Poultry Science

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Sun, 08/09/2020 - 06:06
Author(s): Mashael R. Aljumaah, Gamaleldein M. Suliman, Abdulaziz Alabdullatif, Alaeldein, M. Abudabos Because of concerns over the use of antibiotics in poultry feed, this study was designed to determine the effectiveness of phytobiotic supplementation as an alternative to antibiotic use based on growth performance and meat characteristics of broilers exposed to Salmonella typhimurium. The...
Sun, 08/09/2020 - 06:06
Author(s): Dongryeoul Bae, Dong-Hyeon Kim, Jung-Whan Chon, Kwang-Young Song, Kun-Ho Seo In this study, we aimed to assess the feasibility of the lactic acid bacterium Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens DN1 (LKF_DN1) and the yeast Kluyveromyces marxianus KU140723-05 (KMA5), recently isolated from kefir, as probiotics. Specifically, we evaluated the effect of early administration of these two microbes...
Sun, 08/09/2020 - 06:06
Author(s): So-Young Choi, Tae Hyun Kim, Min-Wook Hong, Tae Sub Park, Hyojeong Lee, Sung-Jin Lee Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and ochratoxin A (OTA), which are toxic metabolites of ubiquitously occurring molds, show diverse toxicological effects such as hepatotoxicity, genotoxicity, and immunotoxicity in human and animals. Despite poultry show sensitivity to AFB1 and OTA, the mechanism of these mycotoxins...
Sat, 08/08/2020 - 06:10
Author(s): Gabriel da S. Oliveira, Sheila T. Nascimento, Vinícius M. dos Santos, Marley G. Silva The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of sanitizing fertile eggs with clove essential oil as an alternative to paraformaldehyde; effects on the reduction in eggshell microbial count, incubation yield, and neonatal chick quality were measured. A total of 1,460 brown fertile eggs with a...
Sat, 08/01/2020 - 06:10
Author(s): Jasmine Kataria, Sasikala Vaddu, Estefania Novoa Rama, Gaganpreet Sidhu, Harshavardhan Thippareddi, Manpreet Singh Peracetic acid (PAA) is commonly used as an antimicrobial during poultry processing to reduce the pathogen load on poultry and poultry products. However, limited research is available on the effects of pH on the efficacy of PAA against Salmonella and Campylobacter....
Sun, 07/26/2020 - 06:05
Author(s): Fang Liu, Panpan Jin, Hansheng Gong, Zhilan Sun, Lihui Du, Daoying Wang The inhibitory and bactericidal activities of thyme oil against the foodborne multiple antibiotics-resistant Enterococcus faecalis biofilm were evaluated in this study. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry revealed that more than 70% of the composition of thyme oil is thymol. Crystal violet staining assay showed...
Thu, 07/09/2020 - 06:08
Author(s): Li Xiu, Yu Liu, Wei Wu, Suo Chen, Zhaobing Zhong, Hairong Wang Clostridium perfringens is an important zoonotic microorganism, the current study was undertaken to investigate prevalence, serotype distribution, antibiotic resistance and genetic diversity of C. perfringens isolates from four duck farms in Shandong, China. In total, 424 samples of cloacal swabs and environment were...
Thu, 07/09/2020 - 06:08
Author(s): C. Marin, S. Sevilla-Navarro, R. Lonjedo, P. Catalá-Gregori, M.A. Ferrús, S. Vega, A. Jiménez-Belenguer Thermophilic Campylobacter species are recognised as a major cause of acute bacterial diarrhoea in humans, being broiler meat the most common source of human infection. Antibiotic therapy is usually necessary for severe or prolonged infections, especially in immunocompromised...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 06:05
Author(s): Y. Ma, Y.Z. Shi, Q.J. Wu, Y.Q. Wang, J.P. Wang, Z.H. Liu In this study, we explored the effect of dietary lead nitrate on the zootechnical performance, egg quality, accumulation of ovarian plumbum (Pb), follicular atresia rate and ovarian oxidative stress in laying hens. Furthermore, the nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor-2 (Nrf2) signaling molecule was studied to reveal the...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 06:05
Author(s): B.R. Wagle, A.M. Donoghue, S. Shrestha, I. Upadhyaya, K. Arsi, A. Gupta, R. Liyanage, N.C. Rath, D.J. Donoghue, A. Upadhyay Campylobacter jejuni is a major foodborne pathogen that causes gastroenteritis in humans. Chickens act as the reservoir host for C. jejuni, wherein the pathogen asymptomatically colonizes the ceca leading to contamination of carcasses during slaughter. The major...
