to evaluate the fate and dissemination of Salmonella Reading (SR) in turkeys using an oral gavage challenge model. One hundred twenty-eight-week-old commercial turkey hens were moved from commercial production to research facilities. Upon arrival, a combination of...
Thu, 03/04/2021 - 06:07
Author(s): C.E. Di Francesco, C. Smoglica, F. Profeta, M. Farooq, E. Di Giannatale, T. Toscani, F. Marsilio Antibiotics are routinely used in commercial poultry farms for the treatment of economically important bacterial diseases. Repeated use of antibiotics, usually administered in the feed or drinking water, may also result in the selection of resistant bacteria in animal feces, able to...
Sun, 02/21/2021 - 06:05
Author(s): Chelsea E. Course, Patrick Boerlin, Durda Slavic, Jean-Pierre Vaillancourt, Michele T. Guerin Salmonella enterica and Escherichia coli are bacteria of concern to veterinary public health and poultry health. Our research aimed to determine the factors associated with S. enterica and E. coli in commercial broiler chicken barns during the rest period between flocks in order to identify...
Thu, 02/18/2021 - 06:11
Author(s): Deana R. Jones, Javier S. Garcia, Richard K. Gast, Garrett E. Ward In the US, all shell eggs processed under the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service voluntary grading standards must receive a shell sanitizing rinse of 100 – 200 ppm chlorine or its equivalent after leaving the washing process. A study was conducted to determine the concentration of peroxyacetic acid (PAA) which would be...
Wed, 02/17/2021 - 06:05
Author(s): Yuting Wang, Chunhong Xiong, Wenxiang Luo, Jianke Li, Yonggang Tu, Yan Zhao Preserved eggs without adding heavy metals in the pickling solution (heavy metals-free preserved eggs) have been developed, but it was found that the undesirable phenomenon such as dry shrinkage and fading occurred when they were not packaged and stored at room temperature. In this study, the effects of five...
Fri, 02/12/2021 - 06:04
Author(s): Shuangshuang Zhai, Yongwen Zhu, Peishi Feng, Macheng Li, Wence Wang, Lin Yang, Ye Yang Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a widespread mycotoxin, that has strong thermal stability, and is difficult to remove from feed. OTA is nephrotoxic, hepatotoxic, teratogenic, immunotoxic and enterotoxic to several species of animals. The gut is the first defense barrier against various types of mycotoxins...
Tue, 01/26/2021 - 06:09
Author(s): Peikun Wang, Min Li, Haijuan Li, Yuyu Bi, Lulu Lin, Mengya Shi, Teng Huang, Meilan Mo, Tianchao Wei, Ping Wei One ALV-J strain GX14YYA1 was isolated from a commercial bivalent Newcastle disease (ND)-Infectious bronchitis (IB) vaccine in our previous study. In order to evaluate the pathogenicity of the ALV-J contaminated vaccine on commercial chickens, day-old Three-Yellow chicks in...
Sun, 01/24/2021 - 06:04
Author(s): Chunlin Yu, Mohan Qiu, Zengrong Zhang, Xiaoyan Song, Huarui Du, Han Peng, Qingyun Li, Li Yang, Xia Xiong, Bo Xia, Chenming Hu, Jialei Chen, Xiaosong Jiang, Chaowu Yang As a ubiquitous heavy metal, cadmium (Cd) is highly toxic to various organs. However, the effects and molecular mechanism of Cd toxicity in the chicken heart remain largely unknown. The goal of our study was to...
Thu, 01/21/2021 - 06:07
Author(s): Dorthe Sandvang, Line Skjoet-Rasmussen, Mette Dines Cantor, Greg F. Mathis, Brett S. Lumpkins, Alfred Blanch The application of probiotics in broiler feed, to alleviate performance deficiencies due to mild infections by coccidia and Clostridium perfringens, is of increasing interest for the poultry industry. Therefore, our objective was to evaluate the capacity of three Bacillus...
Thu, 01/21/2021 - 06:07
Author(s): H. Zeng, K. De Reu, S. Gabriël, W. Mattheus, L. De Zutter, G. Rasschaert Salmonella contamination sources and transmission routes were studied in five Belgian poultry slaughterhouses. Samples from the slaughter and cutting line after cleaning and disinfection were collected, as well as neck skin samples and thighs during slaughter of the first flock.
