Poultry Science

Fri, 11/20/2020 - 06:05
Author(s): K. Hertogs, M. Heyndrickx, P. Gelaude, L. De Zutter, J. Dewulf J, G. Rasschaert Poultry is seen as the main reservoir for Campylobacter. Control of this zoonotic pathogen in primary production could potentially reduce the colonization in broiler flocks and consequently reduce the number of human infections. In the present study, 20 broiler flocks from ten farms, were sampled...
Fri, 11/06/2020 - 06:07
Author(s): Ross C. Beier, J. Allen Byrd, Kathleen Andrews, Denise Caldwell, Tawni L. Crippen, Robin C. Anderson, David J. Nisbet Foodborne illness is an on-going problem worldwide and is caused by bacteria that invade the food chain from the farm, slaughter house, restaurant or grocery, or in the home and can be controlled by strategies using biocides (antiseptics and disinfectants)....
Fri, 11/06/2020 - 06:07
Author(s): Yan Guo, Balamuralikrishnan Balasubramanian, Zhi-Hui Zhao, Wen-Chao Liu Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) causes toxic effect and leads to organ damage in broilers. Marine algal polysaccharides (MAPs) of Enteromorpha prolifera exert multiple biological activities, maybe have a potential detoxification effect on AFB1, but the related research in broilers is extremely rare. Therefore, the purpose of...
Fri, 11/06/2020 - 06:07
Author(s): Pouyan Malekinezhad, Laura E. Ellestad, Nazar Afzali, Seyed Homayoun Farhangfar, Arash Omidi, Abbas Mohammadi Many types of mycotoxins are found in food sources contaminated with fungi, and if these are ingested in large quantities or over a long period, they can affect the health of humans and domestic animals. Berberine (BBR) is a plant alkaloid with multiple pharmacological...
Wed, 11/04/2020 - 06:07
Author(s): Fangshen Guo, Fangyuan Wang, Haiyan Ma, Zhouzheng Ren, Xiaojun Yang, Xin Yang With global warming and ban on antibiotics, it occurs occasionally that deoxynivalenol (DON) together with Clostridium perfringens impairs the gut health of broiler chickens. However, the interactive effect of DON and C. perfringens on intestinal health is still unknown. A total of 120 1-day-old Arbor Acres...
Thu, 10/29/2020 - 06:15
Author(s): Xin Yu, Hongwei Zhu, Yongheng Bo, Youzhi Li, Yue Zhang, Yang Liu, Jianlong Zhang, Linlin Jiang, Guozhong Chen, Xingxiao Zhang Salmonella is a major zoonotic foodborne pathogen that persists on poultry farms worldwide. The present study aimed to survey the prevalence of Salmonella and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) recovered from...
Thu, 10/22/2020 - 06:13
Author(s): Louis Anthony Cox Do faster slaughter line speeds for young chickens increase risk of Salmonella contamination? We analyze data collected in 2018-2019 from 97 slaughter establishments processing young chickens to examine the extent to which differences in slaughter line speeds across establishments operating under the same inspection system explain observed differences in their...
Thu, 10/15/2020 - 06:11
Author(s): Dongryeoul Bae, Jeong-Woo Lee, Jong-Pyo Chae, Jae-Won Kim, Jong-Su Eun, Kyung-Woo Lee, Kun-Ho Seo High necrotic enteritis (NE) incidence and mortality rates in poultry can be caused by Clostridium perfringens (CP) co-infected with Eimeria spp., a causative agent of coccidiosis. Banning of prophylactic use of antibiotics in feed has been accompanied by increased NE outbreaks, resulting...
Wed, 10/14/2020 - 06:07
Author(s): Bruno S. Mendonça, Willian R. de Oliveira, Rhaquel S. Pereira, Luciana R. Santos, Laura B. Rodrigues, Elci L. Dickel, Luciane Daroit, Fernando Pilotto A new poultry litter disinfection methodology against pathogenic Salmonella spp. serovars using gaseous ammonia is proposed in this study. In laboratory, the poultry litter was disposed into plastic containers and experimentally...
Wed, 10/14/2020 - 06:07
Author(s): D.V.T. Nair, T.J. Johnson, S.L. Noll, A. Kollanoor Johny A dairy-originated probiotic bacterium, Propionibacterium freudenreichii subsp. freudenreichii B3523 (PF) was found to be effective in reducing multidrug-resistant Salmonella Heidelberg (MDR SH) colonization in turkey poults (2-wk-old) and growing (7-wk-old) and finishing (12-wk-old) turkeys. In this study, we explored the...