Thu, 07/02/2020 - 06:07
Author(s): John A. Porter, Amit Morey, Emefa A. Monu Essential oils in combination with other antimicrobials can be added to food products to reduce the levels of target microbes below the infectious dose required to cause human illness. The purpose of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial efficacy of white mustard essential oil (WMEO) and carvacrol against Salmonella in ground chicken...
Sun, 06/28/2020 - 06:05
Author(s): Ki-Hoon Lee, Ji-Young Lee, Pantu Kumar Roy, Furkanur Rahaman Mizan, Iqbal Hossain, Si Hong Park, Sang-Do Ha Salmonella is one of the main foodborne pathogens that affect humans and farm animals. The Salmonella genus comprises a group of food-transmitted pathogens which cause highly prevalent foodborne diseases throughout the world. The aim of this study was to appraise the viability of...
Sun, 06/28/2020 - 06:05
Author(s): Tomi Obe, Rama Nannapaneni, Wes Schilling, Li Zhang, Chris McDaniel, Aaron Kiess Salmonella is a poultry-borne pathogen that causes illness throughout the world. Consequently, it is critical to control Salmonella during the process of converting broilers to poultry meat. Sanitization of a poultry processing facility, including processing equipment, is a crucial control measure that is...
Thu, 05/28/2020 - 03:33
Author(s): Elena Bartkiene, Modestas Ruzauskas, Vadims Bartkevics, Iveta Pugajeva, Paulina Zavistanaviciute, Vytaute Starkute, Egle Zokaityte, Vita Lele, Agila Dauksiene, Michael Grashorn, Ludwig E. Hoelzle, Anara Mendybayeva, Raushan Ryshyanova, Romas Gruzauskas In this study, the presence of antibiotics (ANB) residues was evaluated in poultry meat purchased from German and Lithuanian markets....
Sun, 05/17/2020 - 03:29
Author(s): Mary Muckey, Anne R. Huss, Ashton Yoder, Cassandra Jones The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of flushing surfaces with untreated feed vs. the use of two different dry chemical sanitizers on residual surface and feed Salmonella Enteritidis contamination. First, a Salmonella-negative batch of poultry feed was mixed in 9 laboratory-scale paddle mixers. A feed sample...
Tue, 05/12/2020 - 03:28
Author(s): Adeline Huneau-Salaün, Axelle Scoizec, Rodolphe Thomas, Sophie Le Bouquin Transport of infected birds is thought to play a key role in the spread of avian influenza (AI) on poultry farms during epizootic outbreaks. Ensuring efficient cleaning and disinfection (C&D) of equipment used for transport is needed to prevent the spread of AI. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy...
Fri, 05/08/2020 - 03:31
Author(s): Matthew J. Sylte, Daniel C. Shippy, Bradley L. Bearson, Shawn M.D. Bearson Consumption of contaminated poultry products, including chicken livers, is the main source of human campylobacteriosis and approximately 90% of human cases are caused by Campylobacter jejuni subsp. jejuni (C. jejuni). Recent culinary trends that favor undercooked chicken livers may be responsible for outbreaks....
Wed, 04/29/2020 - 03:29
Author(s): Mengzhe Li, Hong Lin, Yujie Jing, Jingxue Wang Salmonella is regarded as the predominant cause of foodborne illnesses worldwide, and the increase of these antimicrobial-resistant strains makes it more difficult to prevent. On this occasion, bacteriophages (phages) stand out as an alternative biocontrol agent with high efficiency and low mutation rates. Salmonella phages have confronted...
Sun, 04/26/2020 - 03:27
Author(s): Liping Gan, Hao Fan, Tahir Mahmood, Yuming Guo Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) infection is not only a leading cause of poor production performance and compromised animal welfare in broilers, but also a potential threat to public health. Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary supplemental vitamin C (VC) on SE challenged-broilers. In Experiment 1, 180 1-d-old...
Sun, 04/26/2020 - 03:27
Author(s): Qingqing Deng, Hanyi Shi, Yiran Luo, Heping Zhao, Ning Liu The present study aimed to investigate the effect of probiotic Lactobacilli addition on Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) load, inflammatory reaction, and virulence properties in broilers from 1 to 14 days of age. A total of 480 broiler chicks were randomly allocated into 4 treatments of 6 replicates each. All birds...