Thu, 01/21/2021 - 06:07
Author(s): Ondřej Krunt, Lukáš Zita, Adam Kraus, Monika Okrouhlá, Darina Chodová, Roman StupkaThe aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the genotype (guinea fowl, native breed Leghorn and commercial hybrid hens), storage time (0, 14, 28 days) and storage temperature (fresh, 5, 20 °C) on eggshell quality traits and microbiological contamination of eggshell, eggshell membranes and albumen...
Thu, 01/21/2021 - 06:07
Author(s): Muhammad Akmal Raheem, Hu Jiangang, Dongdong Yin, Mei Xue, Kashif ur Rehman, Muhammad Ajwad Rahim, Yi Gu, Dandan Fu, Xiangjun Song, Jian Tu, Ibrar Muhammad Khan, M.Y. Tipu, Kezong Qi The antibiotic residues and pathogenic resistance against the drug are very common in poultry due to antibiotics used in their feed. It is necessary to use natural feed additives as effective alternatives...
Fri, 01/08/2021 - 06:04
Author(s): Zhang Jian, Wei Luo, Guifeng Liu, Yang Wang, Shizhong Geng, Zhiming Pan, Xin’an Jiao Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) is important zoonotic pathogens, it can be easily transferred to human by contaminated animal products. It is necessary for epidemic surveys of SE in current modern large-scale chicken farms. And so in this study, Salmonella strains were isolated from suspected samples being...
Wed, 01/06/2021 - 06:03
Author(s): Joshua M. Lyte, Sandip Shrestha, Basanta R. Wagle, Rohana Liyanage, Diego A. Martinez, Annie M. Donoghue, Karrie M. Daniels, Mark Lyte Microbial endocrinology, which is the study of neurochemical-based host-microbe interaction, has demonstrated that neurochemicals affect bacterial pathogenicity. A variety of neurochemicals, including norepinephrine, were shown to enhance intestinal...
Wed, 01/06/2021 - 06:03
Author(s): Zahra Nooreh, Kamran Taherpour, Mohammad Akbari Gharaei, Hassan Shirzadi, Hossein Ali Ghasemi Colonization of the gastrointestinal tract by potentially pathogenic bacteria and their shedding in animal feces is a fundamental factor for both animal health and human food safety. This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of salinomycin, direct-fed microbial, and Ferulago angulata...
Sat, 12/26/2020 - 06:06
Author(s): Angela Jie-won Ha, Lurdes G. Siberio Perez, Tae-Jo Kim, Md. Furkanur Rahaman Mizan, Shamsun Nahar, Si-Hong Park, Hyang-Sook Chun, Sang-Do Ha Salmonella is one of the common foodborne bacteria, causing 80.3 million illnesses every year worldwide. This study was conducted to isolate and identify S. enterica serovars from poultry samples responsible for causing foodborne poisoning in the...
Tue, 12/22/2020 - 06:07
Author(s): Manman Dai, Shibing Li, Keyi Shi, Hui Sun, Li Zhao, Deshui Yu, Jiayu Liao, Chenggang Xu, Ming Liao H9N2 avian influenza viruses (AIV) continue to circulate in vaccinated chicken flocks in China, which prompted us to investigate the differential immune protection factors induced by H9N2 AIV infection and immunization for analyzing the reason of protection deficiency of H9N2 AIV...
Fri, 12/11/2020 - 06:02
Author(s): Fan Sun, Xiu Li, Yan Wang, Fan Wang, Haojie Ge, Zhiming Pan, Yaohui Xu, Yanhong Wang, Xin'an Jiao, Xiang Chen Pullorum is a chicken–specific systemic disease caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Gallinarum biovar Pullorum (S. Pullorum). This study was carried out to provide basic data for understanding the trends of S. Pullorum. A total of 652 S. Pullorum isolates collected in China...
Fri, 12/11/2020 - 06:02
Author(s): Zolzaya Byambajav, Erdenebat Bulgan, Yuji Hirai, Momoko Nakayama, Misaki Tanaka, Nitta Yurika, Akio Suzuki, Takashi Umemura, Bold Altankhuu, Alimaa Tsagaan, Batbaatar Vanaabaatar, Erdenebaatar Janchivdorj, Nyam-Osor Purevdorj, Narantuya Ayushjav, Takeshi Yamasaki, Motohiro Horiuchi There has been no report on the prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in farm animals in Mongolia. To uncover...