Tue, 10/13/2020 - 06:12
Author(s): Lijun Hu, Guojie Cao, Eric W. Brown, Marc W. Allard, Li M. Ma, Ashraf A. Khan, Guodong Zhang Whole genome sequencing (WGS) is a valuable tool in research on foodborne pathogens. In this study, a total of 143 isolates of Salmonella serotypes Enteritidis, Typhimurium, and Heidelberg sourced from eggs and chickens were analyzed for their antimicrobial resistance profiles using WGS data....
Sat, 10/10/2020 - 06:10
Author(s): Xiaonan Zhao, Ming Hu, Qing Zhang, Cui Zhao, Yin Zhang, Lulu Li, Jing Qi, Yanbo Luo, Dong Zhou, Yuqing Liu Salmonella spp. are one of the most important foodborne bacterial pathogens in human beings and animals. This study aimed to analyze the prevalence and characterization of Salmonella from broilers in Shandong, China. A total of 67 Salmonella were recovered from 600 rectal swabs...
Thu, 10/08/2020 - 06:11
Author(s): S. Vaddu, J. Kataria, E.N. Rama, A.E. Moller, A. Gouru, M. Singh, H. Thippareddi Peroxy acetic acid (PAA) is widely used as an antimicrobial in poultry processing, specifically in the chiller. While the natural pH of PAA at the concentrations used is between 4.5 and 6.0, poultry processors adjust the pH to ≥8.0 to maintain product yield. The objective of this study was to evaluate (i)...
Thu, 10/08/2020 - 06:11
Author(s): Xinheng Zhang, Qiqi Zhao, Xiaotong Ci, Sheng Chen, Zi Xie, Hongxin Li, Huanmin Zhang, Feng Chen, Qingmei Xie The gole of the study was testing the effects of chlorogenic acid (CA) supplementation on small intestine healthiness, growth performance, oxidative stress, inflammatory response and blood biochemical indices in SPF chickens after infection with Clostridium perfringens (CP) type...
Thu, 10/08/2020 - 06:11
Author(s): Yang He, Yanyan Yang, Yuanyang Dong, Koichi Ito, Bingkun Zhang Salmonella Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) infection in broiler chickens threatens public health and livestock production. In this study, we explored the effects of highly nutritious (crude protein 21.8%, metabolizable energy 3.16 Mcal/kg) and lowly nutritious (crude protein 18.1%, metabolizable energy 2.98 Mcal/kg) diets on S...
Wed, 09/30/2020 - 06:07
Author(s): Priscilla F. Gerber, Nic Gould, Eugene McGahan Bedding material or litter is an important requirement of meat chicken production which can influence bird welfare, health and food safety. A substantial increase in demand and cost of chicken bedding has stimulated interest in alternative bedding sources worldwide. However, risks arising from the use of alternative bedding materials for...
Sun, 09/27/2020 - 06:08
Author(s): Mengya Shi, Min Li, Peikun Wang, Weiwei Wang, Haijuan Li, Yanli Gao, Lulu Lin, Teng Huang, Ping Wei Both reticuloendotheliosis (RE) and Marek’s disease (MD) are neoplastic diseases of chickens caused by reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV) and Marek's disease virus (MDV) respectively. The infection of REV and/or MDV may lead to clinical tumors and also result in immunosuppression and...
Sun, 09/27/2020 - 06:08
Author(s): L.K. Froebel, L.E. Froebel, T. Duong The development of interventions to reduce human foodborne pathogens in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of chickens will be important for improving the microbial food safety of poultry. Saccharomyces-derived prebiotic Refined Functional Carbohydrates (RFC), composed primarily of β-glucans, mannanoligosaccharides (MOS), and D-mannose, have been...
Sat, 09/26/2020 - 06:11
Author(s): Jingjing Sun, Cheng Zhang, Bingkun Zhang This study evaluates the effects of Zinc amino acid complex on broiler’s intestinal permeability and integrity challenged with Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens). A total of 180 Arbor Acres one-day-old male broilers were assigned to six treatments in a completely randomized 2 × 3 factorial design. The experiment investigated the...
Thu, 09/17/2020 - 06:10
Author(s): E.G. Olson, L.A. Wythe, D.K. Dittoe, K.M. Feye, S.C. Ricke Peroxyacetic acid (PAA) has become an important component of pathogen reduction in poultry processing, but there are potential concerns for continued exposure. The objective was to evaluate the effects of PAA and Amplon™ (AMP) used alone or in the combination. Bone-in tom turkey drumsticks (N=100, n=10, k=5, 0 and 24 h) per...