Thu, 04/16/2020 - 03:21
Author(s): Qing. Xiu. Liu, Ying. Zhou, Xiu. Mei. Li, Dan. Dan. Ma, Shuang. Xing, Jing. Hai. Feng, Min. Hong. Zhang Respiratory tract diseases is closely related to atmosphere pollution. Ammonia is one of the harmful pollutants in the atmosphere environment, which has a great threat to human and animal respiratory tract health, but the mechanism of causing diseases is not clear. In this study,...
Thu, 03/19/2020 - 03:20
Author(s): Eun Bi Noh, Yeong Bin Kim, Kwang Won Seo, Se Hyun Son, Jong Su Ha, Young Ju Lee Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) has rapidly acquired resistance to multiple antimicrobials, and the antimicrobial resistance of E. faecalis from broiler breeders has been implicated in its vertical transmission to their offspring. The objective of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial...
Thu, 03/19/2020 - 03:20
Author(s): R. Shanmugasundaram, A. Markazi, M. Mortada, T.T. Ng, T.J. Applegate, L.R. Bielke, B. Syed, C.M. Pender, S. Curry, G.R. Murugesan, R.K. Selvaraj Studies were conducted to determine the efficacy of synbiotic applications to combat the negative effects of necrotic enteritis (NE). An in vitro study was conducted to test the effect of probiotics species supernatants to decrease Clostridium...
Sun, 03/15/2020 - 03:35
Author(s): S. Kumar, M. Singh, D.E. Cosby, N.A. Cox, H. Thippareddi Poultry processors use antimicrobials to reduce the risk of pathogens on poultry and poultry products. Efficacy of selective and nonselective plating media to enumerate injured Salmonella (selective media—brilliant green sulfa agar and Petrifilm Enterobacteriaceae Plate Count; nonselective media—tryptic soy agar and Petrifilm...
Sat, 03/14/2020 - 03:20
Author(s): Pratima Adhikari, Sudhir Yadav, Douglas E. Cosby, Nelson A. Cox, Joshua A. Jendza, Woo Kyun Kim Feed additives can be alternatives to antibiotics for routinely encountered pathogens in the poultry production. The objective of this study was to understand effects of organic acid mixture on growth parameters and Salmonella Typhimurium (ST) colonization in broilers. Organic acid mixture...
Thu, 03/12/2020 - 03:21
Author(s): Beibei Zhang, Guang Li, Muhammad Suhaib Shahid, Liping Gan, Hao Fan, Zengpeng Lv, Shaojia Yan, Yuming Guo This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary arginine (Arg) supplementation on the inflammatory response and gut microbiota of broiler chickens subjected to Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. One hundred and forty 1-day-old Arbor Acres male birds were...
Thu, 03/12/2020 - 03:21
Author(s): G.K. Walker, M.M. Suyemoto, L.B. Borst, J. Brake The genetic relatedness and antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of Salmonella isolated from poultry and their environment were determined. One broiler breeder flock (BBF1) and 2 broiler flocks (BF1 and BF2) were reared over a 1.75-year period on the same poultry research farm. Hatching eggs were obtained from BBF1 to produce BF1 chicks...
Thu, 02/27/2020 - 03:36
Author(s): Yani Sun, Qizhong Lu, Jingfei Zhang, Xiaoxuan Li, Jiakai Zhao, Wenqi Fan, Pinpin Ji, Kun Wang, En-Min Zhou, Qin ZhaoHens of a commercial Hy-line brown layer flock in China exhibited increased mortality and decreased egg production at 47 wk of age. From 47 to 57 wk, average weekly mortality increased from 0.11 to 3.0%, and egg production decreased from 10 to 30%, with a peak mortality...
Thu, 02/27/2020 - 03:36
Author(s): Lei Wang, Li Xue, Ruya Guo, Lingyan Zheng, Siyuan Wang, Lan Yao, Xiaoting Huo, Ning Liu, Ming Liao, Yanbin Li, Jianhan LinSalmonella screening is a key to ensure food safety in poultry supply chains. Currently available Salmonella detection methods including culture, polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay could not achieve rapid, sensitive, and in-field...
Thu, 02/27/2020 - 03:36
Author(s): Min-Kyoung Seo, Kyung Won Na, Sang Ha Han, Si-Hong Park, Sang-Do HaThe effects of 3 ethanol levels (30, 50, and 70%) with and without thiamine dilaurylsulfate (TDS; 1,000 ppm) were evaluated for the reduction of natural mesophilic aerobic bacteria (MAB), coliforms, and inoculated Salmonella Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) in chicken skin. The chicken skin was inoculated with a 7 log cfu/...