Thu, 12/10/2020 - 06:03
Author(s): Tae-Sik Kim, Gang-San Kim, Joo-Sung Son, Van Dam Lai, In-Pil Mo, Hyesun Jang Duck meat consumption in South Korea has increased in recent years, but no standard about duck farm-specific biosecurity and hygiene guidelines have yet been established. We here investigated Salmonella contamination levels in duck farms to evaluate biosecurity and hygiene practices. We collected 1,116...
Thu, 12/10/2020 - 06:03
Author(s): Tianmin Li, Claudia D. Castañeda, Julio Miotto, Chris McDaniel, Aaron S. Kiess, Li Zhang Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) causes colibacillosis in poultry, which has been traditionally controlled by the prophylactic in-feed supplementation of antibiotics. However, antibiotics are being removed from poultry diets due to the emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria....
Sat, 12/05/2020 - 06:10
Author(s): Kosar Gharib-Naseri, Sarbast Kheravii, Chake Keerqin, Robert A. Swick, Mingan Choct, Shu-Biao Wu The primary cause of necrotic enteritis (NE) disease in chickens is the NetB-positive Clostridium perfringens bacterium. Many factors are known to affect the severity of NE in the challenge models of broiler chickens, and one of these factors is the virulence of C. perfringens strain. This...
Fri, 11/20/2020 - 06:05
Author(s): K. Hertogs, M. Heyndrickx, P. Gelaude, L. De Zutter, J. Dewulf J, G. Rasschaert Poultry is seen as the main reservoir for Campylobacter. Control of this zoonotic pathogen in primary production could potentially reduce the colonization in broiler flocks and consequently reduce the number of human infections. In the present study, 20 broiler flocks from ten farms, were sampled...
Fri, 11/06/2020 - 06:07
Author(s): Ross C. Beier, J. Allen Byrd, Kathleen Andrews, Denise Caldwell, Tawni L. Crippen, Robin C. Anderson, David J. Nisbet Foodborne illness is an on-going problem worldwide and is caused by bacteria that invade the food chain from the farm, slaughter house, restaurant or grocery, or in the home and can be controlled by strategies using biocides (antiseptics and disinfectants)....
Fri, 11/06/2020 - 06:07
Author(s): Yan Guo, Balamuralikrishnan Balasubramanian, Zhi-Hui Zhao, Wen-Chao Liu Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) causes toxic effect and leads to organ damage in broilers. Marine algal polysaccharides (MAPs) of Enteromorpha prolifera exert multiple biological activities, maybe have a potential detoxification effect on AFB1, but the related research in broilers is extremely rare. Therefore, the purpose of...
Fri, 11/06/2020 - 06:07
Author(s): Pouyan Malekinezhad, Laura E. Ellestad, Nazar Afzali, Seyed Homayoun Farhangfar, Arash Omidi, Abbas Mohammadi Many types of mycotoxins are found in food sources contaminated with fungi, and if these are ingested in large quantities or over a long period, they can affect the health of humans and domestic animals. Berberine (BBR) is a plant alkaloid with multiple pharmacological...
Wed, 11/04/2020 - 06:07
Author(s): Fangshen Guo, Fangyuan Wang, Haiyan Ma, Zhouzheng Ren, Xiaojun Yang, Xin Yang With global warming and ban on antibiotics, it occurs occasionally that deoxynivalenol (DON) together with Clostridium perfringens impairs the gut health of broiler chickens. However, the interactive effect of DON and C. perfringens on intestinal health is still unknown. A total of 120 1-day-old Arbor Acres...
Thu, 10/29/2020 - 06:15
Author(s): Xin Yu, Hongwei Zhu, Yongheng Bo, Youzhi Li, Yue Zhang, Yang Liu, Jianlong Zhang, Linlin Jiang, Guozhong Chen, Xingxiao Zhang Salmonella is a major zoonotic foodborne pathogen that persists on poultry farms worldwide. The present study aimed to survey the prevalence of Salmonella and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) recovered from...
Thu, 10/22/2020 - 06:13
Author(s): Louis Anthony Cox Do faster slaughter line speeds for young chickens increase risk of Salmonella contamination? We analyze data collected in 2018-2019 from 97 slaughter establishments processing young chickens to examine the extent to which differences in slaughter line speeds across establishments operating under the same inspection system explain observed differences in their...

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