Wed, 09/02/2020 - 06:06
Author(s): Nasrin Rashidi, Ali Khatibjoo, Kamran Taherpour, Mohammad Akbari-Gharaei, Hassan Shirzadi Probiotics, toxin binders and plant extracts improve health and immunity of broiler chickens exposed to aflatoxin. The effects of licorice extract (LE), Protexin probiotic, toxin binder (Agrabound) and poultry litter biochar (PLB) in experimental aflatoxicosis were evaluated. In a completely...
Fri, 08/28/2020 - 06:06
Author(s): Wageha A. Awad, Daniel Ruhnau, Claudia Hess, Michael Hess In recent years several studies emphasize on the deleterious effects of Campylobacter jejuni on the chicken intestine. In this context it was shown that Campylobacter jejuni, contrary to the general belief, has a negative influence on the gut barrier in chickens. More precisely, we demonstrated that C. jejuni affects gut...
Thu, 08/27/2020 - 06:10
Author(s): Richard K. Gast, Deana R. Jones, Rupa Guraya, Kenneth E. Anderson, Darrin M. Karcher The transmission of Salmonella to humans via contaminated eggs is an international public health concern. S. Enteritidis is deposited inside eggs after colonizing reproductive tissues of infected hens. Diverse housing facility characteristics and flock management practices influence Salmonella...
Sun, 08/16/2020 - 06:06
Author(s): Baikui Wang, Altaf Hussain, Yuanhao Zhou, Zihan Zeng, Qi Wang, Peng Zou, Li Gong, Pengwei Zhao, Weifen Li Macrophages are professional phagocytic cells that play a critical role in initiating immune responses by presenting antigen and phagocytic clearance. The macrophages can be targeted for immunomodulation by beneficial microbes, such as probiotics. The aim of this study is to...
Fri, 08/14/2020 - 06:06
Author(s): Yilan Li, Qiuping Yang, Chenyang Cao, Shenghui Cui, Yun Wu, Hua Yang, Yingping Xiao, Baowei Yang In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of Salmonella in retail raw chickens in Shaanxi Province, China on a monthly basis. Additionally, we studied the antibiotic susceptibility, serotype, and genotype of Salmonella isolates and explored their relationships with sampling time, location...
Sun, 08/09/2020 - 06:06
Author(s): Mashael R. Aljumaah, Gamaleldein M. Suliman, Abdulaziz Alabdullatif, Alaeldein, M. Abudabos Because of concerns over the use of antibiotics in poultry feed, this study was designed to determine the effectiveness of phytobiotic supplementation as an alternative to antibiotic use based on growth performance and meat characteristics of broilers exposed to Salmonella typhimurium. The...
Sun, 08/09/2020 - 06:06
Author(s): Dongryeoul Bae, Dong-Hyeon Kim, Jung-Whan Chon, Kwang-Young Song, Kun-Ho Seo In this study, we aimed to assess the feasibility of the lactic acid bacterium Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens DN1 (LKF_DN1) and the yeast Kluyveromyces marxianus KU140723-05 (KMA5), recently isolated from kefir, as probiotics. Specifically, we evaluated the effect of early administration of these two microbes...
Sun, 08/09/2020 - 06:06
Author(s): So-Young Choi, Tae Hyun Kim, Min-Wook Hong, Tae Sub Park, Hyojeong Lee, Sung-Jin Lee Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and ochratoxin A (OTA), which are toxic metabolites of ubiquitously occurring molds, show diverse toxicological effects such as hepatotoxicity, genotoxicity, and immunotoxicity in human and animals. Despite poultry show sensitivity to AFB1 and OTA, the mechanism of these mycotoxins...
Sat, 08/08/2020 - 06:10
Author(s): Gabriel da S. Oliveira, Sheila T. Nascimento, Vinícius M. dos Santos, Marley G. Silva The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of sanitizing fertile eggs with clove essential oil as an alternative to paraformaldehyde; effects on the reduction in eggshell microbial count, incubation yield, and neonatal chick quality were measured. A total of 1,460 brown fertile eggs with a...
Sat, 08/01/2020 - 06:10
Author(s): Jasmine Kataria, Sasikala Vaddu, Estefania Novoa Rama, Gaganpreet Sidhu, Harshavardhan Thippareddi, Manpreet Singh Peracetic acid (PAA) is commonly used as an antimicrobial during poultry processing to reduce the pathogen load on poultry and poultry products. However, limited research is available on the effects of pH on the efficacy of PAA against Salmonella and Campylobacter....
