Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases

Wed, 01/13/2021 - 08:01
Q fever is a worldwide zoonosis caused by Coxiella burnetii. This study was carried out to investigate the occurrence of C. burnetii among apparently healthy pregnant, parturient, and postparturient dogs and cats to highlight their role in the transmission of such disease to humans.
Wed, 12/23/2020 - 08:01
Although rodents are well-known reservoirs and vectors for a number of zoonoses, the functional role that peridomestic rodents serve in the amplification and transmission of foodborne pathogens is likely underappreciated. Clear links have been identified between commensal rodents and outbreaks of foodborne pathogens throughout Europe and Asia; however, comparatively little research has been...
Wed, 11/18/2020 - 08:01
Toxoplasma gondii is a globally distributed protozoan that mainly causes health issues in the fetuses of pregnant women who have never been exposed to this parasite and patients with deficient immune systems. Except in these vulnerable populations, the primary infection generally goes unnoticed in most healthy individuals. Apart from transplant/transfusion, congenital transmission, direct contact...
Wed, 08/05/2020 - 08:02
Toxoplasma gondii and Chlamydia are common protozoan pathogens, which can pose health risks to people around the world and cause considerable economic losses. Although information on the seroprevalence of T. gondii and Chlamydia in chickens can be found in China, knowledge on the infection of these two diseases in rural chickens, ducks, and geese is limited. Therefore, blood samples from 377...
Thu, 04/30/2020 - 03:21
Rodents are a large group of mammals that can be carriers of zoonotic pathogens such as Yersinia strains that cause yersiniosis. The prevalence of Yersinia enterocolitica and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis was determined in 214 small wild rodents from south-eastern Poland. Samples were analyzed by precultivation and PCR. Nine (4.2%) Y. enterocolitica and one (0.5%) Y. pseudotuberculosis isolates...
Sun, 04/19/2020 - 03:19
Coxiella burnetii is the causative agent of query fever (Q fever), and distributes broadly in environment. Livestock are identified as main reservoirs, which may infect people through their contaminative urine, feces, milk, and birth products. Wild animals can also be the potential carriers and transmitters of C. burnetii. To understand the geographic distribution and host species of C. burnetii...
Tue, 02/25/2020 - 03:15
This study measured total serum immunoglobulin A (IgA), immunoglobulin G (IgG)1, IgG2a response against whole cell antigen (WCA), outer membrane protein (OMP), periplasmic protein (PP), cytoplasmic protein (CP), and crude Brucella protein (CBP) of Brucella abortus in experimental brucellosis induced with B. abortus biotype 1 in Sprague Dawley (SD) rats during a 17-week infection period. Six- to 8...
Tue, 01/07/2020 - 03:14
Cat fleas (Ctenocephalides felis) are the most prevalent ectoparasites of pet animals with cosmopolitan distribution, obligatory hematophagous, and may prey on humans to receive bloodmeals. We studied the microbiota of 100 flea-pools, containing C. felis, and collected from equal number of cats and dogs in the region of Attica, Greece, including Athens. The 16S metagenomics technique detected...