Thu, 02/27/2020 - 03:36
Author(s): N.A. Cox, A.A. Oladeinde, K.L. Cook, G.S. Zock, M.E. Berrang, C.W. Ritz, A. HintonBefore starting a study with many birds, it helps to know the method of chick inoculation. The objective was to compare 3 methods of Salmonella challenge (oral gavage [OR], intracloacal inoculation [IC], and seeder bird [SB]). Day-old broiler chicks (n = 100) were inoculated with 106 colony forming units...
Thu, 02/27/2020 - 03:36
Author(s): Davood Najafi, Ramezan Ali Taheri, Abouzar Najafi, Mohammad Shamsollahi, Manuel Alvarez-RodriguezThe protective role of astaxanthin nanoparticles (Ast NPs, 25 mg/kg p.o) against cadmium (Cd, 1 mg/100 g b.w. SC), a known inductor of lipid peroxidation and changes in the antioxidant defense system in the Ross 308 breeder roosters sperm, was examined. Sperm motility (computer-assisted...
Sun, 02/23/2020 - 03:22
Author(s): M. Hilliar, C. Keerqin, C.K. Girish, R. Barekatain, S.-B. Wu, R.A. SwickAbstractNecrotic enteritis (NE) is an infection of the gastrointestinal tract and is estimated to cost the global poultry industry billions of dollars annually. A study was conducted to examine whether reducing the crude protein might offset the severity of NE in broilers experimentally challenged with Eimeria spp...
Wed, 02/19/2020 - 03:24
Author(s): Paul Siller, Katrin Daehre, Nadine Thiel, Ulrich Nübel, Uwe RoeslerAbstractApplying broiler litter containing extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)–producing Escherichia coli (E. coli) to arable land poses a potential risk for humans to get colonized by contact with contaminated soil or vegetables. Therefore, an inactivation of these bacteria before land application of litter is...
Sun, 02/16/2020 - 03:33
Author(s): Jasmien Vandeputte, An Martel, Gunther Antonissen, Marc Verlinden, Lieven De Zutter, Marc Heyndrickx, Freddy Haesebrouck, Frank Pasmans, An GarmynAbstractOral administration of antibodies is a promising strategy against various infectious diseases. Previously, it was demonstrated that passive immunization by providing hyperimmune egg yolk through the feed reduces Campylobacter jejuni...
Wed, 02/12/2020 - 10:45
Author(s): Uraisha Ramlucken, Santosh O. Ramchuran, Ghaneshree Moonsamy, Rajesh Lalloo, Mapitsi S. Thantsha, Christine Jansen van RensburgABSTRACTThere is a necessity for the implementation of in-feed probiotics in the poultry production industry, following strict regulations around the use of antibiotic growth promoters (AGP). Bacillus spp. are becoming an attractive alternative because of their...
Wed, 02/12/2020 - 10:45
Author(s): H.K. Zanu, C. Keerqin, S.K. Kheravii, N.K. Morgan, S-B. Wu, M.R. Bedford, R.A. SwickAbstractThis study investigated the influence of meat and bone meal (MBM), phytase, and antibiotics (AB) on the performance, intestinal pH, ileal digestibility, cecal microbiota, and tibial mineralization in Ross 308 broilers challenged with necrotic enteritis (NE). A total of 672-day-old male Ross 308...
Wed, 02/12/2020 - 10:45
Author(s): Gabriel da S. Oliveira, Vinícius M. dos Santos, Sheila T. Nascimento, Jullyana C. RodriguesAbstractThe aim of this study was to evaluate an ethanolic extract of propolis and clove essential oil as a substitute for paraformaldehyde for the sanitation of fertile eggs. In total, 1,800 hatching eggs (from 40-week-old CPK [Pesadão Vermelho] breeder hens) were randomly distributed among the...
Wed, 02/12/2020 - 10:45
Author(s): Zhongyang Yuan, Wei Yan, Chaoliang Wen, Jiangxia Zheng, Ning Yang, Congjiao SunABSTRACTEnterotypes are used to describe clusters of specific gut microbial community structures, but few reports exist on the identification of enterotypes in poultry. In addition, there is incomplete understanding on the role of the foregut microbiota in the digestion and absorption of nutrients in poultry...