Sun, 07/26/2020 - 06:05
Author(s): Fang Liu, Panpan Jin, Hansheng Gong, Zhilan Sun, Lihui Du, Daoying Wang The inhibitory and bactericidal activities of thyme oil against the foodborne multiple antibiotics-resistant Enterococcus faecalis biofilm were evaluated in this study. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry revealed that more than 70% of the composition of thyme oil is thymol. Crystal violet staining assay showed...
Thu, 07/09/2020 - 06:08
Author(s): Li Xiu, Yu Liu, Wei Wu, Suo Chen, Zhaobing Zhong, Hairong Wang Clostridium perfringens is an important zoonotic microorganism, the current study was undertaken to investigate prevalence, serotype distribution, antibiotic resistance and genetic diversity of C. perfringens isolates from four duck farms in Shandong, China. In total, 424 samples of cloacal swabs and environment were...
Thu, 07/09/2020 - 06:08
Author(s): C. Marin, S. Sevilla-Navarro, R. Lonjedo, P. Catalá-Gregori, M.A. Ferrús, S. Vega, A. Jiménez-Belenguer Thermophilic Campylobacter species are recognised as a major cause of acute bacterial diarrhoea in humans, being broiler meat the most common source of human infection. Antibiotic therapy is usually necessary for severe or prolonged infections, especially in immunocompromised...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 06:05
Author(s): Y. Ma, Y.Z. Shi, Q.J. Wu, Y.Q. Wang, J.P. Wang, Z.H. Liu In this study, we explored the effect of dietary lead nitrate on the zootechnical performance, egg quality, accumulation of ovarian plumbum (Pb), follicular atresia rate and ovarian oxidative stress in laying hens. Furthermore, the nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor-2 (Nrf2) signaling molecule was studied to reveal the...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 06:05
Author(s): B.R. Wagle, A.M. Donoghue, S. Shrestha, I. Upadhyaya, K. Arsi, A. Gupta, R. Liyanage, N.C. Rath, D.J. Donoghue, A. Upadhyay Campylobacter jejuni is a major foodborne pathogen that causes gastroenteritis in humans. Chickens act as the reservoir host for C. jejuni, wherein the pathogen asymptomatically colonizes the ceca leading to contamination of carcasses during slaughter. The major...
Thu, 07/02/2020 - 06:07
Author(s): John A. Porter, Amit Morey, Emefa A. Monu Essential oils in combination with other antimicrobials can be added to food products to reduce the levels of target microbes below the infectious dose required to cause human illness. The purpose of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial efficacy of white mustard essential oil (WMEO) and carvacrol against Salmonella in ground chicken...
Sun, 06/28/2020 - 06:05
Author(s): Ki-Hoon Lee, Ji-Young Lee, Pantu Kumar Roy, Furkanur Rahaman Mizan, Iqbal Hossain, Si Hong Park, Sang-Do Ha Salmonella is one of the main foodborne pathogens that affect humans and farm animals. The Salmonella genus comprises a group of food-transmitted pathogens which cause highly prevalent foodborne diseases throughout the world. The aim of this study was to appraise the viability of...
Sun, 06/28/2020 - 06:05
Author(s): Tomi Obe, Rama Nannapaneni, Wes Schilling, Li Zhang, Chris McDaniel, Aaron Kiess Salmonella is a poultry-borne pathogen that causes illness throughout the world. Consequently, it is critical to control Salmonella during the process of converting broilers to poultry meat. Sanitization of a poultry processing facility, including processing equipment, is a crucial control measure that is...
Thu, 05/28/2020 - 03:33
Author(s): Elena Bartkiene, Modestas Ruzauskas, Vadims Bartkevics, Iveta Pugajeva, Paulina Zavistanaviciute, Vytaute Starkute, Egle Zokaityte, Vita Lele, Agila Dauksiene, Michael Grashorn, Ludwig E. Hoelzle, Anara Mendybayeva, Raushan Ryshyanova, Romas Gruzauskas In this study, the presence of antibiotics (ANB) residues was evaluated in poultry meat purchased from German and Lithuanian markets....
Sun, 05/17/2020 - 03:29
Author(s): Mary Muckey, Anne R. Huss, Ashton Yoder, Cassandra Jones The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of flushing surfaces with untreated feed vs. the use of two different dry chemical sanitizers on residual surface and feed Salmonella Enteritidis contamination. First, a Salmonella-negative batch of poultry feed was mixed in 9 laboratory-scale paddle mixers. A feed sample...