Wed, 02/12/2020 - 10:45
Author(s): Nasim Hatamzade Isfahani, Shaban Rahimi, Mohammad Javad Rasaee, Mohammad Amir Karimi Torshizi, Taghi Zahraei Salehi, Jesse L. GrimesAbstractThe antibacterial properties of egg yolk antibodies have been known for many years. Enhanced antibiotic resistance has resulted in increased need for using these antibodies as an alternative. In the present study, generation, capsulation, and...
Wed, 02/12/2020 - 10:45
Author(s): Shoki Koyama, Toshiyuki Murase, Hiroichi OzakiAbstractPlasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) genes located on conjugative plasmids can be transferred to other bacteria in the absence of antimicrobial selective pressure. To elucidate the prevalence of resistance, including PMQR in an egg-producing commercial layer farm in western Japan where no antimicrobials were used, minimum...
Wed, 02/12/2020 - 10:45
Author(s): Shaban Rahimi, Sophia Kathariou, Oscar Fletcher, Jesse L. GrimesAbstractSalmonella and Campylobacter are considered major public health burdens worldwide, and poultry are known to be one of the main reservoirs for these zoonotic pathogens. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of a commercial probiotic or direct-fed microbial (DFM) Calsporin (CSP), and prebiotic or mannan...
Wed, 02/12/2020 - 10:45
Author(s): Steven C. Ricke, Sang In Lee, Sun Ae Kim, Si Hong Park, Zhaohao ShiABSTRACTFeed additives that can modulate the poultry gastrointestinal tract and provide benefit to bird performance and health have recently received more interest for commercial applications. Such feed supplements offer an economic advantage because they may directly benefit poultry producers by either decreasing...
Wed, 02/12/2020 - 10:45
Author(s): Steven C. Ricke, Michael J. RothrockABSTRACTAlternative poultry production systems consisting of free-range or pasture flock raised poultry continues to increase in popularity. Based on the perceived benefits of poultry products generated from these alternative poultry production systems, they have commercial appeal to consumers. Several factors impact the health and well being of...
Wed, 02/12/2020 - 10:44
Author(s): Graham A.J. Redweik, Zachary R. Stromberg, Angelica Van Goor, Melha MellataAbstractCommercial poultry farms are increasingly threatened by bacterial infections from avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) and broad-host Salmonella serovars. Recombinant attenuated Salmonella vaccines (RASV) elicit cross-reactive immune responses against APEC in chickens; however, assessment of broad...
Wed, 02/12/2020 - 10:44
Author(s): K.M. Feye, D.R. Thompson, M.J. Rothrock, M.H. Kogut, S.C. RickeABSTRACTChicken is globally one of the most popular food animals. However, it is also one of the major reservoirs for foodborne pathogens, annually resulting in continued morbidity and mortality incidences worldwide. In an effort to reduce the threat of foodborne disease, the poultry industry has implemented a multifaceted...
Wed, 02/12/2020 - 10:44
Author(s): Muhammad Saeed, Muhammad Naveed, Jakob Leskovec, Asgahr Ali kamboh, Ihsanullah Kakar, Kifayat Ullah, Fawwad Ahmad, Muhammad Sharif, Asif Javaid, Mubasher Rauf, Mohamed E. Abd El-Hack, Mervat A. Abdel-Latif, Sun ChaoAbstractGuduchi (Tinospora cordifolia) is a well-recognized and widely distributed traditional plant that is used successfully in Indian Ayurveda medicine. T. cordifolia has...
Wed, 02/12/2020 - 10:44
Author(s): Nguyen Thi Bich Van, Nguyen Thi Phuong Yen, Nguyen Thi Nhung, Nguyen Van Cuong, Bach Tuan Kiet, Nguyen Van Hoang, Vo Be Hien, Niwat Chansiripornchai, Marc Choisy, Alexis Ribas, James Campbell, Guy Thwaites, Juan Carrique-MasAbstractIn the Mekong Delta region of Vietnam, small-scale chicken farming is common. However, high levels of disease or mortality in such flocks impair economic...
Wed, 02/12/2020 - 10:44
Author(s): Lapo Mughini-Gras, Guido Di Martino, Livia Moscati, Filippo Buniolo, Veronica Cibin, Lebana BonfantiAbstractSuboptimal animal welfare may affect natural immunity, rendering animals more susceptible to environmentally conditioned diseases, including those requiring antimicrobial treatment, which may promote antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in bacterial populations. Herewith, we tested the...

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