Tue, 05/12/2020 - 03:28
Author(s): Adeline Huneau-Salaün, Axelle Scoizec, Rodolphe Thomas, Sophie Le Bouquin Transport of infected birds is thought to play a key role in the spread of avian influenza (AI) on poultry farms during epizootic outbreaks. Ensuring efficient cleaning and disinfection (C&D) of equipment used for transport is needed to prevent the spread of AI. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy...
Fri, 05/08/2020 - 03:31
Author(s): Matthew J. Sylte, Daniel C. Shippy, Bradley L. Bearson, Shawn M.D. Bearson Consumption of contaminated poultry products, including chicken livers, is the main source of human campylobacteriosis and approximately 90% of human cases are caused by Campylobacter jejuni subsp. jejuni (C. jejuni). Recent culinary trends that favor undercooked chicken livers may be responsible for outbreaks....
Wed, 04/29/2020 - 03:29
Author(s): Mengzhe Li, Hong Lin, Yujie Jing, Jingxue Wang Salmonella is regarded as the predominant cause of foodborne illnesses worldwide, and the increase of these antimicrobial-resistant strains makes it more difficult to prevent. On this occasion, bacteriophages (phages) stand out as an alternative biocontrol agent with high efficiency and low mutation rates. Salmonella phages have confronted...
Sun, 04/26/2020 - 03:27
Author(s): Liping Gan, Hao Fan, Tahir Mahmood, Yuming Guo Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) infection is not only a leading cause of poor production performance and compromised animal welfare in broilers, but also a potential threat to public health. Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary supplemental vitamin C (VC) on SE challenged-broilers. In Experiment 1, 180 1-d-old...
Sun, 04/26/2020 - 03:27
Author(s): Qingqing Deng, Hanyi Shi, Yiran Luo, Heping Zhao, Ning Liu The present study aimed to investigate the effect of probiotic Lactobacilli addition on Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) load, inflammatory reaction, and virulence properties in broilers from 1 to 14 days of age. A total of 480 broiler chicks were randomly allocated into 4 treatments of 6 replicates each. All birds...
Thu, 04/16/2020 - 03:21
Author(s): Qing. Xiu. Liu, Ying. Zhou, Xiu. Mei. Li, Dan. Dan. Ma, Shuang. Xing, Jing. Hai. Feng, Min. Hong. Zhang Respiratory tract diseases is closely related to atmosphere pollution. Ammonia is one of the harmful pollutants in the atmosphere environment, which has a great threat to human and animal respiratory tract health, but the mechanism of causing diseases is not clear. In this study,...
Thu, 03/19/2020 - 03:20
Author(s): Eun Bi Noh, Yeong Bin Kim, Kwang Won Seo, Se Hyun Son, Jong Su Ha, Young Ju Lee Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) has rapidly acquired resistance to multiple antimicrobials, and the antimicrobial resistance of E. faecalis from broiler breeders has been implicated in its vertical transmission to their offspring. The objective of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial...
Thu, 03/19/2020 - 03:20
Author(s): R. Shanmugasundaram, A. Markazi, M. Mortada, T.T. Ng, T.J. Applegate, L.R. Bielke, B. Syed, C.M. Pender, S. Curry, G.R. Murugesan, R.K. Selvaraj Studies were conducted to determine the efficacy of synbiotic applications to combat the negative effects of necrotic enteritis (NE). An in vitro study was conducted to test the effect of probiotics species supernatants to decrease Clostridium...
Sun, 03/15/2020 - 03:35
Author(s): S. Kumar, M. Singh, D.E. Cosby, N.A. Cox, H. Thippareddi Poultry processors use antimicrobials to reduce the risk of pathogens on poultry and poultry products. Efficacy of selective and nonselective plating media to enumerate injured Salmonella (selective media—brilliant green sulfa agar and Petrifilm Enterobacteriaceae Plate Count; nonselective media—tryptic soy agar and Petrifilm...
Sat, 03/14/2020 - 03:20
Author(s): Pratima Adhikari, Sudhir Yadav, Douglas E. Cosby, Nelson A. Cox, Joshua A. Jendza, Woo Kyun Kim Feed additives can be alternatives to antibiotics for routinely encountered pathogens in the poultry production. The objective of this study was to understand effects of organic acid mixture on growth parameters and Salmonella Typhimurium (ST) colonization in broilers. Organic acid mixture...

Pages